Nacław (Polanów)

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Nacław does not have a coat of arms
Nacław (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : West Pomerania
Powiat : Koszalin
Gmina : Polanów
Geographic location : 54 ° 8 '  N , 16 ° 32'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 8 '28 "  N , 16 ° 31' 30"  E
Height : 100 m npm
Residents : 560
Postal code : 76-006
Telephone code : (+48) 94
License plate : ZKO
Economy and Transport
Street : DW 206 : Miastko - Koszalin
Next international airport : Szczecin-Goleniów or

Nacław ( German  Natzlaff ) is a village in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland . It belongs to the Gmina Polanów (Pollnow municipality) in the Koszaliński powiat (Kösliner Kreis) .

Geographical location

Nacław is located on the provincial road 206 Koszalin ( Koslin ) - Polanów - Miastko ( Rummelsburg ). It is 26 kilometers to the district town of Koszalin and only nine kilometers to Polanów. Until 1945, the place Natzlaff was connected as a separate station to the small train network of the Köslin-Belgarder Bahnen or the Schlawer Bahnen on the Köslin - Manow (Manowo) - Pollnow route.

Nacław is surrounded by eight neighboring villages: in the west and north Kościernica ( Kösternitz ), in the east Krytno ( Kritten ), Bukowo ( Buckow , until 1937 Wendisch Buckow ), Świerczyna ( Schwarzin ) and Jacinki ( Jatzingen ), in the south Dadzewo ( Datzow ), Garbno ( Gerbin ) and Rekowo ( Reckow ).

The gently undulating terrain on which the street village of Nacław is located rises to the east to 127 meters above sea level. on. On the northern border there are two gorges that were washed out by the ice age melt waters from the formerly so-called Buckower Heights .

Place name

The place name is probably of Wendish origin and is likely to be derived from the Slavic proper name Naceslaw , which means something like "beginning in fame" .


In 1472, Duke Erich II signed a contract with Peter von Glasenapp that regulates the exchange of five goods for the castle, town and country of Pollnow (now in Polish: Polanów). The villages of Natzlaff, Gerbin (Garbno), Rotzog (Rosocha), Datzow (Dadzewo) and Jatzingen (Jacinki) belonged to the Land of Pollnow .

Two hundred years later, another Peter von Glasenapp had a book created at Pollnow Castle that presented the conditions at the time. It was reported via Natzlaff that 17 farmers live here.

As early as 1560 Antonius von Glasenapp had set up a mill in Natzlaff, over which there was a dispute with those of Ramel in Kösternitz (Kościernica), which went out in favor of von Glasenapp . In 1768/70 Franz von Glasenapp sold the property to Major Bogilaw Lorenz von Lettow , whose family passed it on to von Blumenthal in Varzin (Warcino).

In 1784 the knight's seat in Natzlaff consisted of: 2 outworks , 1 water mill, 8 farmers, 1 blacksmith, as well as wood rights to the surrounding forests.

In 1835 the Natzlaff estate came into the possession of the Barons von Senden due to the marriage of the later district president of Köslin, Carl von Senden, to Nanny Luitgarde Constantine von Blumenthal . The last owner before 1945 was Major General Carl Otto von Senden .

In 1818 144 people lived in Natzlaff, the population rose to 474 in 1895, was 471 in 1925, but then fell to 358 by 1939. Today Nacław has 570 inhabitants.

On February 27, 1945, the place was occupied by Red Army troops. The Soviet headquarters regulated the management of the property, which was taken over by Poland after two years. Many Germans stayed in the village, the last of them were able to leave their homes in 1958. As a result of the Second World War , Natzlaff became part of the urban and rural municipality Polanów in the Powiat Koszaliński of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship (until 1998 Köslin Voivodeship ) under the name Nacław with its localities Alte Schneidemühle (now Polish: Kłoda) and Nadebahr (Nadbór ). Postal code 76-006 forms a separate district.

District Natzlaff

Before 1945, Natzlaff formed with Gerbin (now Polish: Garbno) and Rotzog (now Polish: Rosocha) the district of Natzlaff in the district of Schlawe i. Pom. (Sławno) in the administrative district of Köslin in the Prussian province of Pomerania .

Registry office Natzlaff

The same communities (except for Rotzog) formed their own registry office district Natzlaff until 1945 . Registry office documents that have been preserved from the time before 1945 are now stored in the Polanów ( Pollnow ) registry office or in the Koszalin ( Köslin ) state archive.


Before 1945 the residents of Natzlaff belonged mainly to the Protestant church. There was no church in the village itself, the parish village was rather the Gerbin (today in Polish: Garbno) located three kilometers to the south , which formed an independent parish , but as such was a subsidiary parish in the parish of Pollnow (Polanów), in which, in addition to Pollnow, the villages of Hildegardshöhe ( Łokwica), Jatzingen (Jacinki), Rotzog (Rosocha), Schwarzin (Świerczyna), Sellberg (Stary Żelibórz), Vellin (Wielin) and Zetthun (Cetuń) were incorporated.

The parish Pollnow belonged to the church district Schlawe (Sławno) in the church province of Pomerania of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . The church patronage was last held by the landowner Major General Carl Otto Freiherr von Senden . The last German clergy were the Pollnower pastors Johannes Krinke and Max Eichler . Between 1945 and 1958 the lecturer Elfriede Lange took over the church care of the Protestant German residents on site. Church registers still preserved are kept in the state archive in Greifswald .

Today the residents of Nacław are almost without exception Roman Catholic . The village is now a branch parish in the Parafia Szczeglino ( Steglin ) in the Dean's Office Polanów ( Pollnow ) in the diocese of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg ( Köslin-Kolberg ) of the Catholic Church in Poland . Today the village has its own church, consecrated under the name Miłosierdzia Bozego (Divine Mercy). The current clergyman is Pastor Waldemar Składowski in Szczeglino.

The Protestant inhabitants living here today are incorporated into the Parafia Koszalin ( Köslin ) in the diocese of Pomerania-Greater Poland of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland .


The elementary school in Natzlaff was a brick building and stood on the road to Neu Zowen (Polish: Sowinko). In 1950 a school was opened for the Germans who remained in Nacław, and their teachers Hiller and Schwertfeger worked until 1958.


  • The Schlawe district. A Pomeranian Heimatbuch , ed. by Manfred Vollack, 2 volumes, Husum, 1989, ISBN 978-3880422391 .

Web links

  • Natzlaff at the home district of Schlawe