Friedrich Leo (born July 10, 1851 in Regenwalde , Prussia; † January 15, 1914 in Göttingen ) was a German classical philologist who lived in Kiel (1881-1883), Rostock (1883-1888), Strasbourg (1888-1889) and Göttingen (1889–1914) worked as a professor. As a Latinist , he made lasting contributions to the dramatic poetry of the Romans, especially in the textual criticism of Plautus and Seneca .
The son of the doctor Ludwig Friedrich Leo studied from 1868 in Göttingen , where he joined the Brunsviga fraternity . After military service in the war of 1870/71, he then studied classical philology in Bonn with Franz Bücheler and Hermann Usener , together with Georg Kaibel , Friedrich von Duhn , Georg Dehio and Hans Delbrück . After obtaining his doctorate in 1873, Leo traveled several times to the Mediterranean countries and completed his habilitation in Bonn in 1877. In 1881 he became associate professor in Kiel , in 1883 full professor in Rostock and in 1888 in Strasbourg . In 1889 he was appointed to a Latinist chair in Göttingen, which he held until his death. Richard Reitzenstein was his successor . In the academic year 1903/1904 Leo was rector of the University of Göttingen. Since 1893 he was also a full member of the Göttingen Society of Sciences and since 1897 its secretary.
In 1883 Friedrich Leo married Cécile Hensel (1858–1928), a daughter of the landowner and entrepreneur Sebastian Hensel , granddaughter of the composer Fanny Hensel and the painter Wilhelm Hensel and great-great-granddaughter of the philosopher and entrepreneur Moses Mendelssohn and sister of the philosopher Paul Hensel , the mathematician Kurt Hensel and the writer Lili du Bois-Reymond , b. Hensel. Cécile was an enthusiastic silhouette artist, whose artistic works still attract attention today. The couple had three children: Erika Leo (1887–1949, married to the Germanist Walther Brecht since 1913 ), the Romanist Ulrich Leo (1890–1964) and the theologian Paul Leo (1893–1958), see his father's list of tribe Ludwig Friedrich Leo .
Right at the beginning of his scientific career, Leo published basic editions of the tragedies of Seneca and (for the Monumenta Germaniae Historica ) of Venantius Fortunatus . Later, Plautus and early Roman literature in general were the focus of his research. In addition, he dealt with the biography in antiquity. Like Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff , who was temporarily his colleague in Göttingen, Leo represented the concept of a comprehensive classical studies.
- 1889: full member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
- 1906: corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences
- Plautinian research . Weidmann, Berlin 1895; 2nd edition 1912 ( digitized version ); Reprint Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1966.
- The Greco-Roman biography according to its literary form . Teubner, Leipzig 1901 ( digitized version ); Reprinted by Olms, Hildesheim, 1990. ISBN 3-487-00986-2
- The Saturnian verse. Weidmann, Berlin 1905.
- History of Roman Literature . Vol. 1. The archaic literature . Weidmann, Berlin 1913 ( digitized version ).
- Selected small fonts . Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Roma 1960, 2 volumes
- Wolfram Ax : Friedrich Leo, Professor of Classical Philology 1889–1914 . In: Carl Joachim Classen (Hrsg.): The classical antiquity at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. A lecture series on their history . Vandenhoeck u. Ruprecht, Göttingen 1989. pp. 149-177. ISBN 3-525-35845-8
- Ulrich Schindel : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-428-00195-8 , p. 241 f. ( ).
- Paul Wendland : Talk to Friedrich Leo. Held in the public meeting of the Kgl. Society of Sciences in Göttingen on May 2, 1914. Weidmann, Berlin 1914.
- Literature by and about Friedrich Leo in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry on Friedrich Leo in the Catalogus Professorum Rostochiensium
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Leo, Friedrich Georg Julius|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German classical philologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 10, 1851|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rainforest|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 15, 1914|
|Place of death||Goettingen|