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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Standing at the Ugra
Ivan III freed Russia
in standing at the Ugra
from the domination
of the Golden Horde .
Siege of Rhodes
The first siege of Rhodes
by the Ottoman army
ends with the
unsuccessful withdrawal of the besiegers.
Otranto Castle
The Ottomans conquer the fortress of Otranto in the Otranto campaign .
1480 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 928/929 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1472/73
Aztec calendar 13th tubes - Matlactli omey Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 2023/24 (southern Buddhism); 2022/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Metal Rat庚子 ( at the beginning of the Earth Pig year 己亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 842/843 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 858/859
Islamic calendar 884/885 (turn of the year March 12/13)
Jewish calendar 5240/41 (September 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1196/97
Malayalam calendar 655/656
Seleucid era Babylon: 1790/91 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1791/92 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1518
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1536/37 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Ottoman Empire

Holy Roman Empire

Hermann of Hesse


  • Beginning of the year: Akhmat Khan , ruler of the Golden Horde , forms an alliance with Casimir IV. Andrew , King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from the Jagiellonian dynasty . The aim of the alliance is a joint attack on the Grand Duchy of Moscow . When there were disputes between the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan III. and his brothers come, Akhmat Khan decides to act. He explores the area around the Oka River , a tributary of the Ugra , as a possible battlefield.
  • from October 8th : In a four-day battle, Muscovite troops prevent the Horde from crossing the Oka. Akhmat then decides to wait for the promised reinforcement by Kasimir, which does not come.
  • November 11th : After several weeks of standing on the Ugra , the horde, weakened by epidemics, finally withdraws due to the beginning of winter. This incident is hyped up by the Russian national historiography at the end of Mongolian rule over Russia and is seen as the starting point for the rise of the Russian Empire and the fall of the Empire of the Golden Horde.





  • Ferdinand II and Isabella I set up an inquisition court for the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon to track down and punish (forcibly) converted Jews (so-called Conversos or Marranos ) and Moors ( Moriscos ) who have publicly converted to Christianity, but Suspected of continuing to practice their previous religion in secret, making them by definition heretics . The Spanish Inquisition is almost entirely in the hands of the monarchs. The Roman Curia has only a very limited influence on its course. Pope Sixtus IV , who has to approve the establishment, initially has reservations about it. However, when Spain took Naples, he gave in and hired two Dominicans as inquisitors, who were to be followed by others.


  • Between July 21 and 24, continuous rain and late snowmelt in the Alpine region lead to flooding on the Aare and Rhine . According to the chronicles, all bridges between Bern and Strasbourg will be destroyed. The flood is considered to be a millennium flood on the Aare and Upper Rhine and is known as the Magdalen flood .


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Ferdinand Magellan

Born around 1480


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1480  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files