Kama (river)

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River system of the Kama and Volga

River system of the Kama and Volga

Water code RU10010100112111100000016
location in the northeast of the European part of Russia
River system Volga
Drain over Volga  → Caspian Sea
source Kama Heights west of Permian
58 ° 11 ′ 43 ″  N , 53 ° 45 ′ 16 ″  E
Source height 336  m
muzzle in the Kuibyshev reservoir and the Volga Coordinates: 55 ° 24 '37 "  N , 50 ° 18' 22"  E 55 ° 24 '37 "  N , 50 ° 18' 22"  E
Mouth height approx.  53  m
Height difference approx. 283 m
Bottom slope approx. 0.16 ‰
length 1805 km
Catchment area 507,000 km²
Outflow at the Sarapul gauge NNQ (February 1939)
HHQ (June 1914)
235 m³ / s
1754 m³ / s
10,500 m³ / s
Left tributaries Wischera , Tschussowaja , Koswa , Belaja , Ik , Scheschma , Sai , Muljanka
Right tributaries Vyatka , Kossa , Isch , Mjoscha , Inwa , Siwa , Toima
Reservoirs flowed through Kamastausee , Votkinsk Reservoir , Nizhnekamsker Reservoir , Kuibyshev Reservoir
Big cities Berezniki , Naberezhnye Chelny , Nizhnekamsk , Perm
Medium-sized cities Sarapul, Solikamsk , Tchaikovsky , Chistopol
The Kama near Perm

The Kama near Perm

The Kama ( Russian Кама , udmurtisch Кам ) is 1805 km long, left and northeastern and at the same time the largest tributary of the Volga in the European part of Russia and the fifth longest river in Europe.

River course

It rises in the up to 336  m high Upper Kama Upland , the west of Perm are their source located in the village Kuliga in Udmurtia .

The Chusovaya flows into the Kama

First the Kama flows about 200 km to the north. From around the village of Loino , the river flows east for another 200 km before turning south at Tscherdyn . Here the Wischera flows into the Kama. The industrial cities of Solikamsk and Berezniki are on the left bank . Behind Berezniki begins the 1,720  km² large and up to 20 m deep Kama reservoir (Kamskoje), which is dammed near Perm. With around 1 million inhabitants, Perm is the largest city on the Kama and the capital of the administrative region of the same name ( Krai ). In the town of Tchaikovsky the Kama is dammed again, namely to the Votkinsk reservoir . Just below the dam, the closing Nizhnekamsk Reservoir on, in from Bashkiria coming Belaya flows. The lake is dammed near the industrial town of Naberezhnye Chelny , where the KAMAZ company has been producing trucks since 1976 . Downriver the Vyatka joins from the right at Nizhnekamsk .

At Tschistopol in Tatarstan the Kama flows into the Kuibyshev reservoir through which the water of the Volga flows.

The southern Keltma , a left tributary of the Kama, was connected by the 18 km long Katharin Canal, built between 1785 and 1822, with the Northern Keltma , which drains via the Wytschegda into the Northern Dvina , creating a connection between the Caspian and White Seas . However, the canal was only used for 16 years and then largely fell into disrepair.


On the Kama there are some reservoirs of the Volga-Kama Cascade , of which (seen downstream) these are the largest Kama reservoirs :


On the Kama or a little apart from it are - seen downstream - these larger towns and cities :

See also

Web links

Commons : Kama  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Article Kama in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D58118~2a%3DKama~2b%3DKama
  2. a b Kama in the State Water Register of the Russian Federation (Russian)
  3. UNESCO - Kama at Sarapul ( Memento of the original from November 24, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / webworld.unesco.org