Jacopo Palma (the old man)

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Jacopo Palma in the 1568 edition of Vasari's Vite
Palma il Vecchio: a blonde woman
John the Evangelist
The polyptych Saint Barbara with Pietà and saints is considered a major work of Palma.

Jacopo Palma (* around 1480 in Serina Alta, today Serina near Bergamo ; † July 30, 1528 in Venice ), often also called Jacopo Palma il Vecchio ("the old man"), was a Northern Italian painter of the Venetian school .

Jacopo Palma il Giovane ("the younger") was his great-nephew .

life and work

Little reliable is known about the life of Palma. But from his works, over fifty of which have survived, it is clear that he trained in Venice under the influence of Giovanni Bellini , Cima da Congeliano and Carpaccio , that he later changed his style after his contemporaries Tizian and Giorgione and finally in the in the last period of his career developed to full artistic freedom and independence.

With Tizian and Giorgione he describes the high point of Venetian painting during its heyday. He painted altarpieces and religious paintings for palaces and family chapels, mostly depicting the Madonna with the child and several saints, sometimes also with the donors in a quiet get-together (called sacra conversazione , sacred entertainment) as well as portraits, individual figures and study heads.

His main work, at the same time one of the most perfect and magnificent creations in painting, is Saint Barbara, painted around 1515 (Venice, Santa Maria Formosa ). His first period includes a Madonna and Child (Berlin, Museum), the Madonna with saints and angels making music in Zerman near Treviso, and Saint Peter with six saints (Venice, Academy).

The second period includes Saint Barbara, Adam and Eve (Braunschweig, Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum ), Christ and the adulteress (Rome, Capitol), the Visitation of the Virgin Mary (Vienna, Imperial Gallery), the Adoration of the Shepherds (Paris, Louvre ), the Madonna with Peter (Rome, Palazzo Colonna ), the Madonna under the tree with four saints (Vienna, imperial gallery) and the holy family with Jerome and Catherine (Naples, museum)

The last period includes the Madonna with Saints Lucia and George (Vicenza, San Stefano), the Adoration of the Magi (Milan, Pinacoteca di Brera ) and Jacob and Rahel (Dresden, gallery).

The most beautiful of his portraits and individual figures are owned by the imperial galleries in Vienna (including the so-called Violante and a Lucrezia), the Dresden gallery (a resting Venus and the three sisters), the Palazzo Sciarra in Rome (under the name "la bella il Tiziano") ) and the Berlin Museum.

Palma was the painter who knew how to portray the beauty of Venetian women most brilliantly, especially in his last period when he let the local colors blur in a delicate light.


Web links

Commons : Painting by Palma il Vecchio  - Collection of images, videos and audio files