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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Charles V
Charles V , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, resigns from all offices.
De re metallica libri XII
Georgius Agricola's main work
De re metallica libri XII on the chemistry of metals appears.
Thomas Cranmer at the stake (John Foxe's Book of Martyrs)
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer is burned for heresy.
1556 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1004/05 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1548/49
Buddhist calendar 2099/2100 (southern Buddhism); 2098/99 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the fire dragon丙辰 ( at the beginning of the year wood bunny 乙卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 918/919 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3889/90 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 934/935
Islamic calendar 963/964 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th November)
Jewish calendar 5316/17 (September 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1272/73
Malayalam calendar 731/732
Seleucid era Babylon: 1866/67 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1867/68 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1612/13 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Mughal Empire

Mughal mogul Akbar
  • January 26th : With the death of his father Humayun , Akbar becomes ruler of the Mughal Empire in northern India . Whose general Bairam Khan is the only 13-year-old by the side as regent in office, which he takes up on February 14th . At that time, the rule of the Mughal Empire was limited to Kabul , Kandahar and parts of Delhi and Punjab . Akbar then undertook a large number of smaller campaigns of conquest with his guardian and general Bairam Khan. The main target is the Pashtun clan of the Surids under Adil Shah Suri , who have ruled northern India since 1540 .
  • October 7th : Samrat Hem Chandra, called Hemu , general of the Surids, defeats Akbar's troops near Tughlaqabad and moves into Delhi the next day , where he takes the ruler's name Vikramaditya .
Second battle of Panipat
  • November 5 : Mughal Mughal Akbar and his guardian Bairam Khan win the Second Battle of Panipat against Hemu, who is wounded in the battle and then beheaded by Bairam Khan.

Other events in Asia


Yuste Monastery


Scottish Testoon of 1556

science and technology

Georgius Agricola
  • A year after his death, Georgius Agricola's main work De re metallica libri XII on the chemistry of metals appears in Latin in Basel . Through numerous trips in the mining area of ​​the Saxon and Bohemian Ore Mountains, Agricola gained an overview of the entire technology of mining and metallurgy in his time.
  • Elector August I founds the Saxon court library, which continues to exist in today's SLUB Dresden .


House of the Arab Coffe Tree, 2008
The big fish eat the small ones , pen and brush in gray and black


Seal of Anton von Schaumburg from around 1556–1558


A massive earthquake destroyed on 23 January , large parts of the province of Shaanxi in the Ming Dynasty ruled Imperial China . The epicenter of the quake is in Hua County, not far from Hua Shan . Around 830,000 people are killed, in some districts over 60% of the population dies because their artificial caves called Yaodong collapse during the quake.

Current estimates based on geological studies assume an earthquake strength of a good 8¼ on the moment magnitude scale . The earthquake is the most momentous earthquake in the history of China , if not the most momentous natural disaster . For the next six months, three to five stronger aftershocks occur every month . Only five years later did the aftershocks completely subside.

Historical maps and views

Global territorial situation in the years 1555 to 1556


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Anne Hathaway's Cottage
  • Anne Hathaway , wife of William Shakespeare († 1623 )
  • Jacob Paix , German organist, organ builder, conductor, composer and publisher († approx. 1623 )
  • Felipa de Souza , victim of the Inquisition in Brazil convicted of "sodomy" († around 1600 )


First half of the year

Humayun's tomb in Delhi
Tomb of Francesco Venier in San Salvador (Venice)

Second half of the year

Tomb atar of Ignatius Loyola in the Church of Il Gesù in Rome
Johann Forster

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1556  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files