|Voivodeship :||West Pomerania|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||110 m npm|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 94|
|License plate :||ZKO|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Cetuń - Nacław|
|Next international airport :||
Garbno [ ˈɡarbnɔ ] (German Gerbin ) is a village in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship . It belongs to the urban and rural municipality Polanów ( Pollnow ) in the powiat Koszaliński ( Köslin district ).
The anger village Garbno is located on a side road, the Nadbór ( Nadebahr ) on the voivodship road 206 ( Koszalin ( Köslin ) - Miastko ( Rummelsburg )) with the voivodship road 168 ( Niedalino ( Nedlin ) - Drzewiany ( Drawehn )) near the place Cetuń ( Zetthun ) connects. It is 28 kilometers to the district town of Koszalin and Polanów is 11 kilometers away. Until 1946, Nadebahr was the next station on the small railway line Pollnow - Natzlaff of the Schlawer Bahnen .
The heavily undulating terrain on which Garbno lies is criss-crossed by a valley floor, a glacial valley with many boulders . The area belongs to the Baltic ridge, and the altitude of the place is 110 meters above sea level. The highest point measures 142 meters and is northeast of the village.
The place name should come from Slavic and mean something like hill town .
Gerbin was an old knight's seat . The village belonged to the state of Pollnow, which Duke Erich II. Awarded the town and castle to Peter von Glasenapp in exchange for some villages near Schlawe (namely: Gerbin, Natzlaff, Rotzog, Datzow and Jatzingen) in 1472 . Gerbin remained in the possession of the von Glasenapp family until 1718 . In that year the village was sold by Friedrich Ewald von Glasenapp to the Rittmeister Johann Christian Julius von Aschenbach .
At that time there were 6 farmers, 2 half-farmers , 1 sexton, 1 blacksmith, 1 logging, 1 peat bog and fishing in the Nitzminsee (now in Polish: Jezioro Nicemino). During the lifetime of von Aschenbach , the Vorwerk Juliusburg (Chojęcin) (1.8 kilometers northeast of Gerbin) was created. The mansion with five huge granite steps, flanked by two pillars that supported a balcony carved from a boulder, was also built during this time. The daughter of von Aschenbach sold the property in 1820 to Ferdinand Kannenberg , who also acquired Pollnow Castle. His son Hermann Kannenberg sold it to Karl Freiherr von Senden in Natzlaff in 1879 . His grandson Axel Freiherr von Senden was the last owner of Gut Gerbin from 1935 to 1945 .
In 1818 there were 147 inhabitants in the village, their number increased to 415 by 1885 and 327 in 1939. Until 1945 Gerbin belonged with its localities Dreilinden (Grzybkowo), Juliusburg (Chojęcin) and Wilhelmshof (Malczewo) to the office and registry office Natzlaff in the district of Schlawe i. Pom. in the administrative district of Köslin in the Prussian province of Pomerania . Registry office documents from the period before 1945 are now stored in the Polanów registry office and in the Koszalin State Archives.
On March 1, 1945, Soviet troops occupied the place. The population remained and was subsequently placed under Soviet and then Polish administration. The estate was run as a state enterprise with the help of German workers until 1958. In autumn of this year the last Germans left their homeland. As Garbno, Gerbin had become a part of the urban and rural community Polanów and belongs to the Powiat Koszaliński in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship (until 1998 Koszalin Voivodeship ).
Evangelical parish Gerbin (until 1945)
Before 1945 the inhabitants of Gerbin were almost without exception Protestant denominations. The place formed its own parish , which however - like the parish Vellin (now Polish: Wielin) - belonged to the parish of Pollnow. The villages Hildegardshöhe (Łokwica), Jatzingen (Jacinki), Rotzog (Rosocha), Schwarzin (Świeczyna), Sellberg (Stary Żelibórz), Vettrin (Wietrzno) and Zetthun were also integrated into the parish. It belonged to the church district Schlawe (Sławno) of the church province Pomerania of the church of the Old Prussian Union .
In 1940 the Gerbin parish had a total of 1,198 members. The church patronage was last held by the landowner Axel Freiherr von Senden . The last German clergy before 1945 were pastors Johannes Krinke and Max Eichler in Pollnow.
Originally Gerbin was once an independent parish . The names of the pastors Ambrosius Klock and Gregorius Start (without dates) are still known from this time . Between 1859 and 1874 auxiliary preachers were employed who looked after the parish “on site” and whose rectory was preserved before 1945. There were:
- Eugen Krumme, 1859-1860
- Hermann Priebe, 1860–1862
- Otto Gottlob Albin Holtzheuer, 1862–1864
- Georg Wilhelm Julius Knittel, 1865–1867
- Ernst Friedrich Heinrich Schmidt, 1867–1871
- Karl Arno Balduin Mittag, 1873–1874.
The church records of the parish Gerbin from before 1945 are in the National Archives in Greifswald kept. The Protestant church members living in Garbno today are looked after by the parish office in Koszalin in the diocese of Pomerania-Greater Poland of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland .
Catholic parish Garbno (after 1945)
Today the inhabitants of Garbno are predominantly of Roman Catholic denomination. Garbno is - with the parishes Kościernica ( Kösternitz ) and Nacław - a branch parish in the parish Szczeglino ( Steglin ), which belongs to the Dean's Office Polanów in the diocese of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg of the Catholic Church in Poland . Pastor Waldemar Składowski has been a clergyman here since 2005.
The small half-timbered church in Gerbin / Garbno dates from 1769. On the altar structure, which is surrounded by columns, there were oil paintings until 1945 depicting the Last Supper , the Crucifixion and the Ascension . The pulpit was carved.
After the Second World War, the church was expropriated in favor of the Catholic Church in Poland. On June 13, 1948, it was consecrated to Saint Antoni Padewski (Anthony of Padua).
The old school building was used until 1945 and was located on the village pond. As early as 1718 a school owner was mentioned in Gerbin. The last German teacher was Hermann Frömming.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Karl Marschall von Sulicki (1803–1877), Prussian major general, most recently in command of the 31st Infantry Brigade
- The Schlawe district. A Pomeranian Heimatbuch , ed. by Manfred Vollack, 2 volumes, Husum, 1989