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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Heinrich I.
With Henry I of Portugal , the last dying King of Portugal from the House of Aviz .
King Philip II, portrait by Alonso Sánchez Coello
After Spain's victory over Portugal, Philip II becomes the new King of Portugal.
Francis Drake's circumnavigation of the world 1577–1580
Francis Drake completes the 1577 launched
Famous Voyage , the second circumnavigation .
1580 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1028/29 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1572/73
Buddhist calendar 2123/24 (southern Buddhism); 2122/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Metal Dragon庚辰 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rabbit 己卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 942/943 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3913/14 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 958/959
Islamic calendar 987/988 (turn of the year 16/17 February)
Jewish calendar 5340/41 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 1296/97
Malayalam calendar 755/756
Seleucid era Babylon: 1890/91 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1891/92 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1636/37 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Spain / Portugal

Antonio of Crato
Battle of Alcântara
The empire of Philip II. 1580 in Europe and North Africa
  • August 25th : After the victorious battle of Alcántara , the Duke of Alba conquers Portugal and unites it with Spain. In order for the to begin in 1640 permanent personal union between Spain and Portugal. Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal as Philip I. António von Crato has to flee into French exile, taking the Portuguese crown jewels with him. France, the traditional enemy of the Habsburgs, welcomed Antonio in a friendly way, but ultimately did not support his political ambitions. Only the Azores remain temporarily outside of Philip II's sphere of influence and continue to stand by António. On the run from murderers, which Philip II has set on him, he changes his refuge several times and finally arrives in England.

Ireland / England

Map of the location of Carrigafoyle Castle

Other events in Europe


Juan de Garay, re-founder of Buenos Aires
  • The Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto Santa María de los Buenos Aires , now known as Buenos Aires , was founded by Juan de Garay for the second time, after the first settlement built on the site in 1536 had to be abandoned after five years.

First documentary mentions

  • Surava is first mentioned in a document.



Archduke Charles II



Title page of the Book of
Concord 1580


Historical views and maps

Malmo 1580


Date of birth saved

Matthias Hoë from Hoënegg

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1580


Date of death secured

Andrea Palladio

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1580  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files