Friedrich Ast

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Georg Anton Friedrich Ast (born December 29, 1778 in Gotha , † December 31, 1841 in Munich ) was a German classical philologist and philosopher who became known as a historian of philosophy and a researcher on Plato.


Ast began studying theology at the University of Jena in 1798 , but switched to classical philology and philosophy under the influence of Heinrich Karl Eichstädt's philological events . After his exams in 1802, he taught philology and philosophy in Jena for three years. In 1805 he followed a call to the chair of classical philology at the University of Landshut as professor of aesthetics . He also became a professor of universal history in 1807 . After the university moved to Munich in 1826, Ast moved there and in 1827 became a full member of the Philosophical-Historical Class of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .


Sophocles tragedy , translation by Friedrich Ast

Ast wrote numerous manuals in the aesthetic, grammatical, philosophical and historical areas. From 1808 to 1810 Ast published the magazine for science and art . In terms of philosophy and history, Ast, based on Schelling, represented an organic view of history. In contrast to the rationalist thinking of the Enlightenment , Ast emphasized the speculative, philosophical element in the history of writing, which one had to combine with empiricism, in the spirit of Romanticism . He also took the view that the history of philosophy should be understood as part of universal history and no longer looked for the beginning of philosophy with the Greeks, but in the ancient Orient. Ast is probably the first to formulate the thesis of the hermeneutic circle . A later focus of his research was on the life and work of the Greek philosopher Plato , in whom he considered genius and poetics to be particularly important. His most highly regarded works in this field, which were valued long after his death, included Plato's Life and Writings (1816), a complete edition with a Latin translation in 9 volumes (1819–1827), two volumes of commentaries on the Platonic dialogues of Protagoras , Phaidros , Gorgias and Phaidon (1829–1832) and an extensive Lexicon Platonicum (1,974 pages) in three volumes (1834–1839).


  • Outline of a History of Philosophy. Thomann, Landshut 1807, digitized version of the 1807 edition , (2nd, increased and improved edition, ibid. 1825, digitized version of the 1825 edition ).
  • Basics of grammar, hermeneutics and criticism. Thomann, Landshut 1808, digitized .
  • Outline of Philology. Krüll, Landshut 1808, digitized .
  • Platon's life and writings. An attempt in life, as in the writings of Plato, to separate the true and the genuine from the fictitious and the superseded, and to determine the sequence of times of genuine conversations. Weidmann, Leipzig 1816, digitized .
  • Main moments in the history of philosophy Weber, Munich 1829, digitized .
  • Lexicon Platonicum sive vocum Platonicarum index. 3 volumes. Weidmann, Leipzig 1835–1839.


Web links

Wikisource: Friedrich Ast  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Member entry by Georg Anton Friedrich Ast (with picture) at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on December 16, 2016.
  2. Hellmut Flashar : The methodical-hermeneutical approaches of Friedrich August Wolf and Friedrich Ast - traditional and new reasons. In: Hellmut Flashar, Karlfried founder , Axel Horstmann (Hrsg.): Philology and hermeneutics in the 19th century. On the history and methodology of the humanities. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1979, ISBN 3-525-31823-5 , pp. 21-31.