Joseph von Eichendorff

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Joseph von Eichendorff (1841)

Joseph Karl Benedikt Freiherr von Eichendorff (born March 10, 1788 at Lubowitz Castle near Ratibor , Upper Silesia , †  November 26, 1857 in Neisse , Upper Silesia) was an important poet and writer of German Romanticism . With around five thousand settings, he is one of the most widely set German-language poets and is still present today as a prose poet ( From the life of a good-for-nothing ) .


Ruins of Lubowitz Palace in 2008

Eichendorff's parents were the Prussian officer Adolf Theodor Rudolf Freiherr von Eichendorff (1756-1818) and his wife Karoline geb. Freiin von Kloch (1766–1822). His mother came from a noble Silesian family, from whose property she inherited Lubowitz Castle . The Catholic noble family of Eichendorff has been resident in Silesia since the 17th century.

From 1793 to 1801 Joseph was taught at home by Pastor Bernhard Heinke with his brother Wilhelm von Eichendorff, who was one and a half years older than him. In addition to extensive reading of adventure and chivalric novels and ancient legends, the first childlike literary attempts followed. In 1794 he traveled to Prague , 1799 to Karlovy Vary and again to Prague, after which he recorded his impressions of the journey in the first notes. On November 12, 1800, he began to write a diary and write a natural history with his own illustrations.

In October 1801 Joseph and Wilhelm began attending the Catholic Matthias Gymnasium in Breslau with an internal apartment in the St. Josephs Konvikt (until 1804). His father's cousin, Johann Friedrich von Eichendorff, made it possible to attend grammar school through financial grants, because the father - who temporarily owned several properties - had suffered business ruin a year earlier and was on the run from his creditors. Frequent visits to the theater and early poems are known from this period. The friendship with his classmate Joseph Christian von Zedlitz was also established here. From 1805 to 1806 studied Eichendorff in Hall Jura and also visited philological lectures by Friedrich August Wolf , Friedrich Schleiermacher and Henrik Steffens . While visiting the theater in Bad Lauchstädt , he saw a guest performance by Goethe's Weimar stage. A journey through the Harz Mountains took him to Hamburg and Lübeck . In August 1806 Eichendorff returned to Lubowitz Castle, where he enjoyed the social life with balls and hunts in the area.

In May 1807 the decision was made to continue studying in Heidelberg in order to avoid the war after the siege of the neighboring city of Cosel by Napoleonic and Bavarian troops. Heidelberg in the new, the Napoleonic Confederation of the Rhine associated Grand Duchy of Baden ran avoid attack risk and the university was much has been invested by the 1803rd The route was chosen so that war-endangered Prussian areas were avoided. Instead, a southern detour via Moravia , Austria and Bavaria was chosen. The two brothers left on May 4, 1807 and traveled to Heidelberg via Linz , Regensburg and Nuremberg .

Eichendorff attended legal lectures there with Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut , but attended a. a. also those at Joseph Görres . He became briefly acquainted with Achim von Arnim ; a closer friendship connected him with the poet Otto von Loeben ("Isidorus Orientalis"). Together with their friends theologians Friedrich Strauss and Wilhelm Budde (1786–1860, pseudonym "Astralis") they formed the "Eleusinian League" and exchanged their poems.

In April 1808 Eichendorff undertook an educational trip initiated by Görres, which took him via Strasbourg to Paris . On May 13th, he traveled from Heidelberg via Würzburg and Nuremberg to Regensburg, where he arrived on May 25th, 1808. From there the journey continued with the mail boat on the Danube to Vienna . In the summer he returned to Lubowitz to help his father manage the property. His first publication appeared under the pseudonym “Florens”, it was the reprint of some poems in Ast's “Journal for Science and Art”. Around this time he also began to write the fairy tale novella Die Zauberei im Fall .

In 1809 Eichendorff got engaged to Aloysia von Larisch (1792–1855), called Luise , the seventeen-year-old daughter of the landowner Johann von Larisch , who lived in Pogrzebień in the Ratibor district.

In November 1809 Eichendorff went to Berlin with his brother, where he attended private lectures by the philosopher Fichte and met the writers Arnim , Brentano and Kleist . In the summer of 1810 he continued his law studies in Vienna and graduated in 1812.

From 1813 to 1815 Eichendorff took part in the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon , first as a Lützower Jäger , then as a lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion of the 17th Silesian Landwehr Infantry Regiment in the devastated Torgau Fortress and finally again, after his marriage, in the 1st Battalion of the 2nd Rhenish Landwehr Infantry Regiment (Upper Rhine) entering Paris. He stayed with the occupation forces until the end of 1815 and did not return to Breslau until the following year.

In April 1815 Eichendorff married Luise von Larisch in Breslau, in the same year his first son Hermann was born, in 1817 the second son Rudolf, in 1819 the daughter Therese, in 1821 the daughter Agnes, who died the following year, and in 1830 the daughter Anna († 1832). After the death of Eichendorff's father in 1818, most of the family's heavily indebted goods were sold except for Lubowitz Castle and Sedlnitz Estate . Eichendorff mourned the loss of the world of his childhood all his life.

After Eichendorff had entered the Prussian civil service as a trainee lawyer in Breslau in 1816, he was appointed to the Catholic Church and School Council in Danzig in 1821, and in 1824 to the Senior President in Königsberg . The family moved to Berlin in 1831 with the services of several Prussian ministries . 1841 Eichendorff was a Privy Councilor appointed. After severe pneumonia in 1843, he retired in 1844. In 1846 he translated some of Pedro Calderón de la Barca's religious dramas.

Eichendorff's house in Koethen ; Eichendorff lived here from April to October 1855.
The grave of Joseph Eichendorff in the Jerusalem cemetery in Neisse-Nysa in Poland

He moved with his wife Luise to his daughter Therese and her husband, the Prussian officer Louis von Besserer-Dahlfingen. After the death of his brother Wilhelm on January 7, 1849, Eichendorff inherited the manor of Sedlnitz . To escape the unrest of the revolution, he traveled from Dresden to Köthen for a few days in 1849 . There his daughter bought the house of Major Nicolaus Joseph von Holly-Ponienczecz in 1854. The exact reasons for the acquisition are unclear, as the daughter rarely stayed in Koethen and her father saw himself as the house owner by his own admission. Eichendorff went to Koethen again in April 1855 and stayed in his house until October.

From 1856 to 1857 Eichendorff lived as a guest of the Breslau prince-bishop Heinrich Förster at his summer residence at Schloss Johannisberg near Jauernig and was also active as a writer there. In the last decade of his life, Eichendorff finished his literary work and instead became a journalist. During this time his "History of Poetic Literature" was created.

Eichendorff died on November 26, 1857 at 5 p.m. at the age of 69 of pneumonia .

The lyric work


Eichendorff is counted among the most important German writers who are still admired today. Many of his poems were set to music and often sung. His novella From the life of a good-for-nothing is considered the climax and at the same time the end of the romantic era .

Eichendorff's idyllic descriptions of nature and simple life are characterized by a simple imagery and choice of words. Behind this, however, is a complex network of metaphorical symbolism for the interpretation of the world, nature and soul, which stands out from pure utility thinking (Eichendorff wrote in the age of the beginning industrial revolution ).

It is typical of many of Eichendorff's works that, due to his own strong attachment to faith, they are often in a religious context. In contrast to Clemens Brentano , Eichendorff's Catholicism was neither characterized by agonies of the soul nor by a particular missionary zeal. It is also noteworthy that - unlike so many other romantics under Fichte's influence - he did not succumb to any nationalistic German foolishness that downgraded other peoples, but sought European coexistence. In Eichendorff's works and self-testimonies, there are no anti-Semitic failures, as occurred in his literary contemporaries such as Brentano or Achim von Arnim (both of whom were appreciated by Eichendorff), even if Eichendorff (in accordance with his time) expressly also additionally identified persons of Jewish faith referred to her name as "Jews" (occasionally with attributes such as "rich" and "frivolous") and thus expressed a certain detachment.

"Eichendorff is not a poet of home, but of homesickness, not of the fulfilled moment, but of longing, not of arrival, but of departure," says Rüdiger Safranski , who adopts and adds a phrase from Theodor W. Adorno .


Eichendorff Memorial in Neisse, The Gazebo (1888)

The Wangener Kreis , which also initiated the Eichendorff Museum in Wangen im Allgäu , has been awarding the Eichendorff Literature Prize since 1956 .

The Eichendorff Society , which existed from 1931 to 2010, was dedicated to researching the life, work and impact of Eichendorff.

From 1935 to 1943 the FVS Foundation (since 1994 Alfred Toepfer FVS Foundation ) awarded the Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff Prize .

With the Eichendorff badge , the highest state award for mountain and hiking clubs in the Federal Republic of Germany is named after him.

In 1999 the asteroid (9413) Eichendorff was named after him.

The Eichendorff-Gymnasium in Koblenz , the Eichendorff-Gymnasium in Bamberg , a Gymnasium in Ettlingen , the Eichendorff-Realschule in Cologne-Ehrenfeld, the Eichendorff-Grundschule at the foot of the cool Grund in Heidelberg-Rohrbach or the Eichendorff-Schule Offenburg and one Special schools in Bonn are just a few of the educational institutions that bear his name.

In many cities streets bear the name of Joseph von Eichendorff.


Eichendorff monument in Ratibor
Memorial stone in front of the House of Silesia
Eichendorff monument in Halle (Saale)
  • Blue flower in front of the Eichendorff primary school in Berlin-Charlottenburg, reminiscent of the poem of the same name
  • Plant at the Philosophers in Heidelberg with memorial stone, especially reminiscent of the unrequited love for K. (= Kate Forester, daughter of a Rohrbacher Cooper Master 1807/08 in the diaries), probably the song in a cool basically inspired
  • Memorial stone on Eichendorffplatz in Heidelberg-Rohrbach
  • Memorial stone on Eichendorffplatz in the East Quarter of Göttingen
  • Joseph von Eichendorff monument in Breslau (capital of the province of Silesia ) by Alexander Kraumann (Frankfurt am Main), erected in 1911
  • Eichendorffbank in the Klausberg mountains of Halle (Saale) with a view of Giebichenstein Castle
  • Bronze sculpture by Bernd Göbel on the banks of the Saale in Halle below Giebichenstein Castle . The young Eichendorff is shown as a swimmer, which refers to the bathing pleasure described in his diaries in the Saale during his academic year in Halle.
  • Eichendorff Hall in the Silesia House , Königswinter
  • Bust monument in Neisse by Ernst Seger (Berlin / Breslau)
  • Eichendorff monument in Racibórz : The statue by the sculptor Johannes Boese , unveiled in 1909, shows the poet sitting on a tree stump, one finger stuck in the book on his knees, his gaze directed into the distance. The monument was renewed in the late 1990s.
  • Eichendorff stone monument in Ratibor-Hohenbirken on the edge of the viewing forest, which comes from Luise von Larisch , Eichendorff's wife , in the eastern part of Ratibor and western part of the Kornowatz community and adjacent to the village of Pogrzebin . The memorial is a replica of the Eichendorff memorial originally built on November 26, 1907, and was erected in the same place.
  • Monument in Sedlnitz Castle Park , erected in 1932
  • Bust monument in Lubowitz
  • Memorial stone in Langenzersdorf Bisamberg in the region of Falkenbergs, the so-called "Eichendorffstraße height" zone  33 U , 602 342 / 5,352,239 ( 48.31506 °  N , 16.3804 °  O )
  • Bust monument on Ludwigshöhe near Ebersberg
  • Memorial stone on the Holzberg near Frankenried (municipality of Mauerstetten / Ostallgäu)
  • Memorial stone in the Eichendorff settlement, Ostbevern: erected in 2007 for the 50th anniversary of the Eichendorff settlement. A part-time settlement founded in 1957 for displaced persons from eastern Germany
  • Replica in Wroclaw, in the Botanical Garden, unveiled on May 13, 2012. It is a true to original replica of the monument erected in 1911, which originally stood in Scheitniger Park in Wroclaw and was destroyed in 1945. The present monument was created by Stanisław Wysocki (a Wrocław) and donated by the German - Polish Society of the University of Wrocław.
  • Bust in the Walhalla near Regensburg by Richard Knecht , erected in 1957 as the 114th bust
  • Castle park in Roth
  • At the seat in Kaiserslautern
  • Eichendorff memorial plaque made of bronze on the former fountain in Walbeck-Geldern on the Lower Rhine (unpublished poem)

Information partly according to the "Central Register of Prussian Person and War Monuments". Monument in Lubowitz and new construction in Racibórz by sight.

  • Memorial stone in Weiden idOPf. in the Konrad-Adenauer-Anlage
  • Memorial stone in the Neckargemünder district Rainbach
  • Memorial stone on the Heinrichshöhe near Prudnik (Neustadt) in Upper Silesia

Medal portraits

  • n.d.: one-sided bronze cast, 110 mm. Medalist: Karl Seckinger (1897–1978)
  • 1957: cast iron on one side, 20 cm. Medalist: Peter Lipp (1902–1975). Buderus foundry.


Joseph von Eichendorff: Works (first complete edition, 1841)


First edition (1837), contemporary cover with romantic back decoration
Poems - Edition of the Otto-Hendel-Verlag Halle, undated (around 1907)
  • In a cool ground (1807/08 in Heidelberg-Rohrbach )
  • The giants , echoes (1808)
  • Song (1810)
  • Farewell (1810)
  • Twilight (1812)
  • The broken ring or infidelity (1813)
  • Morning Prayer (1814)
  • The two journeymen (1818)
  • The Merry Wanderer ( To Whom God Wills Show Right Favor , 1822)
  • The evening (1826)
  • Longing (1834)
  • Beautiful Stranger (before 1834)
  • Divining Rod (1835)
  • Light in the forest (1836)
  • Encounter (1837)
  • Moonlit night (1837)
  • The picture book (1837)
  • The Hermit (1838)
  • Eldorado (1841)
  • Voices of the Night (1841)
  • In Danzig ( dark gables, high windows , 1842)
  • Lure
  • Magic look
  • Spring march
  • Farewell (O valleys, o heights)
  • Armistice of the night
  • To the forest birds
  • In the foreign
  • on a castle
  • Real love
  • The leaves are falling
  • The soldier
  • Traveling song of the Prague students
  • On the border
  • Homesickness
  • autumn
  • Night magic
  • serenade
  • At Halle
  • At a linden tree
  • The gardener
  • Forest talk
  • Fresh ride
  • Confused
  • Wonder after wonder
  • Fresh on!
  • The hunter's farewell
  • General hiking
  • At night
  • The night flower
  • Calm sea
  • The soldier of fortune
  • The night bird
  • Spring night
  • Short drive
  • Lure
  • New love
  • Ship's saying
  • Either way
  • The sweep
  • Winter night
  • Birds in the sunny days
  • Consolation
  • On my birthday
  • Travel song
  • The silent reason
  • The night
  • I prefer everything
  • The silent ones
  • The last greeting
  • memory
  • Christmas
  • Spring greeting
  • The morning
  • Lust for death
  • Spring ride
  • choice
  • The blue flower
  • Mrs. Venus
  • The sparrows
  • Wandering poet
  • The view
  • Afterglow
  • The unknown
  • Secret love

Poetry collections

  • Joseph von Eichendorff: Love poems , edited by Wilfried Lutz, Insel Verlag, Frankfurt / Main and Leipzig 2000, ISBN 3-458-34291-5


Novellas and short stories


  • Julian (1853)
  • Robert and Guiscard (1855)
  • Lucius (1857)


  • War against the Philistines (1824)
  • Ezzelin by Romano (1828)
  • Meierbeth's Happiness and End (1828)
  • The last hero of Marienburg (1830)
  • The Suitors (1833)


The writer Bernhard Spring wrote two historical novels about Joseph von Eichendorff, Episodes of a Country Party (2010) and The Disappeared Countess (2011).

Work editions

  • All of the works of Baron Joseph von Eichendorff. Historical-critical edition . Founded by Wilhelm Kosch and August Sauer , continued and edited by Hermann Kunisch (†) and Helmut Koopmann , Max Niemeyer Verlag , Tübingen.
    • HKA I / 1: Poems. First part. Text. Edited by Harry Fröhlich and Ursula Regener (1993).
    • HKA I / 2: Poems. First part. Comment. Based on preliminary work by Wolfgang Kron ed. by Harry Fröhlich (1994).
    • HKA I / 3: Poems. Second part. Scattered and abandoned poems. Text. Edited by Ursula Regener (1997).
    • HKA I / 4: Poems. Second part. Scattered and abandoned poems. Comment. Edited by Ursula Regener (1997).
    • HKA III: Premonition and Present. Edited by Christiane Briegleb and Clemens Rauschenberg (1984).
    • HKA IV: Poets and their journeymen. Edited by Volkmar Stein (2001).
    • HKA V / 1: Stories. First part. Text. Edited by Karl Konrad Polheim (1998).
    • HKA V / 2: Stories. First part. Comment. Edited by Karl Konrad Polheim (2000).
    • HKA V / 3: Stories. Second part. Fragments and possessions. Edited by Heinz-Peter Niewerth (2006).
    • HKA V / 4: Stories. Third part. Autobiographical Fragments. Edited by Dietmar Kunisch (1998).
    • HKA VI / 1: Historical Dramas and Drama Fragments. Text and variants. Edited by Harry Fröhlich (1996).
    • HKA VI / 2: Historical Dramas and Drama Fragments. Comment. Edited by Klaus Köhnke (1997).
    • HKA VIII / 1: Literary historical writings I. Essays on literature. Based on the preliminary work by Franz Ranegger ed. by Wolfram Mauser (1962).
    • HKA VIII / 2: Literary-historical writings II. Treatises on literature. Based on the preliminary work by Franz Ranegger ed. by Wolfram Mauser (1965).
    • HKA IX: Literary-historical writings III. History of the poetic literature of Germany. Edited by Wolfram Mauser (1970).
    • HKA XI: Diaries. Edited by Franz Heiduk and Ursula Regener (2006)
    • HKA XII: Letters 1794–1857. Text. Edited by Sibylle von Steinsdorff (1993).
    • HKA XV / 1: Translations I. First part. Count Lucanor of Don Juan Manuel. Sacred drama by Don Pedro Calderón la Barca I. Ed. By Harry Fröhlich (2003).
    • HKA XV / 2: Translations I. Part Two. Sacred drama by Don Pedro Calderón la Barca II. Ed. By Harry Fröhlich (2002).
    • HKA XVI: Translations II. Unfinished translations from Spanish. Edited by Klaus Dahme (1966).
    • HKA XVIII / 1: Eichendorff in the judgment of his time I. Documents 1788–1843. Edited by Günter and Irmgard Niggl (1975).
    • HKA XVIII / 2: Eichendorff in the judgment of his time II. Documents 1843–1860. Edited by Günter and Irmgard Niggl (1976).
    • HKA XVIII / 3: Eichendorff in the judgment of his time III. Commentary and Register. by Günter and Irmgard Niggl (1986).
    • HKA II: Epic Poems.
    • HKA VII: Dramas II. Satirical Dramas and Drama Fragments. Edited by Harry Fröhlich.
    • HKA X: Historical and Political Writings. Edited by Antonie Magen
    • HKA XIII: Letters to Eichendorff. Edited by Sibylle von Steinsdorff.
    • HKA XIV: Commentary on the letters (Volume XII and Volume XIII). Edited by Sibylle von Steinsdorff.
    • HKA XVII: Official publications. Edited by Hans Pörnbacher.
  • Joseph von Eichendorff, works, 6 vols. (Library of German Classics) Ed. By Wolfgang Frühwald. Deutscher Klassiker-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1985–1993.

See also


  • Theodor W. Adorno : In memory of Eichendorff. In: ders .: Collected writings. Edited by Rolf Tiedemann . Volume 11: Notes on Literature. Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-518-29311-7 (Originally written on the centenary of death in 1957. Published in "Akzent" 1958, 1st issue.).
  • Richard Alewyn : A landscape of Eichendorff and Eichendorff's symbolism. In: Ders .: Problems and Forms. Insel, Frankfurt am Main 1974.
  • Bernhard M. Baron : Eichendorff in the Upper Palatinate. In: Oberpfälzer Heimat , Volume 55 (2011), pp. 103–116, ISBN 978-3-939247-03-6 .
  • Veronika Beci : Joseph von Eichendorff. Biography. Artemis & Winkler, Düsseldorf 2007, ISBN 3-538-07238-8 .
  • Helmut Bernsmeier: Joseph von Eichendorff. Reclam, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-15-015221-6 (= universal library; 15221; literary knowledge for schools and studies).
  • Anne Bohnenkamp, ​​Ursula Regener (Ed.): Finding Eichendorff again. Joseph von Eichendorff 1788–1857. Catalog for the exhibition in the Freie Deutsche Hochstift. At the same time: Aurora. Yearbook of the Eichendorff Society 66/67. Free Deutsches Hochstift , Frankfurt 2007. ISBN 978-3-9811109-4-4 . (Large format with rich image material)
  • Mi-Young Chang: The sonnets of Joseph von Eichendorff. Investigation of the thematic and stylistic development of the lyric work. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1992, ISBN 3-631-43935-0 (= European university publications ; series 1, German language and literature; 1258).
  • Günther Debon : The Heidelberg year of Joseph von Eichendorff. Guderjahn, Heidelberg (1991); 3rd edition 1994, ISBN 978-3-924973-13-1 .
  • Otto Eberhardt: Eichendorff's good-for-nothing - sources and background of meaning. Investigations into the poetic procedure of Eichendorff. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2000, ISBN 3-8260-1900-8 .
  • Otto Eberhardt: Eichendorff's stories "Das Schloß Dürande" and "Die Entführung" as contributions to literary criticism. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2004, ISBN 3-8260-2747-7 .
  • Otto Eberhardt: Eichendorff's "marble picture" - distancing itself from poetry in the manner of Loebens. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2006, ISBN 3-8260-3421-X .
  • Otto Eberhardt: Figurae. Roles and names of the people in Eichendorff's narrative. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-8260-4439-7 .
  • Otto Eberhardt: Eichendorff - "the last knight of romanticism". [With interpretation of the three verses] In: Rocnik Łubowicki - Lubowitzer Jahrbuch - Lubowická Ročenka 12, 2014, pp. 9–38.
  • Otto Eberhardt: Eichdendorff's poetic language. Words, phrases, motifs. A lexicon. Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8260-6608-5 .
  • Harry Fröhlich: Drama of the Unconscious. On the problem of the autonomy of the self and the nation in Eichendorff's “historical” dramas. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1998, ISBN 3-484-32095-8 (= studies on German literary history; 95).
  • Wolfgang Frühwald (Ed.): Joseph von Eichendorff. Life and work in texts and pictures. Insel, Frankfurt am Main 1988, ISBN 3-458-32764-9 (= Insel-Taschenbuch 1064).
  • Armin Gebhardt: Eichendorff. The last romantic. Tectum, Marburg 2003, ISBN 3-8288-8535-7 .
  • Philipp W. Hildmann: "Such rumbling in the church." Studies on Joseph von Eichendorff's pamphlet on German Catholicism. Lit, Münster 2001, ISBN 3-8258-5028-5 (= literature - media - religion; 3).
  • Martin Hollender: The political and ideological appropriation of Joseph von Eichendorff. One hundred years of reception history in journalism (1888–1988). Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1997, ISBN 3-631-31254-7 (= European university publications ; series 1, German language and literature; 1606).
  • Rudolf Käch: Eichendorff's good-for-nothing and good-for-nothing figures with Gottfried Keller and Hermann Hesse. Haupt, Bern 1988, ISBN 3-258-03965-8 (= language and poetry. NF; 39).
  • Nicola Kaminski, Volker Mergenthaler: "The poetry Morgenröthe left the earth Thal." "Much ado about nothing". Model study of a literature in continuations with a facsimile of the "Gesellschafter or Blätter für Geist und Herz from April 1832". Wehrhahn, Hannover 2010, ISBN 978-3-86525-161-9 .
  • Johannes Kersten: Eichendorff and founder. From open to closed space. Schöningh, Paderborn 1996, ISBN 3-506-74439-9 .
  • Friedhelm Klöhr: Joseph von Eichendorff. From the life of a good-for-nothing. Stark-Verlag, Freising 1999, ISBN 3-89449-438-7 .
  • Klaus Köhnke: "Hieroglyphic writing". Investigations into Eichendorff's stories. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1986, ISBN 3-7995-1805-3 (= Aurora book series; 5).
  • Hermann Korte : The end of the dawn. Eichendorff's bourgeois world. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1987, ISBN 3-8204-9650-5 (= historical-critical work on German literature; 6).
  • Hermann Korte: Joseph von Eichendorff. Rowohlt-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Reinbek 2000, ISBN 3-499-50568-1 (= rororo; 50568; Rowohlt's monographs).
  • Klaus-Dieter Krabiel : Tradition and Movement. On Eichendorff's linguistic procedure. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1973, ISBN 3-17-235061-4 (= studies on the poetics and history of literature; 28).
  • Christian Krepold: The Walther picture of the romantics between “universal poetry ” and denominationalism. On Tieck, Uhland and Eichendorff's "History of Germany's Poetic Literature". In: Thomas Bein (Hrsg.): The medieval and the modern Walther. Contributions to motives, poetics, tradition and reception. (Walther Studies 5), Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 3-631-56170-9 , pp. 47-67.
  • Hermann KunischEichendorff, Joseph Carl Benedikt Freiherr von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , pp. 369-373 ( digitized version ).
  • Eberhard Lämmert : Eichendorff's change among the Germans. Reflections on the history of the impact of his poetry. In: Hans Steffen (ed.): The German Romanticism. Poetics, forms and motifs. Göttingen 1967 (Kleine Vandenhoeck-Reihe 250 S), pp. 219-252 (E: Festschrift for Richard Alewyn. Cologne 1967).
  • Norbert Langer: "These steam trips shake the world, which actually consists only of train stations, tirelessly in a mess like a kaleidoscope." Comments on Eichendorff's modernity. In: The Esslingen Artists' Guild. Volume I, 2004, pp. 2-7 and Volume 2, 2004, pp. 4-10.
  • Thomas Lick: Eichendorff Bibliography. Research literature on the life and work of Joseph von Eichendorff 1926–1995. Scripta-Mercaturae-Verlag, St. Katharinen 1998, ISBN 3-89590-053-2 .
  • Rolf Krafft Ligniez: The image of the poet in Eichendorff's poetry. Herbert Utz Verlag, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-8316-0296-4 .
  • Robert Mühlher : Living Allegory. Studies on Eichendorff's life and work. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1990, ISBN 3-7995-2028-7 .
  • Wolfgang Nehring : late romantic. Eichendorff and ETA Hoffmann. Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1997, ISBN 3-525-01219-5 .
  • Stefan Nienhaus: Eichendorff's repetitive style. An examination of the narrative. Kleinheinrich, Münster 1991, ISBN 3-926608-70-6 (= Münster contributions to German and Nordic philology; 9).
  • Heinz Ohff : Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff. Stapp, Berlin 1983, ISBN 3-87776-162-3 (= Prussian heads; 13).
  • Wolfgang Paulsen: Eichendorff and his good-for-nothing. The inner problems of the poet in his work. Francke, Bern 1976, ISBN 3-7720-1309-0 .
  • Judith Purver: Eichendorff, Joseph (Karl Benedikt), Frh. Von, Pseud. Florens . In: Walther Killy (Ed.): Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie (DBE) . 1st edition. tape 3 : Ebinger-Gierke . KG Saur, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-598-23163-6 , p. 49 .
  • Ursula Regener: Formula search. Studies on Eichendorff's early lyrical work. Niemeyer, Tübingen 2001, ISBN 3-484-32110-5 (= studies on German literary history; 110).
  • Franz Xaver Ries: Critique of the times with Joseph von Eichendorff. Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-08673-2 (= writings on literary studies; 11).
  • Heidi Ritter and Eva Scherf (eds.): Joseph von Eichendorff. Halle, Harz and Heidelberg - autobiography. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2008, ISBN 978-3-89812-510-9 .
  • Theresia Sauter Bailliet: The women in Eichendorff's work. Bouvier, Bonn 1972, ISBN 3-416-00813-8 (= treatises on art, music and literary studies; 118).
  • Daniela Schirmer: Using the example of Eichendorff. On the didactics of a Romantic author in the Third Reich. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-631-52053-0 (= contributions to the history of German teaching; 55).
  • Günther Schiwy : Eichendorff. The poet in his time. A biography. Beck, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-406-46673-7 .
  • Bernhard Spring : Consequences of a country trip. A historic Halle crime thriller. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2010, ISBN 978-3-89812-681-6 .
  • Bernhard Spring: The missing countess. An Eichendorff thriller. Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2011, ISBN 978-3-89812-784-4 .
  • Volkmar Stein: Joseph von Eichendorff. A picture of life . Bergstadtverlag Korn, Würzburg 2001, ISBN 3-87057-242-6 .
  • Martina Steinig: "Wherever you sing, just sit down ..." song and poetry interludes in the romance novel. An exemplary analysis of Novalis' Heinrich von Ofterdingen and Joseph von Eichendorff's Awareness and Present. With notes on Achim von Arnim's poverty, wealth, guilt and penance by Countess Dolores . Frank and Timme, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-86596-080-4 .
  • Paul Stöcklein: Joseph von Eichendorff. With testimonials and photo documents . 16th edition. Rowohlt, Reinbek 1993, ISBN 3-499-50084-1 (= Rowohlt's monographs; 84).
  • Günter Strenzke: The problem of boredom with Joseph von Eichendorff . Lüdke, Hamburg 1973, ISBN 3-920588-28-2 (= dissertations in the humanities and social sciences; 28).
  • Martin Wettstein: The prose language of Joseph von Eichendorff. Form and sense . Artemis, Zurich 1975, ISBN 3-7608-0378-4 (= Zurich contributions to German literary and intellectual history; 43).

Web links

Commons : Joseph von Eichendorff  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Joseph von Eichendorff  - Sources and full texts


  1. A clarification of the question of whether the voyage actually took place by ship is still pending (see individual records Ursula Regener 2019).

Individual evidence

  1. Timeline
  2. Ursula Regener: Eichendorff in Regensburg 1807 and 1808. For sightseeing and under precarious conditions for traveling on the Danube in “Awareness and Present” . In: Negotiations of the historical association for Upper Palatinate and Regensburg . tape 159 . Historical Association for Upper Palatinate and Regensburg, 2019, ISSN  0342-2518 , p. 313-353 .
  3. See also Thomas Lissek: Eichendorff's last letter to the Prince-Bishop of Breslau, Heinrich Förster (September 18, 1857). In: Silesia. Quarterly journal for art, science and folklore. Volume 27, 1982, pp. 11-16.
  4. ^ Richard Dietze: Eichendorffs works. Leipzig / Vienna, Bibliographisches Institut, Volume 1, 1891, p. 26 (introduction).
  5. ^ Rüdiger Safranski: Romanticism. A German affair. Fischer, Munich 2007, p. 214
  6. Minor Planet Circ. 33795 (PDF)
  7. Eichendorff School Heidelberg-Rohrbach
  8. Anniversary of the redevelopment of the Eichendorff stone monument in Ratibor-Hohenbirken ( Memento from June 20, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  9. in Karl von Holtei (Ed.): For the cemetery of the Protestant community in Gratz in Styria. Short stories, mixed essays, and poems by one hundred and twenty-six German scholars, writers and poets dedicated to this purpose. With a musical supplement by G. Meyerbeer. F. Vieweg et al. Sohn, F. Manz, Aug. Hesse, Braunschweig / Vienna / Graz 1857.
  10. Bernhard Spring: Follow a country party . Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2010. Bernhard Spring: The missing countess . Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2011.