CSX Transportation ( CSXT ) is an American Class 1 railroad company based in Jacksonville, Florida . It is owned by the CSX Corporation and, along with the Norfolk Southern Railway, is one of the largest railway companies on the North American continent east of the Mississippi .
The route network covered around 36,900 km in 2017. The company had around 29,000 employees, around 4,500 locomotives and around 70,000 freight cars . The company uses a large number of locomotives with three-phase AC technology. CSX Transportation operates 36 marshalling yards and 56 container terminals .
Around 11,000 truckloads are transported every day. General freight transport ( stone , sand , metals , chemicals , food , paper , automobiles ) accounts for 62% of sales and 42% of transport volume. Coal transports account for 19% of sales and 16% for transport. The intermodal transport with container account for 15% of sales and 42% of transport volume. Total sales in 2015 were $ 11.8 billion.
The route network extends north from Montreal , Buffalo , Detroit and Chicago to the Gulf of Mexico , to New Orleans , Tampa and Miami . The routes stretched from the Atlantic coast ( Boston , New York , Savannah , Jacksonville ) to the Mississippi in St. Louis and Memphis . There are transitions to all other Class 1 railroad companies. Around 240 shortline and regional rail companies have a transition to the CSX network.
Main routes connect the coal deposits in the Appalachian Mountains with the Atlantic region and the northeastern United States. The southeast corridor connects the cities of Nashville , Birmingham and Atlanta with Memphis, St. Louis and Chicago.
The Interstate 90 corridor connects Chicago with New York and the New England states. The so-called water level route along Lake Erie is also used.
The Interstate 95 corridor connects Charleston and Jacksonville to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York.
The company is the end result of a merger process that began in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1967 the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (ACL) and the Seaboard Air Line Railroad (SAL) merged to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad (SCL). The Seaboard System Railroad was created in 1982 through the merger of the SCL with the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N) and other companies marketed under "Family Lines" . On July 1, 1986, the Seaboard System was renamed CSX Transportation.
The Chessie System was formed in 1973 from the merger of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O), the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) and the Western Maryland Railway (WM) . The individual railway companies, however, remained independent.
In 1980, the parent and holding companies of the two mergers, Chessie System and Seaboard Coast Line Industries, merged to form CSX Corporation . The name CSX means: "C" = Chessie System, "S" = Seaboard System, "X" = Multiplier (stands for the merger of the two systems), whereby the "X" was only chosen as an interim solution during the merger and only later got the meaning.
In the period between July 1, 1986 and August 31, 1987, the existing railway companies Seaboard System Railroad and Chesapeake and Ohio Railway were merged to form CSX Transportation. At the same time, CSX acquired Sea-Land Corporation . The aim was to create an integrated intermodal transport system by land and sea. Operationally, the conditions of the predecessor companies were largely taken over and continued. At the same time, the CSXT began to sell branch lines to shortline and regional rail companies.
In 1991, CSX took over the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad . In 1992, the subsidiary Three Rivers Railway took over the operating assets of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad .
In 1996/1997 there was a takeover battle for the Conrail with the Norfolk Southern Railway . Finally, the contracting parties agreed to split the company. The CSX took over 42% of the Conrail, especially the earlier routes of the New York Central System . The transfer of operations took place on June 1, 1999. The takeover of Conrail as well as various existing internal problems led to temporary disruptions in operations.
President and Chief Executive Officer
- September 1, 1987 - February 17, 1990: John W. Snow
- February 17, 1990 - December 31, 1991: Robert L. Kirk
- January 1, 1992 - July 1, 1999: Alvin R. Carpenter
- July 1, 1999 - April 11, 2000: Ronald Conway
- April 11, 2000 - November 30, 2000: John W. Snow
- November 30, 2000 - February 15, 2017: Michael J. Ward
- March 6, 2017 - December 16, 2017: E. Hunter Harrison
- from December 16, 2017: Jim Foote (provisional from December 16 to 21, 2017)
Chairman of the board
- September 1, 1987 - December 31, 1991: John W. Snow
- January 1, 1992-27. March 1992: Robert L. Kirk
- March 27, 1992-30. November 2002: John W. Snow
- November 30, 2002 - February 15, 2017: Michael J. Ward
- March 6, 2017 - December 16, 2017: E. Hunter Harrison
- Item currently vacant
CSX Transportation has over 60 subsidiaries. In addition to railway companies, which usually only exist on paper, this includes several companies that manage real estate or provide services for the railway.
The following railway companies are still run as subsidiaries:
- Allegheny and Western Railway
- Atlanta, Knoxville and Northern Railway
- Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad
- Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburg Railway
- Carrollton Railroad
- Cincinnati Inter-Terminal Railroad
- Dayton and Michigan Railroad
- P&L Transportation , formerly Four Rivers Transportation
- Gainesville Midland Railroad
- Georgetown and High Line Railway
- Home Avenue Railroad
- Indiana Rail Road
- Lake Erie and Detroit River Railway
- Lakefront Dock and Railroad Terminal
- Mahoning State Line Railroad
- Neville Island Terminal Railway
- Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railway
- St. Lawrence & Adirondack Railway
- Staten Island Railroad
- Three Rivers Railway
- Toledo Ore Railroad
- TransKentucky Transportation Railroad
- Tylerdale Connecting Railroad
In addition to the subsidiaries, CSX has several holdings. The company holds shares in the following railway companies:
- Albany Port Railroad (50%)
- Augusta and Summerville Railroad (50%)
- Belt Railway Company of Chicago (25%)
- Central Railroad Company of South Carolina (36.47%)
- Central Transfer Railway and Storage Company (50%)
- Chatham Terminal (50%)
- Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line Railroad (42.86%)
- Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis (14.29%)
- TTX Company (19.59%)
- Winston-Salem Southbound Railway (50%)
- Woodstock and Blocton Railway (50%)
- Predecessor of CSX Transportation
- Incident CSX 8888 to an accident-related CSX freight train with dangerous goods traveling more than 100 km without a driver
- Brian Solomon: CSX . In: William D. Middleton, George M. Smerk, Roberta L. Diehl (Eds.): Encyclopedia of North American Railroads . Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN 2007, ISBN 978-0-253-34916-3 , pp. 343-346 .
- Annual reports
- STB reports
- CSX Corporation homepage
- CSX photo archive
- CSXT Locomotive Roster ( Memento from July 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ CSX.com - Annual Materials. Retrieved March 21, 2017 (English).