life and work
As a result of the appointment of his father, the gynecologist Jakob Heinrich Hermann Schwartz , to Göttingen , he began his studies at the Georg August University of Göttingen in 1876 . He continued it in Bonn in 1876 with Hermann Usener , in 1878 in Berlin with Theodor Mommsen and in 1879 in Greifswald with Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff . Wilamowitz-Moellendorff and Schwartz became lifelong friends.
After obtaining a doctorate as Dr. phil. he went to Italy on a scholarship . Habilitated private lecturer at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn since 1884 , he went to the University of Rostock in 1887 . He married Emma Blumenbach in Rostock during the three emperor's year . Further stations were the University of Gießen (1893), the Kaiser-Wilhelms-University of Strasbourg (1897), the University of Göttingen (1902), the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg (1909) and in 1914 again Strasbourg. There he was rector in 1915/16 (during World War I) .
Like many Strasbourg university teachers expelled from the Third French Republic after the Armistice of Compiègne (1918) , he was appointed to the chair of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich at Easter 1919 . He taught in Munich until his death.
Its memberships at the academies in Berlin, Heidelberg , Munich , Vienna , Strasbourg, Petersburg , Copenhagen , Budapest and Stockholm are an expression of its scientific reputation . The University of Rostock made him an honorary member on the occasion of its four hundredth anniversary (1919). Full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences since 1919, he was president of the scholars' association from 1927 to 1930. In 1928 he became a public sponsor of the nationalist , anti-Semitic Kampfbund for German culture . As a conservative, he had no sympathy for National Socialism . In 1936, the members of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences re-elected him President, but the Reich Minister of Education Bernhard Rust appointed the not-proposed National Socialist Karl Alexander von Müller in his place .
The Schwartz font index created by Albert Rehm contains 387 digits, plus text editions. The three scientists Mommsen - Schwartz - Wilamowitz-Moellendorf are among the leading philologists of their time.
Schwartz was commissioned by the Berlin Academy to edit the Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum collection . Schwartz wrote numerous articles on Greek historians for Pauly's Realencyclopedia of Classical Classical Antiquity , which (albeit outdated in details) still represent important basic contributions today.
- Hans Lietzmann : The ancient world . Volume 16, 1940, pp. 77-80.
- Martin Grabmann : Obituaries for Eduard Schwartz . In: Historical yearbook . Vol. 59 (1942).
- Walter Otto : Historical magazine . 162: 442-444 (1942).
- Max Pohlenz : Yearbook of the Göttingen Academy , 1942.
- Ludwig Radermacher : Treatises of the Academy of Vienna , 1942.
- Albert Rehm : Byzantine magazine . 40: 349-350 (1942).
- Albert Rehm: Eduard Schwartz 'scientific life's work . In: Meeting reports of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Philosophical-Historical Department . Born in 1942, No. 4, pp. 67–75 (with list of publications, 387 numbers).
- Ludwig Voit : Eduard Schwartz (1858–1940) . In: Eikasmós . 4: 343-344 (1993).
- Wilhelm Blum: Schwartz, Eduard. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 9, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-058-1 , Sp. 1155-1156.
- Wolfhart Unte : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , pp. 797-799 ( version ).
- Mischa Meier : “A dogmatic dispute” - Eduard Schwartz (1858–1940) and the “Imperial Councils” in late antiquity . In: Journal of Ancient Christianity . Volume 15 (2011), pp. 124-139
- Roland Baumgarten: Schwartz, Eduard. In: Peter Kuhlmann , Helmuth Schneider (Hrsg.): History of the ancient sciences. Biographical Lexicon (= The New Pauly . Supplements. Volume 6). Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2012, ISBN 978-3-476-02033-8 , Sp. 1154-1156.
- Literature by and about Eduard Schwartz in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Eduard Schwartz in the German Digital Library
- Entry on Eduard Schwartz in Kalliope
- Entry on Eduard Schwartz in the Catalogus Professorum Rostochiensium
- Rector's speech (HKM)
- Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 558.
|Max von Gruber||
President of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences from
1927 to 1930
|Karl Ritter von Goebel|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German classical philologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 22, 1858|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kiel|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 13, 1940|
|Place of death||Munich|