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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Rampjaar of the Netherlands
Louis XIV crossing the Rhine
After the declaration of war by Charles II. Of England
also opened Louis XIV. The war against the Netherlands .
The bodies of the brothers Johan and Cornelis de Witt, The Hague, August 1672. Painting by Jan de Baen, Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam)
The Dutch politician Johan de Witt is lynched together with his brother Cornelis de Witt for alleged conspiracy.
Nehemiah Grew
Nehemiah Grew is the author of Idea of ​​a Philosophical History of Plants .
1672 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1120/21 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1664/65 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1077/78 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2215/16 (southern Buddhism); 2214/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Water Rat壬子 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Pig 辛亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1034/35 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4005/06 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1050/51
Islamic calendar 1082/83 (April 28-29)
Jewish calendar 5432/33 (21/22 September)
Coptic calendar 1388/89 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 847/848
Seleucid era Babylon: 1982/83 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1983/84 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1728/29 (April)


Politics and world events

Anglo-Dutch War / Dutch War

The events in the Netherlands in 1672
The burning Royal James in the Sea Battle of Solebay, Willem van de Velde the Younger
Siege of Groningen

Ottoman-Polish War

Other events in Europe

  • February 28 : Duke Christian von Liegnitz , Brieg , Ohlau and Wohlau dies. His son Georg Wilhelm I ascended the throne at the age of twelve as the last ruler of the Silesian Piasts . During his lifetime, Duke Christian decreed how the reign of his country should be regulated after his death. Accordingly, the guardianship of the not yet mature Georg Wilhelm falls to his mother Luise and the three governors of the principalities that were left behind. Honorary guardianship is transferred to the Brandenburg Elector Friedrich Wilhelm and Prince Johann Georg II of Anhalt. Since it is to be feared that Emperor Leopold, as the Bohemian sovereign, will take over the guardianship of the orphaned Prince Georg Wilhelm in order to raise him Catholic, Georg Wilhelm is brought to Frankfurt in Brandenburg one day before his father's death . For this reason he is not allowed to return to Brieg for the funeral of his father on March 31st . A house is rented in Frankfurt and Georg Wilhelm is taught according to his educator's training program. On August 23, he donates the Order of the Golden Stag .
  • Maximilian Heinrich von Bayern , Archbishop of Cologne , closes the Kendenicher recess with the Mayor and Council of the City of Cologne to settle the dispute after the City of Cologne built a fortress on the city wall, which, since the Cologne city area ends exactly with the city wall, in the territory of the archbishopric extends into it. The warring parties promise to keep peace in the future. Disputes are only settled before the Reich Chamber of Commerce in Speyer. The city of Cologne also undertakes to demolish the fortifications or otherwise provide satification.
  • April 14th : Friedrich Wilhelm III. , last Duke of Saxony-Altenburg , died of smallpox at the age of 14. After the associated extinction of the ducal dynasty in Saxe-Altenburg, the territory between Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha was divided. Gotha, which receives the lion's share of the duchy, thus becomes the duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg .


First edition of the Mercure Galant

science and technology

  • The English botanist , doctor and physiologist Nehemiah Grew wrote the work Idea of ​​a Philosophical History of Plants and thus founded phytotomy , the science of the shape of plants .
Crater on Rhea, photographed by Voyager 1



  • The Ottoman official Hacı Ali wrote a diary about the campaign against Poland-Lithuania in 1672.


  • March 15 : The English King Charles II issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence . It aims at tolerance towards the English Catholics . In the following year it had to be withdrawn by the king due to parliamentary resistance.


First half of the year

Peter I the Great

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Johan de Witt

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1672  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files