Jakob Heilmann

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Jakob Heilmann

Jakob Heilmann (born August 21, 1846 in Geiselbach ( Lower Franconia ), † February 15, 1927 in Munich ) was a German architect , terrain developer and building contractor .


As the son of master glazier and carpenter Peter Heilmann (1811–1888) and his wife Margarethe, née Pfaff (1817–1878), Jakob Heilmann attended the building trade school in Munich and took his final exam at the age of 19. He sat in for a semester at the Zurich Polytechnic , where he was employed as a technician building a train station. After a brief activity in Aschaffenburg , he went to Berlin to study in the master's atelier of Schinkel's student Martin Gropius and at the Berlin Building Academy .

Around 1868 he returned to Bavaria and devoted himself to railway construction, initially as an employee. He was involved in building stations in Munich, the Südbahnhof and Ostbahnhof , and in Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate . From the year 1871, which is therefore considered the year of birth of the construction business J. Heilmann, he built the railway lines Obertraubling - Köfering - Eggmühl , Warngau - Schaftlach - Reichersbeuern - Tölz , Vilseck - Weiden , Nördlingen - Dinkelsbühl on his own account.

In 1877 he settled in Munich and devoted himself to building construction. In 1892, his son-in-law Max Littmann entered the construction business, creating the general partnership (oHG) Heilmann & Littmann , which was later converted into a limited liability company (GmbH). The real estate business was the Heilmann'sche Property Company Ltd and diverse terrain companies supervised.

The company was particularly active in the construction of single-family houses and villas, including in the Munich districts of Gern , Bogenhausen , Solln and Prinz-Ludwigshöhe .

Magnificent and large buildings by Heilmann & Littmann in Munich were the Schackgalerie , the Prinzregententheater , the publishing house of the Munich Latest News , the new Hofbräuhaus building, as well as various spa and department stores. Jakob Heilmann also founded the electricity supplier Isarwerke GmbH.

After partners Max Littmann and Richard Reverdy left the company in 1908 and 1909, his sons Albert and Otto joined the construction company; Jakob Heilmann did not leave until his death in 1927. It rests on the old part of the Munich forest cemetery .

Political role

According to his own statement, Heilmann had been politically active since his youth and, on the occasion of the German War, became a partisan of Bismarck , who promoted the unification of the German Empire. As a free trade opponent, Heilmann converted from the National Liberal Party to the Conservatives .

In 1884 he ran - as a counting candidate, as he put it - in the constituency of Upper Bavaria 2 (Munich) for the Conservative Party to the German Reichstag , presumably to prevent the re-election of the city ​​priest Anton Westermayer, who was running for the center , and instead the SPD politician Georg von Vollmar to provide the mandate.

Heilmann regretted the growing German-English conflict before the First World War. Therefore, he was a member of a German-English mutual agreement committee led by the Munich Anglicist and university professor Ernst Sieper and the British Minister of War and later Lord Chancellor Richard Haldane , organized a welcoming evening for the English guests at his Schwaneck Castle and took part in the subsequent return visit to London . After the First World War he belonged to the German National People's Party ( he no longer experienced the radicalization under the chairmanship of Hugenberg ), but also supported other parties that he regarded as supporting the state.


Jakob Heilmann married Ida Katharina, née Rosipal (1850–1879) in 1870. From this marriage came the sons Karl (1873-1897) and Heinrich (1876-1879) as well as the daughter Ida, who was married to Littmann. In his second marriage in 1880 he married Josefine, née Hierl (1860–1926). From this marriage came the children Paula Josefine (1880–1967), Josefine Anna (1882–1977), Friederike Jacobine Frieda (1883–1977), Priska (1885–1887), Albert Max (1886–1949), Otto (1888– 1945), Elisabeth (1890–1890) and Irene Pauline Maria Margarete (1895–1990).



  • Suggestion to found a building association in Aschaffenburg . In: intelligence sheet. Supplement to the Aschaffenburger Zeitung , 28. – 31. March 1868, nos. 124-127.
  • Buildings carried out by Heilmann and Littmann, Munich . Bruckmann, Munich undated
  • Family houses-Colonie Nymphenburg-Gern. A practical attempt to solve the economic question of the family house . Werner, Munich undated
  • The Royal Theater in Bad Kissingen built by Heilmann & Littmann, Munich . Heilmann'sche Immobilien-Gesellschaft, Munich 1905.
  • Munich in its structural development: a look into its past, present and future . Kellerer, Munich 1881.
  • The hall of the brewery zum Münchner Kindl, von Heilmann and Littmann . Mühlthaler, Munich 1899.
  • Hall construction of the Bavarian Lion brewery in Munich, designed and executed by the Heilmann and Littmann construction company in Munich . Mühlthaler, Munich 1900.
  • Proposals as a necessary basis for the better design and development of the road network and the main arteries of the city of Munich . (Print)
  • Forest villa colony Prinz Ludwigshöhe . Munich 1924/25.
  • Two Munich department store buildings. Extract from the memorandum of occasional completion of the Oberpollinger department store and the Hermann Tietz department store in Munich . Munich around 1905


  • [Anonymous]: Speeches on the occasion of the ceremony to mark the centenary of Heilmann and Littmann Bau-AG on October 27, 1971 in the ballroom of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich. Heilmann & Littmann Bau-AG, Munich 1971.
  • [Anonymous]: Planning and building for the future. 100 years of Heilmann & Littmann Bau-Aktiengesellschaft, Munich. Brok & Feierabend, Heilbronn 1971.
  • Dorothea von Herder: 100 years of villa colony Gern. Association for the Preservation of Gerns, Munich 1992.
  • Dorle Gribl : Villa colonies in Munich and the surrounding area, the influence of Jakob Heilmann on urban development. Buchendorfer-Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-934036-02-3 .
  • Dorle Gribl: Geiselgasteig in the Isar valley. “The most exquisite destination for desires that flee the city”. Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-934036-36-8 .
  • Hans Wolfram von Hentig:  Heilmann, Jakob. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 262 ( digitized version ).
  • Max Littmann: The royal Hofbräuhaus in Munich. Designed and executed by Heilmann & Littmann. Werner, Munich 1897.
  • Max Littmann (Ed.): The Prinzregenten Theater in Munich. Built by the Heilmann & Littmann construction business. Memorandum to celebrate d. Opening. Werner, Munich 1901.
  • Michael Rauck u. a .: Jakob Heilmann. 150 years, 1846-1927; Inauguration of "Röhrborn" August 25, 1996. Geiselbach local council, Geiselbach 1996.
  • Georg J. Wolf: Engineer J. Heilmann and the construction business Heilmann and Littmann. A look back at forty years of work. Bruckmann, Munich 1911.

Web links

Commons : Jakob Heilmann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. knerger.de: The grave of Jakob Heilmann
  2. Jakob Heilmann: Memoirs. Knorr & Hirth, Munich 1921.