Eduard Schwartz

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Eduard Schwartz, around 1910

Eduard Schwartz (born August 22, 1858 in Kiel , † February 13, 1940 in Munich ) was a German classical philologist .

life and work

As a result of the appointment of his father, the gynecologist Jakob Heinrich Hermann Schwartz , to Göttingen , he began his studies at the Georg August University of Göttingen in 1876 . He continued it in Bonn in 1876 with Hermann Usener , in 1878 in Berlin with Theodor Mommsen and in 1879 in Greifswald with Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff . Wilamowitz-Moellendorff and Schwartz became lifelong friends.

After obtaining a doctorate as Dr. phil. he went to Italy on a scholarship . Habilitated private lecturer at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn since 1884 , he went to the University of Rostock in 1887 . He married Emma Blumenbach in Rostock during the three emperor's year . Further stations were the University of Gießen (1893), the Kaiser-Wilhelms-University of Strasbourg (1897), the University of Göttingen (1902), the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg (1909) and in 1914 again Strasbourg. There he was rector in 1915/16 (during World War I) .

Like many Strasbourg university teachers expelled from the Third French Republic after the Armistice of Compiègne (1918) , he was appointed to the chair of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich at Easter 1919 . He taught in Munich until his death.

Its memberships at the academies in Berlin, Heidelberg , Munich , Vienna , Strasbourg, Petersburg , Copenhagen , Budapest and Stockholm are an expression of its scientific reputation . The University of Rostock made him an honorary member on the occasion of its four hundredth anniversary (1919). Full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences since 1919, he was president of the scholars' association from 1927 to 1930. In 1928 he became a public sponsor of the nationalist , anti-Semitic Kampfbund for German culture . As a conservative, he had no sympathy for National Socialism . In 1936, the members of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences re-elected him President, but the Reich Minister of Education Bernhard Rust appointed the not-proposed National Socialist Karl Alexander von Müller in his place .

The Schwartz font index created by Albert Rehm contains 387 digits, plus text editions. The three scientists Mommsen - Schwartz - Wilamowitz-Moellendorf are among the leading philologists of their time.

Schwartz was commissioned by the Berlin Academy to edit the Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum collection . Schwartz wrote numerous articles on Greek historians for Pauly's Realencyclopedia of Classical Classical Antiquity , which (albeit outdated in details) still represent important basic contributions today.



Web links

Wikisource: Eduard Schwartz  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Rector's speech (HKM)
  2. ^ Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 558.
predecessor Office successor
Max von Gruber President of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences from
1927 to 1930
Karl Ritter von Goebel