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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Mehmed III. Mehmed III. becomes Sultan of
the Ottoman Empire .
Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra discovers the Marquesas Islands.
Siege of GroenloThe first siege of Groenlo by Moritz of Orange
in the Eighty Years' War ends without success.
1595 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1043/44 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1587/88 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1000/1001 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2138/39 (southern Buddhism); 2137/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the wood sheep乙未 ( at the beginning of the year wood horse 甲午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 957/958 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3928/29 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 973/974
Islamic calendar 1003/04 (New Year 5th / 6th September)
Jewish calendar 5355/56 (September 3-4)
Coptic calendar 1311/12 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 770/771
Seleucid era Babylon: 1905/06 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1906/07 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1651/52 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Marino Grimani
  • Reute or Reütti is first mentioned in a document.

Ottoman Empire

Voyages of discovery


  • The first Fleute , a merchant ship with a particularly large cargo space, is launched in the Netherlands in the city of Hoorn . The appearance of the flute type of ship triggers a revolution in shipping and shipbuilding and has lasting economic consequences throughout Europe.

science and technology


Visual arts

The old town hall
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt (ca.1595)


Title page barrel poem 1595

Anton Praetorius , pastor in the village of Dittelsheim and later fighter against witch trials and torture , who last year made a trip to Heidelberg to the stronghold of the Reformed faith, wrote a precise description of the dimensions of the large barrel of Heidelberg Castle and praised it in his Reformed one Vas Heidelbergense is a poem dedicated to Elector Friedrich IV as visible evidence of the superiority of the Calvinist faith.

  • Abraham ben Mattatijah asked Sheva publishes the Koie book in Verona , an old Yiddish collection of fables , which is an important work of Yiddish literature .
  • Edmund Spenser writes the first Epithalamion in English, which he wrote as a present to his wife for his own wedding. His poem follows the sequence of the hours of his wedding day and night in an elaborate arrangement of stanzas and verses, combining pagan mythology, Christian dogma and the local Irish environment.


  • The magnificent Naqsch-e Dschahān , commissioned by the Persian Shah Abbas I, southwest of his future capital, Isfahan , will be completed after five years of construction.


  • Severe floods in many German cities

Historical maps and views

World map by Jodocus Hondius 1595 with Drake's world tour
Ubbo Emmius :
Map of East Frisia 1595
Gerhard Mercator : Map of the North Pole 1595, published posthumously


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

The grave of Pasquale Cicognas
Torquato Tasso
António of Crato

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1595  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files