Franzburg-Barth district

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The district area 1905

The district of Franzburg-Barth (before 1928 district of Franzburg , from 1945 district of Stralsund ) was a district that existed in the Prussian province of Pomerania and, since 1946, in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania of the SBZ or GDR between 1818 and 1952. The former district area is now part of the Vorpommern-Rügen district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.


The district formed the westernmost tip of Pomerania and the area around the city of Stralsund . It lay on the coast of the Baltic Sea and comprised the Zingst and Darß peninsulas (but not the Fischland , which belongs to Mecklenburg ), the Bock island and the Kleine Werder archipelago as well as the bodies of water of the Darß-Zingster Bodden chain ( Saaler , Bodtstedter and Barther Bodden and Grabow ). In the east, the district extended to the Strelasund , which separates the Pomeranian mainland from the island of Rügen .

In the west, the Recknitz formed a natural boundary. There the district bordered on Mecklenburg-Schwerin and from 1933 on the Rostock district of the unified state of Mecklenburg . In the south, the district bordered the Pomeranian district of Greifswald and in the east on the independent city of Stralsund.

Administrative history

Kingdom of Prussia

In 1806, under Swedish rule, Neuvorpommern was divided into the four offices (Swedish: Härade ) Bergen , Franzburg, Greifswald and Grimmen . New Western Pomerania, which fell to Prussia in October 1815 and became part of the Pomerania Province , was formed into the Stralsund District in 1818 . The Swedish offices formed in 1806 became Prussian districts , including the Franzburg district of Franzburg , which was also known as the Franzburg district at the time . It included the cities of Barth , Damgarten , Franzburg , Richtenberg and Stralsund along with their rural surroundings. The district office was in Franzburg.

Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . In 1871 it comprised five cities, 34 rural communities and 152 independent manor districts . In 1873 the city of Stralsund left the Franzburg district and from then on formed its own urban district .

Free State of Prussia

On October 1, 1925, the district office was relocated from Franzburg to Barth. After a fire in the previous district office in Franzburg, there were political discussions about the future district seat. In the decisive district council meeting, Franzburg was unable to assert itself against the alternative locations of Barth and Stralsund by keeping the district office in the city. Barth was awarded the contract as the new location of the District Office. On February 1, 1928, the Franzburg district was given the name Franzburg-Barth .

On September 30, 1929, a territorial reform took place in the Franzburg-Barth district, as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts except for one were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On October 1, 1932, the Stralsund administrative region was dissolved and attached to the Stettin administrative region . On January 1, 1939, the received county Franzburg-Barth the term in accordance with the rich now unified control district .

State of Mecklenburg

In 1945 the district administration was moved to the city of Stralsund and the name of the district was changed to Stralsund district . The district now belonged to the state of Mecklenburg newly founded by the Soviet occupation authorities , which, in addition to Mecklenburg, also included the parts of Western Pomerania that remained German after the separation of the German eastern territories .

The community of Ahrenshoop was reclassified to the district of Rostock on October 1, 1945 . On October 1, 1948, the island community of Hiddensee was reclassified from the Rügen district to the Stralsund district.

GDR / Rostock district

In the first of the district reforms in the GDR , the district gave the city of Damgarten and the communities Daskow , Kückenhagen , Langendamm , Saal and Tempel to the Rostock district on July 1, 1950 . A major administrative reform took place in the GDR in 1952, in which the five states were dissolved and replaced by 14 districts and most of the districts were replaced by smaller districts. The Stralsund district was also dissolved:

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania from 1990

Since 1994, with the exception of the towns incorporated into Stralsund, the former district area belonged to the district of North Western Pomerania , which at the time was formed from the districts of Stralsund, Ribnitz-Damgarten and Grimmen , and since 2011 it has belonged entirely to the district of Western Pomerania-Rügen .

Population development

year Residents source
1816 42,165
1846 59,550
1871 71.195
1890 40,860
1900 41,704
1910 42,189
1925 45,721
1933 44,569
1946 90,655

District administrators

Local constitution until 1945

The district of Franzburg was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their almost complete dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Law of December 15, 1933 and the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced at the municipal level on April 1, 1935 . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

cities and communes

As of 1939

In 1939, the Franzburg-Barth district comprised four towns, 72 other communities and a community-free forest estate district.

The community-free manor district of Forst Born was on the Zingst peninsula.

Municipalities dissolved before 1939

Name changes

A few minor changes in place names are documented, they mainly affect the C / K spelling, such as in Cummerow ( Kummerow since 1935 ) or Carnin (now Karnin ).


  • Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 192-201.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Hermann Sonnenschmidt (ed.): Collection of the laws passed for New Western Pomerania and Rügen in the years 1802 until the end of 1817 . tape 1 . Stralsund 1844, p. 288 ( digitized - Royal Decree of July 9, 1806).
  2. ^ Heinrich Berghaus: Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . IV. Part, Volume IW Dietze, Berlin 1866, Territorial History of New Western Pomerania and Rügen, p. 1 ( digitized version ).
  3. a b The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
  4. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Stralsund 1873, p. 194
  5. Jan Berg: The race for the district office 1925. In: Pommern. Journal of Culture and History. Issue 1/2010, ISSN  0032-4167 , pp. 6-11.
  6. Kyra T. Inachin: The history of Pomerania . Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2008 ( digitized version ).
  7. GenWiki: Hiddensee  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  8. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Stralsund, p. 228 ( digitized version [accessed May 5, 2016]).
  9. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 317 ( digitized version ).
  10. a b c d e f Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Franzburg-Barth district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  11. 1946 census
  12. ^ Provincial calendar for New Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen on the common year 1834, Stralsund, government printing office, 1834