Friedrich Pfister

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Friedrich Pfister (born January 6, 1883 in Kaiserslautern , † December 27, 1967 in Würzburg ) was a German philologist and university professor.

After graduating from high school in Baden-Baden in 1901 , Pfister studied philology, German, archeology and philosophy at the universities of Heidelberg , Berlin and Munich . In 1906 he received his doctorate in Heidelberg with his work The mythical list of kings of Megara and its relationship to cult and topographical designation (suggested by Albrecht Dieterich ). He then traveled to Greece and Asia Minor, where he took part for a few weeks in the excavations of the city of Leukas led by Wilhelm Dörpfeld . From 1906 to 1912 Pfister worked at the Archaeological Institute of Heidelberg University (until 1908) (as Friedrich von Duhn's assistant ) and at the German Archaeological Institute in Rome.

In 1912 Pfister completed his habilitation in Heidelberg in the field of classical philology . Before he was drafted as a soldier for World War I in 1915, he was a private lecturer in Heidelberg (1912–1914) and Marburg an der Lahn (1914/1915). After the war he got an extraordinary professorship for classical philology at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen . On April 1, 1924, he was appointed to a full professorship for Classical Philology at the University of Würzburg . In 1930/31 he was dean there .

During the National Socialist era , he was editor of the Archives for Religious Studies with Otto Weinreich from 1936 to 1938 . His first contribution in this function was committed to “conformity and ideologization” and had the programmatic title: The religion and belief of the Germanic peoples and their religious leaders .

As a member of the Philosophical Faculty, he was a member of the Academic Senate of the University of Würzburg in 1948. There he was with Josef Martin chairman of the seminar for classical philology, where Joseph-Hans Kühn worked as an assistant in 1948. Pfister retired in 1951.

Fonts (selection)

  • Relic cult in antiquity. 1909-1912
  • Small texts on the Alexander novel: Commonitorium Palladii, correspondence between Alexander and Dindimus, Alexander's letter on the wonders of India according to the Bamberg manuscript. Collection of vulgar Latin texts, volume 4. Winter, Heidelberg 1910. 41 pp.
  • The Alexander novel by Archipresbyter Leo. Collection of Middle Latin texts 6. Winter, Heidelberg 1913. 141 pp.
  • German folklore. In faith and superstition '. 1936
  • Concise dictionary of German superstition . Vol. 7 (1936), Art. "Religion"
  • Language and literature of the Greeks. 1944
  • Myths of gods and heroes of the Greeks. University Press Winter
  • Religion and science. Your relationship from the beginning to the present. Dalp Collection, vol. 104, 1972 (posthumous)
  • Small writings on the Alexander novel . Contributions to classical philology issue 61. Anton Hain, Meisenheim 1976, ISBN 3-445-01296-2 (posthumous)
  • The Alexander novel with a selection from the related texts. Contributions to classical philology, vol. 92. Anton Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1978, ISBN 3-445-01568-6 (posthumous)


  • Friedrich Pfister: Memories from my life up to 1945: With a directory of folklore and religious studies writings . Munich 1989.


Web links

Wikisource: Friedrich Pfister  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b Horst Junginger : Religious Studies , in: Jürgen Elvert , Jürgen Nielsen-Sikora (Ed.): Cultural Studies and National Socialism. Steiner, Stuttgart 2009, p. 79. See Martina Dürkop: The Archives for Religious Studies in the years 1919 to 1939: presented on the basis of the correspondence between Otto Weinreich and Martin Persson Nilsson . Berlin, Münster: Lit 2013. Dissertation University of Erfurt 2009
  2. Friedrich Pfister: The religion and the belief of the Germanic peoples and their religious leaders , in: Archive for Religious Studies, 1936, pp. 1-14.
  3. Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg: Lecture directory for the summer semester of 1948. Universitätsdruckerei H. Stürtz, Würzburg 1948, pp. 6 f., 12 and 17.