Demmin district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Demmin district Map of Germany, position of the Demmin district highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 48 '  N , 13 ° 2'  E

Basic data (as of 2011)
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Administrative headquarters : Demmin
Area : 1,921 km 2
Residents: 79,466 (Dec. 31, 2010)
Population density : 41 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : DM
Circle key : 13 0 52
Circle structure: 69 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Adolf-Pompe-Str. 12-15
17109 Demmin
District Administrator : Siegfried Konieczny ( The Left )
Location of the Demmin district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Landkreis Müritz Polen Königreich Dänemark Schleswig-Holstein Niedersachsen Brandenburg Sachsen-Anhalt Greifswald Neubrandenburg Rostock Schwerin Stralsund Wismar Landkreis Bad Doberan Landkreis Demmin Landkreis Güstrow Landkreis Ludwigslust Landkreis Mecklenburg-Strelitz Landkreis Rügen Landkreis Nordvorpommern Landkreis Ostvorpommern Landkreis Uecker-Randow Landkreis Parchim Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburgmap
About this picture

The district of Demmin was a district in the eastern center of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . In the course of the district reform in 2011 , this district was dissolved. Most recently it existed in the form that has been in existence since 1994 and has already been significantly enlarged. Since then, the area has been largely located in the newly created district of Mecklenburg Lake District and to a lesser extent in the new district of Vorpommern-Greifswald . Regional authorities with a different area under the name District Demmin or District Demmin have existed since the 18th century. However, until 1994 the Demmin district was only in Pomerania. Only then was the historical border between Mecklenburg and Pomerania no longer taken into account in the reallocation.


The region, which is structured by many bodies of water ( Kummerower See , Peene with Peene Valley , Tollense ) is attractive and natural. In the villages there are numerous manor complexes worth seeing, some of which are very representative mansions. The eastern part of the district (around two thirds) historically belongs to Western Pomerania , the western part to Mecklenburg-Schwerin . While the Western Pomerania part is largely made up of flat ground moraine landscapes , the Mecklenburg part lies on the edge of Mecklenburg Switzerland . The southeastern part of the district around the town of Altentreptow is also more varied in relief . The broad valley of the Landgraben to the south forms the historical border between Pomerania and Mecklenburg.

Neighboring districts since 1994 were the North Western Pomerania district in the north, the Ostvorpommern district in the east, the Mecklenburg-Strelitz district in the southeast, the Müritz district in the south and the Güstrow district in the west .



The Demmin district until 1818
Former district office at Adolf-Pompe-Straße 12–15 in Demmin
The district area 1905

Old Western Pomerania , which fell to Prussia in 1720 , was divided into the five districts of Anklam , Demmin, Randow , Usedom and Wollin in the 18th century , with the Demmin district also being called Demmin-Treptower District or Demminscher District at the time. It comprised the two cities of Demmin and Treptow (from 1939 Altentreptow) as well as the four offices of Lindenberg, Loitz, Treptow and Verchen. During the district reform of 1818 in the administrative district of Stettin , the Demmin district was enlarged to include parts of the Anklam district, including the city of Jarmen , the Klempenow office and a few other villages.

The northern border of the district was formed by the Peene , which, together with the Kummerower See, also represented the border against the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the west . In the east, the Kleine Landgraben formed the natural border with the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the Große Landgraben was the border with the Anklam district. In the south, however, there were no natural boundaries. The district included an exclave around the church village of Zettemin , located in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, southwest of the city of Stavenhagen .

In 1835 there were three cities, 93 villages, two colonies, 59 farms , 32 estates, two dairy farms , two timber warehouses , six establishments and individual houses, as well as 41 windmills and water mills in the district area of ​​901.93 km² . The 36,000 inhabitants lived in 3,500 private houses. As of July 1, 1874, the former parts of the demineal area north of the Peene were reclassified from the Grimmen district to the Demmin district.

In 1910 the district included three cities, 81 rural communities and 98 manor districts .

On September 30, 1929, a territorial reform took place in the Demmin district, as in the rest of Prussia, in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities.

On April 1, 1937, the exclave of the Demmin district, consisting of the communities Pinnow, Rottmannshagen and Zettemin , was reclassified into the Mecklenburg district of Malchin . On January 1, 1939, the Demmin district was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now unified regulation . At that time it comprised the three cities of Demmin, Jarmen and Altentreptow as well as 90 other communities. In the spring of 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army .

Soviet occupation zone / GDR

The first change in the district boundaries occurred on December 1, 1948, when the communities of Kummerow and Leuschentin were transferred to the Malchin district. On January 1, 1949, the Beestland community moved from the Grimmen district to the Demmin district. The first district reform in the GDR on July 1, 1950 saw further changes in the area :

A major administrative reform took place in the GDR on July 25, 1952, during which the five states were dissolved and replaced by 14 districts and most of the districts were replaced by smaller districts. The old Demmin district was also dissolved:

Federal Republic of Germany

In 1990 the Demmin district in the Neubrandenburg district became the Demmin district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The district of Demmin was enlarged in 1994 by the Pomeranian district of Altentreptow and the Mecklenburg district of Malchin and assigned to the planning association "Mecklenburg Lake District" after the district of Demmin had belonged to the planning association "Vorpommern" until then. Since then, the Demmin district has extended beyond the actual Pomeranian area, because the area of ​​the old Malchin district historically belonged to Mecklenburg-Schwerin .

On September 23, 2008 the district received the title “ Place of Diversity ” awarded by the Federal Government .

For an administrative reform and the intended creation of new great districts in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 2009, the state government's deliberations were initially to merge the district as a whole into a new large district "Mecklenburg Lake District" with the district town of Neubrandenburg. After the judgment of the state constitutional court of July 26, 2007, the original reform law could not be implemented as it was incompatible with the state's constitution. As part of a new district reform in 2011 , the south of the district became part of the new Mecklenburg Lake District . The north with the offices of Jarmen-Tutow and Peenetal / Loitz became part of the new district of Vorpommern-Greifswald .

Population development

year Residents source
1797 20,620
1816 27,156
1846 47.173
1871 46,591
1890 46,288
1900 48,090
1910 48,941
1925 49,733
1939 53,017
1946 91,717
1955 63,600
1961 57,512
1971 55,378
1981 47,692
1989 44,046
2000 94,300
2010 79,466

The delimitation of the district was changed significantly in 1818, 1952 and 1994.


There were Protestant parishes in the Demmin district. Most of these belonged to the Demmin parish with the exception of Görmin , which belongs to the Greifswald parish , the Pomeranian Evangelical Church and partly to the Stargard parish, as well as the Güstrow parish of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Mecklenburg . The Catholic parishes belonged to the Deanery of Western Pomerania of the Archdiocese of Berlin and partly to the Deanery of Güstrow of the Archdiocese of Hamburg . There were two New Apostolic Church congregations in the district . These belonged to the district of Stralsund and Güstrow in the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania District Church, which is subordinate to the Apostle District of Northern Germany.


District council

District election 2009
Turnout: 44.1%
Gains and losses
compared to 2004
 % p
-6.6  % p
+ 4.1  % p
-0.6  % p
+1.7  % p
-1.4  % p
+1.6  % p
+1.2  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
b 2004: PDS
g Summarized result of all individual applicants

The district council of the Demmin district consisted of 47 members. After the election on June 7, 2009, it was composed as follows:

Political party Seats
CDU 20th
The left 13
SPD 6th
FDP 4th
Green 2
Voting Community for Rural Areas (WGLR) 2

More information on the electoral process and legal provisions : District Council (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)

District administrators

Robert Viktor von Puttkamer (1860–1866)

Local constitution until 1945

The Prussian district Demmin was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . These were grouped together in administrative districts . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Demmin district
Blazon : “Half divided and split; in front: above, in gold, a gold-crowned black bull's head looking forward with a closed mouth, a knocked-out red tongue and silver horns; divided below: above a growing silver griffin in red; below sheathed in gold and blue; behind in blue a floating, tinned silver castle with an open gate and a crenellated tower, whose pointed roof is covered with a lily, and whose three floors are each provided with three windows illuminated with daylight. "

The coat of arms and the flag were designed by Lothar Herpich from Neubrandenburg . It was approved on June 8, 1995 by the Ministry of the Interior and registered under No. 85 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms reflects the historical rulership of Mecklenburg and Pomerania territories as well as part of the town sign of the district town of Demmin, on the one hand, the historic past, and on the other hand it expresses the equal coexistence of Mecklenburg and Pomerania in the district area. The bull's head, which is typical of the Werler line of the Mecklenburg Princely House, reminds of the fact that a small part of today's district, the area of ​​the old district of Malchin, belonged to the former territory of the Lords of Werle from around 1226 or after 1314/1317 to 1436 (from 1418 Princes to turn). With the growing gripping over the field slaughtered by gold and blue, the coat of arms of the Duchy of Wolgast after 1500, the affiliation of the largest part of today's district, the areas of the old districts of Demmin and Altentreptow, to the former dominion of the Pomeranian dukes is expressed . The castle, borrowed from the coat of arms of the district town, is intended to symbolize the preserved medieval brick buildings and fortifications in the cities of the territory, and the open gate to symbolize hospitality towards visitors. The colors of the Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania regions are reflected in the tinging of the coat of arms.


The flag was approved on March 26, 1996 by the Ministry of the Interior.

The flag is striped lengthways with blue, yellow, red, white, red, yellow and blue. The blue stripes each take up eleven sixtieth parts, the yellow each a quarter, the red one thirtieth and the white stripe one fifteenth of the height of the flag cloth. In the middle of the red and white stripes, each four fifths of the height of the yellow stripes, is the coat of arms of the district. The length of the flag is related to the height as 5: 3.

cities and communes

(Resident on December 31, 2010)

Unofficial former district town Demmin in the district existing until 2011

Municipalities not in office

  1. Dargun City (4621)
  2. Demmin , Hanseatic City * (11,890)

Offices with official municipalities / cities

Headquarters of the official administration *

  1. Beggerow (606)
  2. Borrentine (917)
  3. Hohenbollentin (128)
  4. Hohenmocker (544)
  5. Kentzlin (219)
  6. Kletzin (791)
  7. Lindenberg (234)
  8. Meesiger (259)
  9. Nossendorf (773)
  10. Sarov (777)
  11. Schoenfeld (418)
  12. Siedenbrünzow (617)
  13. Sommersdorf (260)
  14. Utzedel (548)
  15. Verchen (422)
  16. Warrenzin (435)
  1. Old Tellin (447)
  2. Bentzin (935)
  3. Daberkow (370)
  4. Jarmen , town * (3202)
  5. Kruckow (654)
  6. Tutow (1233)
  7. Völschow (494)
  1. Basedow (743)
  2. Duckow (249)
  3. Rotten Rust (702)
  4. Gielow (1357)
  5. Kummerow (629)
  6. Malchin , City * (7977)
  7. Neukalen , City (2022)
  1. Duvier (516)
  2. Gormin (974)
  3. Loitz , City * (4204)
  4. Sassen-Trantow (921)
  1. Bredenfelde (200)
  2. Briggow (347)
  3. Grammentin (228)
  4. Gülzow (477)
  5. Ivenack (901)
  6. Jürgenstorf (1133)
  7. Kittendorf (365)
  8. Knorrendorf (665)
  9. Mölln (535)
  10. Ritzerow (439)
  11. Rosenow (1004)
  12. Stavenhagen , Reuterstadt * (5857)
  13. Zettemin (338)
  1. Altenhagen (333)
  2. Altentreptow , town * (5771)
  3. Bartow (527)
  4. Breesen (565)
  5. Breest (178)
  6. Burow (1064)
  7. Gnevkow (376)
  8. Golfing (318)
  9. Grapzow (410)
  10. Grischow (277)
  11. Gross Teetzleben (711)
  12. Validz (536)
  13. Kriesow (334)
  14. Pripsleben (262)
  15. Roeckwitz (302)
  16. Siedenbollentin (576)
  17. Tützpatz (554)
  18. Werder (583)
  19. Wildberg (577)
  20. Wolde (635)

Territory changes

In the years since 1994, extensive area changes have taken place in the Demmin district as in the entire state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

After the regional reform was completed on January 1, 2005, the original nine offices became six offices. The cities of Neukalen , Jarmen , Altentreptow , Malchin and Stavenhagen lost their freedom of office, the city of Dargun became vacant. The number of municipalities decreased from 92 to 69 by 2009.

Office dissolutions, office mergers

Incorporation and new community formation since 1998

Municipalities that left or were dissolved before 1998

Name changes

License Plate

In early 1991 the district received the distinctive mark DM . It is still issued today in the Mecklenburg Lake District (with the exception of the city of Neubrandenburg).


  • Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 115–116, item 5.
  • Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 2-9.

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Demmin  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Monuments of the Prussian State Administration in the 18th century . Authority organization and general state administration. In: Royal Academy of Sciences (ed.): Acta Borussica . tape VI . Paul Parey, Berlin 1901, chap. Pomerania, District Constitution, p. 393 ( digitized version ).
  2. ^ Fritz Curschmann, Ernst Rubow: Pomeranian district map sheet 1 . The Pomeranian circles before and after 1818. In: Landesgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle der Provinz Pommern (Hrsg.): Historischer Atlas von Pommern . 1935 ( digitized ).
  3. ^ Johann Ernst Fabri: Geography for all estates . Schwickertscher Verlag, Leipzig 1793, chap. Prussian Western Pomerania, p. 367 ( digitized version ).
  4. Official Journal of the Royal Prussian Government in Stettin: Ordinance on the new district division of January 18, 1816 . No. 12 , 1816, p. 37 ( digitized version [accessed on February 2, 2017]).
  5. Local directory of the government district of Stettin according to the new district division . Struck, Stettin 1818 ( digitized version ).
  6. Municipal directory 1900: District Demmin
  7. a b c d e f Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Demmin district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. a b c GenWiki: The district of Demmin and its communities
  9. Judgment of the State Constitutional Court of July 26, 2007 (PDF; 269 kB)
  10. Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 43 ( digitized version ).
  11. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Stettin, p. 224 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  12. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 315 ( digitized version ).
  13. ^ The municipalities and manor districts of the Pomerania Province and their population in 1871
  14. 1946 census
  15. ^ Statistical yearbook of the GDR 1955
  16. ^ Statistical yearbook of the GDR 1962
  17. Statistical Yearbook of the GDR 1972
  18. Statistical Yearbook of the GDR 1982
  19. Statistical Yearbook of the GDR 1990
  20. Statistical Yearbook of the Federal Republic of Germany 2002
  21. a b Hans-Heinz Schütt: On shield and flag - the coats of arms and flags of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and its municipalities . Ed .: production office TINUS; Schwerin. 2011, ISBN 978-3-9814380-0-0 , pp. 277-279 .
  22. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Statistical Office - population development of the districts and municipalities 2010 (PDF; 522 kB)