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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pope Paul V
Camillo Borghese was elected Pope and takes the name of Paul V. on.
Title page of Don Quixote
The first part of the satirical chivalric novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes appears.
The Gunpowder Plot Conspirators
The Gunpowder Plot planned by Robert Catesby and Guy Fawkes, among others , is revealed.
1605 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1053/54 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1597/98 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1010/11 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2148/49 (southern Buddhism); 2147/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 967/968 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3938/39 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 983/984
Islamic calendar 1013/14 (turn of the year 18/19 May)
Jewish calendar 5365/66 (September 12/13)
Coptic calendar 1321/22 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 780/781
Seleucid era Babylon: 1915/16 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1916/17 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1661/62 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Northern and Eastern Europe

Eighty Years War

Map of the Battle of Mülheim


  • November 5 : The Gunpowder Plot against the King of England James I planned by the Catholic landlords under the leadership of Robert Catesby is betrayed, and the explosives expert Guy Fawkes is arrested while it is being carried out.
  • November 8th : The Gunpowder conspirators Robert Catesby, Thomas Percy, Christopher Wright and John Wright are killed in the arrest by Sir Richard Walsh, the High Sheriff of Worcestershire. Several others are arrested.



Other events in Asia


Title page of the relation from 1609



Pope Leo XI.

On March 3rd, Pope Clement VIII dies in Rome after a 13-year pontificate . On April 1st, with the support of the French, but against the wishes of the Spanish cardinals, the conclave elects Alessandro Ottaviano de 'Medici as his successor. This takes the name of his uncle Leo X. and calls himself Leo XI. Shortly after his election, when he was about to solemnly move into the Lateran, Leo, who was already 70 years old, fell ill, probably with pneumonia, and died after only 27 days as Pope. On May 16 then selects the conclave Camillo Borghese, the youngest member of the College of Cardinals , the new pope, the name Paul V. takes. After the election, he appoints his nephew as a so-called cardinal nephew as cardinal and cardinal state secretary .


Historical maps and views

Oxford 1605


First half of the year

Philip IV of Spain

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1605

  • Michael Beer , Austrian architect and builder of the Baroque period († 1666 )


First half of the year

Clement VIII

Second half of the year

  • November 10 : Safiye , wife of Sultan Murad III. and influential woman in the Ottoman Empire (* around 1550 )
  • November 14th : Anna Maria , princess from the Anhalt-Bernburg-Zerbst line, princess abbess of Gernrode and duchess of Brieg, Liegnitz, Wohlau and Ohlau (* 1561 )

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1605  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files