|Voivodeship :||West Pomerania|
|Area :||4.49 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||42 m npm|
|Residents :||4255 (2017)|
|Postal code :||72-315|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 91|
|License plate :||ZLO|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Ext. 152 Płoty ↔ Buślary|
|Next international airport :||Szczecin-Goleniów|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||45 villages|
|11 school offices|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||28 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||3218043|
|Administration (as of 2018)|
|Mayor :||Arkadiusz Czerwiński|
Resko [ 'rɛskɔ ] ( German rain forest ) is a city in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship and belongs to the powiat Łobeski . It has about 4300 inhabitants. It is also the seat of the town and country municipality of the same name ( gmina miejsko-wiejska ).
Geographical location and transport links
Resko is located in Western Pomerania on the right bank of the Rega River , not far from the Rega reservoir. The next larger cities are Nowogard ( Naugard ) in the west and Świdwin ( Schivelbein ) in the east, both about 20 kilometers away.
The place can only be reached via secondary roads, from Szczecin via Droga krajowa 6 (former German Reichsstraße 2 , today also Europastraße 28 ), which passes 10 kilometers to the west, into which the Voivodship Road 152 (which formerly crossed the place as Reichsstraße 161 ) joins.
The former district town has had no rail connection since 1992. The Worowo – Wysoka Kamieńska ( Wurow-Wietstock ) railway was closed at this time. The Piepenburg – Regenwalde railway , opened in 1893, was closed in 1945.
One of the oldest evidence of the settlement of today's Resko is the discovery of an urn with silver coins from Roman times , when the Suebi lived there . Towards the end of the Great Migration , the area was settled by Slavs and they built a castle wall. The Dagome Iudex , the founding document of Poland from the late 10th century preserved in registers of the 11th century , includes the region “along the sea”, i.e. the Baltic Sea. The inhabitants were first referred to in writing as Pomorans by Adam von Bremen in the 11th century . Since the conquest of Szczecin by Bolesław III. Crooked mouth in 1121 ruled grasping the Duchy of Pomerania as Polish vassals , from 1177 until the Battle of Bornhöved (1227) , however, Denmark tribute, but were at the same time from 1181 princes of the Holy Roman Empire . Soon after the beginning of the Griffin rule, Otto's missionary trip from Bamberg 1124–1128 from the Polish archbishopric Gnesen to Stettin began the permanent Christianization of Western Pomerania .
The present-day city emerged in the course of the eastern colonization ; Theodorich Horn, who comes from Kolberg , was commissioned in 1255 to establish a settlement in the area of the castle ramparts. After a few initial difficulties, the place was developed to such an extent that in 1282 it was granted the town charter of Luebeck . In 1295 the noble von Borcke family built their own castle on the remains of the old castle ramparts and, together with the von Vidante family, became owners of the town of Regenwalde. In 1365 the Vidantes had to cede their share to the Duke of Pommern-Wolgast Barnim IV. From 1447 the Borckes were the sole lords of Regenwalde.
The Thirty Years' War wreaked havoc, and when the plague broke out, the population decreased dramatically. After the end of the war, the city came under Brandenburg rule because the Pomeranian Griffin family had died out in 1637. Regenwalde now belonged to the Borckschen Kreis, named after the von Borcke family, who owned almost all of the district's land. Agriculture, cattle breeding, handicrafts and trade were the sources of income for the population at that time.
During the Prussian reforms in 1815 the name Regenwalde was transferred to the newly formed district , but the city of Labes became the district town. In the course of industrialization in the second half of the 19th century, a number of new companies emerged, among which the agricultural machinery factory founded in 1843 held an excellent position. In addition to her, a sawmill, an oil mill and a tannery started operations. The railway came very late in 1895 with a small railway line from Kolberg to Regenwalde and the connection to the main line network did not take place until 1906 with the construction of the railway line to Labes . In the 1920s, the city expanded to the east and west with new housing developments.
During the Second World War the capacities of the torpedo school in Flensburg - Mürwik were no longer sufficient. Therefore, another torpedo school was set up near Regenwalde in 1944, but it was still under Flensburg-Mürwik. At the end of the Second World War, in the last days of February 1945, part of the city's population tried to get to safety from the approaching war front. On March 3, 1945, Regenwald was captured, went up in flames and was occupied by the Red Army . Soon afterwards, Regenwald was placed under Polish administration. Many refugees returned. Local city dwellers who had not fled or who had returned were subsequently displaced . Rainforest was renamed Resko .
- 1740: 714
- 1782: 862, including 22 Jews
- 1794: 943, including 31 Jews
- 1812: 1154, including ten Catholics and 40 Jews
- 1816: 1182, including ten Catholics and 47 Jews
- 1831: 1958, including seven Catholics and 82 Jews
- 1843: 2402, including seven Catholics and 102 Jews
- 1852: 3163, including eight Catholics and 139 Jews
- 1861: 3442, including eleven Catholics and 148 Jews
- 1875: 3363
- 1880: 3370
- 1890: 3183
- 1925: 4023, including 89 Catholics and 72 Jews
- 1933: 4346
- 1939: 4014
The urban and rural community Resko covers an area of 285.24 km² with 8300 inhabitants.
The school authorities belong to Gmina Resko
These are integrated as localities:
- Stadtkirche St. Marien , three-aisled hall church, built around 1360 in the late Gothic style. The 60 meter high tower was added in the middle of the 19th century.
- Carl Sprengel's grave
There is a city partnership with the Lower Saxony city of Melle .
sons and daughters of the town
- Balthasar Friedrich von Schütz (~ 1664–1734), German officer, theological translator and writer
- Friedrich Leo (1851–1914), German classical philologist and university professor
- Hans Leo (1854–1927), German physician and pharmacologist
- Henriette Arndt (1892–1942), German teacher, murdered in the Kulmhof extermination camp
- Otto von der Linde (1892–1984), German officer, farmer and hunting writer
- Hans-Joachim Laabs (1921–2009), German politician (SED), Minister for Popular Education of the GDR
- Jörg Panknin (* 1944), German actor
- Renata Zaremba (* 1967), Polish politician, member of the Sejm
Connected to the city
- Carl Sprengel (1787–1859), German agricultural scientist, founder of the Landbau-Academie zu Regenwalde
- Heinrich Wilhelm Ferdinand Birner (1820–1894), German chemist, director of the agricultural research station in Regenwalde
- Gustav Kratz : The cities of the province of Pomerania - outline of their history, mostly according to documents . Berlin 1865, pp. 322-324.
- Our Pommerland , vol. 16, no. 7–8: Regenwalde district .
- Gunthard Stübs and Pomeranian Research Association: The town of Regenwalde in the former Regenwalde district in Pomerania (2011).
- City website (Polish)
- Polska w liczbach .
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Georg Tessin : Associations and troops of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS 1939–1945, torpedo services in the Navy. S.?.
- Kratz (1865), p. 323.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. regenwalde.html # ew39rgnwmregw. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).