Neustettin district

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Coat of arms of the Neustettin district

The district of Neustettin , until 1939 district of Neustettin , was a Prussian district in Western Pomerania until 1945 . Its district seat was the city of Neustettin . The former district area is now mostly in the Powiaten Drawski (Dramburg) and Szczecinecki (Neustettin) in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship . A small part of the former district now belongs to the Powiat Złotowski (Flatow) in the Greater Poland Voivodeship .


The Neustettin district in the 18th century
The district area 1905

In Western Pomerania, which had belonged to Brandenburg-Prussia since 1648 , a district reform was carried out in 1724. The number of counties and associated district administrators was noticeably reduced in order to lessen the strong territorial fragmentation that had arisen as a result of the complicated aristocratic estates in Western Pomerania. The Neustettin district, which already existed at that time, was merged into one district with the Glasenapp circle with effect from January 1, 1725 . The district included the towns of Bärwalde , Neustettin, Ratzebuhr and Tempelburg , the royal offices of Draheim and Neustettin and a large number of noble villages and estates .

As a result of the Prussian provincial authorities ordinance of April 30, 1815, the district became part of the Köslin government district in the Pomerania province . During the Pomeranian district reform of 1818, the demarcation of the district was not changed. In 1828 the villages of Jagertow and Kollatz (until then in communion of the Belgard and Neustettin districts) were fully integrated into the Belgard district.

Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire .

In 1871, four towns, 121 rural communities and 126 manor districts belonged to the Neustettin district . On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the district as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities.

During the Prussian district reform of October 1, 1932, the district was enlarged to include the communities of Bischofthum, Drensch, Grumsdorf, Kasimirshof, Linow, Sassenburg and Stepen of the dissolved Bublitz district .

At the. October 1, 1938, the Neustettin district was reclassified from the Köslin administrative region to the Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia administrative region . On January 1, 1939, the Neustettin district was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now unified regulation .

On April 1, 1941 frames were the establishment of the Heeresgutsbezirks Gross Born the communities Groß Born, Knacksee canceled Linde, Plietnitz and Steinforth. On October 1, parts of the communities of Doderlage, Rederitz and Zippnow from the neighboring district of Deutsch Krone were also included in the Groß Born military estate.

In the spring of 1945 the district of Neustettin was occupied by the Red Army . After the end of the war, the district was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power in the summer of 1945 in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement . In the following years the German population from the district sold .

Population development

year Residents source
1797 26,797
1816 29,432
1846 55,058
1871 72,952
1890 74,391
1900 76.101
1910 76,267
1925 81,460
1933 81,513
1939 83,794

District administrators

Local constitution

The district of Neustettin was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . In 1941 several parishes in the district were merged into a new non-parish army estate district.

Districts, cities and municipalities


The rural parishes of the district were divided into 40 administrative districts in the 1930s. The cities of the district were free of office.

German name Polish name since 1945
Altenwalde Liszkowo
Bahrenbusch Brokęcino
Draheim Stare Drawsko
Dummerfitz Dąbrowica
Flederborn Podgaje
Galow Gałowo
Gellin Jelenino
Grief Grzmiąca
Great Krössin Krosino
Grünewald Mieszałki
Hasenfier Ciosaniec
Heinrichsdorf Siemczyno
Juchow Juchowo
Kasimirsdorf Kazimierz
Klaushagen Kluczewo
Knacksee Przełęg
Kölpin Kiełpino
Cranes Krągi
Küdde Gwda Wielka
Liepenfier Czarnkowie
Lottin Lotyń
Lubow Łubowo
Lucknitz Łęknica
Lümzow Łomczewo
Noseband Nosibądy
New Wuhrow Nowe Worowo
Osterfelde Ostropolis
Persanzig Parsęcko
Pielburg Pile
Priebkow Przybkowo
Soltnitz Żółtnica
Sparsee spore
Storkow Storkowo
Thurow Turowo
Trabehn Drawień
Valm Stary Chwalim
Wulfflatzke Wilcze Laski
Wurchow Wierzchowo
Zicker Sikory
Zülkenhagen Sulikowo

cities and communes

In 1945 the district of Neustettin comprised four cities, 130 other municipalities and a non-parish army district:

  • Alt Draheim
  • Old copyrights
  • Alt Liepenfier
  • Old Priebkow
  • Alt Valm
  • Altenwalde
  • Old huts
  • Auenfelde
  • Bahrenberg
  • Bahrenbusch
  • Balfanz
  • Barkenbrugge
  • Bärwalde i. Pom. , City
  • Bernsdorf
  • Bewerdick
  • Episcopalism
  • Blumenwerder
  • Borntin
  • Briesen
  • Buchwald
  • Courtyard
  • Burzen
  • Dieck
  • Dolgen
  • Drensch
  • Dummerfitz
  • Oak mountains
  • Eichkamp
  • Eschenriege
  • Eulenburg
  • Flackenheide
  • Flacksee
  • Flederborn
  • Galow
  • Kussow
  • Kölpin
  • Labenz
  • Lances
  • Lehmaningen
  • Linow
  • Lottin
  • Lubow
  • Lucknitz
  • Lübgust
  • Lümzow
  • Marienwalde
  • Mossin
  • Noseband
  • Nassglienke
  • Neblin
  • Nemmin
  • New Draheim
  • New copiers
  • Neustettin , city
  • New Liepenfier
  • New Valm
  • New Wuhrow
  • Neudorf
  • New treat
  • Osterfelde
  • Snappy
  • Persanzig
  • Pielburg
  • Pinnow
  • Prössin
  • Pöhlen
  • Rackow
  • Raddatz

Dissolved communities

  • Galow dam, 1928 to Galow
  • Gönne, to Westgönne around 1928
  • Groß Born , on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military district
  • Adlig Heinrichsdorf and Königlich Heinrichsdorf, merged on October 14, 1911 to form the Heinrichsdorf community
  • Karlsdorf, 1930 to Borntin
  • Knacksee, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
  • Linde, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
  • Neuhof b. Brotzin, about 1929 to Grenzneuhof
  • Plietnitz, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
  • Adlig Soltnitz and Königlich Soltnitz, merged in 1903/08 to form the municipality of Soltnitz
  • Steinforth, on April 1, 1941 to the Groß Born military estate district
  • Storkow A and Storkow B, merged on October 14, 1911 to form the municipality of Storkow
  • Tarmen , on April 1, 1939 at Pöhlen

Name changes

  • Gissolk, renamed Eichkamp on December 29, 1937


In the Neustettin district, the Prussian Eastern Railway began building the line from Ruhnow to Tempelburg. In 1878 this continued via Neustettin to Schlochau> 111.j <. In the same year the Belgard line reached the district town and was extended to Rummelsburg and, in 1879, to Schneidemühl> 111.n + u <.

The Prussian State Railroad also opened a branch line from Bublitz to Gramenz in 1896 and on to Bad Polzin> 111.m <in 1903. The line between Tempelburg and Jastrow> 115.e <was completed in 1908.

There were no small railways in the Neustettin district. Only one military railway between Lubow and Groß Born was temporarily used for public transport> 111.1 <.

(The numbers in> <refer to the German course book 1939).


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Monuments of the Prussian State Administration in the 18th century . Authority organization and general state administration. In: Royal Academy of Sciences (ed.): Acta Borussica . tape 4 . Paul Parey, Berlin 1908, new division and reduction of the rear Pomeranian circles 1723/24 , p. 171 ( digitized version ).
  2. ^ Johann Ernst Fabri: Geography for all estates . Schwickertscher Verlag, Leipzig 1793, chap. Prussian Western Pomerania, p. 549 ( digitized version ).
  3. ^ Fritz Curschmann, Ernst Rubow: Pomeranian district map sheet 2 . The Pomeranian circles before and after 1818. In: Landesgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle der Provinz Pommern (Hrsg.): Historischer Atlas von Pommern . 1935 ( digitized ).
  4. ^ Berthold Schulze: The reform of the administrative districts in Brandenburg and Pomerania 1809-1818, page 94 . with the support of the Historical Commission for the Province of Pomerania. In: Individual writings of the historical commission for the province of Brandenburg . Gsellius, Berlin 1931 ( digitized version ).
  5. a b The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
  6. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of districts from August 1, 1932 . In: Prussian Law Collection 1932 . Berlin August 3, 1932 ( digitized version ).
  7. ^ Administrative history Groß Born at
  8. Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 44 ( digitized version ).
  9. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district Cöslin, p. 232 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  10. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 316 ( digitized ).
  11. a b c d e f Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Neustettin district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  12. "The previous government trainee von Zastrow is ... in place of the retired District Councilor von Foller, employed and introduced ..." (Official Gazette of the Cöslin Government 1829, p. 232, of October 7, 1829)
  13. ^ Pomeranian information system: Neustettin district
  14. Municipal directory 1945 at