The district of Arnswalde , until 1939 district of Arnswalde , also called Arnswalder district until the 19th century , was a district in the province of Brandenburg until 1938 and then in the province of Pomerania until 1945 . Its area was placed under Polish administration after the Second World War and largely coincides with today's powiat Choszczeński .
The area of the later district of Arnswalde had been under Brandenburg rule since the 13th century . Between 1401 and 1454 it belonged to the Teutonic Order . In the post-medieval period, the Margraviate of Brandenburg was divided into circles . One of these historical circles was the Arnswalder Kreis or the Arnswalde district , which formed one of the four so-called Hinterkreise in the Neumark .
As part of the formation of provinces and administrative districts in Prussia, a district reform took place in the Frankfurt administrative district in 1816, through which the district was reduced as follows:
- The town of Bernstein and its surrounding area as well as the towns of Bärfelde, Krining, Niepölzig, Ruwen, Siede and Tobelhof were given to the Soldin district .
- The Fürstensee exclave was given to the Pyritz district of the Pomerania province .
- The town of Nörenberg and the towns of Blockhaus, Butow, Flackensee, Gabbert, Mellen, Rahnwerder, Groß and Klein Rohrpfuhl, Groß Silber, Klein Spiegel, Wedellsdorff and Zehrten were given to the Saatzig district of the Pomerania province .
Neuwedell was the seat of the district administrator, and in 1908 the district administration moved to the town of Arnswalde . In 1938, the Arnswalde district was reclassified to the Posen-West Prussia border region and thus belonged to the Pomerania province . On January 1, 1939, the official name of the district was introduced.
In the spring of 1945 the area of the Arnswalde district was occupied by the Red Army . After the war ended, the district was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying forces in the summer of 1945 . In the following years the German population from the district sold .
- 1735–1762 Caspar Martin von der Goltz (1696–1762)
- 1762–1769 Hans Christoph Dietloff von der Goltz (1713–1769)
- 1769–1795 Christian Ludwig von Sydow (1733–1795)
- 1795–1809 Carl Johann Christoph von Dietherdt (1746–1809)
- 1809–1841 Achatz von Waldow
- 1841–1846 Kreuzwendedich Emil Hermann von Waldow
- 1846–1884 Wilhelm von Meyer (1818–1892)
- 1884–1895 Michael von Meyer (1851–1895)
- 1895–1905 Wolf von Gersdorff (1867–1949)
- 1905–1919 Heinrich von Meyer (1868–1940)
- 1919–1920 Franz Erich Schüler
- 1920–1926 Walter Braun (1884–1933)
- 1926–1932 Traugott Bredow (1889–1969)
- 1932–1933 Karl Theodor Bleek (1898–1969)
- 1933–1935 Erich Gabriel
- 1935–1942 Hans Ulrich von Borcke
- 1942–1943 Hans Koch ( substitute )
- 1943–1945 Jochen-Hilmar von Wuthenau (1887–1965)
The district area lay in a rounded terminal moraine and comprised the Arnswald lake district. In the east was the drageheide, which was made up of coniferous forests and took up a third of the area. The largest rivers were the Drage and the Plötzenfließ. The area was 1,265 km². From 1939 the district was in the central south of Pomerania, since 1945 the former district area has been in the southwest of the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship .
Since the 1930s, the district has comprised the towns of Arnswalde (1939: 14,000 inhabitants), Neuwedell (2,711) and Reetz (3,646), 67 rural communities and a forest estate district . A total of 45,452 people lived in the district in 1939. Most of them worked in agriculture, which mainly grew sugar beets, potatoes, rye and wheat. Industry was also closely linked to agriculture, and there were also wood processing companies, brickworks and limestone works. Most of the industry was concentrated in and around Arnswalde. In 1939 almost 60 percent of the workforce was employed in agriculture and forestry.
The route of the Stargard-Posen Railway Company ran through the district since 1847 and also touched the district town> 116.c <. Branch lines only branched off there around 50 years later: from 1895 the state railway line led to Kallies > 116.b <, where a line from Deutsch Krone ended in 1888 , which continued in the direction of Stargard in 1895 and opened up some communities in the north of the district> 115. a <.
(The numbers in> <refer to the German course book 1939.)
From 1903 to 1918, the constituency of Arnswalde-Friedeberg was the only one in the eastern territories of the German Empire to provide a representative of the anti-Semitic German Reform Party to the Reichstag (German Empire) with the deputy Wilhelm Bruhn . In the Reichstag election in March 1933 , the NSDAP received 63% (44), the SPD 16% (18), the German Nationalists 15% (8) and the KPD 4% (12) (nationwide in brackets, the rest splinter parties).
Cities, rural communities and manor districts
Since the 1930s, the Arnswalde district has been organized as follows:
The municipality-free manor districts Forst Arnswalder Heide also belonged to the district.
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State. 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 91-92, item 1.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Part II: Province of Brandenburg , Berlin 1873, pp. 132-137.
- Topographical-statistical manual of the government district of Frankfurt a. O. Verlag von Gustav Harnecker u. Co., 1867, pp. 3-18.
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Markgrafthum Nieder-Lausitz , Volume 3, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 486-520 ( online ).
- Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Frankfurt ad Oder. Compiled from official sources . Frankfurt ad cit. 1844, pp. 3-14.
- W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 438-451.
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg. Volume 3: Containing the Neumark Brandenburg. Berlin 1809, pp. 193-220 ( books.google.de ); Location registers for all three volumes: pp. 357–390 ( books.google.de ).
- Walter Schuhmacher: The Arnswalde district and its settlement , 1958.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Pomerania district of Arnswalde. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Gunthard Stübs and Pommersche Forschungsgemeinschaft: The district of Arnswalde in the former province of Pomerania (2011).
- District of Arnswalde Administrative history and district list on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of July 19, 2013.
- County statistics
- Ingo Materna, Wolfgang Ribbe (ed.): Brandenburg history . Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-05-002508-5 , Boundaries and Administrative Structure, p. 32 ff . ( Digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- Official Journal of the Royal Prussian Government in Frankfurt ad Oder . No. 12 , 1816, p. 103 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . tape 3 . Friedrich Maurer, Berlin 1809, chap. District of Arnswalde, S. 193 ff . ( Digitized version ).
- Georg Hassel: Statistical outline of all European states . The statistical view and special statistics of Central Europe. Vieweg, Braunschweig 1805, p. 42 ( digitized version ).
- Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Frankfurt, p. 210 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- Topographical-statistical overview of the administrative district of Frankfurt ad O., Harnecker, 1844, p. 30
- The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Brandenburg and their population in 1871
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Arnswalde district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).