Calendar overview 1558
Elizabeth I becomes
Queen of England .
Eleanor of Castile dies.
|Ferdinand becomes Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .|
|1558 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1006/07 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2101/2102 (southern Buddhism); 2100/01 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||920/921 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3891/92 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||965/966 (turn of the year October 13/14)|
|Jewish calendar||5318/19 (September 12/13)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1868/69 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1869/70 (turn of the year October)
|Bikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1614/15 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- February 25 : The Frankfurt Electoral Congress meets. He is supposed to regulate an unprecedented situation under imperial law, the successor to a resigned emperor: Charles V resigned from office in 1556.
- February / March: The Elector's Day takes place in Frankfurt . The transfer of the imperial crown from Charles V to his brother Ferdinand I is mutually accepted by the elector.
- March 18 : On the Electoral Day, the statutes of the Kurverein are renewed through the election of the emperor.
- March 18 : On the Electoral Day, some of the Protestant imperial princes signed the so-called Frankfurter Rezess , a paper aimed at reconciling within the church.
- March 24th : Ferdinand I is crowned emperor in Aachen.
- At the Reichstag in Augsburg, the Electorate of Saxony and the Electoral Palatinate strive to abolish the ecclesiastical reservation .
England / France / Scotland
- January 7th : François de Lorraine, duc de Guise , conquers Calais , the last English possession on French soil, for France after a one-week siege . City Commander Thomas Wentworth surrenders the next day on condition that he can leave.
- April 24th : The French Dauphin Franz marries the Scottish Queen Maria Stuart .
- July 13 : The Battle of Gravelines is the final battle of the Italian Wars . An Anglo-Spanish army defeats French troops and forces France to make peace the following year.
- November 17th : Maria I , the Catholic, dies childless. Her successor as Queen of England is her Protestant half-sister for this reason Elizabeth I. The up 1,603 permanent Elizabethan era begins in England rises to great power.
Russia / Baltic States
- January 22 : With the invasion of Russian troops in the states of Livonian Confederation in the Baltic begins Livonian War .
- April 4 : Tsar Ivan IV transfers the land on the Kama in Siberia and its tributaries to the fur trader Anikita Stroganow for use.
- May 11th : Tsarist Russia conquers Narva and gains access to the Baltic Sea .
- June 29 : Russia conquers Neuhausen .
- July 18 : Russia conquers Dorpat .
- Autumn: Russian troops advance to Reval , but then retreat to Narva and Dorpat for the winter.
science and technology
- January 25th : The signing of the statutes by Duke Johann Friedrich II marks the birth of the Ernestine University of Jena
- February 2nd : The University of Jena starts teaching.
- Duke Albrecht V founds the Bavarian State Library .
- Under the title Histoires des amans fortunez, Pierre Boaistuau is the first to publish 67 short stories written by Queen Margaret of Navarre , although he shortens them and destroys the context originally planned by the author, who died in 1549 , through regrouping .
- July 26 : Gebhard von Mansfeld succeeds Anton von Schaumburg , who died on June 18, as Archbishop of Cologne .
- November 17th : Reginald Pole , last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury , dies shortly after Queen Mary I of England.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 16 : Lavinia della Rovere , Italian noblewoman, Princess of Urbino († 1632 )
- January 18 : Johann Fladenstein , German lawyer († 1618 )
- February 5 : Heinrich Schickhardt , German builder of the Renaissance († 1635 )
- May 1 : Philipp Hahn , German Lutheran theologian († 1616 )
- June 20 : Markus Welser , German humanist, historian, publisher and mayor of Augsburg († 1614 )
- August 2 : Hermann von dem Bergh , Imperial Count von dem Bergh, governor of Spanish money († 1611 )
- August 19 : François de Bourbon , Prince of Conti, French general († 1614 )
- September 9 : Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine , Duke of Mercoeur († 1602 )
- October 12 : Maximilian III. , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and Administrator of Prussia († 1618 )
- October 18 : Gerhard Rantzau , Danish governor in the royal part of Schleswig-Holstein († 1627 )
- October 19 : Giovanni Alberti , Italian painter († 1601 )
- October 24 : Szymon Szymonowic , Polish poet and playwright († 1629 )
- October 25 : Johann Georg Agricola , German physician († 1633 )
- October 25 : Eva Christina , Princess of Württemberg-Mömpelgard († 1575 )
- November 3 : Thomas Kyd , English playwright († 1594 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Johannes Assuerus Ampzing , Dutch medic († 1642 )
- Anthony Bacon , English parliamentarian and spy († 1601 )
- Pedro Bermúdez , Spanish composer († 1605 )
- Belisario Corenzio , Neapolitan painter of Greek origin († 1646 )
- Mihai Viteazul , Voivode of Transylvania, Moldova and Wallachia († 1601 )
First half of the year
- January 22nd : Christoph von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Bishop of Verden and Archbishop of Bremen (* 1487 )
- January: Anne Brandon , English aristocrat (* 1506 / 1509 )
- February 10th : Johann Weinlob , Brandenburg lawyer and Chancellor of Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg
- February 18 : Eleanor of Castile , Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Spain and Queen of Portugal and France (* 1498 )
- February 27 : Kunigunde of Brandenburg-Kulmbach , Margravine of Baden (* 1523 )
- March 24 : Anna von Egmond , Countess von Büren, Leerdam and Lingen, mistress of Egmond, IJsselstein, St.Maartensijk, Kortgene, Kranendonk, Borssele, Grave, Odijk and the High Glory Jaarsveld (* 1533 )
- 24 / March 25 : Cassandra Fedele , Venetian humanist (* 1465 )
- April 2 : Wolfgang , Count Palatine of Neumarkt and governor of the Upper Palatinate (* 1494 )
- April 15 : Melchior Zobel von Giebelstadt , Prince-Bishop of Würzburg (* 1505 )
- April 17th : Roxelane , favorite wife of the Ottoman Sultan Suleyman I (* between 1500 and 1506)
- April 20 : Johannes Bugenhagen , also called Doctor Pomeranus, reformer of Pomerania and Denmark (* 1485 )
- April: William Peto , English cardinal and Bishop of Salisbury (* around 1485 )
- May 1st : Felicitas von Selmenitz , first woman of the Reformation in Halle an der Saale (* 1488 )
- May 1 : Gabriel Zwilling , Lutheran theologian and reformer (* 1487 )
- May 6th : Mechthild von Hessen , Countess of Tecklenburg-Schwerin (* around 1490 )
- May 17 : Francisco de Sá de Miranda , Portuguese poet (* 1485 )
- May 25 : Elisabeth of Brandenburg , Duchess of Braunschweig-Calenberg-Göttingen (* 1510 )
- June 6 : Philip I , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (* 1492 )
- June 13 : Mario Bandini Piccolomini , Italian politician (* around 1500 )
- June 18 : Anton von Schaumburg , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1517 )
- June 21 : Piero Strozzi , Italian condottiere (* 1510 )
- June 25 : Johannes Ferrarius , German lawyer, theologian and philosopher (* 1486 )
Second half of the year
- July 17th : Georg I , Count of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (* 1498 )
- July: Pierre du Val , French preacher (* around 1500 )
- August 15 : Paul Lautensack , German painter (* 1478 )
- August 24 : Vettor Grimani , Venetian patrician, procurator of San Marco and patron (* around 1495 / 97 )
- September 9 : Adam Krafft , Protestant church reformer from Hesse (* 1493 )
- September 20 : Catharina von Zehmen , Meissen-Saxon noblewoman (* 1513 )
- September 21 : Charles V , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, as Charles I also King of Spain (* 1500 )
- September 30th : Jobst Kettwig , Dresden city clerk, councilor and mayor
- October 14 : Mellin de Saint-Gelais , French poet, court poet of Francis I (* around 1491 )
- October 17th : Mary of Castile , Queen of Bohemia and Hungary (* 1505 )
- October 21 : Julius Caesar Scaliger , real name probably Giulio Bordoni, Italian humanist, poet and naturalist (* 1484 )
- November 17th : Maria I (Maria Tudor, Bloody Mary), Queen of England (* 1516 )
- November 17th : Reginald Pole , English Archbishop of Canterbury, Cardinal (* 1500 )
- December 28 : Jakob von Jonas , German philologist, legal scholar, politician and diplomat (* around 1500 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Benedictus Appenzeller , Franco-Flemish singer and composer (* between 1480 and 1488)
- Dietrich Arnsborg , German reformer
- Gertrude Courtenay, Marchioness of Exeter , English nobleman and friend of Catherine of Aragon (* before 1504)
- Robert Recorde , English physician and mathematician (* 1510 )