Calendar overview 1480
Ivan III freed Russia
in standing at the Ugra
from the domination
of the Golden Horde .
first siege of Rhodes
by the Ottoman army
ends with the
unsuccessful withdrawal of the besiegers.
|Ottomans conquer the fortress of Otranto in the Otranto campaign .|
|1480 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||928/929 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13th tubes - Matlactli omey Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2023/24 (southern Buddhism); 2022/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||842/843 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||884/885 (turn of the year March 12/13)|
|Jewish calendar||5240/41 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1790/91 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1791/92 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1536/37 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 23 : The first siege of Rhodes by the Ottoman army begins under Sultan Mehmed II , but ends after a last unsuccessful assault attempt on July 28 with the unsuccessful withdrawal of the besiegers. The Ottomans did not return until 1522 to lay siege to Rhodes again.
- July 28th : In the Otranto campaign of the Ottoman Empire , a force of several thousand people lands in Apulia , moves in front of Otranto and demands the surrender of the city. When it is refused, the siege begins .
- August 11th : The Ottomans conquer Otranto in Italy and control the exit of the Adriatic . The city functions as a bridgehead until 1481 , from which the Ottomans initially threatened and devastated the surrounding area and in which they themselves were finally enclosed by troops of the Kingdom of Naples .
- August 14th : After the citadel in Otranto is captured, 800 civilians who refuse to convert to Islam are beheaded by Ottoman warriors .
Holy Roman Empire
- August 11 : Hermann IV of Hesse succeeds Ruprecht von der Pfalz , who died in captivity on July 16, as Archbishop and Elector of Cologne .
- Beginning of the year: Akhmat Khan , ruler of the Golden Horde , forms an alliance with Casimir IV. Andrew , King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from the Jagiellonian dynasty . The aim of the alliance is a joint attack on the Grand Duchy of Moscow . When there were disputes between the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan III. and his brothers come, Akhmat Khan decides to act. He explores the area around the Oka River , a tributary of the Ugra , as a possible battlefield.
- from October 8th : In a four-day battle, Muscovite troops prevent the Horde from crossing the Oka. Akhmat then decides to wait for the promised reinforcement by Kasimir, which does not come.
- November 11th : After several weeks of standing on the Ugra , the horde, weakened by epidemics, finally withdraws due to the beginning of winter. This incident is hyped up by the Russian national historiography at the end of Mongolian rule over Russia and is seen as the starting point for the rise of the Russian Empire and the fall of the Empire of the Golden Horde.
- Around 1480: The Kingdom of Baguirmi in the area of present-day Chad arises. It is tributary to the Kanem Bornu Empire.
- around 1480: The Kingdom of Maravi in southeast Africa is founded.
- around 1480: After long battles the Kañari people are subjugated by the Inca under Túpac Yupanqui , the capital Ingapirca is destroyed.
- Ferdinand II and Isabella I set up an inquisition court for the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon to track down and punish (forcibly) converted Jews (so-called Conversos or Marranos ) and Moors ( Moriscos ) who have publicly converted to Christianity, but Suspected of continuing to practice their previous religion in secret, making them by definition heretics . The Spanish Inquisition is almost entirely in the hands of the monarchs. The Roman Curia has only a very limited influence on its course. Pope Sixtus IV , who has to approve the establishment, initially has reservations about it. However, when Spain took Naples, he gave in and hired two Dominicans as inquisitors, who were to be followed by others.
- Between July 21 and 24, continuous rain and late snowmelt in the Alpine region lead to flooding on the Aare and Rhine . According to the chronicles, all bridges between Bern and Strasbourg will be destroyed. The flood is considered to be a millennium flood on the Aare and Upper Rhine and is known as the Magdalen flood .
Date of birth saved
- January 10th : Margaret of Austria , daughter of Archduke Maximilian, later Emperor († 1530 )
- February 13 : Hieronymus Aleander , Italian humanist and cardinal († 1542 )
- April 10 : Philibert II , Duke of Savoy († 1504 )
- April 18 : Lucrezia Borgia , Italian Renaissance princess († 1519 )
- May 7 : Philipp von der Pfalz , Bishop of Freising and Bishop of Naumburg († 1541 )
- June 1 : Tiedemann Giese , Bishop of Kulm and Bishop of Warmia († 1550 )
- November 10 : Bridget of York , English princess († 1517 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Nicolaus von Ahlefeldt , heir to Seegaard
- Pedro Álvarez de Toledo , Viceroy of Naples († 1553 )
- Elizabeth Boleyn , English nobleman and lady-in-waiting († 1538 )
- Jean Clouet , French Renaissance painter († 1541 )
- Kaeo , ruler of the northern Thai empire Lan Na († 1525 )
- Lorenzo Lotto , Italian painter († 1557 )
- Ferdinand Magellan , Portuguese navigator († 1521 )
- Johannes Murmellius , Dutch scholar, philologist, poet and humanist († 1517 )
- Garcia de Noronha , Portuguese nobleman and viceroy of India († 1540 )
- Hans Rainsperg , Swiss Mayor († 1548 )
Born around 1480
- Albrecht Altdorfer , German painter, engraver and builder († 1538 )
- Noel Bauldeweyn , Franco-Flemish composer and singer († around 1530 )
- Gottfried von Berlichingen , German Imperial Knight, known as Götz von Berlichingen "with the iron hand" († 1562 )
- Mikuláš Konáč z Hodiškova , Czech printer, publisher, translator and writer († 1546 )
- Jacopo Palma , Northern Italian painter († 1528 )
- John Palsgrave , English scholar († 1554 )
- Niccolò Soggi , Italian painter († 1552 )
- Bartolomeo Veneto , Italian painter († after 1530)
Date of death secured
- January 5th : Jakob von Lichtenberg , Vogt of the city of Strasbourg and last lord of Lichtenberg (* 1416 )
- March 5 : Peter von Andlau , Alsatian legal scholar (* around 1420 )
- May 9 : Johann , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (* 1419 )
- May 10 : Philip I (the elder) , Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (* 1417 )
- May 19 : Lawrence Booth , Archbishop of York, Prince-Bishop of Durham and English Lord Chancellor (* 1420 )
- May 19 : Jan Długosz , Polish diplomat, historian and geographer (* 1415 )
- July 10 : René I , Duke of Anjou, Bar, Lorraine, Count of Provence, titular king of Naples, Sicily, Jerusalem, anti-king of Aragon etc. (* 1409 )
- July 16 : Ruprecht von der Pfalz , Archbishop and Elector of Cologne (* 1427 )
- July 22nd : Margareta von Cilli , Duchess of Teschen, Glogau and Steinau (* 1411 )
- September 1st : Ulrich V , Count of Württemberg (* 1413 )
- October 4th : Jakub z Sienna , Polish nobleman, Bishop of Krakow, Bishop of Włocławek, Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate Poloniae (* 1413 )
- November 6th : Ichijō Norifusa , Japanese regent (* 1423 )
- November 20 : Eleanor of Scotland , Duchess of Tyrol (* around 1433 )
- November 29th : Friedrich I , Count Palatine and Duke of Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim (* 1417 )
- December 20 : Anne Neville, Duchess of Buckingham , English noblewoman (* around 1411 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Hans Schurff , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 1415 )
- Tristão Vaz Teixeira , Portuguese explorer and governor (* around 1395 )
- Vecchietta , Italian painter of the Siena School, sculptor and goldsmith (* 1410 )