Order of the Crown of Italy
The Order of the Crown of Italy ( Italian: Ordine della Corona d'Italia ) was founded on February 20, 1868 by King Victor Emanuel II as an Order of Merit in memory of the unification of Italy . It was intended to reward extraordinary services in the direct interest of the nation by Italians and foreigners.
The order was divided into five classes and the number of members was limited:
- Grand Cross to 60 members
- Grand officer to 150 members
- Commander in chief to 500 members
- Officer to 2000 members
- Knights without restrictions
The medal is a gold-braided, white-enamelled Ruppert cross , through whose corner golden love ropes loop and in whose gold-braided sky-blue heart shield the iron crown of Lombardy , which here stands for the crown of Italy, is in a plastic representation. The lapel of the medallion is gold, inside a crowned black eagle with the Savoy-Italian white cross in the red oval breast shield.
The grand cross was carried on a sash from the right shoulder to the left hip as well as with an eight-pointed breast star . The medallion of the breast star, which is surmounted by a black eagle, is surrounded by a circlet with the inscription VICT. EMAN. II. REX. ITALIAE MDCCCLXVI ((Victor Emanuel II. King of Italy 1866).) Grand officers wore the award as a neck medal in addition to an octagonal star with an overlaid medal. Commander decorated without a breast star, officer and knight on the ribbon on the left breast side. A rosette is also attached to the officers' band.
The band is light cherry red with a white central stripe 1/4 of the band width.
- Arnhard Graf Klenau: European Order from 1700. Klenau, Fridingen 1978, ISBN 3-921566-05-3 .