District of Bütow
The district of Bütow , until 1939 district of Bütow , was a Prussian district in Pomerania , which existed between 1846 and 1945. Its county seat was the city of Bütow . The former district area is now in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship .
The district of Bütow was created on January 1, 1846 from the southern part of the Lauenburg-Bütow district , the district of Bütow. The Lauenburg-Bütow district emerged in 1773 from the Lauenburg and Bütow lands . The district belonged to the administrative district of Köslin in the Prussian province of Pomerania . In 1871 the town of Bütow, 39 rural communities and 25 manor districts belonged to the district .
After the Polish Corridor was established in January 1920 according to the Versailles Treaty , there was an exchange of territory between Poland and the German Empire on November 30, 1920 in the area of the Bütow district . The villages of Zukowken and Mühlchen, which belonged to the West Prussian district of Karthaus , came to the district of Bütow, while the localities of Pommersch Prondzonka, Althütte near Buchwalde and Schellews moved from the district of Bütow to Poland. For the district of Bütow this meant an assignment of 8.36 km² to Poland with a simultaneous gain of 15.35 km².
On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the Bütow district, as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On January 1, 1939, the district of Bütow was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now uniform rule .
In the spring of 1945 the area of the district was occupied by the Red Army . It placed the district under the administration of the People's Republic of Poland , which subsequently expelled the population from the district . The former district area has been within the Powiat Bytowski since 1999 .
- 1846–1852 Paul Winterfeldt , landlord on Gersdorf
- 1852–1875 Heinrich von Puttkamer (1803–1876)
- 1875–1886 Julius Scheunemann
- 1886–1910 Henning von Puttkamer
- 1910–1917 Nikolaus von Gerlach (1875–1955)
- 1918–1920 Otto Schulze
- 1920–1921 Max Fritz Mulert , District Administrator (1888–?)
- 1921–1931 Herbert von Wolff (1886–1967)
- 1931–1939 Walter Springorum (1892–1973)
- 1939–1945 Ludwig Förster (1899–1965)
The district of Bütow was initially divided into the city of Bütow, into rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . These were grouped together in administrative districts . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.
Districts, cities and municipalities
The rural parishes of the district were divided into 15 administrative districts in the 1930s . The city of Bütow was vacant.
cities and communes
After the regional reforms of the 1920s, the district of Bütow included a town and 48 other communities. The renaming that began in 1929 is not included in the following list:
From 1929 to 1937 place names were changed in the Bütow district. Since mostly "not German enough", these were translations or free inventions:
- Czarndamerow → Sonnenwalde
- Jellentsch → Hirschfelde (Pom.)
- Cloning → Ulrichsdorf (Pom.)
- Lonken → Friedrichssee
- Lupowske → Grünenwalde
- Oslawdamerow → Rudolfswalde
- Polschen → Kniprode
- Pschywors → Adolfsheide
- Pyaschen → Franzwalde
- Chebiatkov → Radensfelde
- Zukowken → Treuenfelde
The district of Bütow was not connected to the rail network until 1884 by the Prussian State Railway from Schlawe . It then took another 17 years before more lines were added. They all started from Bütow, and that
- 1901 to Berent in West Prussia,
- 1902 to Lauenburg in the northeast and
- 1909 to Rummelsburg in the southwest.
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 132-132, item 12.
- Johannes Hinz : Limits in the Bütow district. Small historical-geographical atlas. Pommerscher Greif, Greifswald 2007, ISBN 3-9809244-7-5 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Province of Pomerania - District of Bütow. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Gunthard Stübs and Pomeranian Research Association: The district of Bütow in the former province of Pomerania (2011)
- Genealogical information on the Bütow district in the Gen-Wiki
- District history information
- District of Bütow administrative history and district list on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 11, 2013.
- The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
- Erich Winguth: Directory of the non-governmental archives of the Bütow district, Köslin district. In: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Digital Library. Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, accessed on August 9, 2017 .
- Territorial.de: District of Bütow
- Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 316 ( digitized ).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. District of Bütow. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Reinhold Cramer: History of the Lande Lauenburg and Bütow . Volume 1: The Story . Königsberg 1858, appendix p. 86. ( Online )
- Julius Scheunemann (1811–1886) ?, owner of Gut Seehof in the Bütow district, today the Kołczygłowy community . Compare: Acta Borussica, Protocols of the Prussian State Ministry, Volume 6 / II, p. 702 and Emil Gohrbandt: Die Dörfer des Kreis Rummelsburg . ( Online ) Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- District of Bütow in the Pomeranian information system.