|Voivodeship :||West Pomerania|
|Area :||7.61 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||69 m npm|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||76-010|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 94|
|License plate :||ZKO|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Ext. 205 Darłowo ↔ Bobolice|
|Ext. 206 Koszalin ↔ Miastko|
|Rail route :||
Railway Piła – Ustka
Railway station: Przytocko
|Next international airport :||Szczecin-Goleniów|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||82 localities|
|28 school offices|
(Jun 30, 2019)
|Population density :||22 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||3209063|
|Administration (as of 2015)|
|Mayor :||Grzegorz Lipski|
ul.Wolności 4 76-010 Polanów
The city is located in Western Pomerania , about 32 kilometers southeast of Köslin ( Koszalin ) on the left bank of the Grabow . The Grabowtal forms a delightful landscape here. Near the city there are two former pagan Slavic pilgrimage sites , in the southwest the Holy Mountain and in the northeast the Varbelow Mountains , also the Twelve Apostles Mountains .
In the second half of the 13th century, the first German settlers, mostly from the Mark Brandenburg , came to the easily accessible ford across the Grabow . Wends had already settled there before them, and they stayed apart in their old living quarters even after the German town was founded. It was called Schidlitz by the Germans and remained independent until the end of the 19th century, although the two tribes mixed with each other over time. Pollnow is mentioned for the first time in the document dated July 13, 1307, with which the Brandenburg margraves Otto, Hermann and Waldemar Peter von Neuenburg confirmed the feudal rights to the place and the castle built in the course of the settlement. His son of the same name gave Pollnow town charter in 1312 . The town and castle were transferred to the diocese of Cammin in 1353 and henceforth belonged to the table goods of the diocese. In 1436 Bishop Siegfried Pollnow and the castle pledged to the Pomeranian Duke Bogislaw IX. Both remained ducal property until Duke Erich II gave the Pollnower Land to his Princely Councilor Peter von Glasenapp in 1472 in exchange for six villages in the Rügenwalder Land.
In 1550 the Reformation was introduced in Pollnow . In 1609, a city fire caused severe damage, the catastrophe repeated itself in 1656 and 1736. The city's first town hall was built in 1613. As a result of the Thirty Years' War , Pollnow was occupied by Sweden from 1537 to 1653 , after which the Brandenburg rulers ruled the country. In 1672 Peter von Glasenapp wrote the “Blue Book of Pollnow”, which also served as a historical source for the city in the centuries that followed. In 1773 Colonel Ernst von Wrangel took ownership of the town, which the family held until 1806.
When Prussia rearranged its district division after the Wars of Liberation in 1815, Pollnow was incorporated into the Pomeranian district of Schlawe ; since 1816 this belonged to the administrative district of Köslin . In 1819 the castle was purchased by Pollnow's citizens. In 1848 they inaugurated their new town hall and in 1852 a new church building was added to the old church tower. Pollnow was connected to the railway network relatively late, and in 1898 only to the Schlawer Kleinbahn. In 1903, when the line to Bublitz was opened, it was connected to the standard gauge network. Because of the poor transport connections, hardly any industry developed in Pollnow, only the branch of a Berlin textile factory was established there. In 1908 a power station went into operation nearby in Beßwitz.
Towards the end of the Second World War , in mid-February 1945, the city was the only one in the Koslin administrative region to experience a bombing raid in which Soviet planes dropped around 30 bombs. Some houses were damaged by the bombing. Two German companies fended off the Soviet troops on the ground, but had to evacuate the city on February 27, 1945. The civilian population had been evacuated the day before. Numerous houses and the church suffered severe damage from the Soviet artillery. After the city was captured by the Red Army , the center was set on fire by Soviet soldiers and largely destroyed as a result.
Soon after the occupation by the Red Army, Pollnow was placed under Polish administration along with the whole of Western Pomerania . The German city of Pollnow received the Polish place name Polanów . In the period that followed, the returned residents were expelled .
|1782||647||including 13 Jews|
|1791||727||including 13 Jews|
|1794||740||including 13 Jews|
|1812||900||including one Catholic and 30 Jews|
|1816||913||including a Catholic and 40 Jews|
|1831||1133||including two Catholics and 50 Jews|
|1843||1444||including no Catholic and 68 Jews|
|1852||1792||including four Catholics and 71 Jews|
|1861||2163||including ten Catholics and 97 Jews|
|1925||3472||including 3,273 Evangelicals, 88 Catholics and 37 Jews|
sons and daughters of the town
- Andreas Cassius (1563–1618), German lawyer and office secretary in Gottorf
- August Friedrich Ludwig Freiherr von Wrangel (1774–1851), Prussian lieutenant general and governor of Königsberg
- Julius Pagel (1851–1912), German doctor and medical historian
- Eberhard Wenzel (1896–1982), German church musician and composer
- Wolfgang Zenkert, Mayor of the City of Gedern (2004)
- Martin Krause (1922–2012), Forest Director (2008)
- Ludwig Schick (* 1949), Archbishop of Bamberg (2010)
- Wolfgang Kunert (* 1954), Chairman of the Gedern-Polanów Sibling Association in Gedern (2012)
Until 1945 there was a railway connection to three railway lines for Pollnow: the Gramenz – Zollbrück ( Grzmiaca - Korzybie ) and the small railway lines of the Schlawer Bahnen from Schlawe (Sławno) to Sydow (Żydowo) and the Köslin – Belgarder Bahnen via Natzlaff (Nacław) to Köslin (Koszalin).
The urban and rural municipality of Polanów, whose seat is the city of Polanów, ranks sixth in terms of area of the 114 municipalities in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. With its 393.08 km² it also "occupies" 23.6% of the total area of the Powiat Koszaliński .
It ranks 38th in the voivodeship in terms of 9,230 inhabitants.
The municipality is traversed from south to north by the Grabowa ( Grabow ) river , which gives the landscape a very tranquil picture.
Neighboring municipalities of Gmina Polanów are:
- in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship :
- in the Pomeranian Voivodeship :
The urban and rural municipality of Polanów comprises over 82 villages, which are grouped into the following 28 districts ( sołectwo ) :
This also includes the localities and settlements:
Bagnica ( Pagelsland ) Bartlewo , Chocimino Leśne, Chróstowo ( Twelberg ) Chrustowo ( Friedrichslust ) Czarnowiec ( fir wood ), Czyżewo ( Pfingstberg ) Dalimierz ( Johannishof ) Doły, Dzikowo, Gilewo ( Wilhelmshof ) Głusza ( bear camp ) Gosław ( Arnsberg ), Gostkowo ( Wilkenhof ), Jaromierz Polanowski ( Ludwigshof ), Jeżewo, Kania, Karsina ( Karzin, Kr.Köslin ), Kierzkowo ( Grünheide ), Knieja, Komorowo ( Kummerow, Kr. Schlawe ), Kopaniec ( Althütte ), Kocierniczka .ścierniczka ( New Kösternitz ) Kwiecko, Lipki ( Klein Linde ) Liszkowo, Łąkie ( courtyard ), Łokwica ( Hildegard height ), Małomierz ( Luisenhof ) Mirotki, Mlyniska, Nadbór ( Nadebahr ) Osetno, Piaskowo ( Seekaten ) Pieczyska ( Vorhütte ) , Pokrzywno, Pulawy ( New America ), Przybrodzie, Pyszki ( Elsenthal ), Racibórz Polanowski ( Heinrichshorst ) Racław ( Ratzlaffenkamp ) Rzeczyca Mała ( small Reetz ) Samostrzel ( Neuhof ), Smugi ( Thalhof ) Stare Wiatrowo ( Old Kleehof ) , Stołpie ( Kuhstolp ), Strzeżewo ( Karlshof ), Szczerbin ( Karlshof ), Trzebaw ( Hasselhof ), Zagaje ( Schonungshof ), Zdzieszewo, Żdżar ( Sohrhof ).
In the municipality is also the fulling mill .
Three provincial roads (DW) run through the municipality, two of which cross in the city of Polanów:
- DW 205 : Darłowo ( Rügenwalde ) - Sławno ( Schlawe ) - Polanów - Bobolice ( Bublitz ),
- DW 206 : Koszalin ( Köslin ) - Polanów - Miastko ( Rummelsburg ),
- DW 208 : Barcino ( Bartin ) - Kępice ( Hammermühle ) - Wielin ( Vellin ) and on to DW 205.
Before 1945 three railway lines met in the area of today's Gmina Polanów, all of which were shut down after the war and largely dismantled:
- In the years 1897/98 the small railway line of the Schlawer Bahnen was built, but it was not fully operational until 1921, with 11 railway stations in today's municipality;
- Starting in 1898 near Natzlaff, the Köslin – Belgarder Bahnen small railway, which came from Köslin and Manow and was taken over by the Schlawer Bahnen to the Pollnow terminus , came across this railway line with 4 stations in the municipality;
- In 1903, the Gramenz – Zollbrück railway from Bublitz to Pollnow was built, and it was not extended to Zollbrück until 1921, with a total of 5 stations in the municipality.
- Transmitter for broadcasting FM radio and television programs in Gołogóra . Two guyed steel framework masts, which are 271 and 115 meters high, are used as antenna supports.
- Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann : Detailed description of the current state of the Königl. Prussian Duchy of Vor and Hinter Pomerania . Part II, Volume 2: Description of the court district of the Royal. State colleges in Cößlin belonging to the Eastern Pomeranian districts . Stettin 1784, pp. 846-850.
- Gustav Kratz : The cities of the province of Pomerania - an outline of their history, mostly according to documents . Berlin 1865, pp. 304-307 ( full text ).
- Franz Heiseler: From the story of Pollnow . In: Manfred Vollack (Ed.): The Schlawe district - A Pomeranian home book. Volume 2, The Cities and Rural Communities. Husum 1989, ISBN 3-88042-337-7 , pp. 673-682.
- The town of Pollnow in the former Schlawe district in Pomerania (Gunthard Stübs and Pommersche Forschungsgemeinschaft, 2011)
- City website
- Home group Pollnow in Pomerania
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Website of the city (BIP), Władze Gminy ( Memento of the original from February 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed February 21, 2015
- Gustav Kratz : The cities of the province of Pomerania - outline of their history, mostly according to documents . Berlin 1865, p. 306 .
- Christian Friedrich Wutstrack (Ed.): Brief historical-geographical-statistical description of the royal Prussian duchy of Western and Western Pomerania . Stettin 1793, overview table on p. 736.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Schlawe.html # ew39sclwpollno. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- The Pomeranian Newspaper. No. 47/2012, p. 8.
- The Pomeranian Newspaper. No. 39/2010, p. 8.
- Kreis-Anzeiger for Wetterau and Vogelsberg: Wolfgang Kunert honorary citizen of the twin town - Ceremonial highlight of the visit of the friends from Polanów . In: Andrea Henke (Ed.): Local . Gedern June 12, 2012 ( Kreis-anzeiger.de [accessed March 2, 2017]).