Ernst von Lasaulx
Peter Ernst von Lasaulx [laˈsoː] (born March 16, 1805 in Koblenz ; † May 9, 1861 in Munich ) was a classical philologist , historical philosopher and politician .
Ernst von Lasaulx was born as the son of the Catholic Koblenz architect Johann Claudius von Lassaulx (March 27, 1781 to October 14, 1848). The family was in close contact and a. to Guido and Joseph Görres and Clemens Brentano . From 1824 to 1830 Lasaulx studied classical philology at the University of Bonn ; his teachers included August Wilhelm Schlegel and Barthold Georg Niebuhr . In 1824 he became a member of the old Bonn fraternity .
In 1830 Lasaulx searched the libraries of St. Florian , Kremsmünster , Mölk and Kloster-Neuburg for the writings of Meister Eckhart . He did not bring the proceeds to publication himself, but finally handed over the finds from Melk, Munich, Vienna and Koblenz to Franz Pfeiffer , who used this preparatory work for his Eckhart edition.
After long journeys in southern Europe and the Orient , Lasaulx became an associate professor in 1835 and then a full professor at the University of Würzburg in 1837 . In 1844 Lasaulx became full professor for philology and aesthetics at Munich University and a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1847 his teaching license was withdrawn due to his criticism of the king in the Lola Montez affair .
From May 18, 1848 to May 7, 1849, Lasaulx represented the 2nd Lower Bavarian constituency of Abensberg in the Frankfurt National Assembly . As a member of the Café Milani parliamentary group , he represented conservative positions aimed at strengthening the monarchy and the church .
In 1849 Lasaulx got his teaching license back. In the same year he was given a seat in the Chamber of Deputies in the Bavarian State Parliament , to which he belonged until his death. From 1856 to 1857 he was rector of Munich University.
In writings on the philosophy of religion , Lasaulx tries to demonstrate a fundamental unity of ethical convictions among ancient and Christian people, for example in parallels with Socrates and Jesus. His religious-philosophical views led to conflicts with the Catholic Church.
After his death, four of his works were placed on the Librorum Prohibitorum index of the Catholic Church because of alleged “ gnostic , pantheizing tendencies” (e.g. because Lasaulx thus questions the revelatory character of Christianity).
He married Julie Baader (1807–1880), a daughter of the philosopher Franz von Baader, in Munich on August 30, 1835 . The couple had four children, three of whom died early.
The grave of Ernst Lasaulx is located in the old southern cemetery in Munich (grave field 18 - row 7 - place 1) location . The bronze bust on the tomb was designed by Friedrich Brugger .
Soon after his death, Lasaulx was hardly received any more, only again in the 20th century, mainly through the work of Jacob Burckhardt . Hans-Joachim Schoeps found in him a “forerunner of Spengler ” (1953), because he, like Carl Friedrich Vollgraff (to whom he owes a lot anyway), distrusted the general belief in progress of the Enlightenment .
- as editor: Peter Einsiedler: Critical remarks on the Cologne matter. An open letter to no one who can be made known and the public who is capable of judgment. Stahel, Würzburg 1838, digitized .
- The atonement of the Greeks and Romans and their relationship to the One on Golgotha. A contribution to the philosophy of religion. Voigt & Mocker, Würzburg 1841.
- About the sense of the Oedipus saga. In: List of lectures held at the Royal Bavarian Julius Maximilians University in Würzburg in 1841. 1841, ZDB -ID 859328-0 , sep. Pag.
- Prometheus the legend and its meaning. A contribution to the philosophy of religion. Printed from the Würzburg Lection Catalog for the winter semester MDCCCLXIII – IV. Voigt and Mocker, Würzburg 1843.
- On the study of Greek and Roman antiquities. Presented on the eighty-seventh anniversary of the Royal Academy of Sciences, celebrated in public. Royal Academy of Sciences, Munich 1846, digitized .
- About the books of King Numa. A contribution to the philosophy of religion. In: Treatises of the Philosophical-Philological Class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 5, 1847, ZDB -ID 209997-4 , pp. 81-130, digitized .
- Quote: ... that Christian Rome was built on the ruins of both paganism and Judaism, that is an undoubted truth for the philosophy of history.
- About the course of development of Greek and Roman and the current state of German life. A contribution to the philosophy of history. Presented in celebration of the feast of His Majesty the King's name on August 25, 1847 at the public session of the Royal Academy of Sciences. Royal Academy of Sciences, Munich 1847, digitized .
- The geology of the Greeks and Romans. A contribution to the philosophy of history. In: Treatises of the Philosophical-Philological Class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 6, 1850, pp. 517-566, digitized .
- On the history and philosophy of marriage among the Greeks. In: Treatises of the Philosophical-Philological Class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 7, 1852, pp. 21-128, digitized .
- The fall of Hellenism and the confiscation of its temple goods by the Christian emperors. A contribution to the philosophy of history. Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1854, digitized .
- Quote: ... that already Emperor Tiberius, in response to Pilate's report , had the intention to include Christ among the number of gods ...
- New attempt at an old philosophy of history based on the truth of facts. Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1856, digitized .
- About the theological basis of all philosophical systems. Presented at the beginning of the rectorate of the Ludwig-Maximilians University on November 29, 1856. Literary-Artistic Institution of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1856, digitized .
- Socrates' life, doctrine and death. Depicted according to the testimonies of the ancients. Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1857, digitized .
- Quote: The best of the Christian doctrine of life is undoubtedly much closer to Hellenism than to Judaism.
- The prophetic power of the human soul in poets and thinkers. To the privy councilor and Professor D. Friedrich von Thiersch for the celebration of his 50th anniversary as a doctor. In: The Rector and Senate of the Royal Ludwig Maximilians University to the Secret Councilor and Professor D. Friedrich von Thiersch on the celebration of his 50th anniversary as a Doctor on June 18, 1858. Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1858 , sep. pag., digitized .
- Fine arts philosophy, architecture, sculpture, painting, music, poetry, prose. Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1860, digitized .
- On the philosophy of Roman history. In: Treatises of the Philosophical-Philological Class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 9, 1861, pp. 351-398, digitized .
- Buried German literature. Selected works 1841-1860. Newly published and introduced by Hans Erhard Lauer. The coming day, Stuttgart 1925.
- Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon. 6th, completely revised and enlarged edition. Volume 12: L - Lyra. Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig et al. 1906.
- Heinrich Best , Wilhelm Weege: Biographical manual of the members of the Frankfurt National Assembly 1848/49 (= Droste pocket books history 919). Droste, Düsseldorf 1998, ISBN 3-7700-0919-3 , p. 215 f.
- Victor Conzemius: Lasaulx, Ernst. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-428-00194-X , p. 644 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume 1: Politicians. Part 3: I - L. Winter, Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-8253-0865-0 , pp. 240-241.
- Hyacinth Holland : Memories of Ernst von Lasaulx. Fleischmann, Munich 1861, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Da587663500holluoft~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~doppelseiten%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D .
- Günter Maschke: Epilogue. In: Ernst von Lasaulx: New attempt at an old philosophy of history based on the truth of facts. Edited and with an afterword by Günter Maschke. Karolinger, Vienna et al. 2003, ISBN 3-85418-108-6 .
- Carl von Prantl : Lasaulx, Ernst von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1883, p. 728 f.
- Siegbert Peetz: The difference is the return. Ernst von Lasaulx (= symposium. Vol. 87). Alber, Freiburg (Breisgau) et al. 1989, ISBN 3-495-47669-5 (reviewed by Helmut Zedelmaier in: Historisches Jahrbuch . Vol. 111, 1991, 276-278).
- Martin Persch : Ernst von Lasaulx. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 4, Bautz, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-038-7 , Sp. 1184-1185.
- Axel Schwaiger : Christian interpretation of history in the modern age. An investigation into the historical thinking of Juan Donoso Cortés , Ernst von Lasaulx and Vladimir Solov'ev in the synopsis of Christian historiography development . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-09886-2 .
- Remigius Stölzle: Ernst von Lasaulx (1805-61). A picture of life. Aschendorff, Münster 1904 digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dernstvonlasaulx00stgoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~doppelseiten%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D .
- Literature by and about Ernst von Lasaulx in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ernst von Lasaulx in the parliamentary database at the House of Bavarian History
- Works as facsimiles
- Entry in the Catholic Encyclopedia , Robert Appleton Company, New York 1913.
- ^ Franz Pfeiffer (ed.): German mystics of the fourteenth century. Volume 2: Meister Eckhart. Department 1. Göschen, Leipzig 1857, preface, p. Xiii expresses his "particularly lively [n] thanks ". Holland: memories of Ernst von Lasaulx. 1861, p. 7 f. suspects that a poor command of Middle High German was the basis.
- ↑ In particular: On the theological basis of all philosophical systems (1856). New attempt at an old philosophy of history based on the truth of facts (1856). Socrates' life, doctrine and death depicted according to the testimonies of the ancients (1857). The prophetic power of the human soul in poets and thinkers (1858).
- ↑ Hans Joachim Schoeps : Spengler's forerunner. Studies on historical pessimism in the 19th century (= supplements to the magazine for religious and intellectual history. Vol. 1, ISSN 0514-650X ). Brill, Leiden et al. 1953 (2nd, expanded edition. Ibid 1955).
|SURNAME||Lasaulx, Ernst von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lasaulx, Peter Ernst von (full name); Lassaulx, Peter Ernst from|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||classical philologist, historical philosopher and politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 16, 1805|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Koblenz|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 9, 1861|
|Place of death||Munich|