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King George V of Hanover with the Commander's Cross of the Maria Theresa Order as a neck order

The term Komtur referred to in the faleristics the middle stage of which is divided into a plurality of stages of Merit .


The model for the division of orders of merit into five levels ( knight - officer - commander - grand officer - grand cross ) is the system that was first introduced in France in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte at the foundation of the Legion of Honor ( Légion d'honneur ) . With the establishment of numerous other orders of merit in the 19th and 20th centuries, this pattern was often adopted and thus achieved worldwide distribution. Orders of merit with three levels ( knight - commander - grand cross ) have existed since the middle of the 18th century. B. the Hungarian Order of St. Stephen .

Position within the order hierarchy

  1. Grand Cross (Fig. 5)
  2. Grand Commander (also "Grand Officer Cross ", "Grand Officer", " Knight Commander ", "Commander 1st Class") (Fig. 4)
  3. Komtur (also "Komturkreuz", "Commenturkreuz", "Kommandeur", "Commander", "Komtur 2nd class") (Fig. 3)
  4. Officer (also " Officer's Cross ") (Fig. 2)
  5. Knight (also " Knight's Cross ") (Fig. 1)

Carrying method

Wearing the medal badge

Traditionally, the commander's cross of an order of merit is worn on a ribbon around the neck ( neck medal ), with the insignia hanging in the middle of the chest (see third illustration in the picture on the right).


The level of "Komtur", "Kommandeur", "Commander" or "Komtur 2nd class" is available among others:


Great Britain:



Commander's Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy






Web links

Wiktionary: Komtur  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations