Adalbert Stifter , pseudonym Ostade, (born October 23, 1805 in Oberplan , Bohemia , as Albert Stifter; † January 28, 1868 in Linz ) was an Austrian writer , painter and educator . He is one of the most important Biedermeier authors .
Adalbert Stifter initially had the first name Albert and was born on October 23, 1805 as the eldest son of Johann Stifter, who initially worked as a linen weaver and later as a yarn dealer, and his wife Magdalena (née Friepes) in Oberplan on the Moldau ( Bohemian Forest ) (today Horní Planá / Czech Republic) born. The father died when he got caught in a flat wagon overturning in 1817. Until his maternal grandfather, Franz Friepes, sent Adalbert to Latin school in 1818 against some resistance, the founder, who grew up with his mother, worked primarily in the farm of his father's grandfather, Augustin Stifter, in order to improve the poor living conditions of the family. In 1820 the mother married the master baker Ferdinand Mayer. In 1825, Stifter fell ill with smallpox, which is known as "real leaf" .
From 1818 to 1826 Stifter attended the Abbey High School Kremsmünster of the Benedictines in Kremsmünster . After six years of education in the "grammatical classes" and subsequent "humanity classes", he prepared for university studies in the two-year "philosophical classes". Looking back on this time, which he later described as the most beautiful time of his life, the 59-year-old founder said:
“[…] There I had a daily view of the blue Alps and their splendid figures across an extraordinarily beautiful landscape, there I learned to draw, enjoyed the attention of excellent teachers, got to know old and new poets and for the first time heard the sentence: that Beauty is represented nothing other than the divine in the garment of charm, but the divine is in the Lord of heaven without limits, in man is limited; but it is its most real essence, and strive everywhere and unconditionally for a happy development, as good, true, beautiful, in religion, science, art, lifestyle. This saying, roughly or in other words, hit the core of my being with violence [...]. "
The traditional educational world of the monastery conveyed the Christian truths of faith to the students, based on the ideas of the Enlightenment philosophy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz , Christian Wolff and Immanuel Kant . This school and science tradition of the monastery is embodied in the baroque total work of art of the science tower with its collections arranged on seven levels according to the hierarchy of the physico-theological worldview: Naturalia, Scientifica, Mechanica, Artificialia, crowned by the observatory and chapel:
"[It] was found in the connection of religion, philosophy, art and natural science that harmonious worldview was impressively designed, which Stifter invokes again and again in his work and tries compulsively as in vain to restore."
In 1826 he began studying law in Vienna and achieved good results in the first exams. He financed his studies through private tuition as a private tutor, after he had already given tutoring lessons in Kremsmünster during his school days. His first poetic attempts (1827), influenced by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Johann Gottfried von Herder and Jean Paul , also fall during his studies . At the same time he fell unhappily in love with Fanny Greipl (1808–1839), the daughter of a wealthy merchant from Friedberg near Krumlov , who did not return his advertising letters. Stifter fell into increasing self-doubt, which he tried to dispel with alcohol. The unhappy relationship with Fanny also put a strain on his performance at university, so that in 1830 he had to drop out of his studies without a degree.
Stifter's first prose work Julius was written around 1829/30 , an unfinished story in which Jean Paul's role model can still be felt. In 1832 and 1833, Stifter tried unsuccessfully for official apprenticeships. In February 1833, Fanny broke off the sporadic relationship. Shortly afterwards, Stifter met the daughter of a retired ensign, the cleaner Amalia Mohaupt (1811-1883): "The first rose, quick death, wakes the tears, and where his tears fell, new roses bloom" (Stifter) . After he had become engaged to her, he wrote a last letter of repentance to Fanny on August 20, 1835, in which he declared that he had only acted out of jealousy (“so I looked, as it always happens in such cases, in new connection the happiness that the old first failed ”). Der Condor was probably made around 1834/35, but it was not published until 1840.
In 1836 Fanny married the tax officer Fleischanderl, on November 15, 1837 the founder married Amalia in Vienna, St. Rochus , and apparently tried in this way to restore the inner order of his life. The couple was plagued by material concerns that became more apparent in the years that followed. Amalia was described as almost wasteful, and seizures took place in 1837 and 1841. However, Stifter himself described his marriage to Amalia as happy. Amalia nursed and cared for the often ill founder for over thirty years of marriage and kept the apartments in embarrassing order. According to his letters, Stifter loved and adored his wife and suppressed the memory of his former love Fanny.
The field flowers published in 1841 were created around 1836/37 . Even before the marriage, Stifter applied for a job at the Mariabrunn Forestry School in 1837 . In 1839 he painted the first more important paintings View of Viennese suburban houses and View of Beatrixgasse and the Wittinghausen ruins . In the same year Fanny died giving birth to her first child. In 1840 Der Condor appeared in the Viennese magazine for art, literature, theater and fashion and was well received. In 1841, the story of field flowers in the Iris almanac followed.
After 1841, Stifter resumed his work as a private tutor and taught a. a. from 1843 to 1846 Richard von Metternich , the son of the Austrian State Chancellor. The Pest publisher Gustav Heckenast , who had already published the Condor , now began to sponsor donors: he became the editor of the anthology Vienna and the Viennese and published the story Der Hochwald in der Iris in 1842 .
This was followed by some journalistic work, until the literary breakthrough came with Abdias in 1842, which also brought material independence to the founder. Brigitta and Das alten Siegel followed until 1844 , then Der Hagestolz and Der Waldsteig . In 1843 he reworked his first stories, and as early as 1844 the founder, who was now predominantly a writer, was able to present his collected stories in the first volumes of the studies . While these first volumes quickly found recognition, Stifter was no longer successful with the last two volumes of the studies published in 1850 . The poet Friedrich Hebbel also sharply criticized the novice's works.
The unrest in the revolutionary year of 1848 prompted Stifter, who was considered a supporter of the revolutionary movement and the "most advanced liberal" and also acted as an elector for the Frankfurt National Assembly , to leave Vienna and move to Linz. Here he published the story Die Landschule in 1849 , which positively emphasized the work of the rural school teachers. In 1850 he was himself, now increasingly plagued by financial worries, initially provisionally and in 1853 finally appointed to the school board. In the same year he was appointed as state curator for Upper Austria by the kk Central Commission for the research and preservation of architectural monuments . So he made an outstanding contribution to the preservation and restoration of the Kefermarkt winged altar or to the cityscape of Steyr . During the 1850s he played a key role in the development of the Upper Austrian Art Association and the founding of the Upper Austrian State Gallery.
Death mask, removed by Josef Rint
Childlessness seems to have weighed on Adalbert and Amalia Stifter. The Stifters took on Juliane, a niece of Amalia, as a foster daughter. But this tore away from home several times; after she disappeared for several days in the winter of 1859, her body was found in the Danube. It remained unclear whether the death was caused by an accident or whether the girl killed herself. This stroke of fate hit the Stifters hard.
Stifter's health deteriorated in the late 1850s. Several times he went to health resorts because of a "nervous problem", which he spent mainly in Kirchschlag near Linz , where he enjoyed the healthy air and was able to retreat to the "bath house" for his spa treatments. Work on his historical novel Witiko was delayed for several years - to the chagrin of his publisher Gustav Heckenast. Eventually he could no longer fill his office and received his retirement in 1866. With the intervention of a benefactor, he was retired with the title of court counselor.
Stifter was considered an excessive eater and drinker, which can be seen as the cause of his health problems. His menu usually consisted of six meals a day. The second breakfast could well consist of a schnitzel with potato salad . Lunch and dinner consisted of three courses each. It is reported that once the starter consisted of six trout and the main course consisted of a whole roast duck. Lunch was followed by coffee and a snack , followed by dinner.
Plagued by the increasing symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver , Stifter opened his carotid artery with a razor on January 26, 1868 on the hospital bed . He died two days later. His suicide was not mentioned in the death certificate, as suicides were not buried in "consecrated earth" at the time . Adalbert Stifter found his final resting place in the St. Barbara cemetery in Linz.
Classification of the work
Features of the Stifter prose
Adalbert Stifter is considered a master of Biedermeier depictions of nature. These landscape descriptions, which were new for his time, have given the nature-loving writer the dubious reputation of being a local writer. To this day it is said that he idealized the rural world as an idyll.
Many of his stories take place in the Mühlviertel , an area that is still characterized by villages and large forest areas and lies between the rivers Danube and Moldau on the border between Upper Austria, South Bohemia and Bavaria.
As a narrator, Stifter cultivated a clear and closely observing style. The precise and thoughtful language and epically broad depictions of nature cause the action of his stories to slow down.
His literary work met with both praise and criticism. Some of his critics accused Stifter that his characters weren't really any, that his work was limited to depicting nature and landscape . They also felt that his unspoken morality, which had an impact on the work, was restorative . His rambling and lengthy style is also criticized. "What is not all considered and described here", Hebbel complained about the late summer , " all that is missing is the consideration of the words with which one describes, and the description of the hand with which one writes this observation ..." From similar reviews, who complained about the lack of “passion and energy” and called the “portrayed old-fashioned and limited”, also reports Hugo von Hofmannsthal in an afterword to the novel.
On the other hand, Stifter's admirers include Friedrich Nietzsche , who followed the post-summer (as well as The People of Seldwyla by Gottfried Keller , the first part of the life story of Johann Heinrich Jung-Stilling and the aphorisms of Georg Christoph Lichtenberg ) alongside Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (especially his conversations with Johann Peter Eckermann ) is one of the "treasures of German prose".
Karl Kraus considered most of the writers of his time to be completely meaningless and urged them, if they still had “a bit of human dignity and a sense of honor”, to “pull up in front of the grave of Adalbert Stifter, to ask forgiveness for the silent memory of this saint for their loud existence and then undertake a physical suicide in solidarity on the kindled pile of their dirty papers and pensticks. "
Stifter himself “does not give the picture of the idyllic of the Biedermeier period” (Weiss 1924, 108), is closer to doubt and suffering and searching in the Abdias , explores limits, avoids pathos, especially that of the revolution. The human soul landscape is mirrored by him in the parallel world of nature. "In this way, to our deepest liberation and satisfaction, the boundary between the human being in the landscape and the landscape in the human being disappears." (Weiss 1924, 110). And yet passion is not erased, but sublimated in the original. Thomas Mann claims that “behind the quiet, intimate precision of his observation of nature, there is an inclination towards the excessive, elementary catastrophic, pathological at work” ( The emergence of Doctor Faustus , 1949). However, Stifter resolutely rejects a zealous passion, like “lightning that splits houses” (3/8). Joseph von Eichendorff can therefore rightly say of him that he has “not a trace of modern disruption, of self-satisfied frivolity, of morally experimenting self-torture”.
WG Sebald complains about the lack of reflection: “A reinterpretation of Stifter is initially made difficult by the irritating and inevitable constructions of meaning that this author has naively insisted on in his hermetic texts. What is striking, however, is that Stifter's positive constructions, such as his much-cited Christian humility, his cosmopolitan pantheism , the claim of the gentle regularity of natural life and the rigid moralism of the stories he tells, are nowhere developed or reflected in his work. "
Works at a glance
- Julius . 1830.
- The Condor . 1840.
- Field flowers . 1841.
- My great-grandfather's portfolio . 1841.
- The old seal . 1843.
- The fool's castle . 1844.
- Studies . 6 volumes, 1844/1847/1850.
- The dancer described . 1846.
- The forest walker . 1847.
- The poor benefactor. 1848.
- Procopus . 1848.
- The sisters. 1850.
- The porter in the manor house. 1852.
- Colorful stones . 2 volumes, 1853 ( volume 1 , volume 2 - digitized and electronic full text in the German text archive ).
- The late summer . 1857 ( Volume 1 , Volume 2 , Volume 3 - digitized and electronic full text in the German text archive ).
- My great-grandfather's portfolio In four versions: 1841/1842, 1847, 1864 and 1867.
- Offspring . 1864.
- Witiko . 3 volumes, 1865–1867.
- The kiss from Sentze. 1866.
- Stories. 1869.
Essays and other writings
- The country school. 1849.
- About the carved high altar in the church in Kefermarkt. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association. Year 13, Linz 1853, pp. 1–19 ( PDF (1 MB) on ZOBODAT ).
- Adalbert Stifter, Johannes Aprent (Hrsg.): Reader for the promotion of humane education in secondary schools and in other secondary schools that prepare for further education. Verlag Gustav Heckenast, Pest 1854 ( reader.digitale-sammlungen.de digitized version ).
- Wittinghausen ruins . Around 1833–1835 (Vienna Museum, Schubert birthplace).
- In the Gosau valley. 1834.
- The Königssee with the Watzmann. 1837, oil on canvas, 36 × 45 cm (Vienna, Austrian Gallery).
- View over Viennese suburban houses - Beatrixgasse. 1839, oil on wood (Vienna, Austrian Gallery).
- View into Beatrixgasse. 1839 (Vienna Museum, Schubert birthplace).
- Lunar landscape with cloudy sky. Around 1850 (Vienna Museum, Schubert birthplace).
- Stifter's works, selection in 6 volumes. Bong, Berlin 1900, with introductions, life picture (70 pages, volume 1), explanations (110 pages, volume 6) ( online at archive.org ).
- Adalbert Stifter. Complete Works. Founded and edited by August Sauer . Continued by Franz Hüller, Gustav Wilhelm et al. Prague: Calve 1904ff., Reichenberg: Kraus 1925ff., Graz: Stiasny 1958ff., 25 volumes (Reprint: Hildesheim: Gerstenberg 1972), known as the Prag-Reichenberger Edition (PRA).
- All the stories after the first prints. Two volumes. Edited by Wolfgang Matz, 2005.
- Works and letters. Historical-critical complete edition. On behalf of the Commission for Modern German Literature of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences ed. by Alfred Doppler, Wolfgang Frühwald and, since 2001, Hartmut Laufhütte , Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978 ff. In addition: Development, edition guidelines and editorial problems. In: Sightings 3 (2000) .
- Adalbert Stifter: Walks through Bohemia and Bavaria. Landscape images from “Das Heidedorf”, “Der Hochwald” and “Witiko”. Unterlauf & Zschiedrich Hörbuchverlag , Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-934384-31-6 .
Associations, museums, projects
|1918||Vienna||On January 28, 1918, the 50th anniversary of Stifter's death, Hugo Schoeppl from Upper Austria founded the Adalbert Stifter Society in Vienna . The foundation of the collection of paintings and drawings by the founder was a dedication by Baron Bachofen von Echt d. Ä. in 1922. From 1952 the exhibits were in the Beethoven memorial in the Pasqualati House on the Mölkerbastei , and since 1996 they have been on display in the Schubert birthplace on Nussdorfer Straße.|
|1947||Munich||The Adalbert Stifter Association in Munich has been committed to preserving the legacy of German-language art and culture in Bohemia since 1947 . The official German-Czech cultural institute, which promotes and supports cultural exchange between Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic, has also been located here since 2001.|
|1949 (–2013)||Corpses||The Rhenish Adalbert Stifter Association founded on March 27, 1949 by Leverkusen Rector Josef van Heukelum († 2009) was relocated to Leverkusen in 1962 and dissolved in 2013 after Heukelum's death after 64 years of existence. The estate of around 3,000 Stifter books came to the Stifter Museum in Schwarzenberg and the Vienna Stifter Society.|
|1950||Linz||The Adalbert Stifter Institute of the State of Upper Austria , founded in 1950, has been housed in the former home of the poet in Linz since 1956, which was reopened in 1993 as the Stifterhaus . It houses the Upper Austrian Literature Museum and is the venue for various literary exhibitions. In May 2005 the Literature Museum in the StifterHaus was named Museum of the Month. The Great Culture Prize of Upper Austria is also called the Adalbert Stifter Prize.|
|1952||augsburg||The Adalbert Stifter Association Augsburg celebrated its 40th anniversary in 1992|
|2002||Kirchschlag||The Adalbert Stifter Society is committed to maintaining the Stiftervilla in the health resort. Cultural events are organized, the proceeds of which flow into this project. The completely renovated house was reopened on June 24, 2018. Another goal is to create a permanent exhibition on Stifter's life and work in the basement of the villa.|
|2003||Top plan||In 2003, Stifter's home town of Oberplan opened an Adalbert Stifter Center . This meeting and study center aims to deepen the cultural ties between Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany.|
|2005||Schwarzenberg||The Schwarzenberg Heritage and Donor Museum is housed in the town's historic primary school. The upper floor, which was extended during Stifter's time as a councilor, has been dedicated to the poet and his pedagogical work as a civil servant school inspector since 2005. The museum was looked after by the Schwarzenberg cultural ring for 40 years, which however disbanded in 2018.|
|2014||Neureichenau||In the Rosenbergergut in Lackenhäuser , Neureichenau municipality, where Stifter made guest appearances on the first floor of the so-called Ladenstöckl six times longer and a total of more than a year between 1855 and 1866 , there had been two memorial rooms for a long time. In 2014 the Bavarian Forest Community set up the three-storey museum “Adalbert Stifter and the Forest” there.|
Monuments and plaques
|1877||Nová Pec (Plöckenstein)||Since an obelisk was erected on Stifter's grave in Linz in 1871, it was decided to build a similar but much larger monument over Lake Plöckenstein. The monument created by architect Heinrich Ferstel was inaugurated on August 26, 1877. During the Cold War , the monument in the border strip between what was then Czechoslovakia and Austria and Germany was not accessible to the public for decades.|
|1902||Frymburk||Boulder with a bronze plaque by Hans Rathausky in memory of Adalbert Stifter, who often visited Frymburk because of his childhood sweetheart Fanny Greipl. The grave slab of Fanny's parents on the church wall in the direction of the ferry still reminds of the love story|
|1902||Linz||On May 24, 1902, the founder monument created by the Viennese sculptor Johann (Hans) Rathausky was unveiled on the Linz promenade in front of the former offices of the founder in the Linz country house. The life-size figure of the poet sits on a granite rock that was brought from the Bohemian Forest, his right hand in his lap, his left arm resting on the rock seat, with a coat and hat next to him.|
|1906||Horní Planá (upper plan)||In 1903, with regard to the commemorative year 1905, preparatory work for a memorial was commissioned from Johann Rathausky in Oberplan. “However, the Viennese Ministry of Education did not particularly like the monument design. The academic sculptor Karl Wilfert the Younger from Eger received a new commission, and the monument he created was ceremoniously unveiled on August 26, 1906 with the participation of around 6000 guests, including over 100 associations. "|
|1919||Vienna-Währing||On January 23, 1919, the Adalbert Stifter memorial made possible by Karl Adolf Bachofen von Echt and created by Karl Philipp was unveiled in the Türkenschanzpark .|
|Vienna-Penzing||The portrait of Adalbert Stifter, embedded in the uncut rock, dates from the 1st quarter of the 20th century. It is located on the Sofienalpenstraße near Mauerbach .|
|1954||Valhalla||At the request of the Sudeten German Ackermann community , a bust of the poet was added to the Walhalla on September 26, 1954 by a Bavarian ministerial decision. It comes from Otto Herbert Hajek and, in addition to being recognized, has also received severe criticism and polemics. In expectation of simple and conservative features, the smooth shape was disturbing with its “strictly minimalist design that eliminates emotions and traces of age”. An article in the 1996 yearbook of the Adalbert Stifter Institute Linz emphasizes that Hajek followed the norms of the Walhalla busts: "He stylized donors into monumental smoothness until they were geometrically unrecognizable".
Stifter himself had not been able to make friends with the Walhalla. From a letter to his publisher Gustav Heckenast on July 7, 1865: “We drove to Regensburg on Thursday. The Walhalla I liked this time-is not; Her visit cost me tears years ago, now I would have felt angry. This deification of the dead who have been crucified in life and are still being crucified is too outrageous and disgusting. "
|1982||Munich||The Adalbert Stifter memorial created by Leopold Hafner stands on Böhmerwaldplatz in Munich-Bogenhausen|
|1989||Trieste||Memorial plaque in Trieste, where Stifter was staying in June 1857|
Several schools were named after donors. B. in Bozen ( South Tyrol ), elementary schools in Erlangen , Forchheim , Fürth , Heusenstamm , Neugablonz and Würzburg , secondary schools in Heidenheim an der Brenz , Munich and Schwäbisch Gmünd as well as high schools in Castrop-Rauxel , Linz and Passau .
Probably the oldest Adalbert-Stifter-Straße in Germany is located in Munich's Bogenhausen district , in the Herzogpark . In his work Herr und Hund , Thomas Mann tells how he goes for a walk with his dog Bauschan: “There is a Gellert, an Opitz, a Fleming, a Bürgerstrasse, and there is even an Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse, to which I walk with particularly sympathetic devotion in my nail shoes. "
For the Adalbert-Stifter-Gesellschaft Wien, the street names were just as important as the unveiling of monuments or memorial plaques at former benefactors' homes, but were initially rather rare until 1945. The first Adalbert Stifter Almanac (1937) only mentions a street name in Linz (1869) and another in Vienna (1899). It was only with the resettlement of the displaced in Austria and especially in Bavaria that the number grew in “multiple combinations with Sudeten and Joseph von Eichendorff streets”. It was less about a literary appreciation: "The patrons of the lost homeland should make it easier for people to settle in the new areas of refuge." The same applies to residential complexes and their design. For example, in Gersthofen there is the Adalbert-Stifter-Siedlung with the Stifter-Platz, on which a monument in honor of Adalbert Stifter is erected.
- The Adalbert Stifter Medal is a literature advancement award within the scope of the Austrian State Prize for Literature.
- The Adalbert Stifter Prize is a culture prize for literature from the Province of Upper Austria .
- The donor archive of the National Library of the Czech Republic (Clementinum) contains 559 letters from donor.
- The Stiftergarten was set up in Schlägl Abbey for the poet's 200th birthday . It shows elements that play a special role in Adalbert Stifter's descriptions of nature.
- Urban Roedl : Adalbert Stifter in personal testimonies and photo documents. Rowohlt TB, Reinbek 1965.
- Bruno Hillebrand : Adalbert Stifter - still available today? Essay on the 100th year of death. 1968, pp. 358-367 ( digi20.digitale-sammlungen.de , 10 pages).
- Franz Baumer: The gentle law. Novel about Adalbert Stifter. Passau 1978 ( books.google.de review).
- Franz Baumer: Adalbert Stifter. Munich 1989.
- Wolfgang Matz : Adalbert Stifter or This terrible turn of things. Biography. Carl Hanser, Munich / Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-446-18317-5 , also as dtv paperback, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-423-34220-X . Revised and expanded new edition. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2016, ISBN 978-3-8353-1799-4 .
- Wolfgang Matz: violence of what has become. On the work of Adalbert Stifter. Droschl, Graz 2005, ISBN 3-85420-691-7 .
- Wolfgang Matz: 1857: Flaubert, Baudelaire, founder. S. Fischer, Frankfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-048920-3 .
- Johannes Kersten: Eichendorff and Stifter: From open to closed space. Paderborn 1996 ( digi20.digitale-sammlungen.de 200 pages).
- Hendrik Achenbach: Nature versus Culture? 'Wild Girls' in Adalbert Stifter's short story. Master's thesis, Siegen 1998 ( urn : nbn: de: hebis: 30: 3-425643 , publications.ub.uni-frankfurt.de PDF).
- Karl Pörnbacher: Adalbert Stifter literary knowledge. Ditzingen 1998.
- Mathias Mayer: Adalbert Stifter. Telling as recognizing. Reclam, Stuttgart 2001 (short and thoroughly differentiated presentation of all Stifter's stories).
- Günter Helmes : Colorful stones as a “supplement to the law”? A re-reading of Adalbert Stifter. In: literature and life. Anthropological Aspects in Modern Culture. Helmut Scheuer on his 60th birthday. Edited by Günter Helmes et al., Tübingen 2002, pp. 55–70.
- Michael Wild: Repetition and variation in Adalbert Stifter's work. Würzburg 2001 ( books.google.de ).
- Peter Becher : Adalbert Stifter. Longing for harmony. A biography. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2005, ISBN 3-7917-1950-5 (the author was managing director of the “Adalbert Stifter Verein” in Munich until 2018).
- Frauke Berndt: Nothing but the truth: on grammatological metaphysics in Adalbert Stifter's “Mein Leben”. Article, Verlag JB Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2005 ( tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de PDF, 32 pages).
- Joseph Berlinger : “I have to see the sea.” A trip with Adalbert Stifter. 2005, ISBN 3-86512-005-9 ( content, review, etc. ).
- Michèle Godau: Real Reality: Myth and Ritual with Adalbert Stifter and Hans H.Jahnn. Würzburg 2005 ( books.google.de ).
- Leopold Federmair : Adalbert Stifter and the joys of bigotry , Otto Müller, Salzburg / Vienna 2005, ISBN 978-3-7013-1095-1 .
- Hannah Arendt : Great Friend of Reality: AS In: Reflections on Literature and Culture. SUP Stanford, Calif. 2007, ISBN 978-0-8047-4499-7 ( books.google.de ; English).
- Jochen Berendes: Irony - Comedy - Skepticism: Studies on Adalbert Stifter's work. Tübingen 2009, 400 pp. ( Books.google.de ).
- Michael Klein, Wolfgang Wiesmüller: Adalbert Stifter. The 200th birthday in the mirror of literary criticism (= Innsbruck studies on everyday reception. 7/2008). LIT-Verlag, Vienna / Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-8258-1814-2 ( books.google.de ).
- Arnold Stadler : My founder. Portrait of a future suicide and five photographs. DuMont, Cologne 2005, ISBN 3-8321-7909-7 .
- Bernhard M. Baron : Founder in the Stiftland. How Adalbert Stifter came to Mitterteich in 1865. In: Heimat - Tirschenreuth district. Volume 24/2012. Pressath 2012, ISBN 978-3-939247-28-9 , pp. 158-162.
- Marcel Oswald: The third eye: on the objective design of perception in Adalbert Stifter's stories about the way (= Zurich German studies. Volume 12). Peter Lang, Bern / Paris 1988, ISBN 3-261-03812-8 ( dissertation Uni Zurich 1987, 156 pages).
- Arno Schmidt: The gentle monster. One hundred years of late summer (Adalbert Stifter). In: Arno Schmidt: Messages from books and people, Volume 2: On the literature of the 19th century. Fischer Taschenbuchverlag, Frankfurt a. M. 1971. (Licensed edition by :) Arno Schmidt: Belphegor: Messages from books and people. Stahlberg 1961.
- Martin Tielke : Gentle law and historical necessity. Adalbert Stifter between restoration and revolution. Frankfurt am Main / Bern / Las Vegas 1979, ISBN 978-3-8204-6533-4 .
- Norbert Langer: Stifter's Confidence: The Soft Law. In: Sudetenland. Volume 33, 1991, Issue 3, pp. 206-216.
Periodicals and edited volumes
- International documentation of donor research in the Adalbert Stifter Institute of Upper Austria Linz
- from 1952 to 1993: quarterly publication of the Adalbert Stifter Institute of the State of Upper Austria (= VASILO).
- since 1994: Yearbook of the Adalbert Stifter Institute of the Province of Upper Austria.
- 38 finds on Adalbert Stifter in the Oberösterreichische Heimatbl Blätter 1947–2000 in the forum OoeGeschichte.at, accessed on April 22, 2018
- Hartmut Laufhütte , Karl Möseneder (Ed.): Adalbert Stifter. Poet and painter, monument conservator and schoolboy. New approaches to his work. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen 1996, ISBN 3-484-10719-7 (content: Rec. 1–29 of the MLA Bibliography ).
- Walter Hettche, Johannes John, Sibylle von Steinsdorff (ed.): Stifter studies. A festive present for Wolfgang Frühwald on his 65th birthday. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen 2000, ISBN 3-484-10828-2 ( content ); Extract from it: Ulrike Landfester: The author as donor or my great-grandfather's portfolio. ( Digitized version ).
- Jattie Enklaar, Hans Ester (ed.): Security and danger in the epic and picturesque world of Adalbert Stifter (= Deutsche Chronik. 55). Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2006, ISBN 3-8260-3286-1 (19 essays, books.google.de ).
- Christian Begemann, Davide Guiriato: Stifter-Handbuch. Life - work - effect. JB Metzler, Stuttgart 2017, ISBN 3-476-02545-4 .
- The cut through the throat or The Resurrection of Adalbert Stifter. Austria 2004, documentary by Kurt Palm .
- Brigitta . Screenplay and director Dagmar Knöpfel , Germany 1993/94, with Karl Achleitner , Tamás Jordán a . a.
- Bergkristall by Joseph Vilsmaier , Germany 2005, with Dana Vávrová , Daniel Morgenroth a . a.
- The novella Kalkstein was filmed by Maurizio Zaccaro as La valle di pietra / Kalkstein ( Italy , 1992).
- Literature by and about Adalbert Stifter in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Adalbert Stifter in the German Digital Library
- Works by Adalbert Stifter at Zeno.org .
- 41 paintings and 16 drawings at: Zeno.org.
- Works by Adalbert Stifter in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Adalbert Stifter in the Internet Archive
- Entry on Adalbert Stifter in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- literaturkritik.de 11/2005 online : essays and reviews on the 200th birthday
- Original manuscripts of his works, digitized , Bayr. State Library
- Manuscripts and letters in libraries and archives
- Adalbert Stifter Institute of the State of Upper Austria - Article on Adalbert Stifter
- Adalbert Stifter pages from the Linz cultural association
- Letter to GCF Richter dated June 21, 1866 online at archive.org
- Edda Ziegler: In the Zirkelodem der Sterne. 'About the solar eclipse on July 8, 1847 in Vienna' . In: Walter Hettche, Johannes John and Sibylle von Steinsdorff (ed.): Stifter studies. A festive present for Wolfgang Frühwald on his 65th birthday . Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen 2000, pp. 4-19, here pp. 10-11.
- Moriz Enzinger : Adalbert Stifter's academic years (1818–1830). Innsbruck 1950.
- Antonius Lux (ed.): Great women of world history. 1000 biographies in words and pictures . Sebastian Lux Verlag , Munich 1963, p. 339: Short biography of Amalie Mohaupt .
- Jungmair, Otto: Adalbert Stifter as a preservationist , Linz 1973 (series of publications by the Adalbert Stifter Institute of the State of Upper Austria; 28)
- Website of the Upper Austria. Art association
- Kurt Palm: Soup Taube Asparagus very very good: Eating and drinking with Adalbert Stifter. A literary cookbook , Vienna 1999, ISBN 978-3-85409-313-8
- White eclipse - Adalbert Stifter and the snow hell of Lackenhäuser by Bernhard Setzwein, broadcast by Bayerischer Rundfunk on December 21, 2014 as part of the series Bavaria: Land and People Link to BR
- BR2 - Radio Wissen: Adalbert Stifter - Der Nachsommer from September 13, 2016, accessed on September 30, 2016
- Adalbert Stifter biography on the biography portal www.die-biografien.de , Adalbert Stifter is considered a master of Biedermeier-like depictions of nature (accessed on June 20, 2013)
- Quoted in Enklaar, Ester: Security and Danger ... p. 60 ( books.google.de ).
- Nietzsche, The Treasure of German Prose
- Die Fackel, April 1916, pp. 56–58
- ... the lightning that divides houses, the storm that drives the surf, the fire-breathing mountain, the earthquake that sheds countries ... Quoted from the preface by the Bunte Steine (first edition from 1853, p. 3 ( books.google.at ) .
- Eichendorff: About the ethical and religious significance of the more recent romantic poetry ... p. 290 f. ( books.google.de ).
- cit. in Enklaar, Ester: Security and Danger ... p. 7 ( books.google.de ).
- The Adalbert Stifter Society Vienna on wienmuseum.at
- Kathrin Schüller: Stifter-Gemeinschaft ends its work on solinger-tageblatt.de
- Literature on the Adalbert-Stifter-Verein Augsburg in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Heimat und Stiftermuseum Schwarzenberg on adalbertstifter.at
- Stifter Museum Lackenhäuser on adalbertstifter.at
- Museum - Donors and the Forest on bayerischer-wald.de
- The donor memorial in Oberplan .. In: Neue Freie Presse , Abendblatt, May 2, 1903, p. 9 (online at ANNO ).
- Anniversary celebration on Gutwasserberg. 100 years of the Adalbert Stifter monument in Oberplan . www.adalbertstifter.at ( Memento from December 4, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Peter Becher : Adalbert Stifter. Longing for Harmony , p. 234
- Rolf Selbmann: Late colored stones. The monuments for Adalbert Stifter. In: Yearbook of the Adalbert Stifter Institute of the Province of Upper Austria. Volume 3, 1996, pp. 110-128, here p. 112.
- Adalbert Stifter Memorial on stadt-muenchen.net.
- quoted from Ulrich Dittmann (ed.): Stifter-Kontexte. On the practical value of a classic. Accompanying volume for the exhibition of the same name. Adalbert Stifter Association, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-9808097-6-5 , chapter Stifter streets , p. 31.
- Ulrich Dittmann: Stifterkontexte , p. 32 f.
- Jattie Enklaar, Hans Ester (ed.): Security and danger in the epic and picturesque world of Adalbert Stifter. Würzburg 2006, p. 39 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Stifter, Albert (maiden name); Pseudonym Ostade|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian teacher, writer and painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 23, 1805|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Top plan|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 28, 1868|
|Place of death||Linz|