|Nickname : Music City, Athens of the South|
|Location in Tennessee|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Davidson County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|660,388 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||507.7 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||1,362.6 km 2 (approx. 526 mi 2 ) of
which 1,300.8 km 2 (approx. 502 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||182 m|
|Area code :||+1 615|
|GNIS ID :||1652484|
|Mayor :||John Cooper (D)|
Tennessee State Capitol (2009)
Nashville [ ˈnæʃvɪɫ ] is the capital of the US state Tennessee and the county seat of Davidson County . It is the largest city in Tennessee by area and is located on the Cumberland River . Nashville is the center of commercial country music and is therefore called "Music City". The residents call themselves Nashvillians .
The city of Nashville had 601,222 inhabitants at the United States Census 2010 on April 1, 2010, the US Census Bureau estimates the population in 2016 at around 660,000. The population of the Nashville Metropolitan Area rose to 1,666,566 (2016 estimate: 1,870,000), making it the largest metropolitan area in Tennessee.
Geography and climate
Nashville is on the Cumberland River in central northern Tennessee. The highest point is 354 m above sea level, the lowest point 117 m. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 1,362.6 km 2 , of which 1,300.8 km 2 is land and 61.8 km 2 is water.
Nashville has a humid, subtropical climate with cold winters and hot summers. During the winter months, around 22.9 cm of snow falls on average, most of it in January and February. There are often violent thunderstorms in autumn and spring, and tornadoes can sometimes occur.
The coldest temperature ever recorded was −27.2 ° C on January 21, 1985, the highest 42.8 ° C on June 29, 2012.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Nashville, Tennessee
The first people to live in what is now Nashville were Paleo-Indians at the end of the last glacial period , about 13,000 BC. The first European settlers in the area were French fur traders who established the French Lick trading post there. The area was an important hunting ground for many Indian tribes. The Shawnee claimed the area for themselves in the 17th century , but were driven north by the Cherokee and Chickasaw .
In October 1779 a trek headed west from the Watauga settlement, led by James Robertson, began . On Christmas 1779, the settlers crossed the frozen Cumberland River and founded Fort Nashborough . A short time later, the fort became Nashville. Because of its good location on a river and the heavy rail traffic, Nashville grew rapidly. As early as 1806, the settlement was granted city rights and it was made the administrative seat of Davidson County. In 1819 a paddle steamer succeeded for the first time in driving the Cumberland River upstream to Nashville. In 1843 the city was declared the capital of Tennessee.
- About 19 kilometers east of Nashville is the historic Hermitage . It was the residence of the seventh US President Andrew Jackson . It is located on US Route 70N and was listed as a memorial by the NRHP in 1966 (NRHP ID 66000722).
In addition to The Hermitage, the National Park Service has five other National Historic Landmarks for Nashville (as of December 2016), including the Tennessee State Capitol , the Ryman Auditorium and the George Peabody College for Teachers . 157 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 12, 2018).
- The data are census results
Culture and sights
Nashville is the center of country music , which is why the city is called "Music City". Numerous music publishers and record companies reside here with their studios. Is famous for example, the Studio B of RCA , were added to the numerous hits. The Country Music Association CMA is headquartered in Nashville. The annual CMA Awards ceremony is one of the most important events in Tennessee. The Country Music Hall of Fame is also located in Nashville. Nashville is also home to the Gibson Guitar Corporation guitar company .
Downtown Nashville is home to numerous well-known music clubs and honky tonk bars , which almost always have live music. The focus is on Lower Broadway, Second Avenue and Printer's Alley. Thousands of country fans travel to Nashville every year for the CMA Music Festival, the former Fan Fair.
The live show Grand Ole Opry has also been broadcast from Nashville since 1925 , the oldest surviving American radio music program that is now also broadcast on television. The concerts were broadcast from the Ryman Auditorium until 1974, and since then from the Opryland entertainment complex located just outside the city center on the Cumberland River . The radio show Ernest Tubb Midnight Jamboree is also based in Nashville.
Nashville has had a full-scale replica of the Parthenon since 1897 . The originally provisional building was replaced by a solid reinforced concrete structure in the 1920s and now serves as an art gallery. Since 1990 it has housed a statue of Athena , which is considered to be the largest sculpture in the western world to be found within a building.
The first skyscraper , the Life & Casualty Tower , was built in 1957. In 1994 the currently tallest building, the 192 m high AT&T Building, was completed . In February 2010, the 127 m high Pinnacle at Symphony Place was completed. There is a 1: 4 scale replica of Fort Nashborough in Riverfront Park.
Nashville has two well-known teams in the American professional leagues. The Tennessee Titans reached Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000 , the final in the American football league NFL . In addition, the Nashville Predators play ice hockey in the NHL and reached the final of the 2017 Stanley Cup playoffs .
Lesser known teams include the Nashville Sounds , who play minor league baseball as the Milwaukee Brewers' farm team . There has also been an arena football team again since 2005 , the Nashville Kats . Nashville SC has been playing in Major League Soccer (MLS), the highest American soccer league, since the 2020 season .
Parks & Green Corridors
Nashville has 121 parks and 19 green spaces with a total area of approximately 49 square kilometers. HG Hill Park is located in the western part of the city . Nashville also has twelve golf courses.
The Tennessee State Capitol is the seat of government and the seat of the governor of the state of Tennessee.
- Pernik , Bulgaria
- Taiyuan , China
- Magdeburg , Germany
- Caen , France
- Edmonton , Canada
- Belfast , Northern Ireland
- Mendoza , Argentina
- Girona , Spain
Economy and Infrastructure
As the home of country music, Nashville is home to many record labels, most of them on Music Row. Since 1960, the city has been the second largest music center in the United States after New York City . The economic performance of the music industry in 2006 was estimated at $ 6.4 billion and jobs at 19,000.
Although Nashville is known as a music hub, the healthcare industry is the largest of its kind . More than 250 healthcare companies are based here, including the Hospital Corporation of America , the largest private hospital operator . Sales in this industry in 2006 were estimated at $ 18.3 billion and the number of jobs in the region was estimated at 94,000.
The Nashville-Davidson metropolitan area generated an economic output of 124.2 billion US dollars in 2016.
Nashville is on the Interstate Highways I 40 (to Memphis - Knoxville ), I 24 (to Clarksville - Chattanooga ) and I 65 (to Louisville - Birmingham ). The Interstate 440 connects the south of the city of the three interstates each other. A total of 129 kilometers of interstate highways run through the city.
Local public transport
The Nashville Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) connects the city with Davidson County on a variety of bus routes. On September 18, 2006, a rail system, the Music City Star, was introduced. The only line so far connects the city of Lebanon with the city center. Further routes are being planned.
Nashville International Airport is approximately 12 km southeast of the city center. It is connected to Interstate 40 and is connected to the city by the MTA bus route 18. In 2007 it was used by around 10 million passengers. Most of the flights are operated by Southwest Airlines , but Delta Air Lines and US Airways are also represented here. International destinations are Toronto (Canada) and Cancun (Mexico) and, since 2018, London (Great Britain).
The oldest and largest daily newspaper is The Tennessean . It was founded in 1907 and has a daily circulation of 95,311 copies and a Sunday edition with a circulation of 212,839. WBOZ is a radio station.
The Vanderbilt University , founded in 1873 by a donation of Cornelius Vanderbilt , is the largest with about 11,000 students Nashville's University ; it is one of the top universities in the USA. Other colleges and colleges include the American Baptist College , Aquinas College, Belmont University , Fisk University , Nashville State Community College, Tennessee State University, and Watkins College of Art and Design. Because of the many higher educational institutions Nashville is also known as "Athens of the South" ( " Athens called the South").
- Christine M. Kreyling, Wesley Paine, Charles W. Warterfield, Susan Ford Wiltshire: Classical Nashville: Athens of the South. Vanderbilt University Press, Nashville 1996, ISBN 978-0-8265-1277-2 .
- Quick Facts Nashville-Davidson (balance), Tennessee. In: census.gov. United States Census Bureau , accessed April 9, 2017 .
- Records in Nashville
- Paleoindians in Tennessee | Entries | Tennessee Encyclopedia. In: tennesseeencyclopedia.net. Retrieved August 26, 2016 .
- French Lick | Entries | Tennessee Encyclopedia. In: tennesseeencyclopedia.net. Retrieved August 26, 2016 .
- Prehistoric and Pioneer Settlement. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016 ; Retrieved August 26, 2016 .
- Nashville: History - First Settlers Face Perils, The Age of Jackson. In: www.city-data.com. Retrieved August 26, 2016 .
- The History of the City of Nashville. In: www.metropolstaedte-der-welt.de. Retrieved August 26, 2016 .
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 11, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 12, 2018.
- Global Flare Tours: Tour of Nashville - Best Places to Visit. March 29, 2015, accessed August 28, 2016 .
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).