Martin Schanz

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Martin Schanz

Martin Schanz , from 1908 Ritter von Schanz (also Martin von Schanz ; born June 12, 1842 in Üchtelhausen ; † December 15, 1914 in Würzburg ) was a German classical philologist who taught as a lecturer and professor in Würzburg (1867–1912). He is particularly known for his Roman literary history and his Plato editions.


Martin Schanz came from a long-established Lower Franconian farming family. His father, Melchior Schanz, was employed as a primary school teacher in Üchtelhausen and moved to Königshofen in 1845 and to Großbardorf in 1850 . Four of eight siblings died early, his brother Georg von Schanz became a famous economist.

After completing his school leaving examination in Münnerstadt , Schanz studied classical philology and philosophy in Munich (with Karl Felix Halm and Carl von Prantl ) and Würzburg (with Ludwig von Urlichs ) from 1861 to 1866 . After a semester in Bonn (1864/1865, with Otto Jahn and Friedrich Ritschl ), Schanz returned to Würzburg, where he received his doctorate in 1866 with a dissertation on the reconstruction of Socratic philosophy from the Platonic writings. He then went to the University of Göttingen for a year to deepen his studies with Hermann Sauppe . After returning to Würzburg, he completed his habilitation there and was appointed associate professor in 1870. In the same year Schanz also traveled to Oxford to collate Plato manuscripts there; In 1872 and 1873 he traveled to Rome and Venice for the same purpose .

After he had turned down a call to the Münster Academy in 1874 , Schanz was appointed full professor of classical philology at the University of Würzburg. Here he received great recognition for his research: he was a member of several scientific societies and academies and in 1908 was elevated to the personal nobility status as a "Knight of Schanz" when he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown . Since 1911 he was also Knight II Class of the Order of Merit of St. Michael . In the academic year 1901/02 Schanz was rector of the university. In 1912 he was appointed privy councilor and retired.


Schanz has made lasting merits in three areas of classical philology. His large, unfinished Plato edition in seven volumes (1875–1887) is the fruit of years of collation and critical review. The edition created for the first time a secure textual basis for the writings of the philosopher. His main work, however, is the history of Roman literature up to the legislative work of Emperor Justinian in four volumes (1890–1920). This literary history replaced the outdated and difficult-to-use work by Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel and appeared in the Handbuch der Altertumswwissenschaften . While working on the second part of the last volume, Schanz died unexpectedly, so that the work had to be completed by his Würzburg successor, Carl Hosius . This Roman literary history is in parts irreplaceable even today.

The third major research area of ​​Schanz was the Greek syntax, for which he published the contributions to the historical syntax of the Greek language in 20 volumes from 1882 to 1912 .

Scientific awards

  • 1883 corresponding member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences
  • 1885 honorary member of the Greek Society in Constantinople
  • 1900 Order of the Bavarian Crown and nobility
  • 1904 honorary member of the Accademia Properziana del Subasio in Assisi
  • 1908 Vallauri Prize from the Turin Academy
  • 1910 corresponding member of the Accademia Virgiliana in Mantua


Web links

Wikisource: Martin Schanz  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1914, p. 25.
  2. Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1914, p. 36.