District of Dramburg
The district of Dramburg , until 1939 district of Dramburg , was a Prussian district that belonged to the Mark Brandenburg until 1816 and then to the province of Pomerania until 1945 . The district office was in the city of Dramburg . The former district area is now part of the Powiat Drawski in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship .
In the post-medieval period, the Margraviate of Brandenburg was divided into circles . One of these historical circles was the Dramburgische Kreis or Kreis Dramburg , which formed one of the four so-called Hinterkreise in Neumark . As part of the Prussian administrative reforms after the Congress of Vienna , the Dramburg district moved from Neumark to the administrative district of Köslin in the province of Pomerania in 1816 . The district of Dramburg gave 20 villages to the Saatzig district and five villages to the Regenwalde district .
Since July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . In 1871 the district included the three towns of Dramburg , Falkenburg and Kallies , 56 rural communities and 51 manor districts . On March 28, 1878, the rural communities of Alt Lobitz and Zadow and the Zadow estate were reclassified from the Dramburg district to the Deutsch Krone district in West Prussia .
On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the Dramburg district in line with developments in the rest of Prussia, in which all independent manor districts except one were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On October 1, 1932, the rural communities of Labenz, Nuthagen and Rützow were reclassified from the dissolved Schivelbein district to the Dramburg district.
On October 1st, 1938, the district of Dramburg was reclassified from the administrative district of Köslin to the administrative district of Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia , and on January 1st, 1939, the district of Dramburg was given the name of a district in accordance with the now unified regulation .
In the spring of 1945 the area of the district was occupied by the Red Army . After the war ended, the district was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying forces in the summer of 1945 . In the following years the German population from the district sold .
- 1713 – before 1735 Georg Matthias von Borcke (1671–1740)
- 1735–1744 Georg Albrecht von Birckholtz (1710–1777)
- 1744–1755 George Ernst von der Goltz (1705–1755)
- 1755–1765 George Friedrich von Rohwedel (1711–1765)
- 1765–1784 Otto Wedig von Bonin (1724–1796)
- 1784–1808 George Friedrich Felix von Bonin (1749–1818)
- 1808–? from Sydow
- 1818-1824 by Borcke
- 1824–1834 Johann Hollatz
- 1834–1863 Georg von Knebel Doeberitz (1810–1880)
- 1863–1873 Otto von Westarp (1825–1878)
- 1873–1878 by Knebel-Doeberitz
- 1878–1884 Kurt von Dewitz (1847–1925)
- 1884–1898 Eugen von Brockhausen the Younger (1857–1922)
- 1898–1918 Günther von Hohnhorst (1863–1936)
- 1918–1920 Paul von Hodenberg (1881–1954)
- 1920–1933 Arthur Ehlert (* 1879)
- 1933–1935 Heinrich Braasch (1902–1941)
- 1935–1940 Ernst Günther von Etzel
- 1940–1945 Hans Georg Koch
The district of Dramburg was divided into the cities of Dramburg, Falkenburg and Kallies, in rural communities and - until their almost complete dissolution in 1929 - in independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Law of December 15, 1933 and the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced at the municipal level on April 1, 1935 . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.
Districts, cities and municipalities
The rural parishes of the district were divided into 23 administrative districts in the 1930s . The cities of the district were free of office.
cities and communes
The district of Dramburg recently comprised three cities, 59 rural communities and a community-free manor district:
- Rural communities
- The municipality of Klein Stüdnitz was incorporated into the municipality of Hundskopf on April 1, 1936.
- The community of Neu Lobitz was dissolved in the 1930s as part of the expansion of the Dramburg military training area.
The city of Falkenburg was recently given the addition “i. Pom. ".
The district of Dramburg initially stayed away from the major railway lines. It was not until 1877 that it was opened up by the Ruhnow - Dramburg - Tempelburg line of the Pomeranian Central Railway Company ("111.j").
In 1888 the Prussian State Railroad ran a route from Deutsch Krone to the town of Kallies "115.a" in the south of the district. This station became the local hub when the line was extended to Stargard in 1895 and a branch to Arnswalde was given; in addition there was a connection between Kallies and Falkenburg (“116.b”) in 1900 , which continued to Bad Polzin from 1903 (“111.k”).
During the same period, two small railroad lines were built in the district. a. the district of Dramburg and the company Lenz & Co GmbH were involved:
In 1897 the narrow-gauge line of the Saatziger Kleinbahnen from Trampke reached Janikow, but it was not until 1910 that the district town ("113.j") reached it.
In the east of the district, Kleinbahn AG Virchow-Deutsch Kroner district border opened a standard-gauge line to the neighboring Deutsch Krone district in 1900 ("115.n").
- (The numbers in ("...") refer to the German course book 1939)
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 130-131, item 8.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 90-95.
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg. Volume 3: Containing the Neumark Brandenburg. Berlin 1809, pp. 220-246 ( books.google.de ); Location registers for all three volumes: pp. 357–390 ( books.google.de ).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Province of Pomerania - District of Dramburg. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Gunthard Stübs and Pomeranian Research Association: The district of Dramburg in the former province of Pomerania (2011)
- District of Dramburg Administrative history and district list on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 10, 2013.
- Ingo Materna, Wolfgang Ribbe (ed.): Brandenburg history . Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-05-002508-5 , Boundaries and Administrative Structure, p. 32 ff . ( Digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- Territorial changes in Germany
- Official Journal of the Royal Prussian Government in Stettin: Ordinance on the new district division of January 18, 1816 . No. 12 , 1816, p. 43 ( digitized version [accessed February 2, 2017]).
- Local directory of the government district of Stettin according to the new district division . approx. 1818. Struck, Stettin ( digitized version ).
- Berthold Schulze: The reform of the administrative districts in Brandenburg and Pomerania 1809-1818 . with the support of the Historical Commission for the Province of Pomerania. In: Individual writings of the historical commission for the province of Brandenburg . Gsellius, Berlin 1931 ( digitized version ).
- The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . tape 3 . Friedrich Maurer, Berlin 1809, chap. 2: District of Dramburg, p. 220 ff . ( Digitized version ).
- Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 42 ( digitized version ).
- Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district Köslin, p. 234 ( digitized version [accessed June 6, 2016]).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Dramburg district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Inauguration of the previous knighthood council from Knebel auf Sarranzig on November 1, 1832, according to the Cöslin government gazette, p. 280
- District of Dramburg in the Pomeranian information system.