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Stans coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of NidwaldenCanton of Nidwalden Nidwalden (NW)
District : No district divisionw
BFS no. : 1509i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 6370
Coordinates : 670 604  /  201070 coordinates: 46 ° 57 '25 "  N , 8 ° 21' 58"  O ; CH1903:  six hundred seventy thousand six hundred and four  /  201070
Height : 452  m above sea level M.
Height range : 435–1817 m above sea level M.
Area : 11.08  km²
Residents: 8393 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 757 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
12.0% (December 31, 2,015)
Mayor : Gregor Schwander ( CVP )
Look at Stans

Look at Stans

Location of the municipality
Bannalpsee Blausee OW Engstlensee Eugenisee Lauerzersee Lutersee Melchsee Seelisbergsee Rotsee Sarnersee Seefeld OW Tannensee Trübsee Vierwaldstättersee Wichelsee Zugersee Kanton Bern Kanton Luzern Kanton Obwalden Kanton Obwalden Kanton Schwyz Kanton Uri Kanton Zug Beckenried Buochs Dallenwil Emmetten Ennetbürgen Ennetmoos Hergiswil NW Oberdorf NW Stans Stansstad WolfenschiessenMap of Stans
About this picture

Stans is a political municipality and the capital of the canton of Nidwalden in Switzerland .


The village of Stans lies between the Stanserhorn and Buochserhorn mountains and the western foothills of the Bürgenstock . Neighboring communities are Ennetmoos and Stansstad in the west, Oberdorf , Ennetbürgen and Buochs in the east and Dallenwil in the south, with Stansstad, Ennetbürgen and Buochs ​​on Lake Lucerne .

43.7% of the entire municipal area is used for agriculture. Another 36.5% is covered by forest and wood. In addition to 2.6% unproductive area, 17.2% is settlement area.


Stans, historical aerial photo from 1923, taken from a height of 600 meters by Walter Mittelholzer

The Gallo-Roman cremation graves from the 2nd century BC. Are the earliest traces of human presence in Nidwalden. The name Stans, which is derived from the Latin word stagnum (pond, standing water) is another indication of this. The community was first mentioned in 1172. In 1798, Stans was attacked by French troops, as Nidwalden rebelled against the new constitution by Napoléon Bonaparte . After these terrible days in Nidwalden , the teacher Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi took the orphaned children into his first school. The Nidwaldner Landsgemeinde was held in Oberdorf until it was abolished in 1997.




Population development

The population grew rapidly in the 1850s. In the following decade, growth flattened a little, but then picked up again sharply from the 1870s. Overall, the population grew by 921 people, or 49.1%, between 1850 and 1900. The number of residents stagnated between 1910 and 1930. From 1930 until today there has been constant growth. Today the community has well over 8,000 inhabitants. In 2008 alone it grew by 210 people or 2.8%. Together with the surrounding communities, it forms the agglomeration of Stans (Beckenried, Buochs, Ennetbürgen, Ennetmoos, Oberdorf, Stans and Stansstad) with (end of 2017) 31,946 inhabitants. Of the 8,411 inhabitants at the end of 2017, 4,209 were male and 4,202 were female.

Population development of Stans since 1850 Source: Population censuses (1850–2000 Federal), Federal Statistical Office (2010 and 2015)


The population speaks a highly Alemannic dialect. Almost the entire population speaks German as the everyday language. In the last census in 2000, 91.6% said German, 2% Italian and 1.2% Serbo-Croatian as their main language.

Religions - denominations

The population used to be fully members of the Roman Catholic Church. The denominational relationships in 2000 still show the original structure. 5354 people were Catholic (76.67%). In addition, there were 10.83% Evangelical Reformed and 1.02% Orthodox Christians, 2.96% Muslims and 5.13% non-religious. 190 people (2.72%) did not provide any information about their creed.

Origin - nationality

7,198 (86.96%) of the residents were Swiss nationals at the end of 2015. The majority of the immigrants come from Central Europe (Germany), Southern Europe (Italy and Portugal), the former Yugoslavia (Serbia / Montenegro, Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina) and Sri Lanka. At the 2000 census, 6,256 people (89.59%) were Swiss citizens; 297 of them had dual citizenship.

age structure

The church has a high percentage of younger people. While the proportion of people under the age of twenty makes up almost 23.89% of the local population, only just under 18.24% are senior citizens (60 years and older). The largest age group is made up of people between 30 and 44 years of age. The average age is around 37 years.

The last census in 2000 showed the following age structure:

Age 0–6 years 7-15 years 16-19 years 20-29 years 30–44 years 45–59 years 60–79 years 80 years and more
number 561 798 309 816 1795 1430 957 317
proportion of 8.03% 11.43% 4.43% 11.69% 25.71% 20.48% 13.70% 4.54%


In 2017, of the 9,939 employees, 5,470 were male and 4,469 were female. Among other things, the largest Swiss aircraft manufacturer Pilatus Aircraft is based in Stans. Less than 30% of the jobs are filled by locals. Only a few employees in Stans still work in agriculture / forestry / fishing (sector 1). Around a third of the labor force is employed in industry and commerce (sector 2). The majority of employees work in service companies (sector 3).

The numbers for the 3 sectors are as follows:

1st sector
1st sector
Full-time positions
1st sector
2nd sector
2nd sector
Full-time positions
2nd sector
3rd sector
3rd sector
Full-time positions
3rd sector

Total full-time positions
number 30th 90 66 127 3333 3095 877 6516 4705 1034 9939 7866
proportion of 2.90% 0.91% 0.84% 12.28% 33.53% 31.14% 84.82% 65.56% 59.81% 100% 100% 100%
Source: Federal Statistical Office; Statistics of the company structure STATENT, workplaces and employees by municipality and economic sector

In 2000, of the 7,075 employed, 2,088 people were from Stans and 4,987 were commuters. Most of them (67%) came from the canton of Nidwalden - but there were also around 700 people from the canton of Lucerne and 500 from the canton of Obwalden. At the same time, 1,744 people from Stans went to work in other parishes; including 45% in the canton of Lucerne and only 32% in other Nidwalden communities.


Stans is located directly on the A2 Basel - Lucerne - Gotthard motorway . In order to relieve the community of alternative traffic on the motorway in the future, a traffic control concept was developed.

In 1893 the Stanserhorn-Bahn (SthB) opened, a funicular that leads to the Stanserhorn. About which opened in the same year Electrical streetcar Stansstad Stans was (StSt) connection with the steamers of Lake Lucerne in Stansstad. Due to competition from the Stansstad-Engelberg-Bahn (StEB), which opened in 1898 and runs from Stansstad via Stans to Engelberg , the tram was shut down in 1903. Due to financial difficulties, the StEB was initially shut down in 1964. As a result, the line was completely renovated and an extension was built up to the Brünigbahn in Hergiswil . The line was then reopened as the Luzern-Stans-Engelberg-Bahn (LSE) with a connection to Lucerne. At the beginning of 2005 the LSE merged with the Brünigbahn to form the Zentralbahn (ZB).


Web links

Commons : Stans  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2.  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: dead link /  
  3. ^ Stans online: History , accessed on July 28, 2010.
  4. Nidwalden is fighting against traffic jams with dead ends and bans. In: . January 30, 2020, accessed January 30, 2020 .