Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra

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Alvaro de Mendaña de Neyra

Álvaro de Mendaña de Neyra (* 1541 in the province of León , † October 18, 1595 in Santa Cruz, today: Nendo ) was a Spanish explorer and navigator.


Around 1558 Mendaña emigrated to Lima , Peru , where his uncle, Lope García de Castro , was governor general . In 1566 he was commissioned to discover the southern continent , which the geographers of the Dieppe School had drawn on their maps in the Pacific Ocean (at the location of today's Australia ). With two sailing ships and a crew of 150, he set out for Australia on November 19, 1567 from Callao , a port near Lima, and on this voyage in February 1568 discovered the Wake Atoll, the islands of Nui and Santa Isabel in one Archipelago that he called the Solomon Islands .

On April 11, 1595, Mendaña de Neyra and his wife Isabel embarked on another, the second voyage of discovery and came across Pukapuka , now part of the Cook Islands , and the Marquesas Islands . He also sighted the uninhabited island of Niulakita in the Ellice Islands .

On the island of Santa Cruz , today's island of Nendo , he founded a Spanish colony ; there he died on October 18, 1595 of the consequences of malaria .


  • Álvaro de Mendana de Neira: The discovery of the islands of Solomon. Strecker & Schröder, Stuttgart 1925.
  • Annie Baert: Le paradis terrestre, un mythe espagnol en Océanie: les voyages de Mendaña et de Quirós, 1567 - 1600. L'Harmattan, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-7384-8205-8 .

Web links

Commons : Álvaro de Mendaña y Neira  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Barrie Macdonald: Cinderellas of the Empire. Institute of Pacific Studies, Suva, Fiji 2001, ISBN 982-02-0335-X , p. 14. Preview in Google Book Search. Retrieved March 16, 2012