Grand Commander (Order)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The term Grand Commander (also Grand Officer or Knight Commander ) referred to in the faleristics the second highest level of which is divided into five levels of knights or Merit .


The model for the division of orders of merit into five levels (knight - officer - commander - grand officer - grand cross) is the system that was first introduced in France in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte at the foundation of the Legion of Honor (Légion d'honneur) . With the establishment of numerous other orders of merit in the 19th and 20th centuries, this pattern was often adopted and thus achieved worldwide distribution. Orders of merit with three levels (knight - commander - grand cross) have existed since the middle of the 18th century. B. the Hungarian Order of St. Stephen .

Position within the order hierarchy

  1. Grand Cross (Fig. 5, see below)
  2. Grand Commander (also "Grand Officer Cross ", "Grand Officer", " Knight Commander ", "Commander 1st Class") (Fig. 4)
  3. Komtur (also "Komturkreuz", "Kommandeur", "Commander", "Komtur 2nd class") (Fig. 3)
  4. Officer (also " Officer's Cross ") (Fig. 2)
  5. Knight (also " Knight's Cross ") (Fig. 1)

Carrying method

Wearing the medal badge

Traditionally, the Grand Officer's Cross or Grand Commander's Cross of an Order of Merit is worn on a ribbon around the neck ( neck medal ), with the insignia hanging in the middle of the chest.

This includes a breast star, which in many orders resembles the breast star of the Grand Cross (see fourth illustration in the picture on the right).


Baron Georges de Cuvier with a neck decoration and breast star of a Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor

The level of Grand Commander, Grand Officer or Knight Commander existed or exists in the following state orders: