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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Henry III.
Henry III. of France abrogates all Huguenot liberties in the Treaty of Nemours .
Sixtus V.
Felice Peretti di Montalto is elected Pope and takes the name of Sixtus V on.
Teatro Olimpico, stage wall
Andrea Palladio completes the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza .
1585 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1033/34 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1577/78 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 990/991 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2128/29 (southern Buddhism); 2127/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Wood Rooster乙酉 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Monkey 甲申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 947/948 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3918/19 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 963/964
Islamic calendar 992/ 993 /994 (Year 2/3 January. // 22/23. December)
Jewish calendar 5345/46 (23/24 September)
Coptic calendar 1301/02 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 760/761
Seleucid era Babylon: 1895/96 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1896/97 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1641/42 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Eighty Years War

Entry of the Spanish troops into Antwerp
Contemporary depiction of the Battle of Amerongen

Huguenot Wars in France

Republic of Venice

Holy Roman Empire

Spectacle on the Rhine to celebrate Jacob's wedding

England / Spain / Caribbean

Drake's route of the pirate voyage through the Caribbean, hand-colored copper engraving by
Giovanni Battista Boazio , 1589

Sir Francis Drake , who married his second wife Elizabeth Sydenham on February 9 , receives a commission from Queen Elizabeth I of England on July 1, authorizing him to attack Spanish ports and ships. A total of 25 ships and eight pinnacles under his command will leave on September 14th and sail for the Caribbean . First, Drake attacks Santo Domingo , where he destroys a third of the city and sets all ships in the port on fire. He then turns against Cartagena .

North American colonies

Drawing made by a settler of Indians on Roanoke

Richard Grenville sets out on April 9th with 600 people from Plymouth for the new world. Together with 107 other people, he founds the first English settlement on the east coast of North America. The settlement of Roanoke Island planned by Sir Walter Raleigh last year is developing into a disaster. The settlers arrive too late for a cheap harvest and also get into a dispute with the native Indian tribes.


science and technology


The Teatro Olimpico


Historical maps and views

Göttingen 1585
Seville 1585


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Armand Jean du Plessis Richelieu (around 1637)

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1585


First half of the year

Tomb of Gregory XIII. in St. Peter's Basilica

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1585  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files