Calendar overview 1671
|magnate conspiracy in Hungary and Croatia against Emperor Leopold I , Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan are executed in Wiener Neustadt .|
|Thomas Blood tries to steal the English crown jewels from the Tower of London .||
Liselotte von der Pfalz
marries Philippe I de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans .
|1671 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1119/20 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1663/64 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1076/77 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2214/15 (southern Buddhism); 2213/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1033/34 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4004/05 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1081/82 (May 9/10)|
|Jewish calendar||5431/32 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Coptic calendar||1387/88 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1981/82 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1982/83 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1727/28 (April)|
Politics and world events
Africa, America and the Caribbean
- January 18th : History of piracy : The English privateer Henry Morgan and his men conquered the city of Panama, part of the Spanish viceroyalty of Peru . The looting yields a fortune for the attackers , the city is set on fire and its inhabitants are massacred.
- March 11 : The Danish West India Company was founded, the trade between the Danish colonies of the so-called Gold Coast in what is now Ghana and the islands of St. Thomas , St. John and St. Croix in the Danish West Indies , today Virgin Islands handle should. King Christian V provides the company with the warship Færø to colonize the West Indian island of St. Thomas. However, the crossing takes seven months instead of the planned three months and by 1672 only 29 of the original 190 people who started the crossing are still alive.
- The English Royal African Company for trading in West Africa and the West Indies is founded.
- May 9 : From the Tower of London , the British crown jewels stolen. The perpetrator Thomas Blood succeeds in overpowering their stewards.
- Construction on the monument in London begins. The Doric column is intended to commemorate the great fire in 1666 . Designed by Robert Hooke and Christopher Wren , it was completed in 1677.
Other events in Europe
- April 24 : The Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin is captured by the Cossacks after treason . The leader of the Rasin uprising will be interrogated by the tsar personally and executed on June 6th .
- April 30th : The leaders of the magnate conspiracy in Hungary and Croatia against Emperor Leopold I , Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan are executed in Wiener Neustadt .
- June 10 : The Hanseatic city of Braunschweig surrenders to the rule of Duke Rudolf August von Braunschweig and Lüneburg after a siege by the Guelph princes . Braunschweig is then elevated to a garrison town .
- Liselotte von der Pfalz marries the openly homosexual Philippe I. de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans . This later developed into the so-called Palatinate War of Succession .
- For the last time, the Wechseltaler was brought out in Electoral Saxony under Elector Johann Georg II .
- The Dutch brewery Oranjeboom is founded.
science and technology
- October 25 : Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovers the Saturn moon Iapetus .
- December 30th : France's King Louis XIV approves the establishment of the Académie royale d'architecture .
- The Italian natural scientist Marcello Malpighi publishes the work Anatomia Plantarum , the first major advance in plant physiogamy since Aristotle .
- Friederich Martens goes on a trip on a whaling ship to Svalbard and Greenland as well as on another sea voyage to Spain . His travel report on the first trip was published in 1675 , while the report on the trip to Spain was not rediscovered until 1925 .
- May 24 : Molière's comedy Les Fourberies de Scapin ( Scapin's Pranks ) premieres at the Palais Royal in Paris . The piece is partly based on Phormio by the Latin comedy poet Terenz and also draws numerous suggestions from the Italian Commedia dell'arte .
- John Milton 's Paradise Regained as the successor work of Paradise Lost out. However, it cannot match its success.
First half of the year
- January 11 : François-Marie de Broglie , French general, Marshal of France († 1745 )
- January 15 : Johann Heinrich Müller , German astronomer († 1731 )
- January 16 : John Wentworth , English lieutenant governor in America († 1730 )
- February 5 : Bartholomæus Deichman , Bishop of Christiania (Oslo) († 1731 )
- February 26 : Anthony Ashley-Cooper , English politician and nobleman († 1713 )
- February 26 : Johann Arnold Zeitfuchs , German chronicler, theologian and spiritual writer († 1742 )
- March 7 : Robert Roy MacGregor ("Rob Roy"), Scottish folk hero († 1734 )
- March 7 : Franz Conrad Romanus , Mayor of Leipzig and prisoner at Königstein Fortress († 1746 )
- March 28 : Jodokus Bernhard von Aufseß , German canon († 1738 )
- March 30 : Christine Luise von Oettingen-Oettingen , Duchess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Princess of Blankenburg († 1747 )
- April 6 : Jean-Baptiste Rousseau , French writer († 1741 )
- April 16 : John Law , Scottish economist († 1729 )
- May 12 : Erdmann Neumeister , German hymn poet, poet and theologian († 1756 )
- May 22 : Abraham Patras , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies († 1737 )
- May 26 : Burkhard Gotthelf Struve , German polyhistor , librarian († 1738 )
- June 6 : Sebastian Zeidlmayr , German clergyman, organist and music teacher († 1750 )
- June 8 : Tomaso Albinoni , Italian composer and violinist († 1751 )
- June 16 : Johann Christoph Bach the Elder J. , German organist and oldest brother of Johann Sebastian Bach († 1721 )
Second half of the year
- July 20 : Philipp of Hessen-Darmstadt , governor of Mantua († 1736 )
- July 22nd : Ludwig Rudolf , Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Prince of Blankenburg († 1735 )
- August 11th : Asaf Jah I. , Indian nobleman and founder of the princely dynasty of Hyderabad († 1748 )
- August 13 : Jean-Alphonse Turrettini , Swiss Reformed theologian († 1737 )
- August 17 : Niklaus Tscheer , Swiss Pietist and writer († 1748 )
- 23 August : Cai Burchard Count von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estates of Bystorp, Gut Eschelsmark, Ornum and Stubbe († 1718 )
- October 18 : Friedrich IV. , Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf († 1702 )
- October 21 : Frederick IV , King of Denmark and Norway († 1730 )
- December 5 : Joseph Clemens of Bavaria , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cologne from 1688 to 1723 († 1723 )
- December 29 : Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth , Electress of Saxony and titular queen of Poland († 1727 )
First half of the year
- 4th January : Joachim von Gravenegg , Prince Abbot of Fulda (* 1594 )
- January 24th : Philipp , Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (* 1616 )
- January 28th : Vollrad Ludolf von Krosigk , soldier and local politician (* 1620 )
- February 12 : Hans Gudewerdt the Younger , German-Danish carver (* between 1593 and 1603)
- February 17 : Menno Hanneken , German Lutheran theologian (* 1595 )
- February 22nd : Adam Olearius , German writer and diplomat (* 1603 )
- March 1 : Leopold Wilhelm von Baden , Margrave of Baden (* 1626 )
- March 30th : Karl II. Otto , Duke and Count Palatine of Birkenfeld (* 1625 )
- March 31 : Anne Hyde , first wife of James Stuart, the Duke of York (* 1637 )
- April 4 : Heinrich von Brockdorff , German soldier and politician (* 1600 )
- April 9 : Tilemann Olearius , German Lutheran theologian and philologist (* 1600 )
- April 30 : Fran Krsto Frankopan , Croatian politician and writer (* 1643 )
- April 30th : Franz III. Nádasdy , Hungarian chief judge and general (* 1622 )
- April 30th : Petar Zrinski , Ban of Croatia (* 1621 )
- June 2 : Sophie Eleonore von Sachsen , Countess of Hessen-Darmstadt (* 1609 )
- June 16 : Stenka Rasin , Russian ataman of the Don Cossacks and leader of an uprising against the tsarist empire (* 1630 )
- June 25 : Giovanni Riccioli , Italian astronomer (* 1598 )
Second half of the year
- November 12th : Thomas Fairfax , English general during the Civil War (* 1612 )
- November 21 : Michael Wendler , German moral philosopher and Lutheran theologian (* 1610 )
- December 11th : Afra Schick , victim of the witch hunt in Wiener Neustadt (* around 1610 )
- December 12th : Sibylla Ursula von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (* 1629 )
- December 28 : Johann Friedrich Gronovius , German classical philologist and text critic (* 1611 )