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Angel of Peace

Bogenhausen is a district of the Bavarian capital Munich . Bogenhausen is also the name for Munich's urban district 13 , to which, in addition to the eponymous district of Bogenhausen, seven other districts of Munich belong. Bogenhausen is one of the top residential areas in Munich with high property prices.

Coordinates: 48 ° 9 '  N , 11 ° 36'  E


Bogenhausen on a map from 1858

Bogenhausen was first mentioned in 768 under the name Pupinhusir . The name means "house / houses of Poapo / Poppo / Pubo".

For a long time, Bogenhausen was a mansion with several castles. Among its residents was Count Montgelas , under whose aegis on August 25, 1805 in the Fleischerschlösschen (now the seat of the Federal Finance Court) the secret Bogenhausen Treaty was concluded between the Electorate of Bavaria and France , which created the Kingdom of Bavaria .

In 1818 the place was raised to a municipality, two years after the Royal Observatory (since 1938 Munich University Observatory ) had been built in what is now Altbogenhausen .

Under Prince Regent Luitpold , one of the most glamorous districts of Munich with stately villas and particularly splendid town houses and its own theater ( Prinzregententheater ) on Prinzregentenplatz was created at the end of Prinzregentenstrasse as an arterial road to the former independent count's seat Bogenhausen, in keeping with the rich aristocracy of the place .

On January 1, 1892, Bogenhausen was incorporated into Munich.

Since 1918, Bogenhausen has been the seat of the Reichsfinanzhof , and since 1950 the seat of the Bundesfinanzhof (one of the five highest courts of law in the Federal Republic of Germany ) in the butcher's palace.

In 1957, Parkstadt Bogenhausen , Munich's first large residential complex, was built.


Catholic parish church St. Georg, Munich-Bogenhausen


The old town center can be found at the old parish church of St. Georg , Bogenhauser Kirchplatz 1, and at Ismaninger and Hompeschstraße. Since the late founding period, a large, representative villa and tenement district was built from Prinzregentenstrasse in the direction of St. Georg with clear urban planning, which still shapes the image of Bogenhausen in public opinion today. Examples are the Villa Stuck , the Hildebrandhaus and the building in which the Federal Fiscal Court is based today. In World War II hardly damaged, the quarter was largely retained its character. The development in the outer areas with several preserved village centers received important impulses from large residential complexes built in the post-war period . It all started in 1957 with Parkstadt Bogenhausen as Munich's first large residential complex with high-rise buildings. In the following 30 years, seven more large residential complexes with around 15,000 residential units were built, which have since developed into districts with their own identity.

Historic districts of the municipality of Bogenhausen

Bogenhausen as a glass window motif in Munich City Hall
  • Brunnthal , municipality of Bogenhausen: The place was first mentioned in a document dated November 3, 1544 as Pruntal . The center is the Brunnhaus in the valley, below the Isar slope of Bogenhausen, which is already occupied on November 3, 1544. Raised a spa town in the 19th century, the place has been called "Bad Brunnthal" ever since. The business license for the spa and sanatorium was last granted in 1891. The incorporation as part of the municipality of Bogenhausen took place on January 1, 1892.
  • Neuberghausen , municipality of Bogenhausen: The first mention was made on July 8, 1740 as Neuberghaußen . The name probably originated from a transfer from the von Lachenmayr family, who owned it at the time and had owned Berghausen near Abensberg since the 17th century. In 1652 the "Hofstatt on the Perg zu Pogenhausen" is attested. On June 3, 1740, Neuberghausen was bought by Caspar Gregor von Lachenmayr , whose nobility was confirmed by Elector Karl Albrecht in 1740 and whose palace was elevated to the seat of a noble family on July 8, 1740. On September 30, 1740 he was granted the freedom of the land and noblemen and "the name Neuberghaußen was added". Incorporation as part of the municipality of Bogenhausen was on January 1, 1892.
  • Priel , municipality of Bogenhausen: first mentioned in 1305 as Prül . The name means "meadow overgrown with bushes", also "zoo", "game reserve" (see also the description.) Until 1812, the priel belonged mainly to Oberföhring and thus until 1803 to the Freising monastery . The originally Bavarian part of the place consisted in 1715/1716 only of an electoral brick factory right on the border of the bishopric. In 1809 the hamlet of Priel is mentioned with 2½ house numbers, including 1 brick factory. Two farms with the name Prielhöfe ("Prvelhoef") are already occupied in 1288/1304. In 1812/1818 the entire village became part of the Bogenhausen community. The incorporation as part of the municipality of Bogenhausen took place on January 1, 1892.

New quarters in the area of ​​the former municipality of Bogenhausen

Hypo house on Richard-Strauss-Strasse
  • Arabellapark : The name of the residential area is derived from thestreet named in1964 after the opera Arabella by the Munich composer Richard Strauss . On July 5, 1966, the municipal committee of the city council named the settlement for the first time "Building area Bogenhausen II, Arabella-Park"; since then, Arabellapark has been the official name for the district. This Arabellastraße was still undeveloped in 1965, construction began in 1966. First, the construction of various high-rise buildings with very high use took place, such as 1968/1969 the 75 m high Arabellahaus by Toby Schmidbauer , which originally housed maisonette apartments, a hotel, a medical center and the like. a. for ophthalmology included.

The Arabellapark is popularly called the Richard-Strauss-Viertel, after the streets named after him and his numerous operas, such as Richard Strauss-Straße, a section of the Middle Ring that delimits the Arabellapark from Altbogenhausen, Elektrastraße , Daphnestraße , Rosenkavalierplatz , Ariadneweg , Salomeweg and the eponymous Arabellastraße . After the merger of the Arabellahotel group with Sheraton , the hotel operations are concentrated in the Sheraton Hotel (architect: Edgar Frasch, 1969/1971).

In the 1980s, under the direction of Bayerische Hausbau, the construction was designed as a district with a mixed structure of living, working, supply and leisure, as well as being a hotel and congress center and office location. The dominant building is the HVB Tower (Hypo-Haus). Various state institutions are also based, such as the Bavarian State Ministry for the Environment and Consumer Protection on Elektrastraße or the branch of the Munich Adult Education Center and the district library of the Munich City Library on Rosenkavalierplatz.

In 2009 the Arabella Hotel became the Sheraton Arabellapark Hotel and the Sheraton Hotel opposite became the Westin Grand Hotel.

Public transport: underground line 4, Arabellapark station ; Tram line 16; several MVG bus routes .

  • Atrium settlement Bogenhausen : The residential area, built in 1932, is on Delpstrasse (formerly Wasserburger Strasse), near the confluence with Denninger Strasse. The houses were built in 1932 based on the model of Roman houses: at ground level and without stairs. Two wings meet at right angles, while the third and fourth sides close the property to a square with garden walls. A few hundred meters away on Wehrlestrasse are the new Catholic parish church of Heilig Blut, which was inaugurated in 1934, and the Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church .
  • Am Prielhof and Gartenstadt Bogenhausen-Priel : After the end of the clay mining, two settlements emerged in the area of ​​the historic Priel from 1934: The Gartenstadt Bogenhausen-Priel, also popularly known as the "Richard Wagner Quarter", consists mainly of single-family and semi-detached houses and is located between Oberföhringerstrasse and Cosimastrasse, as well as on Wahnfriedallee and Lohengrinstrasse . The eastern part is occupied by the Bogenhausen Clinic (on the site of the former allotment gardens Karl-Freytag-Land or Wotansgarten ) and the large allotment garden complex Schlösselgarten eV, built in 1946 with a public beer garden (on the site of a flak system in use from 1943 to 1945). To the west of the allotment garden, in the Odinshain (with the Wotans monument by Heinrich Natter ) is the Höchl-Schlössl , which was built in the first quarter of the 19th century and which, after the death of its owner, Munich's master mason Joseph Höchl , was given over by his son, the architectural painter Anton Höchl was inhabited; the extensive property of over 38 hectares was sold by the community of heirs to the city of Munich in 1926, and the Höchlschlössl was divided into apartments in 1958. To the south-west of it, from Odinstrasse and also on both sides of Effnerstrasse , there is the single-family housing estate " Am Prielhof ", which connects to the Herzogpark on the high bank of the Isar.
  • Herzogpark : In 1805, Count Montgelas had a park laid out north of the Bogenhausen Bridge , between the Isar and Montgelasstrasse to his Stepperg Palace, by the garden architect Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell . This was later acquired by Duke Max in Bavaria, after whom the park was then named Herzogpark . Around 1900 the ducal family could no longer hold the park. The land was given to a terrestrial company, which divided it up into building land and began building. The Herzogpark is geographically isolated, in the west by the Isar, in the east by the Isar high bank. The Herzogpark is bounded by Montgelasstrasse and Oberföhringer Strasse. It is accessed through Mauerkircher Straße. For many years, access to the Herzogpark was only possible via Mauerkircher Straße. At Kufsteiner Platz the entrance was secured by a barrier with a gatekeeper who only allowed residents and their guests to enter. The gatekeeper's house is now a flower shop. The celebrities should be shielded.

After moving from the house at Mauerkircherstraße 13 to the house Poschingerstraße 1, Thomas Mann lived there with his wife and children Erika , Klaus , Golo and Monika , after which also in 1956 the Föhringer Allee in Thomas-Mann-Allee has been renamed. “This is neither a forest nor a park, this is a magic garden, nothing more and nothing less,” he described the Herzogpark in 1919 in the novel Herr und Hund . Other residents were Erich Kästner , Bruno Frank , Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen , Rudolf Diesel , Friedrich Karl Flick and Georg and August Pschorr .

Since then, the Herzogpark has been regarded as one of the most elegant districts of Munich, in which traditionally the commercial and political elite live, in contrast to Grünwald , home of the cultural upper class. It was not until the 1960s that Mauerkircher Strasse in the north of the Herzogpark was connected to Oberföhringer Strasse. Since then, the Herzogpark is no longer a “dead end”.

  • Parkstadt Bogenhausen : The Bogenhausen park housing complex was built in 1955/1956 (laying of the foundation stone on November 11, 1954, completion December 31, 1956) as the first closed residential complex of the post-war period in Bavaria. The name Parkstadt Bogenhausen was first mentioned in a meeting on the division of the city districts on May 26, 1964, decided by the city council on April 6 and 7, 1965. It refers to the park-like landscape in which the houses are placed. Public transport: U4 .

Well-known residents and people associated with Bogenhausen (architects, sculptors, artists)

Education and culture



  • Reinhold Häfner, Willibald Karl: Bogenhausen. From a rural parish village to a posh district . Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-927984-11-6 .
  • Klaus Gallas : Munich. From the Guelph foundation of Henry the Lion to the present: art, culture, history . DuMont, Cologne 1979, ISBN 3-7701-1094-3 (DuMont documents: DuMont art travel guide).
  • Dagmar Bäuml-Stosiek: The Bogenhausen cemetery . München-Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-937090-42-9 .
  • Klaus Bäumler: Paris as a role model. In the footsteps of Count Montgelas in Munich, on the Isar and in Bogenhausen . Bavaria and Marianne, Munich 1997 (Charivari special issue).
  • Roland Krack (Ed.): The Parkstadt Bogenhausen in Munich . Volk, Munich 2006, ISBN 978-3-937200-10-1 .
  • Helmuth Stahleder : From Allach to Zamilapark. Names and basic historical data on the history of Munich and its incorporated suburbs . Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-934036-46-5 .
  • Willibald Karl: The Möhlstrasse . No street like any other. Among employees by Gisela Scola and Katharina Karl . Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 1998, ISBN 978-3-927984-75-2 .
  • Willibald Karl and Karin Pohl: Bogenhausen - time travel to old Munich . Volk Verlag, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-86222-113-4 .
  • Peter Klimesch: Isar lust. Discoveries in Munich. MünchenVerlag, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-937090-47-4 (therein section and pictures about Bad Brunnthal).
  • Fritz Lutz : From the past of the Priel near Munich-Bogenhausen . Self-published, Krailling near Munich 1991.
  • Willibald Karl (and ed.) As well as K. Bäumler, D. Gribl, D. Heißerer, D. Klein, P. Müller and G. Scola: Der Herzogpark - Wandlungen einer Zaubergarten. Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-934036-17-1 .

Web links

Commons : Bogenhausen  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Montgelas
  2. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
  3. ^ Addendum to the prehistory of the Bavarians , ".. Prüel Pruoil ..", p. 35, Vincenz Pall von Pallhausen, 1815, Google eBook.
  4. ^ Phillip Apian map, 1568, signature: Hbks / F 15b, Bay. State library online.
  5. ^ Map of the area around Munich ... , ".. Priel ..", Héritiers de Homan, Nuremberg, 1743, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  6. Munich & surroundings , ".. Fasangarten ..", engraving, Perrier, J., 1700–1799, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  7. P. Lukas Wirth OSB: The Prielhof - the Meierhof of the Scheyern Monastery. Website of the Scheyern Monastery.
  8. Gazette, Number 6, June 2005, Thomas Manns Münchner Villa
  9. SZ, Bogenhausen, from the farming village to the noble quarter ( Memento from May 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive )