Calendar overview 1672
|Rampjaar of the Netherlands|
declaration of war by Charles II. Of England
also opened Louis XIV. The war against the Netherlands .
|Johan de Witt is lynched together with his brother Cornelis de Witt for alleged conspiracy.||Nehemiah Grew is the author of Idea of a Philosophical History of Plants .|
|1672 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1120/21 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1664/65 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1077/78 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2215/16 (southern Buddhism); 2214/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1034/35 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4005/06 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1082/83 (April 28-29)|
|Jewish calendar||5432/33 (21/22 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1388/89 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1982/83 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1983/84 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1728/29 (April)|
Politics and world events
Anglo-Dutch War / Dutch War
- March: The English King Charles II declares war on the Netherlands . The Anglo-Dutch War is the third war in a series of naval wars between the two countries in the 17th and 18th centuries. Century and soon spreads to a pan-European conflict . The Rampjaar the Netherlands begins with the end of the Golden Age of the Netherlands is rung.
- April 6th : The French King Louis XIV declares war on the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands . In the following years he marched into the country with troops. His advance is diplomatically secured with other powers such as Cologne and Munster, among other things by the Treaty of Dover .
- June 7th : In the sea battle in the Solebay , the Netherlands under Admiral Michiel de Ruyter was able to prevent the naval blockade of their coast by the Anglo-French fleet with a surprise attack.
- July: Christoph Bernhard von Galen , Prince-Bishop of Münster , invades the Netherlands and conquers several villages, including the fortress Coevorden . On July 21st he begins the siege of Groningen .
- August 20 : The Dutch politician Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis de Witt are brutally murdered by supporters of the House of Orange . The brothers are blamed for the wars in the Rampjaar . William III. von Orange is then elected Governor, Captain General and Admiral of the Netherlands.
- August 28 : The provincial town of Groningen under Carl von Rabenhaupt frees itself from the siege by Christoph Bernhard von Galen . From 1700 the Gronings Ontzet festival is celebrated in memory of the event. Rabenhaupt succeeds in retaking Coevorden in December.
- August: In the Ottoman-Polish War, the Ottoman Empire enters the Polish Ukraine with a force of up to 100,000 combat troops under the leadership of Grand Vizier Köprülü Fâzıl Ahmed under Sultan Mehmed IV and conquers the fortress Kamieniec Podolski on August 26th . Due to internal disagreements between King Michael Wisniowiecki , who came to power in 1669 through the mass of the small nobility , and the magnates who want to force the king to abdicate, the weakened Poland-Lithuania is completely unprepared for another war The Polish Reichstag , which was twice blocked by the Liberum Veto in the first half of the year by the supporters of the king, did not order higher taxes in order to increase the troop contingent in the face of the Ottoman declaration of war.
- September 20 : The Ottoman army begins the siege of Lviv . The Crimean Tatars begin raids between the Wieprz , San , Bug and Wislok rivers , in an area that includes the cities of Zamość , Lviv, Biecz and Drohobych .
- October 5th to 14th : Jan Sobieski leads a "campaign against the Tatar raids" ( "Wyprawa Sobieskiego na czambuly tatarskie" ) with a private cavalry of up to 4,000 men . He can use it to free up to 44,000 people from the captivity of the Crimean khanate , who have been driven into slavery on the Crimean peninsula . However, his campaign has no influence on the outcome of the campaign of 1672.
- October 18 : The Treaty of Buczacz awards the Ottoman Empire Podolia with the fortress Kamieniec Podolski and almost the entire right bank of Ukraine to the Doroshenko Cossacks as vassals of the Sublime Porte . In addition, the Polish crown undertook to pay the Turkish sultan an annual tribute of 22,000 "Czerwony Złoty ".
Other events in Europe
- February 28 : Duke Christian von Liegnitz , Brieg , Ohlau and Wohlau dies. His son Georg Wilhelm I ascended the throne at the age of twelve as the last ruler of the Silesian Piasts . During his lifetime, Duke Christian decreed how the reign of his country should be regulated after his death. Accordingly, the guardianship of the not yet mature Georg Wilhelm falls to his mother Luise and the three governors of the principalities that were left behind. Honorary guardianship is transferred to the Brandenburg Elector Friedrich Wilhelm and Prince Johann Georg II of Anhalt. Since it is to be feared that Emperor Leopold, as the Bohemian sovereign, will take over the guardianship of the orphaned Prince Georg Wilhelm in order to raise him Catholic, Georg Wilhelm is brought to Frankfurt in Brandenburg one day before his father's death . For this reason he is not allowed to return to Brieg for the funeral of his father on March 31st . A house is rented in Frankfurt and Georg Wilhelm is taught according to his educator's training program. On August 23, he donates the Order of the Golden Stag .
- Maximilian Heinrich von Bayern , Archbishop of Cologne , closes the Kendenicher recess with the Mayor and Council of the City of Cologne to settle the dispute after the City of Cologne built a fortress on the city wall, which, since the Cologne city area ends exactly with the city wall, in the territory of the archbishopric extends into it. The warring parties promise to keep peace in the future. Disputes are only settled before the Reich Chamber of Commerce in Speyer. The city of Cologne also undertakes to demolish the fortifications or otherwise provide satification.
- April 14th : Friedrich Wilhelm III. , last Duke of Saxony-Altenburg , died of smallpox at the age of 14. After the associated extinction of the ducal dynasty in Saxe-Altenburg, the territory between Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha was divided. Gotha, which receives the lion's share of the duchy, thus becomes the duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg .
- January: The French monthly magazine Mercure Gallant appears for the first time.
- The private bank C. Hoare & Co. is founded.
science and technology
- The English botanist , doctor and physiologist Nehemiah Grew wrote the work Idea of a Philosophical History of Plants and thus founded phytotomy , the science of the shape of plants .
- December 23 : The Italian-French astronomer and mathematician Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovers the Saturn moon Rhea .
- February 9 : The world premiere of the earliest completely preserved German opera Drama or Musical Drama by the Dafne by Marco Giuseppe Peranda and Giovanni Andrea Bontempi takes place at the Opera House on Taschenberg in Dresden .
- The Ottoman official Hacı Ali wrote a diary about the campaign against Poland-Lithuania in 1672.
- March 15 : The English King Charles II issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence . It aims at tolerance towards the English Catholics . In the following year it had to be withdrawn by the king due to parliamentary resistance.
First half of the year
- January 13 : Lucia Filippini , the founder of the Congregation of Sisters Maestre Pie Filippini († 1732 )
- January 17 : Antoine Houdar de la Motte , French playwright, libret and poet in the age of Louis XIV († 1731 )
- January 24th : Albrecht Friedrich von Brandenburg-Schwedt , lieutenant general in Brandenburg-Prussia and master of the Knights of St. John († 1731 )
- January 26 : Anna Mons , Westphalian lover of Peter the Great († 1714 )
- June 9 : Peter I the Great , Russian Tsar († 1725 )
- June 11 : Francesco Antonio Bonporti , Italian priest and composer († 1749 )
- June 13 : Anna Maria Franziska , Princess of Saxony-Lauenburg, Countess Palatine of Neuburg and Grand Duchess of Tuscany († 1741 )
Second half of the year
- August 1 : Sebastian Edzardus , German philosopher, Lutheran dispute theologian and missionary († 1736 )
- August 2 : Johann Jakob Scheuchzer , Swiss doctor and natural scientist († 1733 )
- September 16 : Gustav Georg Zeltner , Protestant theologian († 1738 )
- Antoine Forqueray , French composer and royal chamber musician († 1745 ) September:
- December 21 : Benjamin Schmolck , hymn poet († 1737 )
- December 21 : Johann Christoph Schwedler , German Lutheran theologian and hymn poet († 1730 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Georg Andreas Agricola , German doctor and botanist († 1738 )
- Domenico d'Angeli , Italian architect and builder († 1738 )
- Rosamunde Juliane von der Asseburg , German nobleman († 1712 )
- Nicolas de Grigny , French composer († 1703 )
- Sebastian Regondi , Italian stonemason and sculptor († 1717 )
First half of the year
- January 4th : Friedrich von Ahlefeldt , Lord of Kohøved, Bienebek and Hald (* 1627 )
- January 5 : Men-Fort Gabriel , Swiss clergyman (* 1608 )
- February 4 : Anna Maria Martinozzi , one of the Mazarinettes and from 1654 Princess von Conti (* 1637 )
- March 8 : Daniel von Plessen , German administrative officer (* 1606 )
- March 14 : Johann Wilhelm Simler , Swiss poet (* 1605 )
- March 26 : Anna Persauter , victim of the witch hunt in Saulgau (* 1624 )
- April 4 : Heinrich Ernst zu Stolberg , Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode (* 1593 )
- April 14th : Friedrich Wilhelm III. , Duke of Saxony-Altenburg (* 1657 )
- April 21 : Franz Burmeister , Protestant theologian and poet (* 1633 )
- April 27 : Kurt Reinicke von Callenberg , German soldier and administrative officer (* 1607 )
- May 5 : Samuel Cooper , English miniature painter (* 1609 )
- May 27th : Johann Arnold Friderici , German medic and botanist (* 1637 )
Second half of the year
- July 3 : Francis Willughby , English naturalist (* 1635 )
- July 6 : Johann Georg Reinhard , German lawyer and administrative officer (* 1606 )
- July 9th : Daniel Colonius the Younger , Dutch legal scholar (* 1608 )
- August 20 : Johan de Witt , Dutch statesman (* 1625 )
- August 20 : Cornelis de Witt , Dutch politician (* 1623 )
- September 14th : Henri Charles de La Trémoille , leading figure of the Fronde (* 1620 )
- September 16 : Anne Bradstreet , the first American poet whose works were published (* 1612 )
- September 29 : Johannes Müller , German Lutheran theologian (* 1598 )
- November 4 : Lucas van Uden , Flemish painter and etcher (* 1595 )
- November 12th : Melchior Barthel , German sculptor (* 1625 )
- November 12th : Jean Nocret , French painter and portraitist (* 1615 )
- November 14 : Franciscus Sylvius , Hessian-Dutch physician, anatomist and natural scientist (* 1614 )
- November 16 : Heinrich Schütz , German musician, composer and organist of the Baroque period (* 1585 )
- November 19 : John Wilkins , Bishop of Chester (* 1614 )
- December 6th : Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro , Spanish colonial administrator and viceroy of Peru (* 1632 )
- December 15 : Johann Brunnemann , German lawyer (* 1608 )
- December 16 : John II Casimir , King of Poland (* 1609 )
- December 29th : Francisco de Meneses Brito , Spanish officer and governor of Chile (* 1615 )