|Franz Joseph I and his wife Elisabeth become royal couple of Hungary after the Austro-Hungarian settlement .|
Das Kapital by Karl Marx appears.
|Dianabad the waltz On the beautiful blue Danube by Johann Strauss (son) is heard for the first time .|
Russian Empire sells Alaska to the USA
in the so-called Alaska Purchase .
|1867 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1315/16 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1859/60 (September 11-12)|
|Baha'i calendar||23/24 (March 20/21)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1272/73 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2410/11 (southern Buddhism); 2409/10 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||76th (77th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1229/30 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4200/01 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1245/46 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1283/84 (May 4th / 5th)|
|Jewish calendar||5627/28 (September 29/30)|
|Coptic calendar||1583/84 (September 11-12)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1282/83 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2177/78 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2178/79 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1923/24 (April)|
In 1867 , the North German Confederation, founded in the previous year, was converted from a military alliance into a federal state by means of a constitution passed by a newly elected constituent Reichstag . For Chancellor is Otto von Bismarck appointed.
The Habsburg Monarchy is also undergoing a constitutional restructuring: the Austro-Hungarian Compromise transforms the Austrian Empire into the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy . End of the year occurs in the Austrian half ( Cisleithania the) December Constitution in force with the Basic Law on the general rights of citizens contains a bill of rights.
Revolutionary developments are also taking place in other parts of the world: In Japan , the last shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate formally abdicates under the pressure of reformers who are striving to restore imperial rule . With the accession of the 14-year-old Mutsuhito , the Edo period ends and the Meiji period begins. The short-lived Second Empire of Mexico ends with the execution of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico by the republican troops of President Benito Juarez . A few days later, the Canadian Confederation becomes independent from Great Britain .
Politics and world events
|Rotativismo in Portugal (since 1856)|
|Nian uprising (since 1853) against the Qing dynasty in China (since 1644)|
|Second French Empire in France (since 1852)|
|Founding period in Germany and Austria (since around 1840)|
|Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire (since 1839)|
|Victorian Age in Great Britain (since 1837)|
North German Confederation
- February 7th : The allied governments of the North German Confederation agree, following a proposal by Otto von Bismarck, on a draft constitution that is to be submitted to a Reichstag that has yet to be elected. On February 19, Bismarck presented a secret alternative draft to the governments if the Reichstag should reject the first draft or amend it too much. In this case, the constitution should be imposed as a state treaty.
- February 12 : Based on the August Treaties of 1866, the main election for the constituent Reichstag for the North German Confederation is carried out according to universal suffrage . The necessary run-off elections take place in the weeks thereafter . The member states of the North German Confederation have been divided into 297 constituencies for election, 236 of which are in Prussia . The kingdoms of Bavaria and Württemberg , the Grand Duchy of Baden and the southern part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse do not belong to the North German Confederation and therefore do not take part in the election. The election laws of the individual states apply, which are based on the Frankfurt Reichstag election law of 1849. The majority after the Reichstag elections in February 1867 was the National Liberal Party together with the liberal-conservative Free Conservatives . Both parties work together with Otto von Bismarck . In the provinces of Schleswig-Holstein and Hanover annexed by Prussia in 1866 , federal constitutional candidates achieved electoral successes. The Saxon People's Party , partly a forerunner organization of the later Social Democrats , joins the body with two members.
- February 24th : The constituent Reichstag holds its first session. With August Bebel , the first German belongs Social Democrat a constitution agreed at meeting. President of the Reichstag, whose task is to agree a constitution for the North German Confederation, is Eduard von Simson .
- March 4 : The government's draft constitution is presented to the constituent Reichstag.
- March 19 : The protective and defensive alliances between Prussia on the one hand and the southern German states of Bavaria , Württemberg and Baden on the other are published. Another alliance follows with the Grand Duchy of Hesse .
- March 27 : Lex Bennigsen introduces ministerial responsibility for the Federal Chancellor . The national liberal MP Rudolf von Bennigsen had introduced an amendment that adapted the draft constitution discussed by the constituent Reichstag .
- April 16 : The constituent Reichstag adopts Bismarck's draft constitution with the changes made. The plenipotentiaries of the states accept the amended draft on the same day.
- Between June 21 and June 27, the individual federal states put the federal constitution into effect through publication patents.
- July 1 : The constitution of the North German Confederation comes into force. This completes the founding of the North German Confederation as a federal state .
- July 8th : The German Customs Union is legally regulated. For the first time, the new Zollverein has federal institutions such as the Federal Customs Council and a customs parliament as a legislature. The majority decisions made by these bodies are binding for all member states and there is no longer any veto. The executive body is the customs office incumbent on the Prussian king. The law comes into force on January 1, 1868.
- July 14th : King Wilhelm of Prussia , in his capacity as holder of the Federal Presidium , appoints the Prussian Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck as Federal Chancellor .
- August 12 : Federal Chancellor Otto von Bismarck establishes the Federal Chancellery of the North German Confederation. It is responsible for internal federal affairs. Rudolph von Delbrück becomes President of the Chancellery and Bismarck's right-hand man .
- August 31 : The turnout in the Reichstag election in August 1867 is lower than in the February election. The required runoff elections will take place in the following weeks. The political balance of power after the election remains essentially unchanged. The North German Confederation now has its parliament.
- November 1st : The law on freedom of movement is passed.
- November 9 : The Navy of the North German Confederation is founded by federal law , which emerges from the Prussian Navy . The other member states in the North German Confederation do not have their own naval forces, but are obliged to pay contributions and provide personnel. Nevertheless, the North German Federal Navy is still subordinate to the Prussian Navy Ministry.
- February 1 : Richard Belcredi , representative of a federalist settlement with all nationalities of the multi-ethnic Austrian state, submits his resignation after the meeting of the Council of Ministers.
- February 7 : Emperor Franz Joseph I appoints Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust as Austrian Prime Minister.
- February 17th : King Franz Joseph I appoints the former revolutionary Count Gyula Andrássy as Hungarian Prime Minister. On February 18, the restoration of the 1848 constitution is indicated with a few changes. Two days later, Andrássy presented his government. Transylvania and the Banat are reunited with Hungary.
- February 27 : The Hungarian Reichstag , which was dissolved after the Hungarian Revolution , is restored within the framework of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise . It replaces the Landtag , which existed twice in between .
- March 15 : With the signing of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise Treaty, the dual monarchy Austria-Hungary is founded . The Andrássy government takes the oath of allegiance to Franz Joseph I in Buda .
- June 8th : With the solemn coronation of Emperor Franz Joseph I and his wife Elisabeth as the Hungarian royal couple, the Austro-Hungarian compromise comes to a festive conclusion. The Magyars are reconciled with the House of Habsburg . Under the Andrássy government, a new high point of Magyarization began in the Hungarian half of the empire.
- December 21 : Emperor Franz Joseph I sanctions the December constitution , which comes into force the next day. The associated constitutional law on the general rights of citizens contains a catalog of basic rights based on the model of the March constitution of 1849, which is still largely valid in Austria today.
- December 30th : Karl von Auersperg becomes the new Prime Minister of Cisleithania . His government was named the Mayor Ministry because of the majority of its members .
Other events in Europe
- January 1st : Constant Fornerod becomes President of Switzerland for the third time .
- April 18 : The last Ottoman fortress commander leaves the Principality of Serbia under pressure from Prince Mihailo Obrenović ; the capital is from Kragujevac to Belgrade published what the end of the 346-year rule of the Ottomans in Belgrade sealed.
- 7th to 11th May : In the London treaty , the Luxembourg crisis surrounding the intended purchase of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg by the French government under Napoléon III. of the Netherlands under King Wilhelm III. Settled: France does not acquire Luxembourg, but Prussia withdraws its garrison from the fortress in Luxembourg City and it is destroyed. Luxembourg is to remain neutral in future conflicts and is declared independent.
- November 3 : Giuseppe Garibaldi's second attempt after 1862 to take the rest of the Papal States with his militants is thwarted near Mentana by papal troops under Hermann Chancellor with French support.
- December 18 : The Clerkenwell bombing in London kills 12 and injures 120. The aim of the attack is to free from Clerkenwell prison prisoners who are members of the Republican Brotherhood of Ireland and who are fighting for Ireland's independence from the United Kingdom . Several houses are damaged by the force of the explosion. The bomb attack robs the Irish Republicans of the previously very high level of sympathy among the London population.
- February 5 : The last French troops leave Mexico City for Veracruz. Emperor Maximilian I left his European units behind as a garrison and marched with his Mexican troops under the generals Miguel Miramón and Tomás Mejía to Querétaro , accompanied by his adjutant, the Prussian Prince Felix zu Salm-Salm .
- Maximilian's wife Charlotte of Belgium went to Europe with the French units to ask the Pope for support in Paris, Vienna and finally in Rome, but remained unsuccessful.
- While the French troops are boarding in Veracruz, the Republican troops of President Benito Juárez advance quickly and lay siege to Querétaro in March. General Porfirio Díaz takes the city of Puebla.
- April 27th : An attempt by the imperial troops to break out of Querétaro fails. On May 15th, the city was taken by Republican troops under Mariano Escobedo . A court martial appointed by Escobedo sentenced Maximilian and two of his generals to death. Many European heads of state, but also celebrities such as Victor Hugo and Giuseppe Garibaldi , then write requests for clemency to President Juárez, but the latter refuses.
- June 19 : The short-lived 2nd Empire of Mexico ends with the execution of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico , brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I , and his generals Miramón and Mejía .
- June 20 : The Mexico City garrison surrenders to the Republicans. On July 15, Benito Juárez entered the city in triumph.
- The Federal Constitution of the United States of Mexico of 1857 comes into force. The huge lands of the Catholic Church in Mexico are expropriated, civil marriages are made possible and the separation of church and state is carried out. The Conservative Party has made itself so unpopular through its support of the French and Maximilians that it becomes politically insignificant.
- End of the year: The preserved body of Maximilian is transported to Europe on the frigate SMS Novara by Wilhelm von Tegetthoff .
Other events in Central and South America
- February 2 : Under the leadership of Serapio Cruz and Justo Rufino Barrios Auyón , a liberal uprising begins against the conservative government of Vicente Cerna Sandoval in Guatemala , but it is quickly suppressed. The leaders of the uprising flee abroad.
- February: Argentine President Bartolomé Miter has to relinquish command of the Army of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay due to domestic political difficulties and returns to his homeland. The new commander-in-chief is the Brazilian Luís Alves de Lima e Silva .
- August: The Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano López is considering resigning and going into exile because of the hopeless situation. He increasingly distrusts his officers and senior officials and suspects conspiracies everywhere. He has numerous officers executed. A large part of the civil ruling class is also sentenced to death, including López's two brothers and sisters and his mother. The death sentence against one of the brothers is carried out, the rest of the family remains in custody until the end of the war. In addition to numerous high officials, cabinet members, judges, bishops and priests as well as more than 200 foreigners, including several diplomats, are executed on the orders of López or after the judgments of his special courts.
United States of America
- Beginning of the year: The Ku Klux Klan , founded two years ago, is holding a federal congress in Nashville , Tennessee, in order to bring together the now numerous local groups as a common organization and to put them under a unified leadership. The clan adopts a constitution and elects ex-Southern General Nathan Bedford Forrest as its first Great Warlock . At that time, the Klan had about half a million active members and countless sympathizers across the south. It prevents blacks from exercising and exercising their newly acquired civil rights through intimidation, arson, physical violence, kidnapping and murder. In addition, many of the clan's abuses involve sexual violence against women. The clan's victims are the so-called scalawags (collaborators with the Yankees, civil rights activists and members of the Republican Party) as well as carpetbaggers (war profiteers) and members of the US Army.
- March 1 : The southeastern part of the former Nebraska Territory appears under the name Nebraska as the 37th state of the United States at. The remaining parts are assigned to other territories .
- March 2 / March 23 / July 19 : The United States Congress passes several Reconstruction Acts against President Andrew Johnson's veto : the former Confederation states are militarily occupied on their basis, the existing southern states are ousted and implemented Replaced military governors. No one who supported the former Confederate or state government is allowed to vote or hold political office. Only after the 14th Amendment to the Constitution has been adopted , which guarantees African-Americans the same rights, will the southern states be re-admitted to the Union. Johnson's previous very southern state-friendly and anti-African American policy of Reconstruction is thus ended.
- March 3 : Against the president's veto , Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act , which regulates the dismissal of ministers from the cabinet.
- March 30 : The Russian Empire sells Alaska to the United States for US $ 7.2 million. The Alaska Purchase for the purchase of Russian America is being initiated by the American Secretary of State William H. Seward and the Russian Ambassador to Washington Eduard von Stoeckl . The treaty will be ratified by the United States Senate on April 9 after a speech by Senate Committee Chairman Charles Sumner , and the ceremonial handover by Frigate Captain Alexei Alexejewitsch Peshchurov to General Lovell Harrison Rousseau will take place on October 18 .
- August 28th : The Midway Islands are annexed by the United States under its Guano Islands Act .
- October: The Medicine Lodge Treaty between the United States and the Indian tribes of the Crow , Blackfoot , Piegan , Gros Ventres , Sioux , Ponca , Cheyenne , Arapaho , Apaches , Kiowa, and Comanche tribes assigns certain agricultural reserves to the tribes and allows them to to leave them to hunt.
- Social Housing in New York City : The Tenement House Act of 1867 stipulates that apartment houses must provide one toilet for every 20 residents that is connected to the sewer. Bedrooms that do not have a window must have at least three square feet of ventilation opening above the door.
- March 29 : The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1867 , the first of many British North America Acts that forms the basis of the Constitution of Canada . The law unites the British colonies of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia with the province of Canada , consisting of Upper Canada (now Ontario ) and Lower Canada (now Québec ) to form the state of Dominion of Canada . It creates the Canadian government , the lower house and the Senate , the judicial system including the Supreme Court and the main features of tax legislation. It also implicitly states that Canada will become a bilingual state.
- July 1 : The Canadian Confederation becomes independent from Great Britain .
- August 7 to September 20 : Conservatives led by John Macdonald win a majority of seats in Canada's first general election , creating the country's first government.
- January 30th : Kōmei , the 121st Tennō of Japan , dies. Allegedly he is murdered by Iwakura Tomomi , a supporter of the Sonnō jōi movement, because he has responded to the Shogunate's policy of rapprochement . On February 3, Kōmei's 14-year-old son Mutsuhito ascended to the throne. The Edo period ends and the Meiji period begins, during which the feudal state of Japan will become a modern imperial great power .
- November 9th : Tokugawa Yoshinobu , the 15th and last Shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan , formally abdicates under pressure from reformers who are striving for a restoration of imperial rule , but without relinquishing his actual powers. He travels from Kyoto to Osaka .
Other events in Asia
- April 1 : The British East India Company's possessions in Southeast Asia , the Straits Settlements on the Malay Peninsula , are converted into a British Crown Colony after the company's demise . These include Penang , Malacca and Singapore , among others .
- July 15 : France and Siam sign a treaty in which Siam gives up supremacy over Cambodia (with the exception of the western provinces) and this subsequently becomes a French protectorate.
- June 19 : American marines land on the coast of Formosa to conduct a punitive expedition against the native population there. The reason for this is the killing of American shipwrecked people by the natives a few months earlier. The Americans march inland, but face significant difficulties. They are ambushed by the natives and the unfamiliar tropical climate is a heavy burden for the men. There is hardly any progress through the thick jungle. Ultimately, the leading officer is also killed and the Marines have to retreat to their ships after a certain amount of time in some disorder. After this first, less successful company, there is a second campaign in September. This second force consists mainly of Chinese provided by the Chinese government. This force moves inland to the settlement area of the Paiwan , where the commander, without any major fighting, enters into negotiations with the chief of the Paiwan and concludes an agreement in which the Paiwan undertake no more attacks on shipwrecked people and seafarers to do.
- October 7th : After a reign of around one year, Mohammed Afzal Khan from the Baraksai dynasty dies . His younger brother, Shir Ali , who was ousted by him the previous year, again ascends the throne as Emir of Afghanistan the following year .
- After the outbreak of fierce fighting between the ruling family Al Thani in Qatar and the ruling family Al Khalifa of Bahrain , which since 1861 under British protection is, the United Kingdom will be forced to intervene in the conflict.
Paris World Exhibition
In Paris, on April 1st, on the Champ de Mars, the Emperor Napoleon III. based world exhibition on 66.8 hectares of exhibition space. 52,200 exhibitors from 41 nations take part. The new English landscape park Parc des Buttes-Chaumont with grottos, designed by city planner Jean-Charles Alphand and built by Jardinier principal von Paris Édouard François André with the support of landscape gardener and Jardinier en chef de la ville Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps , is also used for the exhibition , Cascades and greenhouses opened. Jean Darcel is responsible for the rock structures, Eugène Belgrand for the hydraulic engineering and the inspector general of Paris architects Gabriel Davioud for the structures. Gustave Eiffel designed the machine shop , the first Bateaux Mouches sailed the Seine. Gioachino Rossini composes a hymn to Napoleon III and his brave people as the official exhibition hymn . The exhibition, which features a hydraulic elevator and reinforced concrete , among other things , will be visited by around ten million people until November 3rd , including Hans Christian Andersen , Jules Verne and King Ludwig II of Bavaria. During the world exhibition, the Parisian family business Léon & Lévy was granted the concession to produce stereoscopic images of the world exhibition, and Pierre Petit was appointed official photographer.
Postal and banking services
- January 28 : After the victory in the German War and the occupation of Frankfurt am Main, Prussia forces the Princely House of Thurn und Taxis , which has been responsible for mail transport in the Reich since the post office of 1597 , to conclude a contract on the abolition of the postal service . July takes effect. The last general post director of the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post in Frankfurt, which was replaced by the North German Post District on January 1, 1868 , was Eduard von Schele zu Schelenburg .
- March 15 : The postal order is introduced in Austria for payment transactions .
- The Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel has dynamite , his invention of 1866 , patented.
- Joseph Monier receives a patent for his invention, reinforced concrete (which is why the reinforcing steel or reinforcing steel is still sometimes referred to as ' reinforcing iron' today)
- February 22nd : George Mortimer Pullman founds the Pullman Palace Car Company in the USA to manufacture railroad cars , especially sleeping cars .
- March 10th : The first edition of the Neue Wiener Tagblatt , one of the highest-circulation newspapers in Austria before 1938, appears.
- March 16 : The classification society Germanischer Lloyd is founded in Hamburg, later one of the major international classification societies of the IACS
- March 29th : The Barmer Bankverein is founded in Barmen , which later develops into one of the largest German banks.
- July 20 : The Austrian railway company kk privileged Crown Prince Rudolf-Bahn for the construction of the Rudolfsbahn is founded as a stock corporation in Vienna.
- October 22nd : Nikolaus Dürkopp and Carl Schmidt found the Dürkopp & Schmidt sewing machine factory in Bielefeld .
- October 23 : Friedrich Christoph Werner and Georg Werner found the wax goods factory Gebrüder Werner in Mainz , which later became known primarily through the Erdal brand .
- The private New York Bridge Company is founded, legally entitled to build a bridge over the East River designed by John August Roebling . Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins in 1870 and will last for over 13 years.
- The American game manufacturer Selchow & Righter is founded.
- April 13 : The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway , operated by the Midland Railway , is ceremonially opened. The opening move, however, stops twice and has to be split to continue the journey. On April 15 , the public passenger transport is taken.
- On May 8th the first locomotive will pass through the Bergisel Tunnel , on July 12th the last major building structure will be completed with the Kardauner Bridge , and on July 25th a test train will drive through the entire route of the Brenner Railway from Innsbruck to Bolzano. On August 17th the route will be opened after three years of construction for freight traffic, on August 24 for passenger transport. Due to the court mourning for the shot Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, the release takes place without any celebrations.
- December 10th : The Royal Württemberg State Railways open the last section of the Kocher Railway from Schwäbisch Hall to Crailsheim, planned and built by Carl Julius Abel .
- The Société Générale de Transport Maritimes starts passenger traffic from France to South America.
science and technology
- The skeleton of an Elasmosaurus is found in Kansas .
- The German gold prospector Augusto Berns comes across the ruined city of Machu Picchu in the Peruvian Andes .
- The Roman wine from Speyer is found.
- April 3 : The Saxon astronomer Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel discovered the short-period comet 9P / Tempel 1 in the observatory in Marseille .
- July 7th : Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters discovers the asteroid (92) Undina in the outer main belt .
- August 24th : The American James Craig Watson discovers the asteroid (93) Minerva in the main belt. On September 6th, he discovers another asteroid (94) Aurora .
- August 28th : Truman Henry Safford discovers the planetary nebula IC 1295 .
- September 23 : Truman Henry Safford discovers the spiral galaxy IC 8 . On October 22nd, he discovers another spiral galaxy, IC 34 .
- November 23 : Karl Theodor Robert Luther discovers the asteroid (95) Arethusa in the main belt .
Medicine and science
- Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister , is the first to treat wounds with bandages soaked in phenol ( Listerscher Verband ). He informs the professional world about this antiseptic measure in a series of articles that will be published in The Lancet from March .
- November 11 : The German Chemical Society , the forerunner of the Society of German Chemists, is founded in Berlin with the founding president August Wilhelm von Hofmann . It sees itself as a professional organization and as a link between university and industrial research.
- The medical student Paul Langerhans discovered the Langerhans cells, later named after him, in the epidermis of the skin.
Construction and technical inventions
- January 1 : The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge over the Ohio River near Cincinnati , built by John August Roebling , which at the time was the longest suspension bridge in the world with a span of 322 meters , is officially opened after a ten-year construction period. It was possible to cross the bridge on foot a month earlier.
- February: Construction of the Hannibal Bridge in Kansas City, Missouri , begins under the direction of Octave Chanute , the first railroad bridge over the Missouri River .
- Werner Siemens publishes his invention of the dynamo machine (main terminal machine ). Charles Wheatstone gives a lecture on his invention of the shunt machine.
- Robert William Thomson invents the solid rubber tire.
- September 14 : The first volume of Das Kapital appears . Critique of Political Economy , written by Karl Marx , published by the Hamburg publisher Otto Meissner in an initial print run of 1,000 copies, is announced in the Börsenblatt for the German book trade .
Teaching and Research
- September 22 : The Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Bogotá is founded with six courses as the first university in Colombia .
- The kk Kunstgewerbeschule of the kk Austrian Museum for Art and Industry is founded.
- The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is founded.
Architecture and fine arts
- August 25 : The foundation stone for the New Town Hall , designed in neo-Gothic style by Graz architect Georg von Hauberrisser , is laid in Munich .
- Summer: Claude Monet paints, among other things, the impressionist oil painting The Terrace of Sainte-Adresse , which is heavily influenced by Japanese art , in Sainte-Adresse on the Norman Channel coast .
- September 15 : King Victor Emanuel II opens the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II shopping mall named after him in Milan , a highlight of European arcade construction . In the same year, Gaspare Campari opened its Caffé Campari here .
- The Haas-Haus , built by August Sicard von Sicardsburg and Eduard van der Nüll for the carpet store Philipp Haas & Sons in the historicist style on Stock-im-Eisen-Platz in the city center of Vienna , will be the first large department store in Vienna after a year of construction completed.
- Marie Remy and Clara Wilhelmine Oenicke found the Association of Artists and Friends of Art in Berlin together with other women . Since women do not have legal capacity in the German Reich , there are officially male founding members who are bound by honorary membership to the association without being full members. Despite its name, the association is geared towards the entire German-speaking area and the neighboring countries. For example, Marie Wiegmann from Düsseldorf becomes a member of the association.
- November 9th : By law of the North German Confederation , all literary works whose authors died 30 or more years ago become public domain .
- November 10 : With the volumes Faust I and Faust II by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , the Reclam publishing house of the Leipzig publisher Anton Philipp Reclam begins to publish Reclam's universal library following the new regulation of copyright by the German Confederation .
- Thérèse Raquin , Émile Zola's third novel, appears. The work brings the author the literary breakthrough in Paris.
- Leo Tolstoy completes the original version of his epic War and Peace , but it was never published.
- The historical novel Witiko by Adalbert Stifter appears.
Music and theater
- February 15 : The world premiere of the waltz On the beautiful blue Danube by Johann Strauss (son) takes place in the hall of the Dianabad in Vienna . The work is presented as a choir waltz by the Vienna Men's Choir Association and the band of the 42nd Infantry Regiment, both directed by Rudolf Weinwurm . The work 'strikes a fire' and the term “ Schlager ” is used for the first time in the criticism . Nevertheless, the waltz, the orchestral version of which will be performed for the first time on March 10 , initially did not gain acceptance .
- March 11 : The French first version of Giuseppe Verdi's Grand opéra Don Carlos, based on a text book by Joseph Méry and Camille du Locle, premieres in Paris . It is based on the play of the same name by Friedrich Schiller .
- April 12 : The world premiere of Jacques Offenbach's opera-bouffe The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein with Hortense Schneider in the title role takes place at the Théâtre des Variétés in Paris . The libretto of the operetta is by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy .
- April 27th : The operetta Banditenstreich by Franz von Suppè , which belongs to the golden operetta era, has its world premiere at the Carltheater in Vienna.
- April 27 : In Paris, the Théâtre-Lyrique opera Roméo et Juliette by Charles Gounod premiered.
- Timothy Daniel Sullivan writes the patriotic song God Save Ireland .
- Alexander Muir , a teacher who emigrated from Scotland to Canada, wrote the patriotic song The Maple Leaf Forever .
- January 22nd : King Ludwig II of Bavaria and Princess Sophie in Bavaria , the sister of Empress Elisabeth , announce their engagement. However, the planned wedding date in August is postponed several times and the engagement finally broken at the end of the year. Sophie is now starting an affair with the photographer's son Edgar Hanfstaengl .
- March 28th : One of the first full-page illustrated open cards in Germany is sent out in Berlin . Another such forerunner of the postcard will be sent from Wroclaw on October 30th .
- May 8 : The Kursalon in the Viennese City Park , built according to plans by Johann Garben in the neo-renaissance style , is opened. The building is intended to be used for serving medicinal water , entertainment is expressly prohibited.
- July 21st : The Belgian King Leopold II founds the Order for Civil Merit as a “reward for long years of service rendered to the state in municipal etc. offices, as well as for excellent courageous and self-sacrificing acts and generally for outstanding deeds in the sense of general philanthropy” .
- October 12 : In London, the sailing ship Hougoumont sets sail for Western Australia . There are 279 convicts and 108 passengers on board. The Blackwall frigate carries out the final transport of convicts to the Australian convict colony .
- Scottish teacher Alexander Melville Bell introduces the phonetic notation of Visible Speech , intended to help deaf people learn the spoken language.
- John Hamilton launches the Pachisi derivative Patcheesi on the American market.
- from January 23 : earthquake on Kefalonia 1867
- June 29 : Eight people are killed in the Warrington railway accident.
- July 1 : In the Neue Fundgrube in Lugau in the Ore Mountains a shaft burst occurs , in which 101 miners are killed.
- October 29th : The British passenger ship RMS Rhone sinks in a severe hurricane off Salt Island in the British Virgin Islands . At least 124 people die. The passengers were tied to their beds in accordance with the customs of the time so as not to fall out in a storm. The hurricane later becomes known as the San Narciso Hurricane and kills more than 800 people.
- November 8 : Two explosions occur in the Ferndale Colliery coal mine in Wales, killing 178 men and boys.
- Extremely cold weather leads to the climax of the famine in Finland and northern Sweden , the last naturally caused famine in Europe. About 15% of Finland's population dies.
- February 3 : The Vienna Ice Skating Club is founded. The statutes submitted on February 7th are approved on June 14th .
- June 19 : The Belmont Stakes horse race in the New York Bronx is held for the first time.
- July 9 : The oldest football club in Scotland, FC Queen's Park in Glasgow, is founded.
- July 27 : William McLaren , Great Britain , runs the first measured time of eleven seconds over the men's 100 meters (110 yards ).
- September 4th : Sheffield Wednesday Football Club is founded.
- Dec. 8 : About 100 men participate in the first one-day races in cycling part.
- The Queensberry Rules for Boxing , designed by John Graham Chambers and named after John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry , are published.
- January 2 : Wilhelm Schüffner , Dutch microbiologist and immunologist († 1949 )
- January 3 : Carl Arp , German landscape painter († 1913 )
- January 3 : Elsa Asenijeff , Austrian writer († 1941 )
- January 3 : Erland Koch , German marksman († 1945 )
- January 8 : Emily Greene Balch , American economist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate († 1961 )
- January 10 : Gerhard Anschütz , German constitutional lawyer († 1948 )
- January 12 : Alfred Forke , German sinologist († 1944 )
- January 14 : James H. Hughes , American politician († 1953 )
- January 15 : Eustachius Kugler , German Catholic monk of the Brothers of Mercy († 1946 )
- January 15 : Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily , Countess of Trani and Princess of Naples-Sicily († 1909 )
- January 17 : Carl Laemmle , German-American film producer († 1939 )
- January 18 : Rubén Darío , Nicaraguan writer and diplomat († 1916 )
- January 21 : Iwan Iwanowitsch Krischanowski , Russian composer († 1924 )
- January 21 : Ludwig Thoma , German writer († 1921 )
- January 21 : Maxime Weygand , French general and politician in World War I and World War II († 1965 )
- January 24th : Ernst Zahn , Swiss writer († 1952 )
- January 25 : Simon Fraser Tolmie , Canadian politician († 1937 )
- January 27 : Katherine Mayo , American writer and journalist († 1940 )
- January 27 : Claude Terrasse , French operetta composer († 1923 )
- January 28 : Albert Ahn , German publisher and industrialist († 1935 )
- January 29 : Elisabeth Büchsel , German painter († 1957 )
- January 31 : Mariusz Zaruski , Polish general, sailor, mountaineer, writer, poet and painter († 1941 )
- February 1 : Conrad Ramstedt , German doctor († 1963 )
- February 5 : Elsbeth Krukenberg-Conze , German writer and women's rights activist († 1954 )
- February 6 : Richard Lipinski , German trade unionist, politician and writer († 1936 )
- February 7 : Laura Ingalls Wilder , American writer († 1957 )
- February 8 : Michael Zeno Diemer , German painter († 1939 )
- February 8 : Kirtland I. Perky , American politician († 1939 )
- February 9 : Edward W. Naylor , English organist, composer and music teacher († 1937 )
- February 9 : Natsume Sōseki , Japanese writer († 1916 )
- February 10 : Charles Bryan , American politician († 1945 )
- February 10 : Holm Olaf Bursum , American politician († 1953 )
- February 18 : Hedwig Courths-Mahler , German writer († 1950 )
- February 20 : Dionisio Anzilotti , Italian lawyer († 1950 )
- February 24 : Karl Schönherr , Austrian playwright († 1943 )
- February 25 : Rudolf Tarnow , Low German writer († 1933 )
- February 26 : James Fairman Fielder , American politician († 1954 )
- February 27 : Wilhelm Peterson-Berger , Swedish composer and music critic († 1942 )
- February 28 : Thomas Theodor Heine , German painter, draftsman and satirist († 1948 )
- March 1 : Konrad Agahd , German writer, educator and journalist († 1926 )
- March 1 : Porter H. Dale , American politician († 1933 )
- March 3 : Gustav Strube , American composer († 1953 )
- March 5 : Theodor Zöckler , Protestant pastor († 1949 )
- March 8 : Charles Engelhard , American industrialist († 1950 )
- March 8 : Orus Jones , American golfer († 1963 )
- March 10 : Hector Guimard , French architect († 1942 )
- March 19 : Philipp Fauth , German elementary school teacher and astronomer († 1941 )
- March 21 : Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. , was an American theater and film producer († 1932 )
- March 25 : John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum , American sculptor († 1941 )
- March 25 : Arturo Toscanini , Italian conductor († 1957 )
- March 26 : Johannes Rudolf Max Adler , German historian, literary scholar and teacher († 1937 )
- March 26 : Pilar Fernández de la Mora , Spanish pianist and music teacher († 1929 )
- March 26 : Albert Herzog , German writer, journalist, poet and narrator († 1955 )
- March 28 : Paul Ikier , Prussian lawyer, district administrator and manor owner († 1926 )
- March 28 : Ferruccio Cattelani , Italian composer († 1932 )
- March 29 : Cy Young , American baseball player († 1955 )
- March 30 : Paul Davidson , German film producer († 1927 )
- March 31 : Elmer Ivan Applegate , American botanist († 1949 )
- April 1 : Paul Langhans , German geographer and cartographer († 1952 )
- April 1 : Daniel Calhoun Roper , American politician († 1943 )
- April 2 : Eugen Sandow , German founder of bodybuilding († 1925 )
- April 4 : Richard Adamík , Czech doctor and moral idealist († 1952 )
- April 4 : Victoria Cartier , Canadian organist and music teacher († 1955 )
- April 4 : Arnold Middendorf , official and provost in Cologne († 1930 )
- April 5 : Friedrich Schwendimann , Swiss Roman Catholic clergyman and church historian († 1947 )
- April 7th : Hermann Adolf Wilhelm Aisch , German pastor and writer († 1954 )
- April 9 : Wilhelm Lütgert , German Protestant theologian († 1938 )
- April 9 : Chris Watson , Australian politician and Prime Minister († 1941 )
- April 11 : William Edwin Haesche , American composer († 1929 )
- April 13 : Christoph März , German clergyman, pastor in Eschfeld († 1931 )
- April 13 : William Arundel Orchard , Australian organist, conductor, composer and music teacher of English origin († 1961 )
- April 14 : Fannie Thomas , American age record holder († 1981 )
- April 15 : Max Sannemann , German composer and music teacher († 1924 )
- April 16 : Wilbur Wright , American aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer († 1912 )
- April 18 : Lluís Millet i Pagès , Catalan musician and composer († 1941 )
- April 19 : James Cullen , Irish mathematician († 1933 )
- April 19 : William Augustus Ayres , American politician († 1952 )
- April 22 : Sir Littleton Ernest Groom , Australian politician († 1936 )
- April 23 : Johannes Fibiger , Danish pathologist († 1928 )
- April 24 : Karel Navrátil , Czech composer († 1936 )
- April 29 : Knud Christian Andersen , Danish zoologist († 1918 )
- May 7 : Władysław Reymont , Polish writer († 1925 )
- May 8 : Margarete Böhme , German writer († 1939 )
- May 8 : Albert von Thurn und Taxis , German nobleman († 1952 )
- May 10 : Samuel Robison , American admiral; Commander in Chief of the US Fleet († 1952 )
- May 10 : Curtis D. Wilbur , American politician and lawyer († 1954 )
- May 14 : Kurt Eisner , German politician and writer († 1919 )
- May 15 : Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen , Norwegian polar explorer († 1913 )
- May 16 : Jeanne Berta Semmig , German writer and poet († 1958 )
- May 17 : Georgette Agutte , French painter († 1922 )
- May 17 : Theodor Leipart , German trade unionist († 1947 )
- May 17 : James Richardson Spensley , English doctor, football player and coach († 1915 )
- May 19 : Otto Appel , German phytomedicist († 1952 )
- May 22nd : Erich Lexer , German surgeon, co-founder of plastic surgery († 1937 )
- May 25 : Wilhelm Langheld , German officer († 1917 )
- May 25 : John Stuchell Fisher , American politician († 1940 )
- May 26 : Friedrich Langewiesche , German educator, gymnast, collector, researcher, lover of home and nature († 1958 )
- May 26th : Maria von Teck , German-British noblewoman († 1953 )
- May 27 : Arnold Bennett , British writer († 1931 )
- May 27 : Hermanus Frederik Roll , Dutch doctor († 1935 )
- May 28 : Sebastian Rieger , Tyrolean folk poet and priest († 1953 )
- May 29 : Charles A. Rawson , American politician († 1936 )
- May 30 : Fritz Binde , German preacher, evangelist († 1921 )
- May 31 : Maria Josepha Luise von Sachsen , mother of Emperor Karl I of Austria († 1944 )
- June 3 : Franz Goldenberger , Bavarian Minister of Culture († 1948 )
- June 4 : Eugen Abresch , German entrepreneur, inventor, art collector and politician († 1952 )
- June 4 : Gustaf Mannerheim , Finnish officer and statesman († 1951 )
- June 5 : Max Warburg , German banker († 1946 )
- June 8 : Dagny Juel , Norwegian writer and playwright († 1901 )
- June 8th : Ernst Krieger , German chess problem composer († 1943 )
- June 8 : Frank Lloyd Wright , American architect († 1959 )
- June 9 : Jules Bouver , French organist and composer († 1911 )
- June 10 : Julius Meier-Graefe , German composer († 1935 )
- June 11 : Charles Fabry , French physicist († 1945 )
- June 11 : René Hanriot , French racing car driver and aviation pioneer († 1925 )
- June 11 : Marie Krøyer , Danish painter († 1940 )
- June 12 : Henry Pomeroy Davison , American banker, philanthropist († 1922 )
- June 12 : Sylvester Stieber , German officer and colonial official († 1914 )
- June 17 : Ignaz Wilhelm Auspitzer , Austrian editor and screenwriter († 1931 )
- June 17 : Henry Lawson , Australian author and poet († 1922 )
- June 21 : William Brede Kristensen , Norwegian church historian († 1953 )
- June 22nd : Eugen Diederichs , German publisher and bookseller († 1930 )
- June 23 : Robert Sterl , German painter († 1932 )
- June 28 : Luigi Pirandello , Italian writer († 1936 )
- July 1 : William Albert Ashbrook , American politician († 1940 )
- July 1 : Franz Boll , German classical philologist († 1924 )
- July 1 : Česlovas Sasnauskas , Lithuanian composer († 1916 )
- July 3 : Johannes Hoffmann , Bavarian Prime Minister († 1930 )
- July 5 : Andrew Ellicott Douglass , American astronomer († 1962 )
- July 5 : Bernhard Schnackenburg , Lord Mayor of the Prussian city of Altona († 1924 )
- July 10 : Maximilian von Baden , last Chancellor of the German Empire († 1929 )
- July 11 : John J. Cornwell , American politician († 1953 )
- July 11th : Anton Griessen , Swiss supporter of the Antonians, specialist historian and biographer († 1925 )
- July 12 : Karl Aschoff , German pharmacist († 1945 )
- July 12 : Angelo Maria Dolci , Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal († 1939 )
- July 15 : Jean-Baptiste Charcot , French scientist and polar explorer († 1936 )
- July 16 : Richard Leutheußer , German politician († 1945 )
- July 17 : Leo Jogiches , Polish-Jewish politician († 1919 )
- July 18 : Molly Brown , American philanthropist, survivor of the Titanic († 1932 )
- July 18 : Karl Voll , German art historian († 1917 )
- July 19 : Guido von Pogatschnigg , Romanian-German composer, church musician and music teacher († 1937 )
- July 23 : Simeon S. Pennewill , American politician († 1935 )
- July 25 : Max Dauthendey , German poet and painter († 1918 )
- July 27 : Enrique Granados , Spanish composer and pianist († 1916 )
- July 28 : Charles Dillon Perrine , American astronomer († 1951 )
- August 2 : Johanne Dybwad , Norwegian actress († 1950 )
- August 2 : Frank A. Perret , American inventor, entrepreneur and volcanologist († 1943 )
- August 3 : Stanley Baldwin , British politician and Prime Minister († 1947 )
- August 6 : James Loeb , Jewish banker, philanthropist and patron († 1933 )
- August 7th : Emil Nolde , German expressionist painter († 1956 )
- August 10 : Emil Oberhoffer , American conductor, composer and music teacher († 1933 )
- August 12 : Edith Hamilton , German-American writer († 1963 )
- August 13 : Rudolf G. Binding , German writer († 1938 )
- August 13 : Arthur Eichengrün , German chemist († 1949 )
- August 13 : François-Xavier Mercier , Canadian singer, music teacher and composer († 1932 )
- August 14 : John Galsworthy , British writer († 1933 )
- August 14 : Artur Oppman , Polish writer († 1931 )
- August 15 : Anathon Aall , Norwegian philosopher († 1943 )
- August 15 : Walter Robinow , German chess official († 1938 )
- August 18 : Hans Kloepfer , Austrian writer and dialect poet († 1944 )
- August 20 : Rohan Koda , Japanese writer († 1947 )
- August 22 : Guido Adolf Georg Dietlof von Arnim-Boitzenburg , Prussian politician († 1933 )
- August 22 : Maximilian Oskar Bircher-Benner , Swiss doctor and nutritionist († 1939 )
- August 22 : Herbert E. Hitchcock , American politician († 1958 )
- August 22 : Maud Powell , American violinist († 1920 )
- August 28 : Umberto Giordano , Italian composer († 1948 )
- September 5 : Amy Beach , American composer († 1944 )
- September 6 : Franciszek Brzeziński , Polish composer († 1944 )
- September 7 : Albert Bassermann , German actor († 1952 )
- September 8 : Alexander Parvus , Russian revolutionary (Mensheviks) and German social democrat († 1924 )
- September 9 : Ernst Oppler , German painter and etcher († 1929 )
- September 9 : Felix von Dobschütz , German clergyman, pastor and superintendent in Silesia († 1936 )
- September 9 : Max L. Strack , German ancient historian († 1914 )
- September 12 : Herbert L. Clarke , American cornetist and composer († 1945 )
- September 13 : Ernst Platz , German mountain painter, illustrator and alpinist († 1940 )
- September 15 : Petr Bezruč , Czech writer and poet († 1958 )
- September 23 : John Lomax , American folklore and music researcher († 1948 )
- September 25 : Augusto de Vasconcelos , Portuguese doctor, diplomat, politician, foreign minister and prime minister († 1951 )
- September 27 : Giovanni Bonzano , Italian clergyman, Roman Catholic cardinal († 1927 )
- October 1 : Charles Edward Adams , American politician, Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota († 1936 )
- October 2 : Karl Armbrust , German painter († 1928 )
- October 2 : Theodore F. Green , American politician († 1966 )
- October 2 : Fritz Held , German entrepreneur and racing car driver († 1938 )
- October 3 : Pierre Bonnard , French symbolism painter († 1947 )
- October 5 : Frank H. Hitchcock , American politician († 1935 )
- October 6 : Václav Radimský , Bohemian-Czechoslovak landscape painter († 1946 )
- October 7 : Yevgeny Karlowitsch Miller , General in the Russian Civil War († 1939 )
- October 7 : Otto Anthes , German educator and writer († 1954 )
- October 7 : Domenico Jorio , Italian clergyman, Roman Catholic cardinal († 1954 )
- October 8 : Gottlieb Elster , German sculptor († 1917 )
- October 12 : Giulio Serafini , Italian clergyman, Bishop of Pescia and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1938 )
- October 13 : Ramón Maximiliano Valdés , Panamanian President († 1918 )
- October 14 : Masaoka Shiki , Japanese poet († 1902 )
- October 15 : Ferdinand Bronner , German writer and playwright († 1948 )
- October 19 : Paul Hey , German illustrator and graphic artist († 1952 )
- October 20 : Ludwig Fahrenkrog , German poet and painter († 1952 )
- October 25 : Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki , Polish general († 1937 )
- October 27 : Thomas Walter Scott , Canadian politician († 1938 )
- October 28 : Hans Driesch , German biologist and natural philosopher († 1941 )
- October 29 : Isidor Sadger , Austrian-Jewish doctor and psychoanalyst († 1942 )
- October 30 : Ed Delahanty , American baseball player († 1903 )
- October 31 : Ludwig Radermacher , German classical philologist († 1952 )
- November 1 : Felix Hollaender , German writer and director († 1931 )
- November 1 : Otto Lemm (factory owner ) , German entrepreneur († 1920 )
- November 2 : Richard Karutz , German doctor and ethnologist († 1945 )
- November 3 : Wilhelm Kutta , German mathematician († 1944 )
- November 5 : George Andrew Reisner , American Egyptologist († 1942 )
- November 6th : Eduard Bernoulli , Swiss musicologist († 1927 )
- November 7th : Marie Curie , Polish-French chemist and physicist († 1934 )
- November 8 : Ilmari Krohn , Finnish composer and musicologist († 1960 )
- November 10 : Gabriel Zelger , Swiss bishop († 1934 )
- November 13 : Josefine Dora , Austrian actress († 1944 )
- November 14 : Ottilie Pohl , German politician († 1943 )
- November 14 : Friedrich Vollmer , German classical philologist († 1923 )
- November 15 : Emil Krebs , German language genius († 1930 )
- November 16 : William F. Kirby , American politician († 1934 )
- November 17 : Anna Feldhusen , German painter and etcher († 1951 )
- November 19 : John Møller , Greenlandic photographer, printer, interpreter, ornithologist, expedition member and councilor († 1935 )
- November 22nd : Wilhelm Groener , German military and politician († 1939 )
- November 22nd : Ernst Sachs , German inventor and industrialist († 1932 )
- November 26 : Charles Albert Boynton , American lawyer († 1954 )
- November 26th : Emil von Dungern , German medic († 1961 )
- November 27 : Charles Koechlin , French composer († 1950 )
- November 27 : Margaret Ruthven Lang , American composer († 1972 )
- November 27 : Hélène de Mandrot , Swiss artist, art collector and promoter of architectural and artistic modernism († 1948 )
- November 28 : James Richard Atkin , British lawyer († 1944 )
- November 28 : Felix Mader , German Roman Catholic priest, art historian and monument conservator († 1941 )
- November 30th : Franz Ahlgrimm , German politician († after 1919)
- December 1 : Ignacy Mościcki , Polish scientist and politician († 1946 )
- December 1 : Robert P. Lamont , American politician († 1948 )
- December 3 : William John Bowser , Canadian politician († 1933 )
- December 5 : Antti Aarne , Finnish fairy tale researcher († 1925 )
- December 5 : Józef Piłsudski , Polish marshal and statesman († 1935 )
- December 6 : August Leopold Philipp Maria Michael Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga , Brazilian pretender to the throne († 1922 )
- December 7th : Wenceslaus Straussfeld , German pastor, advisor and campaigner († 1933 )
- December 11 : Heinrich Bulle , German archaeologist († 1945 )
- December 11th : Antonio Conte , Italian fencer († 1953 )
- December 12 : Anna Schieber , German writer († 1945 )
- December 13 : Kristian Birkeland , Norwegian physicist († 1917 )
- December 15 : Edith Lucy Austin , British tennis player († 1953 )
- December 16 : Arthur Schloßmann , German pediatrician, founder of the first infant clinic († 1932 )
- December 17th : Johannes Maria Gföllner , Austrian clergyman, Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz († 1941 )
- December 17th : Richard Kandt , German doctor and Africa explorer († 1918 )
- December 20 : William Heffelfinger , American football player († 1954 )
- December 20 : Fini Henriques , Danish composer and violinist († 1940 )
- December 21 : Albert Trautmann , German pharmacist, local researcher and writer († 1920 )
- December 22nd : Joseph Maria Olbrich , Austrian architect († 1908 )
- December 23 : Jacob Astor , German politician († 1938 )
- December 24th : Tevfik Fikret , Turkish poet († 1915 )
- December 25 : Alfred Kerr , German writer, theater critic and journalist († 1948 )
- December 26 : Julien Benda , French philosopher and writer († 1956 )
- December 27 : Fredrik Stang , Norwegian politician and lawyer († 1941 )
- December 27 : Léon Delacroix , Belgian lawyer and politician († 1929 )
- December 28 : Charlotte Basté , German actress († 1928 )
- December 30 : Henry S. Johnston , American politician († 1965 )
- December 31 : Josef Feinhals , German entrepreneur († 1947 )
- December 31 : Saitō Ryokuu , Japanese writer († 1904 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Alessandro Abate , Italian painter († 1952 )
- Andrei Viktorovich Anochin , Russian ethnographer, musicologist and composer († 1931 )
- Josef Auer , German wood sculptor († 1934 )
- Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat , French racing car driver († 1903 )
- Eucarpio Espinosa , Chilean painter († 1934 )
- Florence Fuller , Australian painter († 1946 )
- David Solomonowitsch Schor , Russian-Jewish pianist and music teacher († 1942 )
- William E. Zeuch , American organist († 1962 )
- January 2nd : Gottfried Heinrich Melzer , German bossier (porcelain mass former) at the Royal Porcelain Manufactory Meißen (* 1820 )
- January 2 : Adolphe Noël des Vergers , French orientalist, archaeologist and epigraphist (* 1805 )
- January 2 : Robert Miles Sloman , Anglo-German shipowner, theater operator and politician (* 1783 )
- January 4 : John Fine , American lawyer and politician (* 1794 )
- 5 January : Carl Adam Kaltenbrunner , Austrian poet, writer and dialect researcher (* 1804 )
- January 5 : Pierre-Benjamin Lafaye , French philosopher, linguist, Romanist and lexicographer (* 1809 )
- January 7 : Dominik Gmür , Swiss politician (* 1800 )
- January 7th : Arthur P. Hayne , American politician (* 1788 )
- January 7th : Henri-Auguste-Georges de La Rochejaquelein , French military and politician (* 1805 )
- January 7th : Johann Jakob Trog , Swiss politician and judge (* 1807 )
- January 8 : Heinrich August Wilhelm Stolze , German stenographer (* 1798 )
- January 9th : Ludwig Helfft , German businessman and politician in Braunschweig (* 1793 )
- January 9 : Karl Friedrich Sommer , German painter (* 1830 )
- January 9th : Karl Wermuth , Police Director in the Kingdom of Hanover (* 1804 )
- January 10 : Karl Moriz Diesing , Polish-Austrian helminthologist and botanist (* 1800 )
- January 10 : William Turner , British diplomat (* 1792 )
- January 11th : Marguerite-Joséphine Georges , French actress (* 1787 )
- January 11 : Christoph von Kaufmann , German administrative lawyer (* 1788 )
- January 11 : Karl Lange , German teacher, court stonemason, master bricklayer and building contractor (* 1811 )
- January 12th : Georg Merz , German optician (* 1793 )
- January 13 : Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo , Italian clergyman and cardinal of the Roman Church (* 1797 )
- January 13 : Angelo Geniani , Italian Roman Catholic clergyman, Cistercian, abbot and abbot general (* 1802 )
- January 13 : Franz Kirchgeßner , Baden lawyer and civil servant (* 1803 )
- January 14th : Samuel Chilton , American politician (* 1804 )
- January 14 : Victor Cousin , French philosopher and cultural theorist (* 1792 )
- January 14 : Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres , French painter (* 1780 )
- January 15 : Adolf Lohse , German architect and Prussian construction officer (* 1807 )
- January 17th : Jacques-Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps , French medic, zoologist and paleontologist (* 1794 )
- January 17th : Clément Villecourt , French cardinal and from 1836 to 1856 Bishop of La Rochelle (* 1787 )
- January 18 : Hermann Askan Demme , German-Swiss doctor (* 1802 )
- January 18 : Hubert Félix Soyer-Willemet , French librarian and botanist (* 1791 )
- 19 January : Johann Manschgo , Austrian painter (* 1800 )
- January 19 : James Dixon Roman , American politician (* 1809 )
- January 20 : Julia Bulette , American prostitute and pioneer (* 1832 )
- January 21 : Joshua Alder , British zoologist (* 1792 )
- January 21 : Julius Oeltzen , German Evangelical Lutheran clergyman (* 1790 )
- January 21 : Anders Oldberg , Swedish educator and author (* 1804 )
- January 24 : Nikolai Ivanovich Gretsch , Russian State Councilor, author, linguist, literary critic and translator (* 1787 )
- January 24th : Josef Laurent , German archivist and librarian (* 1808 )
- January 24th : David Ritchie , American politician (* 1812 )
- January 25 : Alexander CM Pennington , American politician (* 1810 )
- January 25 : Josef Wintergerst , German painter (* 1783 )
- January 26 : Johann Caspar Beeg , German technologist and publicist (* 1809 )
- January 26th : Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey , English noblewoman (* 1785 )
- January 28 : John J. Pettus , American politician, governor of Mississippi (* 1813 )
- January 28 : Franz Carl Weidmann , Austrian writer, actor and journalist (* 1787 / 1788 )
- January 29 : Philip Johnson , American politician (* 1818 )
- January 30 : Ezekiel F. Chambers , American lawyer and politician (* 1788 )
- January 30th : Jacob H. De Witt , American politician (* 1784 )
- January 30 : Friedrich Kohlrausch , German educator and Royal Hanover General School Director (* 1780 )
- January 30th : Kōmei , 121st Emperor of Japan (* 1831 )
- February 2 : Washington Hunt , American politician, governor of New York (* 1811 )
- February 3 : Bonaventura von Brederlow , Prussian officer and travel marshal of Duke Franz von Anhalt-Dessau (* 1791 )
- February 3 : Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied , German explorer, ethnologist and naturalist (* 1782 )
- February 4 : Georg Friedrich Vorwerk , German businessman (* 1793 )
- February 5 : Serafín Estébanez Calderón , Spanish writer (* 1799 )
- February 5 : John Johnson , American politician (* 1805 )
- February 5 : Philipp Hepp , German doctor, botanist and lichen researcher (* 1797 )
- February 6 : Salomon Munk , German orientalist (* 1805 )
- February 8 : Michael August Wegelin , Swiss lawyer and politician (* 1797 )
- February 9 : Filippo De Filippi , Italian zoologist, museum director and explorer (* 1814 )
- February 9 : Jacob G. Lauman , American businessman and officer (* 1813 )
- February 10 : Adolf von Morlot , Swiss geologist and prehistorian (* 1820 )
- February 10 : Carl Wagner , German painter (* 1796 )
- February 11 : Gustav Senfft von Pilsach , royal Saxon officer (* 1790 )
- February 11th : Auguste Viquesnel , French traveler, geographer, meteorologist, ethnographer and geologist (* 1803 )
- February 12 : Emilie Linder , Swiss painter and patron (* 1797 )
- February 13 : Étienne Eggis , Swiss journalist and writer (* 1830 )
- February 13 : Vincent Rumpff , Hamburg and Hanseatic diplomat (* 1789 )
- February 14 : Eugen Wratislaw von Mitrowitz , Austrian officer (* 1786 )
- February 15 : Wojciech Cybulski , Polish literary historian and linguist (* 1808 )
- February 15 : Franz Jahn , German medical councilor, pharmacist and pomologist (* 1806 )
- February 16 : Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Marburg , Hamburg merchant and member of parliament (* 1803 )
- February 16 : Ignaz Perner , Bavarian lawyer and pioneer of the animal protection movement (* 1796 )
- February 17 : Alexander Dallas Bache , American physicist (* 1806 )
- February 19 : Stephan Franz Viktor , Archduke of Austria (* 1817 )
- February 22 : Henry P. Alexander , American politician (* 1801 )
- February 23 : Werner-Constantin von Droste zu Hülshoff , member of the Westphalian provincial parliament , district deputy and landowner, member of the Order of Malta (* 1798 )
- February 23 : George Thomas Smart , English conductor, organist, violinist and composer (* 1776 )
- February 24 : Henry Wetherby Benchley , American politician, Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (* 1822 )
- February 24th : Ludwig Bischoff , German pedagogue, musician, critic and publisher (* 1794 )
- February 24 : Isaac E. Holmes , American politician (* 1796 )
- February 26 : Christian Morgenstern , German painter (* 1805 )
- March 1 : Haubold von Einsiedel , German manor owner, member of parliament and district administrator (* 1792 )
- March 1 : Frederick Henry Litchfield , Australian cattle farmer, gold digger and explorer (* 1832 )
- March 2 : Frans-Andries Durlet , Belgian architect, sculptor and graphic artist (* 1816 )
- March 2 : Franz Karl von Gemmingen , member of the Baden Estates Assembly and landlord in Rappenau (* 1806 )
- March 2 : Aaron Ward , American officer, lawyer and politician (* 1790 )
- March 3 : Otto Baring , German doctor and obstetrician in Hanover (* 1806 )
- March 3 : William Czar Bradley , American politician (* 1782 )
- March 3 : Johann Ludwig Lund , German-Danish painter (* 1777 )
- March 5 : Clark B. Cochrane , American lawyer and politician (* 1815 )
- March 5 : Carl Gustaf Qvarnström , Swedish sculptor and painter (* 1810 )
- March 5 : Eduard Simon , lawyer, senior judge and member of the Bar Association of the Kingdom of Hanover (* 1805 )
- March 6 : Peter von Cornelius , German painter (* 1783 )
- March 6 : Charles Farrar Browne , American writer and satirist (* 1834 )
- March 6th : John Goodsir , Scottish anatomist (* 1814 )
- March 6 : József Hild , Hungarian architect and builder (* 1789 )
- March 6 : Wiktor Każyński , Polish composer (* 1812 )
- March 7th : Louis Boulanger , French painter (* 1806 )
- March 7th : Carl Ludwig Gesell , Prussian organ builder (* 1809 )
- March 7th : Therese aus dem Winckel , German painter, harp player and writer (* 1779 )
- March 8 : Kaspar Kaltenmoser , German painter (* 1806 )
- March 9 : Georg Michel , Swiss politician and judge (* 1804 )
- March 9th : Sophie of Saxony , Duchess in Bavaria (* 1845 )
- March 10th : Eduard Heinrich von Treitschke , Saxon Lieutenant General (* 1796 )
- March 11th : Moritz Rott , Bohemian theater actor and director (* 1796 )
- March 12 : Carl Friedrich Metzler , German lawyer and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly (* 1813 )
- March 12 : Friedrich Gottlieb Schulz , German teacher and member of the Frankfurt National Assembly (* 1813 )
- March 13 : Josef Lonovics of Krivina , Bishop of Csanád and Archbishop of Kalocsa and Erlau (* 1793 )
- March 13 : Luise Karoline von Hessen-Kassel , Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (* 1789 )
- March 14 : Albert Lester , American lawyer and politician (* around 1803 )
- March 16 : Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt , Imperial Russian Major General and Grand Ducal Hessian General (* 1788 )
- March 16 : Emil Julius Carl Keßler , German entrepreneur and founder of the Esslingen machine factory (* 1813 )
- March 16 : Friedrich Rumpf , Frankfurt architect (* 1795 )
- March 17th : Wilhelm Baumgartner , Swiss choir conductor, pianist and composer (* 1820 )
- March 17th : Friedrich Ludwig Effinger , Swiss politician, mayor of Bern (* 1795 )
- March 17 : Gabriel Güntner , German-Bohemian Premonstratensian canon and Catholic theologian (* 1804 )
- March 17 : Ludwig Häusser , German historian and politician (* 1818 )
- March 18 : Heinrich Hellmuth von Hadeln , Nassau officer (* 1796 )
- March 19 : August Abendroth , Hamburg lawyer, entrepreneur, land speculator and patron (* 1796 )
- March 19 : Johann Lebrecht Eggink , Baltic German painter (* 1784 )
- March 19 : Friedrich Fahrbach , Austrian composer and musician (* 1809 )
- March 21 : Joseph Bailey , Brigadier General of the US Army in the Civil War (* 1825 or 1827 )
- March 22nd : David Bebutow , Russian general of Armenian origin (* 1793 )
- March 22nd : Carl Emanuel Brunner , Swiss chemist (* 1796 )
- March 22nd : Julius Egghard , Austrian pianist and composer (* 1834 )
- March 23 : Charles Deas , American painter (* 1818 )
- March 23 : Gottfried Eisenmann , German doctor, politician, political publicist and medical writer (* 1795 )
- March 24 : John Decatur Barry , Brigadier General of the Confederate Civil War (* 1839 )
- March 25 : Jakob Ignaz Hittorff , French architect of German origin (* 1792 )
- March 25th : Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge , German chemist (* 1794 )
- March 27 : Carl Emil Gedike , German physician and medical director of the Royal Prussian Nursing School at the Charité in Berlin (* 1797 )
- March 27 : Prideaux John Selby , English ornithologist, botanist and artist (* 1788 )
- March 28 : Ludwig Friedrich Hesse , German historian (* 1783 )
- March 29 : George R. Riddle , American politician (* 1817 )
- March 31 : Jean-Baptiste Fresez , Luxembourg painter (* 1800 )
- April 1 : Louis du Couret , French adventurer and travel writer (* 1812 )
- April 1 : Hermann Schiff , German writer (* 1801 )
- April 2 : Christian Friedrich Stempel , Lower Sorbian pastor and poet (* 1787 )
- April 3 : George Wythe Randolph , lawyer, brigadier general in the Confederate Army and Minister of War of the Confederate States of America (* 1818 )
- April 6 : George Evans , American politician (* 1797 )
- April 7 : Joseph A. Gilmore , American politician, governor of New Hampshire (* 1811 )
- April 8 : Johann Rudolf Raschle , Swiss politician and industrialist (* 1798 )
- April 8 : John Selden Roane , American politician, governor of Arkansas (* 1817 )
- April 8 : Emil Adolf Roßäßler , German naturalist, politician and folk writer (* 1806 )
- April 9 : Auguste Rougemont , Swiss lawyer and politician (* 1798 )
- April 12 : Ottokar Maria von Attems , Prince-Bishop of Seckau and Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Leoben (* 1815 )
- April 12 : William Bullock , American inventor (* 1813 )
- April 12 : Johann Christian Friedrich Tuch , German orientalist and theologian (* 1806 )
- April 13 : Karl von Franck , Austrian general and minister of war (* 1806 )
- April 13 : Johann Joseph Rosenbaum , German Catholic clergyman and theologian (* 1798 )
- April 14 : Ernst Ferdinand Yxem , German classical philologist and high school teacher (* 1799 )
- April 17 : George W. Chase , American politician (* 1802 )
- April 17th : Theodor Mögling , German silk construction specialist, politician and revolutionary (* 1814 )
- April 18 : Robert Smirke , British architect (* 1780 )
- April 19 : Antoine-Joseph Jobert de Lamballe , French surgeon (* 1799 )
- April 21 : Xenophon Alexejewitsch Polewoi , Russian journalist, writer, translator and literary critic (* 1801 )
- April 21 : Romulus Mitchell Saunders , American politician (* 1791 )
- April 22nd : Alexander Dmitrijewitsch Petrow , Russian chess player (* 1794 )
- April 22nd : Jean Elias Benjamin Valz , French astronomer (* 1787 )
- April 24th : Dimitrios Kallergis , Greek general and statesman (* around 1803 )
- April 27 : Kwaku Dua I. Panyin , Asantehene (ruler) of the Kingdom of Ashanti (* around 1797 )
- April 29 : Achilles Bischoff , Swiss politician (* 1795 )
- April 30 : Georg Christoph Gack , Bavarian MP, clergyman and author (* 1793 )
- May 1 : Johann Martin Morat , German painter and lithographer (* 1805 )
- May 1 : Karl Sintenis , German classical philologist and teacher (* 1806 )
- May 2 : Samuel G. Hathaway , American lawyer and politician (* 1780 )
- May 3 : Leopold Pelldram , Bishop of Trier (* 1811 )
- May 3 : Fanny Tacchinardi-Persiani , Italian opera singer (* 1812 )
- May 5th : Walter Crum , Scottish chemist and entrepreneur (* 1796 )
- May 5 : Mace Moulton , American politician (* 1796 )
- May 5th : Philippe Parmentier , Belgian sculptor (* 1787 )
- May 6 : Johann Kaspar Aiblinger , German composer and conductor (* 1779 )
- May 6 : Hermann Schievelbein , German sculptor (* 1817 )
- May 8 : Elijah Hise , American politician (* 1802 )
- May 9 : Jacques-Joseph Champollion , French archaeologist and librarian (* 1778 )
- May 10 : Heinrich Beitzke , German military writer (* 1798 )
- May 11 : Johann Friedrich Hermann Albers , German physician and pathologist (* 1805 )
- May 11 : Joseph Wright , American politician, governor of Indiana (* 1810 )
- May 12 : Eduard Gerhard , German classical archaeologist (* 1795 )
- May 17 : Julius Léopold Eduard Avé-Lallemant , German botanist (* 1803 )
- May 17 : Johann Anton Steinegger , Swiss politician and banker (* 1811 )
- May 18 : Clarkson Stanfield , English stage and artist painter (* 1793 )
- May 20 : Franz Oliver von Jenison-Walworth , Bavarian politician and diplomat (* 1787 )
- May 21 : Johann Heinrich Meidinger , German businessman, geographer and travel writer (* 1792 )
- May 22nd : Edward Hodges Baily , British sculptor (* 1788 )
- May 25 : Aloise Kettel , Austrian actress (* 1803 )
- May 25 : Wilhelm von Kügelgen , German painter, writer and chamberlain at the ducal court of Anhalt-Bernburg (* 1802 )
- May 27 : Thomas Bulfinch , American banker and writer (* 1796 )
- May 29 : Carlos de Morais Camisão , Brazilian military (* 1821 )
- May 30 : Ramón Castilla , Peruvian military and politician, President of Peru (* 1797 )
- May 31 : Théophile-Jules Pelouze , French chemist (* 1807 )
- May: Kunta Haddschi Kischiev , Kumyk sheikh and founder of a new Sufi movement (* around 1830 )
- June 1 : Karl von Staudt , German mathematician (* 1798 )
- June 3 : Richard Spaight Donnell , American politician (* 1820 )
- June 6 : Mathilde Marie Adelgunde Alexandra , Archduchess of Austria (* 1849 )
- June 7th : Athanasios Miaoulis , Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (* 1815 )
- June 9 : Louis Bötticher , German opera singer (* 1813 )
- June 9 : Bruno von Natzmer , Prussian mercenary leader and inspector general of the Nicaraguan army (* 1831 )
- June 9 : Christian Pløyen , Danish lawyer and government official (* 1803 )
- June 11 : Karl Otto Weber , German surgeon and pathologist (* 1827 )
- June 12 : Louis-Hippolyte Lebas , French architect (* 1782 )
- June 14 : Jean Vidal , French violinist and conductor (* 1789 )
- June 15 : Johann Hermann Carmiencke , German landscape painter (* 1810 )
- June 16 : Paulus Modestus Schücking , German judge, bailiff, philosopher and writer (* 1787 )
- June 17 : José Miguel Arroyo , Mexican Ambassador and Foreign Minister (* 1810 )
- June 17th : John Moore , American politician (* 1788 )
- June 19 : Henry Dodge , American politician, governor of the Wisconsin Territory (* 1782 )
- June 19 : Maximilian I , Austrian Archduke and Emperor of Mexico (* 1832 )
- June 19 : Tomás Mejía , Imperial Mexican General (* 1820 )
- June 19 : Miguel Miramón , Imperial Mexican General (* 1832 )
- June 20 : Ferdinand Gottlieb Flechtner , German textile manufacturer (* 1811 )
- June 23 : Christian Georg Theodor Ruete , German ophthalmologist (* 1810 )
- June 23 : Armand Trousseau , French internist (* 1801 )
- June 25 : Wilhelmine von Sydow , German writer (* 1789 )
- June 25 : Christian Wilbrandt , Mecklenburg Germanist and politician (* 1801 )
- June 26 : Maximilian Anton , Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis (* 1831 )
- June 28th : Friedrich Günther , Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohnstein, Lord of Blankenburg, Leutenberg etc. (* 1793 )
- June 29 : John Rutter Chorley , British author, bibliophile, Romanist and Hispanist (* 1807 )
- June 30th : Peter Geist , Lower Franconian painter (* 1816 )
- June: Diego José Benavente y García de Bustamante , Chilean politician and member of the government junta (* 1790 )
- July 1 : Thomas Francis Meagher , Irish freedom fighter, American politician, governor of the Montana Territory (* 1823 )
- July 2 : Friedrich Gustav Habel , German private scholar, archivist, castle researcher and Roman provincial archaeologist (* 1792 )
- July 3 : Lazarus W. Powell , American politician, governor of Kentucky (* 1812 )
- July 5 : Karl Johan Andersson , Swedish adventurer, explorer, trader and travel writer in South West Africa (* 1827 )
- July 5 : Caleb Claiborne Herbert , American plantation owner, officer and politician (* around 1814 )
- July 5th : Philipp Furtwängler , German organ builder (* 1800 )
- July 5 : James Moore Wayne , American lawyer, politician and Supreme Court judge (* 1790 )
- July 6 : Karl von Enhuber , Bavarian painter (* 1811 )
- July 7th : John Alsop King , American politician, governor of New York (* 1788 )
- July 7th : François Ponsard , French playwright (* 1814 )
- July 12th : Horatio McCulloch , Scottish landscape painter (* 1806 )
- July 12 : Patricio Rivas , Nicaraguan lawyer and Supremo Director (Head of State) of Nicaragua (* around 1810 )
- July 15 : Karl Friedrich von Below , Baltic nobleman and lieutenant governor in the Estonian governorate (* 1794 )
- July 15 : Rudolph Melchior , German-American artisan, painter and flautist (* 1836 )
- July 18 : Alfred Wells , American lawyer and politician (* 1814 )
- July 20 : Jacob Erdman , American politician (* 1801 )
- July 21 : Antonio Barezzi , Italian merchant and patron (* 1787 )
- July 23 : Carlos Salazar Castro , Jefe Supremo of the Province of El Salvador and the Province of Guatemala in the Central American Confederation (* 1800 )
- July 26th : Stephan Kellner , German glass painter (* 1812 )
- July 26th : Otto I , King of Greece (* 1815 )
- July 30th : Richard Clauselle Puryear , American politician (* 1801 )
- July 31 : Elisabeth Alphonsa Maria Eppinger , German Catholic founder of the order (* 1814 )
- July 31 : Benoît Fourneyron , French engineer and inventor (* 1802 )
- July 31 : Rudolf Wäffler , Swiss politician (* 1804 )
- August 1 : Christian Wilhelm Lindemann , German lawyer and politician (* 1798 )
- August 3 : August Boeckh , German philologist and archaeologist (* 1785 )
- August 4th : Emil Cauer the Elder , German sculptor (* 1800 )
- August 4th : Phan Thanh Gian , Vietnamese politician, historian, philosopher of Neo-Confucianism and diplomat (* 1796 )
- August 4th : Faustin Soulouque , President and as Faustin I Emperor of Haiti (* 1782 )
- August 6 : David Rittenhouse Porter , American politician, Governor of Pennsylvania (* 1788 )
- August 7 : Ernst Glüer , German architect (* 1831 )
- August 7th : Ernst Otto Lindner , German musicological writer and journalist (* 1820 )
- August 8 : Sarah Austin , British writer and translator (* 1793 )
- August 8 : Maria Theresa of Austria , Queen of the Two Sicilies (* 1816 )
- August 8 : James Wilson , American politician (* 1825 )
- August 10 : André Durand , French painter, draftsman and lithographer (* 1807 )
- August 16 : Joseph Ambrosius Geritz , German clergyman, Bishop of Warmia (* 1783 )
- August 16 : Friedrich Haase , German classical philologist (* 1808 )
- August 16 : Johann Heinrich Deinhardt , German educator (* 1805 )
- August 17th : Johann Heinrich Ammann , Swiss lawyer and politician (* 1820 )
- August 18 : Alexis Paccard , French architect (* 1813 )
- August 19 : William B. Campbell , American politician, Governor of Tennessee (* 1807 )
- August 21 : Juan Álvarez Benítez , President of Mexico (* 1790 )
- August 22nd : Manuel José Errazquin y Larrañaga , Uruguayan politician (* 1801 )
- August 23 : Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy , French poet (* 1796 )
- August 24th : Thomas Brown , American politician, governor of Florida (* 1785 )
- August 25 : Michael Faraday , English physicist and chemist (* 1791 )
- August 26th : Pedro Martínez López , Spanish romance scholar, Hispanist, grammarian and lexicographer (* 1797 )
- August 28 : William A. Bradley , American politician, Mayor of Washington DC (* 1794 )
- August 28 : Carl Mittermaier , German lawyer, publicist and politician (* 1787 )
- August 30 : John McQueen , American politician (* 1804 )
- August 31 : Charles Baudelaire , French poet (* 1821 )
- September 1st : Opanas Markewytsch , Russian-Ukrainian folklorist, ethnologist, social activist and member of the Kyrill and Method Brotherhood (* 1822 )
- September 3 : James A. McDougall , American lawyer and politician, Attorney General for the states of Illinois and California (* 1817 )
- September 3 : Heinrich Smidt , German writer (* 1798 )
- September 4th : Henriette Méric-Lalande , French opera singer (* 1798 )
- September 5 : Santiago Derqui , President of Argentina (* 1809 )
- September 5 : Wilhelm von Hessen , titular Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel and Governor of Copenhagen (* 1787 )
- September 7th : Franz von Stengel , German administrative officer (* 1811 )
- September 7th : Alexandru Sterca Șuluțiu , Romanian-Greek-Catholic Archbishop of Făgăraș and Alba Iulia (* 1794 )
- September 8 : John L. Helm , American lawyer and politician, Governor of Kentucky (* 1802 )
- September 9 : Julius Kröhl , German-American engineer and submarine designer (* 1820 )
- September 10 : Simon Sechter , Austrian music theorist, music teacher, organist, conductor and composer (* 1788 )
- September 13 : Friedrich Gerst , German priest of the Roman Catholic Church, prison chaplain and Düsseldorf original (* 1805 )
- September 15 : Wilhelm Heinrich Friedrich von Kleist , Prussian officer (* 1785 )
- September 20 : Johann Adam Hartung , German classical philologist (* 1801 )
- September 23 : Pedro Nolasco Vergara Albano Chilean deputy , governor and landowner (* 1800 )
- September 25 : Giuseppe Natoli , Italian statesman and patriot, leading figure in the Risorgimento (* 1815 )
- September 26 : James Ferguson , Scottish engineer and astronomer (* 1797 )
- September 27th : Albert Auguste Perdonnet , French engineer and railway pioneer (* 1801 )
- September 29th : Sterling Price , American politician (* 1809 )
- September 30th : Johann Evangelist Engesser , Roman Catholic clergyman and politician from Baden (* 1778 )
- September 30th : Jeremiah Russell , American politician (* 1786 )
- September: Philoxène Boyer , French writer (* 1829 )
- October 3 : Anthony Martin Branch , American lawyer and politician, officer in the Confederate Army (* 1823 )
- October 3 : Elias Howe , American manufacturer and inventor (* 1819 )
- October 3 : Thomas Estes Noell , American politician (* 1839 )
- October 4 : Johann Christian Gentz , German cloth maker, merchant and owner of peat cutting (* 1794 )
- October 4 : Eduard Kley , German preacher and educator, pioneer of Reform Judaism (* 1789 )
- October 5 : Louis Henry Fontane , German pharmacist and father of the writer Heinrich Theodor Fontane (* 1796 )
- October 5th : Achille Fould , French financier and statesman (* 1800 )
- October 5th : Thomas Tailysbeck , German violinist, conductor and composer (* 1799 )
- October 7 : Mohammed Afzal Khan , Emir of Afghanistan (* 1811 )
- October 7th : Henry Timrod , American poet and journalist in the Confederation (* 1828 )
- October 8 : Johann Baptist Rousseau , German poet, journalist and editor (* 1802 )
- October 9 : Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński , Polish pianist and composer (* 1807 )
- October 9 : Abraham Mapu , Baltic-Russian Hebrew writer (* 1808 )
- October 10 : Julius Mosen , German poet and writer (* 1803 )
- October 11 : Christian Carl von Glück , German judge, politician, poet and art collector (* 1791 )
- October 11 : David L. Seymour , American lawyer and politician (* 1803 )
- October 12 : Johann Ernst Dubois , German master pewter and entrepreneur (* 1805 )
- October 12 : Franz Xaver Haimerl , Austrian lawyer and university professor (* 1806 )
- October 14 : Carlo Filangieri , Italian general (* 1784 )
- October 14 : WO von Horn , German Protestant pastor and writer (* 1798 )
- October 16 : Michael Hutchinson Jenks , American politician (* 1795 )
- October 21 : Georgi Rakowski , Bulgarian revolutionary, ideologue, politician, writer, enlightener and activist of the Bulgarian National Revival (* 1821 )
- October 22 : Eugène Millon , French chemist and doctor (* 1812 )
- October 23 : Franz Bopp , German linguist and Sanskrit researcher (* 1791 )
- October 25 : Georg Kestner , German archivist, banker and collector of works of art and autographs (* 1774 )
- October 25 : Salama III. , Metropolitan of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church
- October 28 : Jakob Ferdinand Schreiber , German publisher (* 1809 )
- October 29 : Matthias Franz Borgnis , German banker, jeweler and tobacco manufacturer (* 1798 )
- October 30 : John Albion Andrew , American politician, governor of Massachusetts (* 1818 )
- October 31 : William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse , Irish astronomer (* 1800)
- November 3 : Segundo Ruiz Belvis , Puerto Rican independence fighter and abolitionist (* 1829 )
- November 3 : Domitília de Castro Canto e Melo , Brazilian countess and lover of Emperor Pedro I (* 1797 )
- November 5 : Leopoldo O'Donnell , Spanish general and politician, President of the Spanish government, Count of Lucena and Duke of Tetuán (* 1809 )
- November 7th : Oronzio Gabriele Costa , Italian zoologist and entomologist (* 1787 )
- November 10th : Ludwig Foltz , German architect, sculptor and illustrator (* 1809 )
- November 11th : Friedrich August Bouterwek , German history painter (* 1806 )
- November 12 : Charles Frédéric Dubois , Belgian naturalist (* 1804 )
- November 13th : Nathaniel Bullock , American politician, Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island (* 1779 )
- November 13 : Adolphe-Napoléon Didron , French archaeologist (* 1806 )
- November 14th : Jacques Charles Brunet , French bibliographer and bookseller (* 1780 )
- November 14 : Julius Campe , German publisher (* 1792 )
- November 14th : Friedrich Theodor Fischer , German architect and Baden construction officer (* 1803 )
- November 18 : August Zierfuß , German needleworker and entrepreneur (* 1803 )
- November 19 : Fitz-Greene Halleck , American poet (* 1790 )
- November 20 : Theodor Apel , German writer and founder (* 1811 )
- November 20 : Peter Clodt von Jürgensburg , Russian sculptor (* 1805 )
- November 21 : José Longinos Ellauri , Uruguayan lawyer and politician (* 1789 )
- November 22nd : Ludwig von Stainlein , Bavarian count, composer and cellist (* 1819 )
- November 25 : Karl Ferdinand Sohn , German painter (* 1805 )
- November 26th : Hermann Adam von Kamp , German teacher, local historian and writer (* 1796 )
- November 26th : August Müller , German double bass player (* 1808 )
- November 27 : Reuben H. Walworth , American lawyer and politician (* 1788 )
- November 28 : Caroline Klauhold , German portrait, genre and landscape painter (* 1812 )
- November 28 : John Drake Sloat , American naval officer and politician, military governor of California (* 1781 )
- December 1 : Philaret Drosdow , Metropolitan of Moscow (* 1783 )
- December 6 : Julius Ludwig Klee , German educator and linguist (* 1807 )
- December 6th : Giovanni Pacini , Italian opera composer (* 1796 )
- December 7th : Franz Josef Dobiaschofsky , Austrian painter (* 1818 )
- December 8 : Alphonse Boilly , French engraver and lithographer (* 1801 )
- December 9 : Rudolf von Arthaber , Austrian textile manufacturer, art collector and patron (* 1795 )
- December 9th : Johann Nikolaus von Dreyse , German inventor, designer and entrepreneur (* 1787 )
- December 9 : Sigismund Stern , German-Jewish educator and writer (* 1812 )
- December 10 : Sakamoto Ryōma , Japanese samurai and reformer (* 1836 )
- December 10 : Edward Whelan , Canadian politician and journalist (* 1824 )
- December 11 : William Brooks , British architect (* 1786 )
- December 11th : Wilhelm Felsche , German confectioner, chocolate manufacturer and coffee house founder in Leipzig (* 1798 )
- December 13 : Artur Grottger , Polish painter and draftsman (* 1837 )
- December 18 : Ferdinand Deycks , German classical philologist (* 1802 )
- December 19 : Johann Georg Kastner , German-French composer and music writer (* 1810 )
- December 21 : Karl Friedrich Schimper , German natural scientist, botanist and geologist (* 1803 )
- December 21 : Robert Smith , American politician (* 1802 )
- December 22nd : Jacob Jacobsen Dampe , Danish politician (* 1790 )
- December 22nd : John W. Dana , American politician, Governor of Maine (* 1808 )
- December 22nd : Cornelius S. Hamilton , American politician (* 1821 )
- December 22nd : Jean-Victor Poncelet , French mathematician, engineer and physicist (* 1788 )
- December 22nd : Théodore Rousseau , French painter and founder of the Barbizon School (* 1812 )
- December 24th : Amasa Dana , American politician (* 1792 )
- December 25th : Toni Adamberger , Austrian actress (* 1790 )
- December 25th : Jonah Sanford , American lawyer and politician (* 1790 )
- December 26 : József Kossics , Hungarian-Slovenian writer, poet, historian, folklorist and Catholic priest (* 1788 )
- December 30th : Franz von Unterrichter , Tyrolean poet, lawyer and politician as well as member of the Frankfurt National Assembly (* 1775 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Sarah Glover , English pastor's daughter and director of a Sunday school (* 1785)
- Francesc Daniel Molina i Casamajó , Catalan architect (* 1812 )