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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Year of Literature

Matthias Corvinus
The Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus dies in Vienna .
Isabella d'Este
Isabella d'Este marries Gianfrancesco II Gonzaga .
Annunciation by Sandro Botticelli
Sandro Botticelli paints The Annunciation .
1490 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 938/939 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1482/83
Aztec calendar 10th house - Matlactli Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 2033/34 (southern Buddhism); 2032/33 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dog庚戌 ( at the beginning of the year Earth Rooster 己酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 852/853 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3823/24 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 868/869
Islamic calendar 895/896 (turn of the year 13/14 November)
Jewish calendar 5250/51 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1206/07
Malayalam calendar 665/666
Seleucid era Babylon: 1800/01 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1801/02 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1528
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1546/47 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Central Europe

Matthias Corvinus' acquisitions and the Kingdom of Hungary at the time of his death

Western and Southern Europe

Charles II of Savoy
(copper engraving around 1701)
  • March 13 : After the death of Charles I , his son Charles II becomes Duke of Savoy . His mother Bianca von Montferrat takes over the guardianship of the minor.



  • The Shuar people repel an attempt at conquest by the Inca and thus permanently maintain their independence.



Visual arts

The Vitruvian Man
Triptych The hay cart


Tirant lo Blanc , excerpt from the edition of 1490

The courtly chivalric novel Tirant lo Blanc , mainly written by Joanot Martorell and finished by Martí Joan de Galba , is published in Valencia in the Old Catalan language . Due to its sharp realism, it is considered the cornerstone of the modern novel and is later described by Miguel de Cervantes, among others, as the “best book ever written”.


Portrait of Isabella by Leonardo da Vinci (1499)

On February 12, 16-year-old Isabella d'Este , daughter of Ercole I d'Este , Duke of Ferrara , and granddaughter of King Ferdinand I of Naples, is married to Gianfrancesco II Gonzaga , Marquis of Mantua . Since her husband was serving as a military commander in the service of the Republic of Venice at that time , she took over government affairs. Under her patronage, the Court of Mantua developed into one of the cultural centers of Europe in the following years.


Historical maps and views


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1490

  • 1477 / 1488 /1490: Titian called Tiziano , Venetian painter of the high Renaissance († 1576 )


First half of the year

Ashikaga Yoshimasa's tomb in Kyoto
Matthias Corvinus approx. 1490 in a codex of the Biblioteca Guarnacci, Volterra
Joan of Portugal

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1490

Web links

Commons : 1490  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files