The Luebian law (also Lübsches law ) was the law adopted by the imperial city of Lübeck , which became valid in over 100 cities in the Baltic Sea region . The law of the city of Lübeck itself is called "Lübeck law".
Heinrich the Lion granted Lübeck various privileges . This gave the city of Soest in 1160 . From this, the so-called Lübische law developed under the leadership of the council. The Luebian law combined the legal concepts from the Westphalian with the Holsteiner land law and adopted the basic rules found in the Baltic Sea area from the time of the Vikings and from the Gotland cooperative in Visby in the area of maritime law . It was the only German city law that later resisted Romanization and retained its German legal origins until the end of the 19th century.
An early summary as a codex took place in 1294 at the instigation of the Lübeck Chancellor Albert von Bardewik in the Bardewik Codex . On behalf of Lübeck's mayor Tidemann von Güstrow , it was written in 1348 by the cathedral vicar Helmicus Thymmonis and then also called Tideman Güstrow's Codex . It was then revised in 1586 and first printed in High German by Johann Balhorn as Der Kayserlichen Freyen and the Holy Reich City of Lübeck Statuta and Stadtrecht . In terms of its constitutional content, Lübeck modified it only once through the Kassare Trial and the Citizens' Recess, and codified its approach.
It was valid in large parts of its distribution area until 1900, when it was replaced by the civil code .
Against decisions by cities with Lübischem law, the appeal was given to the Oberhof Lübeck as an appeal body.
Cities with Luebian city rights
- 1188: Hamburg (uncertain whether not autonomous and independent city law, which was similar to Lübeck law solely because of its socio-cultural connections with Lübeck (previously often printed next to Lübeck law))
- June 24, 1218: Rostock
- 1224: Danzig
- 1226: Wittenburg
- 1230s Segeberg
- 1234: Stralsund
- 1235: Oldenburg
- 1236: Plön
- 1238: Oldesloe and Itzehoe
- 1242: Kiel
- 1242: Loitz
- 1243: Tondern
- 1244: Neustadt
- 1246: Elbing
- 1248: Reval
- May 14, 1250: Greifswald
- 1250: Rendsburg
- 1252: Dirschau
- 1253: Kalen and Damgarten
- 1255: Kolberg and Barth
- 1257: Eutin
- 1258: Memel
- 1266: Koslin
- 1267: Boizenburg
- 1282: Wolgast and Wilster
- April 1, 1284: Braunsberg
- 1285: Tribsees
- 1287: Grimmen
- 1292: Anklam (before that, presumably Magdeburg law)
- 1293: Damm (until 1297, before that Magdeburg law)
- December 23, 1298: Usedom
- 1299: Belgard
- June 12, 1302: Wesenberg
- April 13, 1305: Heiligenhafen
- 1309: Naugard
- September 9, 1310: Stolp
- 1310: Neustettin and Frauenburg
- May 21, 1312: Rügenwalde
- May 22, 1317: Schlawe
- 1343: Zanow
- 1613: Bergen ( Rügen )
- Pollnow (around 1613)
- Adrian Bueckling : Lübisches law in (Swedish) New Western Pomerania and Rügen. Thomas Helms Verlag Schwerin 1997, ISBN 3-931185-34-6
- Wilhelm Ebel : Lübisches law . 1st volume. Lübeck 1971, ISBN 3-7950-0030-0
- Johann Friedrich Hach (Ed.): The old Luebian law. Lübeck: v. Rohden & Bruhn 1839 ( digitized version ), Bavarian State Library
- C. Plitt: The Luebeck inheritance law according to the law of February 10, 1862, the inheritance law of the spouses and blood friends, the wills of will, as well as the inheritance . 2nd Edition. Hinstorff, Wismar et al. 1872 ( digitized version )
- C. Plitt: The marital property law and the law of inheritance of Lübeck. Shown in its main features . Hinstorff, Wismar 1884 ( digitized version )
- Johann Christian Theodor Richelmann the Elder J .: About the window and light law, especially according to Lübsche's laws . Without place, 1803 ( digitized version )
- Hermann Rodde: Comparison of the Code Napoléon with the Luebian law . Bohn, Lübeck et al. 1812 ( digitized version )
- Joachim Lucas Stein : Thorough treatise of Lueb's law, in which this Jus Germanicum, which originated in middle ages, is derived from the true sources and sufficiently expliciret , Leipzig 1738; Part 2, Leipzig 1741; Part 3 and 4, Rostock 1745.
- Henning Unverhau: The origin and earlier development of the city of Bad Segeberg , in: Heimatkundliches Jahrbuch für den Kreis Segeberg, Jg. 31 (1985), pp. 25-40.
- Issues in the manuscript census
- Hach, Johann Friedrich (Ed.): The old Lübische law. Lübeck: Rohder, 1839 - digitized version of a scientific edition of the city rights before 1586
- "Today's city law of Luebeck after the revision of 1586" ( memento from June 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) - source and date unclear
- Bibliographic information on the lost copy of the Tidemann-Güstrow Codex - Manuscript Census / Marburg Repertory of German-language manuscripts of the 13th and 14th centuries
- Anneliese Birch-Hirschfeld: Frauenburg, district of Braunsberg . In: Heinz Stoob (Ed.): Deutsches Städebuch, Handbuch Städtischer Geschichte , Vol. 1: Northeast Germany; Stuttgart 1939, p. 50f.