|Location of Taiyuan (red) in Shanxi (orange) and China (yellow)|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|density||604 Ew. / km²|
Taiyuan satellite image
Taiyuan ( Chinese 太原市 , Pinyin Taiyuan Shì ) is the capital of the province of Shanxi in the People's Republic of China and is located at 780 meters above sea level on the river Fen River . As a district-free city , Taiyuan has an administrative area of 6,988 km² and approx. 4.2 million inhabitants (2010).
Taiyuan has a history of over 2500 years and was founded in 497 BC. . AD under the name of Jinyang ( 晉陽 built).
Taiyuan maintains a city partnership with Chemnitz .
At the county level, Taiyuan consists of six boroughs , three counties and one urban district. These are:
|Name (transcr.)||Surname||Type||Area [km²]||Inhabitants approx.||comment|
|Xinghualing||杏花岭区||Borough||170||530,000||Center, seat of the city government|
|Qingxu||清徐 县||circle||607||300,000||Main town: Qingyuan Township (清源 镇)|
|Yangqu||阳曲 县||circle||2062||140,000||Main town: Huangzhai Municipality (黄寨镇)|
|Loufan||娄烦 县||circle||1290||120,000||Main town: Loufan municipality (娄烦 镇)|
|Gujiao||古 交 市||city||1540||210,000|
Shanxi Province is characterized by heavy industry and coal mining and has the largest coal reserves in China. The transport of coal, but also ore and steel, is usually carried out via the Chinese rail network . Measured by the tons of goods loaded in 2012, Taiyuan is the largest freight hub in the People's Republic of China. In a north-south direction, the Datong – Puzhou railway crosses the city of Taiyuan, and to the east of the city center is the Taiyuan passenger station.
sons and daughters of the town
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Taiyuan
- Zhenhua Chen, Kingsley E. Haynes: Chinese Railways in the Era of High-Speed. Emerald Group, Bingley 2015, ISBN 978-1-78441-985-1 .