|Nickname : The Hostess City of the South|
Fountain in Forsyth Park
|Savannah in Chatham County|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Chatham County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|146,763 (as of 2016)
384,024 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||758.1 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||202.3 km 2 (approx. 78 mi 2 ) of
which 193.6 km 2 (approx. 75 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||15 m|
|Area code :||+1 912|
|GNIS ID :||0322590|
|Mayor :||Edna Branch Jackson|
Savannah is a city in Chatham County in the US state of Georgia and county Seat . It lies on the Savannah River and is the center of the metropolitan area of Savannah . It was founded in 1733 and was the first settlement of the British colony of Georgia . Up until the Civil War the city was an important port for cotton , and in 1864 General Sherman's “March to the Sea” ended here . With its green squares and many restored houses, the old town is now one of the most beautiful in the USA .
Yamacraw Indians lived in what is now Savannah at the time of the arrival of the first Europeans . The city was founded on 1733 by General James Oglethorpe as the first settlement of the British colony of Georgia. It is located about 25 km from the Atlantic coast on the Savannah River .
In 1778, Savannah came under British and Loyalist control during the American War of Independence . In 1779 American and French troops besieged the city without success. The 1800 census names Savannah 5146 free residents and 8201 slaves . During the Civil War (1861–65) Georgia was part of the Confederate States of America . On December 21, 1864, General Sherman's "March to the Sea" started in Atlanta ended in Savannah . Sherman sent a famous telegram to President Lincoln bringing him Savannah as a "Christmas present."
Savannah is home to the historic Juliette Gordon Low Historic District . It comprises three buildings (Wayne-Gordon House: First Girl Scout Headquarters, Andrew Low House and the Carriage House) and was listed on October 15, 1966 by the National Register of Historic Places as a historic monument with the number 66000276. It is also registered as a National Historic Landmark . The historic Massie Common School House is located at 207 East Gordon Street .
Savannah has 146,763 inhabitants (as of 2016) , with a land area of 193.6 km².
- 1980 - 141,390
- 1990 - 137,812
- 2000 - 131,510
- 2010 - 136,286
- 2016 - 146,763
Economy and tourism
One of the largest employers is International Paper's paper mill . For a long time it was considered the largest paper mill in the world. Other companies include Gulfstream Aerospace , a manufacturer of business aircraft, and Joseph Cyril Bamford (JCB) , a manufacturer of construction, industrial and agricultural machinery . Numerous supplier companies have settled around large-scale industry.
The film industry also often resorts to Savannah as a setting. Parts of the film Forrest Gump were shot here. In the film, Forrest Gump waits for the bus on a bench in Chippewa Square on W. Hull Street; the bench is now in the Savannah History Museum.
Savannah was also confirmed by the bestseller Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil by John Berendt known that reflects the atmosphere of the city and the story of a bizarre murder case half a journalist, told semi-fictionalized. The book was filmed in 1997 by Clint Eastwood in Savannah as Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil .
River Street is one of the few places in the United States that allows alcohol to be consumed on the street.
Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools , the local public school system, provides instruction for children through the twelfth grade.
- Riverfront Plaza and Factors' Walk - The restored streets between River and Bay Street with warehouses and passages from the 19th century, at the end of which in the east on the Savannah River stands a symbol of the city, the statue of the "Waving Girl"
- City Market - The restored old center of the city
- Historic houses such as the Pink House, the Sorrel Weed House, the first hotel in town (today: Moon River Brewing Company) or the birthplace of Juliette Gordon Low, the founder of the US Girl Scouts
- Telfair Museum of Art with the historic Telfair Academy and Owens Thomas House houses
- Churches such as the Trinity United Methodist Church, the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, the First African Baptist Church with regular gospel services , the Independent Presbyterian Church or the Temple Mickve Israel
- Historic cemeteries such as Colonial Park Cemetery with graves from the time of the English colonies, Laurel Grove Cemetery with graves of Confederate soldiers and slaves and Bonaventure Cemetery, a former plantation
- Historic forts like Fort James Jackson and Fort Pulaski National Monument , both important theaters of war in the American Civil War
Chippewa Square, location of the film Forrest Gump
The city's 24 squares are:
The squares are designed very differently, from the strictly formal, largest square, Johnsohn Square with obelisk , fountain and sundial to the playground in the smallest, Crawford Square. The Elbert, Ellis and Liberty squares are called "lost squares" because they fell victim to urban restructuring in the 1950s. Elbert and Liberty Square were paved to extend Interstate 16 , while Ellis Square had to give way to the parking garage on City Market. There are plans to restore these three squares.
sons and daughters of the town
- Batumi ( Georgia )
- Patras ( Greece )
- Jiujiang ( China )
- Halle (Saale) (Germany)
- Kaya ( Burkina Faso )
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for Savannah, Georgia
- Official site of the City of Savannah (English)
- Otis Johnson on the website of the city administration ( Memento of the original from May 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- New York Times , December 26, 1864 / article in the New York Times .
- National Historic Landmarks Program (Low, Juliette Gordon, District) ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Alcoholic Beverage Ordinance of 1998 - Section 6-1215- (b) ( Memento of the original of July 1, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. "One drink at a time".
- Savannah-Chatham County Public School System