Schwyz (municipality)

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Schwyz coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of SchwyzCanton of Schwyz Schwyz (SZ)
District : Schwyz
BFS no. : 1372i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 6423 Seewen
6430 Schwyz
6432 Rickenbach
6438 Ibach
UN / LOCODE : CH SWN (Seewen)
CH SCZ (Schwyz)
CH XZX (Ibach)
Coordinates : 692 370  /  208488 coordinates: 47 ° 1 '16 "  N , 8 ° 39' 13"  O ; CH1903:  six hundred ninety-two thousand three hundred and seventy  /  208488
Height : 516  m above sea level M.
Height range : 443–1898 m above sea level M.
Area : 53.18  km²
Residents: i15,181 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 285 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
16.7% (December 31, 2,015)
Mayor : Xaver Schuler ( SVP )
Schwyz from Morschach, on the right the Mythen

Schwyz from Morschach, on the right the Mythen

Location of the municipality
Ägerisee Lauerzersee Limmerensee Klöntalersee Sihlsee Vierwaldstättersee Wägitalersee Zugersee Ufenau Lützelau Zürichsee Kanton Graubünden Kanton Glarus Kanton Luzern Kanton Nidwalden Kanton Obwalden Kanton St. Gallen Kanton Uri Kanton Zug Kanton Zürich Bezirk Einsiedeln Bezirk Gersau Bezirk Höfe Bezirk Küssnacht Bezirk March Alpthal Arth SZ Illgau Ingenbohl Lauerz Morschach Muotathal Oberiberg Riemenstalden Rothenthurm SZ Sattel SZ Schwyz (Gemeinde) Steinen SZ Steinerberg UnteribergMap of Schwyz
About this picture
Brunnen SZ and Fronalpstock (right) and Mythen (left)

Schwyz ([ ʃviːts ]; French Schwytz or Schwyz, Italian Svitto, Romansh Sviz ? / I ) is a political municipality and capital of the canton of Schwyz and the district of the same name . Audio file / audio sample


Since the name of the place Schwyz, first attested to in Suuites in 924/960, cannot be explained either from Alemannic or from Romanic , it must come from pre-Roman times. To this day, however, there is no definite interpretation. The most likely derivation from the Indo-European root * sueid- «shine, shimmer» or * sweit- « singe , burn», which means that the place name Schwyz is either a water name (originally for the Muota ?) With the meaning «die hell Luminous ”or a pre-Latin clearing name that could be interpreted as“ clearing ”or“ slash and burn ”.

Chroniclers of the 15th and 16th centuries report that the people of Schwyz immigrated from the north at the time of a great famine. The legend tells of Suit (Swit), who defeated his brother Scheijo in a duel and was therefore allowed to name the newly settled country. In his “Schwytzer Chronica” published in 1554, Johannes Stumpf reports the following - from him to the year 99 BC. Dated - story from the time of the Cimbrian Wars about the origin of the name:

«The Cimbrians approaching over the Trientisch mountains in Italiam, O. Luctatium Catul slammed the land placer who should behave in a mighty flight. The Cimbrians were attacked by Mario and Catulo the Roman noblemen in one fell swoop, beaten and thoroughly extinguished, ire künig Lugius and Baiorich remained dead, Claodicus and Genferich were captured, weyb and child refused to death, strangled themselves to death. The surviving Cimbrians in smaller numbers settled in the alpine mountains near ire pundsgnossen the tigurines and Tuginians with iren main people. Schwyter and Tschey sat down with irem völckli the Cimbriern in Zürychg in the mountains near the great lake, surrendering and building the land, that was named after the captain Schwytz. "

«The Cimbri crossed the Trient mountains to Italy and put O. Luctatium Catulum to flight , who was supposed to block their way. The Cimbri were attacked in a fog by Gaius Marius and Catulus, the Roman generals, defeated and almost completely destroyed, their kings Lugius and Baiorich were left dead, Claodicus and Genferich were captured, woman and child fought until death, strangled finally himself. The remaining Cimbri settled in small numbers in the Alps with their allies, the Tigurines and Tugins, with their captains. Schwyter and Tschey settled with their Cimbri people in the Zurichgau in the mountains near the large lake, cleaned and cultivated the land that was named after Captain Schwytz. "

- Johannes Stumpf : Schwytzer Chronica

The place name Schwyz was transferred to the entire canton early on; the canton of Schwyz ultimately gave Switzerland its name.



Historic aerial photo by Werner Friedli from 1963

The village square of Schwyz is 516  m above sea level. M. on the southern slope at the foot of the Mythen between Lauerzersee and Vierwaldstättersee .

The municipality of Schwyz is made up of the districts of Schwyz, Rickenbach , Ibach and Seewen . The town of Schwyz itself is also called Flecken Schwyz , because the town had market rights, but not city rights. The three remaining districts are also referred to as branches , i.e. branch Ibach, branch Seewen and branch Rickenbach. Although today they have grown together, these branches lead a village life of their own and also have their own churches and coats of arms. There are also hamlets that are each assigned to one of the districts: Auf Iberg, Haggenegg, Hesisbol, Holzegg, Oberschönenbuch, Perfiden, Ried-Haggen and Tschütschi.


  • Total area: 5317.4856 ha
    • Buildings: 82.7173 ha
    • Courtyards, gardens, facilities: 202.5706 ha
    • Fields, meadows: 1959.0092 ha
    • Riedland: 202.3382 ha
    • Pastures: 979.8214 ha
    • Forest: 1377.2768 ha
    • Pasture forest: 52.6501 ha
    • Railways, roads, paths: 146.8840 ha
    • Body of water: 125.4892 ha
    • Uncultivated area: 188.7288 ha


The number of inhabitants in Schwyz has developed as follows:

Population development
year 1850 1900 1950 1960 1970 1980 1980 2000 2010
Residents 5'432 7,398 10,259 11,007 12,194 12,100 12,723 13,763 14'423


In the 2019 National Council elections, the share of the vote in Schwyz was:

30.1% 25.4% 19.8% 17.7% 3.4% 3.2%

Schools and education

Cantonal school college Schwyz

The primary school level in Schwyz is distributed across the districts. In Schwyz these are the Herrengasse and Lücken school buildings, in Seewen the Seerüti and Krummfeld schools, in Ibach the Muota and Christophorus schools and in Rickenbach the Mythen and Haggen schools in Haggenegg. The upper level takes place centrally in the Rubiswil school building in the Ibach district.

Schwyz has its own canton school, which is called Kantonsschule Kollegium ( Swiss German Kollegi ). Schwyz also has a music school and a commercial vocational school.


Well-known companies such as Victorinox AG as the manufacturer of the Swiss Army Knife, the Mythen Center shopping center and Max Felchlin AG , which has also been based in Ibach since 1908, as a manufacturer of Swiss chocolate and other confectionery products, should be mentioned.

Sights, culture and customs

House of Bethlehem from 1287

The Federal Letter Museum is located in Schwyz with the Federal Letter from 1291 and other old documents and banners of the old Confederation. The main facade is decorated with a mural by the Uri painter Heinrich Danioth .

The living museum in the Ital-Reding-Haus is richly furnished . The old Bethlehem House from the time Switzerland was founded and the Schwyz treasure tower can also be visited .

The modern forum of Swiss history sets a counterpoint . Here history does not take place in a mere retrospective view, but becomes a lively examination of the past, present and future.

In 1991, with the « Mythenspiel », a new approach to the dramaturgical staging of the founding story was dared. Old customs such as the Chlefelen and during the carnival with the rhythmic fool's dance of the historical " Maschgraden figures" are among others. a. cared for by the “Schwyzer Nüssler”.

The most prominent visible hallmarks of Schwyz are the rock pyramids above the valley basin: the Big and the Little Mythen . The Grosse Mythen in particular is a destination for hikers.

Also noteworthy are the Catholic parish church of St. Martin with rococo altars and pulpits made of marble and stucco marble by the altar builder Carlo Andrea Galetti from San Fedele Intelvi , the Dominican convent of St. Peter am Bach, the Kerchel (ossuary) with the Holy Cross Chapel and the town hall.



There is a large selection of sports clubs available in Schwyz. Since 1893, the STV Schwyz has offered women and men from young to old a variety of sporting opportunities. In football , the SC Schwyz women play in the National League B (women's football) , the men in the 4th division. The FC Ibach from the district of the same name on the Muota plays in the 2nd interregional league. In Seewen is EHC Seewen home that Hockey in MySports League plays. The handball players of the Mythen Shooters play in the 2nd division and the Vipers Innerschwyz play floorball in the 1st division . Since 2004 there has also been a flag football team in Schwyz , the Schwyz Rocks, which is the record holder in the Swiss Flag Football League with four championship titles. The myths of Black Bulls play American football and the teams from VBC Suito Schwyz play volleyball . The Schwyz Ski Club and the Ibach Ski Club are active in skiing and have already provided many professional athletes, such as the first Olympic participant Josef Lindauer as early as 1936 . The swing is worth mentioning . The Mythenverband is based in Schwyz and has provided various top wrestlers for years.


Rail transport

The on the Gotthard line located Schwyz Train Station is located about two kilometers outside the village of Schwyz in the community town of Seewen. The station is served by Interregios and S-Bahn trains.

First planning the Swiss Südostbahn saw a lines of today's railway Pfäffikon SZ-Arth-Goldau to the train station fountain instead of the train station Arth-Goldau ago. In this case, the village center of Schwyz would have received a train station - first on the Kollegi football field, later on Steisteg.

The Schwyz – Stoos funicular has been running from the Schlattli to the Stoos since 1933 in the far south-east of the municipality . It will be replaced in December 2017 by the new Schwyz – Stoos funicular, the second steepest funicular in the world.

Local transport

From October 6, 1900 to December 14, 1963, the Schwyz trams connected the Schwyz train station with the town center. The Schwyz – Brunnen See section was opened on May 8, 1915 - it was shut down on the same day as the Schwyz SBB – Schwyz line. The tram lines were replaced by Auto AG Schwyz , which now operates 12 bus routes in the cantons of Schwyz and Lucerne.



  • Linus Birchler : The art monuments of the canton Schwyz. Volume II: The districts of Gersau, Küssnacht and Schwyz. Art historical overview (=  art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 2). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1930.
  • André Meyer: The art monuments of the canton Schwyz. Volume 1: The district of Schwyz 1. The area of ​​Schwyz and the rest of the municipality. Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1978 (=  Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz. Volume 65), ISBN 3-7643-1011-1 , pp. 47-499.
  • Erwin Horat: Schwyz (municipality). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .

Web links

Commons : Schwyz  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Schwyz  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Schwyz  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated May 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. The spelling with tz is used by the Guide du Typographe romand and is therefore often found.
  5. a b Viktor Weibel, with the assistance of Albert Hug: Schwyzer Namenbuch. The place and field names of the canton of Schwyz. 4th volume. Schwyz 2012, pp. 402-408.
  6. Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 819 f.
  7. Johannes Stumpf: Schwytzer Chronica. Pulled together from the large one into a manual in which, according to the jarzal, is understood common, laudable Eydgnos, zeyt, harkummen, old and new, special and common deeds and trades, except for the jar Christi 1546; In addition, the Teütschen land and Franckreych's well-known things sampt the zeyt and government of all Roman emperors and denunciations are also recorded, which is understood in other chronicles. 2nd book. Zurich 1554, pp. 19-20.
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
  9. Galetti's side altars 1773–1775 (photo)
  10. Galetti's pulpit 1775 (photo)
  11. Galetti's baptismal font 1776 (photo)
  12. ^ André Meyer: Parish Church of St. Martin Schwyz. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 148). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1974, ISBN 978-3-85782-148-6 .
  13. Schwyzer Strassenbahn, 1900–1963 ( Memento from June 11, 2009 in the Internet Archive )