Robert Durrer was a Catholic and the only son (along with four sisters) of the eight-time Landammann and National Councilor Robert Durrer (1836-1889) and the grandson of the Stans councilor, business agent and trader Anton Albert Durrer (1793-1865). From 1883 to 1885 he attended art schools in Bern and Geneva, from 1885 to 1889 the grammar school in Einsiedeln , then in Sarnen. From 1889 to 1891 he studied law in Bern , and from 1891 to 1893 history in Zurich . In 1893 he received his doctorate as Dr. phil. From 1893 he worked on the statistics of Swiss art monuments (later art monuments of Switzerland ). From 1901 to 1907 he was a local councilor and church councilor in Stans. He was a canton judge from 1895 to 1934 and from 1896 to 1934 the state archivist of the canton of Nidwalden .
In 1894, Durrer and Josef Zemp were involved in the art topographical recording of the St. Johann monastery in Müstair ; In 1906 they discovered the wall painting cycle there in a basement room in the west wing, presumably from the 11th century. Friends were Durrer u. a. with the Zurich professor of art history Linus Birchler (1893–1967). In 1901 he created the municipal coat of arms of Oberdorf , also the coats of arms of other places, and also designed the flag of the Swiss Guard . He was awarded the papal commander's cross of St. Gregory. He is Officier de l'Ordre de la Couronne Belge . His works on the art monuments in the canton of Unterwalden and v. a. his source work on Niklaus von Flüe are still considered standard works.
In Stiftsarchiv Engelberg there are notebooks, correspondence and estate. Out of "annoyance at some politicians", he did not bequeath the estate to the Historical Association of the Canton of Nidwalden or the Cantonal Library. There is a «Robert-Durrerstrasse» in Stans. The Nidwalden Museum shows centerpieces, drinking vessels and a toy horse by Robert Durrer.
- The devastation of the Lieli and Trästli brooks in Beckenried and the weather damage in Nidwalden, July 4, 1883: Report of the Centralhülfscomité on the donations received in favor of the injured and their distribution to Landammann and Government Councilor of Nidwalden , July 12, 1885, Paul von's printing house Matt, Stans 1885.
- The barons of Ringgenberg, bailiffs of Brienz, and the Ringgenberg trade . In: Yearbook for Swiss History ( ) 21 (1896), pp. 195–391.
- The Federal Letters of the Old Confederates, 1291–1513 . Edit after the originals and provided with explanations by Dr. Robert Durrer, Zürcher & Furrer, Zurich 1904.
- The Swiss Guard in Rome and the Swiss in papal service , H. von Matt & Co., Stans 1906 / Räber, Lucerne 1927.
- The fishing rights in Nidwalden , in: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden 10 (1907), pp. 29–84
- The first struggles for freedom in original Switzerland , in: Schweizer Kriegsgeschichte [Bern] 1 (1915), pp. 74–98
- War considerations , Writings for Swiss Art and Art 24/25, Zurich 1915.
- The municipal arms of Unterwalden , in: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden 26 (1959), pp. 44–67; also in: Swiss Archive for Heraldry 1917; also as a separate print, Stans 1918.
- Robert Durrer (Ed.): Brother Klaus. The oldest sources about Blessed Niklaus von Flüe, his life and influence . Government printing office, Sarnen 1917ff, reprint 1981, 2 volumes.
- The Engelberg women's monastery as a foster home for mysticism: its relationships with the Strasbourg friends of God and the pious lay circles of central Switzerland , in: Der Geschistorfreund. Announcements of the Historical Association of Five Places 76 (1921), pp. 195–218.
- The art monuments of the canton Unterwalden , Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz 1, Swiss National Museum, Zurich 1899–1928, reprinted by Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 1971.
- Glarner flag book , ed. from the Historical Association of the Canton of Glarus. Edited by Robert Durrer, Zurich 1928.
- Studies on the oldest history of Lucerne and the Gotthard Trail , in: Der Geschichtsfreund. Announcements of the Historical Association of Five Places 84 (1929), pp. 1–72.
- The will of Obwalden Landammann Nikolaus von Rüdli, the younger, from 1442: A contribution to the legal and cultural history of Switzerland , in: Der Geschichtsfreund. Announcements of the Historical Association of Five Places 85 (1930), pp. 196–234.
- Lucerne illustrated chronicle 1513: on the VI. Centenary of Lucerne's entry into the Confederation ; Diebold Schilling; ed. from the community of residents and corporations Lucerne; edited by Robert Durrer and Paul Hilber, Sadag, Geneva 1932.
- Heinrich Angst, first director of the Swiss National Museum, British consul general . Completed by Fanny Lichtlen, Tschudi & Co., Glarus in 1948.
- The coat of arms of Unterwalden , in: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden 26 (1959), pp. 9–43.
- Expert opinion on the spelling of the Nidwalden family names , in: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden 26 (1959), pp. 68–73.
- Franz Odermatt: Directory of the scientific work of State Archivist Dr. Robert Durrer 1867-1934. In: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden. 17: 42-50 (1944).
- H [ans] Meyer-Rahn: Robert Durrer - in the context of the biography of Jakob Wyrsch . In: Journal for Swiss Archeology and Art History . tape 11 , no. 3 , 1950, p. 177-180 , doi : 10.5169 / seals-163577 .
- On the 25th anniversary of Dr. Robert Durrer (March 2, 1867 to May 14, 1934). In: Contributions to the history of Nidwalden. Vol. 26 (1959), p. 7 f.
- Jakob Wyrsch, Josef von Matt et al .: Robert Durrer. von Matt, Stans 1949 (= The History Friend, Supplement 1).
- Kathrin Gurtner: Naef - Durrer - Zemp . In: Kunst + Architektur , 2/2015, pp. 34–41.
- Literature by and about Robert Durrer in the catalog of the German National Library
- Peter Steiner: Durrer, Robert. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Peter Ochsenbein: Lay piety and community awareness. The "Great Prayer of the Confederates" as a late medieval folk devotion. In: Klaus Schreiner (ed.): Lay piety in the late Middle Ages. Oldenbourg, Munich 1992, pp. 319-330, here p. 320.
- Cf. The St. Johannes Baptista Monastery in Münster. In: Anzeiger für Swiss antiquity. 7 (1894), pp. 385-388; J. Zemp: The St. Johann monastery in Münster in Graubünden. With the participation of Robert Durrer. Geneva 1906–1911.
- Daniel Krämer, Regula Odermatt: Handbook of the historical book holdings in Switzerland. ( Memento of the original from September 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Zurich 2003.
- Inventory NM 9833 ( Memento of the original dated August 30, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss historian, art historian and archivist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 2, 1867|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stans|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 14, 1934|
|Place of death||Stans|