The district of Neustettin , until 1939 district of Neustettin , was a Prussian district in Western Pomerania until 1945 . Its district seat was the city of Neustettin . The former district area is now mostly in the Powiaten Drawski (Dramburg) and Szczecinecki (Neustettin) in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship . A small part of the former district now belongs to the Powiat Złotowski (Flatow) in the Greater Poland Voivodeship .
In Western Pomerania, which had belonged to Brandenburg-Prussia since 1648 , a district reform was carried out in 1724. The number of counties and associated district administrators was noticeably reduced in order to lessen the strong territorial fragmentation that had arisen as a result of the complicated aristocratic estates in Western Pomerania. The Neustettin district, which already existed at that time, was merged into one district with the Glasenapp circle with effect from January 1, 1725 . The district included the towns of Bärwalde , Neustettin, Ratzebuhr and Tempelburg , the royal offices of Draheim and Neustettin and a large number of noble villages and estates .
As a result of the Prussian provincial authorities ordinance of April 30, 1815, the district became part of the Köslin government district in the Pomerania province . During the Pomeranian district reform of 1818, the demarcation of the district was not changed. In 1828 the villages of Jagertow and Kollatz (until then in communion of the Belgard and Neustettin districts) were fully integrated into the Belgard district.
In 1871, four towns, 121 rural communities and 126 manor districts belonged to the Neustettin district . On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the district as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities.
During the Prussian district reform of October 1, 1932, the district was enlarged to include the communities of Bischofthum, Drensch, Grumsdorf, Kasimirshof, Linow, Sassenburg and Stepen of the dissolved Bublitz district .
At the. October 1, 1938, the Neustettin district was reclassified from the Köslin administrative region to the Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia administrative region . On January 1, 1939, the Neustettin district was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now unified regulation .
On April 1, 1941 frames were the establishment of the Heeresgutsbezirks Gross Born the communities Groß Born, Knacksee canceled Linde, Plietnitz and Steinforth. On October 1, parts of the communities of Doderlage, Rederitz and Zippnow from the neighboring district of Deutsch Krone were also included in the Groß Born military estate.
In the spring of 1945 the district of Neustettin was occupied by the Red Army . After the end of the war, the district was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power in the summer of 1945 in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement . In the following years the German population from the district sold .
- Aegidius Christoph von der Osten ? –1732
- 1732–1758 Casimir Gerhard von der Osten
- 1758–1785 Georg Ernst von Kleist
- 1786–1815 Alexander Zabel Ernst von Münchow
- 1818–1824 Gustav Friedrich von Foller
- 1829–1844 Theodor von Zastrow
- 1845–1848 Theodor von Bonin
- 1848–1874 Hermann von Busse
- 1874–1899 Bogislav von Bonin
- 1899–1912 Eckart von Bonin
- 1913–1919 Gertzlaff von Hertzberg
- 1919–1920 from Dannenberg
- 1920–1921 Otto Passehl
- 1921 Wilhelm Guske ( acting )
- 1921–1935 Ernst Kraaz
- 1935–1940 Heinrich Braasch
- 1941–1944 Rolf Peter
The district of Neustettin was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . In 1941 several parishes in the district were merged into a new non-parish army estate district.
Districts, cities and municipalities
The rural parishes of the district were divided into 40 administrative districts in the 1930s. The cities of the district were free of office.
|German name||Polish name since 1945|
|New Wuhrow||Nowe Worowo|
cities and communes
In 1945 the district of Neustettin comprised four cities, 130 other municipalities and a non-parish army district:
- Galow dam, 1928 to Galow
- Gönne, to Westgönne around 1928
- Groß Born , on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military district
- Adlig Heinrichsdorf and Königlich Heinrichsdorf, merged on October 14, 1911 to form the Heinrichsdorf community
- Karlsdorf, 1930 to Borntin
- Knacksee, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
- Linde, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
- Neuhof b. Brotzin, about 1929 to Grenzneuhof
- Plietnitz, on April 1, 1941, to the Groß Born military estate district
- Adlig Soltnitz and Königlich Soltnitz, merged in 1903/08 to form the municipality of Soltnitz
- Steinforth, on April 1, 1941 to the Groß Born military estate district
- Storkow A and Storkow B, merged on October 14, 1911 to form the municipality of Storkow
- Tarmen , on April 1, 1939 at Pöhlen
- Gissolk, renamed Eichkamp on December 29, 1937
In the Neustettin district, the Prussian Eastern Railway began building the line from Ruhnow to Tempelburg. In 1878 this continued via Neustettin to Schlochau> 111.j <. In the same year the Belgard line reached the district town and was extended to Rummelsburg and, in 1879, to Schneidemühl> 111.n + u <.
The Prussian State Railroad also opened a branch line from Bublitz to Gramenz in 1896 and on to Bad Polzin> 111.m <in 1903. The line between Tempelburg and Jastrow> 115.e <was completed in 1908.
There were no small railways in the Neustettin district. Only one military railway between Lubow and Groß Born was temporarily used for public transport> 111.1 <.
(The numbers in> <refer to the German course book 1939).
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 131–132, item 9.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 94-107.
- Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann : Detailed description of the current state of the Königl. Prussian Duchy of Vor and Hinter Pomerania . Part II, Volume 2: Description of the court district of the Royal. State colleges in Cößlin belonging to the Eastern Pomeranian districts. Stettin 1784, pp. 682-779.
- D. Franz Stelter: The Neustettin district: a Pomeranian homeland book. Würzburg 1972 (519 pages).
- Official municipality register for the German Reich based on the 1939 population census . Published by the Statistical Reichsamt, Berlin 1941.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Province of Pomerania - District Neustettin. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Gunthard Stübs and Pomeranian Research Association: The district of Neustettin in the former province of Pomerania . 2011.
- Neustettin home district
- Directory of the municipalities and manor districts 1900/1910
- www.territorial.de - Neustettin district
- Monuments of the Prussian State Administration in the 18th century . Authority organization and general state administration. In: Royal Academy of Sciences (ed.): Acta Borussica . tape 4 . Paul Parey, Berlin 1908, new division and reduction of the rear Pomeranian circles 1723/24 , p. 171 ( digitized version ).
- Johann Ernst Fabri: Geography for all estates . Schwickertscher Verlag, Leipzig 1793, chap. Prussian Western Pomerania, p. 549 ( digitized version ).
- Fritz Curschmann, Ernst Rubow: Pomeranian district map sheet 2 . The Pomeranian circles before and after 1818. In: Landesgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle der Provinz Pommern (Hrsg.): Historischer Atlas von Pommern . 1935 ( digitized ).
- Berthold Schulze: The reform of the administrative districts in Brandenburg and Pomerania 1809-1818, page 94 . with the support of the Historical Commission for the Province of Pomerania. In: Individual writings of the historical commission for the province of Brandenburg . Gsellius, Berlin 1931 ( digitized version ).
- The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
- Ordinance on the reorganization of districts from August 1, 1932 . In: Prussian Law Collection 1932 . Berlin August 3, 1932 ( digitized version ).
- Administrative history Groß Born at territorial.de
- Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 44 ( digitized version ).
- Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district Cöslin, p. 232 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 316 ( digitized ).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Neustettin district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- "The previous government trainee von Zastrow is ... in place of the retired District Councilor von Foller, employed and introduced ..." (Official Gazette of the Cöslin Government 1829, p. 232, of October 7, 1829)
- Pomeranian information system: Neustettin district
- Municipal directory 1945 at territorial.de