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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Johannes Reuchlin
Johannes Reuchlin becomes a doctor of imperial law.
Gianfrancesco II Gonzaga
Gianfrancesco II Gonzaga succeeds his father Federico I Gonzaga as Margrave of Mantua .
Witch hunt
Heinrich Institoris obtained the "witch bull" from Pope Innocent VIII , which he later placed in front of his Malleus Maleficarum in order to supposedly legitimize it .
1484 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 932/933 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1476/77
Aztec calendar 4th tubes - Nahui Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 3rd rabbit - Jei Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 2027/28 (southern Buddhism); 2026/27 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the wood dragon甲辰 ( at the beginning of the year water rabbit 癸卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 846/847 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 862/863
Islamic calendar 888/889 (turn of the year January 30/31)
Jewish calendar 5244/45 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1200/01
Malayalam calendar 659/660
Seleucid era Babylon: 1794/95 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1795/96 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1522
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1540/41 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Habsburg hereditary lands / Hungary

Further events in the empire

Berthold's coat of arms as Archbishop of Mainz


King Richard III

The English parliament publishes the declaration Titulus Regius , in which it is justified that the English royal crown was passed on to his uncle Richard III by Edward V the previous year . has been transferred. This statement explains why the marriage between Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville , the parents of Edward V, was invalid and that all of their children are therefore illegitimate. As a result, Richard III is now. the only legitimate successor to his late brother. However, the death of Richard's only son Edward of Middleham on April 9 at the age of eleven plunged his parents into a deep crisis as they increasingly felt the rejection of broad sections of the population that in Edward's death a divine judgment and evidence of Richard's guilt for the See elimination of his nephews Edward V and Richard of York .

Iberian Peninsula

  • Castilian troops carry out raids, looting and destruction in the vicinity of the city ​​of Malaga, which is part of the emirate of Granada . The treatment of the defeated opponents is also standardized: while the surrender conditions for conquered cities stipulate that the surviving population is free to leave the city with what they can carry, for cities that surrender without siege, the families of the made offers to the Muslim aristocracy enabling them to integrate themselves into Spanish culture and politics. They are promised that they can continue to practice their faith and that religious matters can continue to be judged according to the Sharia and the Sunna within the communities. As a result, when the troops arrive in front of Marbella, a delegation from the city offers surrender negotiations without further fighting.


First documentary mentions

  • Les Bois is first mentioned in a document.

science and technology



Election of the Pope in 1484

Coat of arms Pope Innocent VIII.

Pope Sixtus IV dies in Rome on August 12th after a stroke after he learned the day before of the peace that the Italian powers allied with him concluded against his will with the Republic of Venice . On August 29, the College of Cardinals elects Giovanni Battista Cibo as his successor. He, who calls himself Innocent VIII , secures his election by bribing the cardinals the night before the decision. Papal policy subsequently largely determined Giuliano della Rovere , a nephew of his predecessor.

Summis desiderantes affectibus

Innocent is best known in connection with the persecution of witches by the bull Summis desiderantes affectibus of December 5 , which Heinrich Institoris prefaces the work Malleus Maleficarum (witch's hammer), which he later wrote himself , in order to give the impression of papal approval of the work.

Orders and monasteries

Historical maps and views

The year 1484 on the death lamp in the Liebfrauenkirche in Freistadt, Upper Austria


Date of birth saved

Portrait of Ulrich Zwingli by Hans Asper, around 1531

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1484


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1484  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files