Calendar overview 1662
lose the island of Taiwan
to the pirate Koxinga .
John Graunt calculates
the first mortality table
and is therefore considered a pioneer
of modern statistics .
|Frederik de Wit draws a map of the world.|
|1662 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1110/11 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1654/55 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1067/68 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2205/06 (southern Buddhism); 2204/05 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1024/25 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3995/96 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1072/73 (August 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||5422/23 (September 13-14)|
|Coptic calendar||1378/79 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1972/73 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1973/74 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1718/19 (April)|
Politics and world events
- February 1 : After a long siege of Fort Zeelandia, the Dutch East India Company under Governor Frederick Coyett loses the Dutch Formosa colony on the island of Taiwan, which had existed since 1624 , to the armed forces of the Chinese army leader and pirate Koxinga , who only fought with the 1644 established Qing Dynasty located in China . However, shortly after the establishment of the Kingdom of Tungning , Koxinga died of malaria on June 23 . The Dutch, who have been given safe conduct, go to Batavia , where Governor Coyett will be tried on a court martial. He escapes the death penalty but is exiled to the Banda Islands for twelve years .
- February 6th : In the Treaty of Montmartre with Duke Charles IV , the French King Louis XIV gains influence over the Duchy of Lorraine .
- May 31 : The English King Charles II marries Catherine of Braganza . As a Catholic, however, she is not crowned Queen of England .
- October 27 : The English King Charles II sells the city of Dunkirk for five million livres to France, ruled by Louis XIV .
- A famine in France leads to unsuccessful uprisings. The expansion of the Palace of Versailles begins at about the same time .
- The disputes between Elector Friedrich Wilhelm I and the Prussian estates escalated again in the Königsberg uprising
- The city of Milton , Massachusetts , is founded.
- The New Haven Colony is merged with the Colony of Connecticut .
- March 18 : The Carrosses à cinq sols designed by the French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal go into operation in Paris as the world's first local public transport system .
science and technology
- Robert Boyle publishes his Nova experimenta physico-mechanica , which contains the law about gases that at a fixed temperature the product of pressure and volume is a constant.
- In his work Natural and Political Observations Made upon the Bills of Mortality, John Graunt analyzes the London death registers and thus lays the foundation for modern statistics .
- The Academy of Fine Arts Nuremberg is founded, making it the oldest art academy in the German-speaking area.
- Joan Blaeu begins in Amsterdam with the publication of his Atlas Maior , an eleven-volume world atlas with 594 maps.
- Duke Anton Ulrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , member of the Fruit- Bringing Society since 1659 , publishes his work Des Trojanischen Paridis Judgment / From the Golden Apple of Eridis .
Theater and musical theater
- February 7th : The world premiere of the opera The Love Hercules by Francesco Cavalli takes place in Paris.
- September 26th : The first performance of the musical drama Antiopa giustificata by Johann Caspar Kerll takes place in Munich.
- November 18 : The drama La Zenobia di Radamisto by Antonio Bertali has its world premiere at the Hofburg in Vienna.
- December 26th : The premiere of Molière's comedy The School of Women takes place in Paris with great success. The work is considered to be the first masterpiece of Molière and French high comedy at all. The fact that Molière gives his protagonist not only ridiculous, but also serious traits, and the unconventional way in which he undermines the rules of the dramatic genre leads to a heated public debate.
- May 31 : Katharina von Braganza introduces tea to the English court after her marriage to King Charles II and is thus considered the founder of British tea culture .
- Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg issued a first edict of tolerance that forbids reciprocal pulpit polemics, that is, criticism between Calvinists and Lutherans of the other doctrine from the pulpit. Only those candidates should be admitted to the pastoral office who intend to act in the interests of the Irenik . Decisive here is the program of the Heidelberg Reformed David Pareus with the aim of bridging religious differences between Reformed and Lutherans in order to create a common front against the Catholic Church. In addition, the candidates are banned from studying in Wittenberg , which is considered the Lutheran stronghold of the Reformation par excellence. This edict has met with massive criticism , especially from Lutheran orthodoxy .
- September 8th : At the convocation of Elector Friedrich Wilhelm, the Berlin religious discussion begins between Lutheran and Reformed theologians of the Mark Brandenburg with the aim of bringing the two Protestant denominations closer together .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 13 : Johann Christian Adami the Elder , German theologian and hymn poet († 1715 )
- January 27 : Richard Bentley , English classical philologist and text critic († 1742 )
- March 8 : August Wilhelm , Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg († 1731 )
- March 22nd : August Christoph von Wackerbarth , Field Marshal General and Minister of State († 1734 )
- April 15 : Fernando de Alencastre Noroña y Silva , Spanish officer, colonial administrator and viceroy of New Spain († 1717 )
- April 21 : Friedrich von Ahlefeldt , Lord of the Rixingen (Réchicourt), Langeland, general and governor († 1708 )
- April 28 : Aurora von Königsmarck , mistress of Augustus the Strong († 1728 )
- April 30 : Mary II , Queen of England and Scotland († 1694 )
- May 3 : Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann , master builder in Dresden († 1736 )
- June 7th : Celia Fiennes , English travel writer († 1741 )
Second half of the year
- July 11 : Maximilian II. Emanuel , Elector of Bavaria († 1726 )
- August 7th : Andreas Dietrich Apel , German merchant and silk manufacturer († 1718 )
- August 13 : Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset , English peer, and court and civil servant († 1748 )
- August 22 : Christoph Hochreutiner , Swiss Mayor and Envoy to the Diet († 1742 )
- August 29 : Alvise Mocenigo III. , 112th Doge of Venice († 1732 )
- September 13 : Adam II. Batthyány , Hungarian general, Ban of Croatia († 1703 )
- October 14 : Johann Christian Lünig , German lawyer, historian and publicist († 1740 )
- October 17 : Johannes d'Outrein , Dutch preacher, writer and author of evangelical theological works († 1722 )
- October 18 : Matthew Henry , Presbyterian pastor and Bible commentator († 1714 )
- October 30 : Wilhelm Ernst , Duke of Saxe-Weimar († 1728 )
- November 1 : Tobias Eckhard , German educator, Protestant theologian and philologist († 1737 )
- November 15 : Christian Andreas Siber , German educator and Lutheran theologian († 1704 )
- November 26 : Georg Albrecht Hamberger , German mathematician and physicist († 1716 )
First half of the year
- January 10 : Honoré II , Prince of Monaco (* 1597 )
- January 13 : Christian Keimann , German educator, poet and Protestant hymn poet (* 1607 )
- February 9 : Michael Walther the Elder , German Lutheran theologian (* 1593 )
- February 13 : Elisabeth Stuart , titular queen of Bohemia, also known as the Winter Queen (* 1596 )
- February 17th : Johann Zechendorf , German philologist and educator (* 1580 )
- February 17th : Konrad Barthels , German Lutheran theologian (* 1607 )
- February 21 : Domenicus Morelli , Swiss master stonemason and sculptor (* 1627 )
- February 27 : Pedro Porter Casanate , Spanish officer and governor of Chile (* 1611 )
- March 5 : Johann Crüger , German composer (* 1598 )
- March 15 : Andreas Kunad , German educator and Lutheran theologian (* 1602 )
- April 14th : William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele , English nobleman and politician (* 1582 )
- April 14 : Leonhard Kern , German sculptor (* 1588 )
- May 11 : Johann Adlzreiter von Tettenweis , German lawyer and politician (* 1596 )
- May 11th : Joachim von der Marwitz , Kurbrandenburg court official and soldier (* 1603 )
- May 16 : Abraham de Fabert , French general and military engineer, Marshal of France (* 1599 )
- May 27 : Wilhelm IV , Duke of Saxe-Weimar (* 1598 )
- May 30th : William Backhouse , English alchemist (* 1593 )
- June 14 : Henry Vane , English politician and statesman (* 1612 )
- June 23 : Zheng Chenggong , Chinese army leader and pirate (* 1624 )
Second half of the year
- July 7th : Andreas Düben , German bandmaster, organist and composer (* around 1597 )
- July 12th : Ludwig Heinrich , Count or Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (* 1594 )
- July 16 : Alfonso IV. D'Este , son of Duke Francesco I d'Este (* 1634 )
- November 19 : Cornelis van Aerssen van Sommelsdijk , Dutch nobleman (* 1600 )
- November 20 : Leopold Wilhelm of Austria , governor of the Spanish Netherlands, general and patron of the arts (* 1614 )
- December 29th : Antonio de Acuña Cabrera y Bayona , Spanish officer and governor of Chile (* around 1597)
- December 30th : Ferdinand Karl , Prince of Tyrol (* 1628 )