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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Wittenberge
Map of Germany, position of the city of Wittenberge highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 0 '  N , 11 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Prignitz
Height : 22 m above sea level NHN
Area : 50.63 km 2
Residents: 16,925 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 334 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 19322
Area code : 03877
License plate : PR
Community key : 12 0 70 424
City structure: 7 districts / boroughs

City administration address :
August-Bebel-Strasse 10
19322 Wittenberge
Website : www.wittenberge.de
Mayor : Oliver Hermann (independent)
Location of the city of Wittenberge in the Prignitz district
Lenzerwische Lenzen (Elbe) Lanz Cumlosen Groß Pankow (Prignitz) Pritzwalk Gumtow Plattenburg Legde/Quitzöbel Rühstädt Bad Wilsnack Breese Weisen Wittenberge Perleberg Karstädt Gülitz-Reetz Pirow Berge Putlitz Kümmernitztal Gerdshagen Halenbeck-Rohlsdorf Meyenburg Marienfließ Triglitz Landkreis Ostprignitz-Ruppin Putlitz Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Sachsen-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhaltmap
About this picture

Wittenberge is a city in the Prignitz district in northwest Brandenburg and the most populous place in Prignitz . The city on the Elbe , halfway between the metropolises of Berlin and Hamburg , has existed since the Middle Ages. It developed during industrialization through the Wittenberge train station and the Elbhafen as a technology location , especially with the railway repair and sewing machine factories. With the neighboring Perleberg it forms a middle center . The Elbland Festival takes place here every year .

The stone gate , the oldest building in Wittenberge, was first mentioned in 1297.
View around 1850
Protestant church


Wittenberge is located in the north-west of Brandenburg in the Prignitz , about eleven kilometers southwest of the district town of Perleberg , on the northern bank of the Elbe , directly at the confluence of the Stepenitz and the Karthane in this river . The city is roughly halfway between Berlin and Hamburg and Rostock and Magdeburg .

Neighboring communities

Following clockwise are the neighboring communities, starting in the west, Cumlosen , Lanz , Perleberg , Weisen , Breese and Bad Wilsnack on the Brandenburg Elbe side and across the river Seehausen (Altmark) and Aland (Altmark) in Saxony-Anhalt .

City structure

According to the main statute of the city, the districts Bentwisch , Garsedow , Hinzdorf , Lindenberg , Lütjenheide , Schadebeuster and Zwischenendeich belong to Wittenberge . In addition, the three residential areas Berghöfe , Hermannshof and Wallhöfe are part of the urban area.

Lütjenheide, Schadebeuster and Zwischenendeich have been districts of Wittenberge since June 20, 1957. In 1962 Lindenberg was incorporated into Wittenberge and since 1995 it has been a district of Wittenberge. Garsedow and Hinzdorf were incorporated on October 20, 1971. Bentwisch joined on December 1, 1997.

Panoramic picture of Wittenberge with clock tower, harbor, Stepenitz, Elbe and railway bridge


A landmark of the city: the clock tower of the sewing machine works in Wittenberge from 1929 (largest free-standing clock tower in Germany and on the European mainland)

In the course of the German settlement after the conquest of the East Elbe territories, which later became the Mark Brandenburg, Wittenberge was founded under the care of the Gans family, as was Perleberg and Putlitz . Wittenberge is said to be in a document in 1226 that was only used as a transsumpt in an original document from Margrave Friedrich the Elder. J. von Brandenburg from February 15, 1463, was first mentioned in a document. In the said document, the Margraves Johann and Otto von Brandenburg decreed that no one was allowed to run a ferry on the Elbe between the town of Werben (Elbe) and “Wittemberge” . In 1910, Hermann Krabbo described the document from 1226 as a forgery, which was confirmed by research in the State Archives of Saxony-Anhalt in January 2006. Another documentary mention can be found on October 29, 1239. At that time, a witness signed a document with "prepositus de uittenberge". It was also Wittemberg documented on July 22, 1300 I as the city Mr. Otto Gans rights Wittenberges confirmed as a city.

At the end of the Thirty Years War Wittenberge was completely depopulated.

The city fell victim to devastating fires in 1686 and 1757 and the Elbe dike breaches in 1709 and 1761. In 1820 the first steamship on the Berlin-Hamburg passenger line docked in the port of Wittenberge. The city's industrial boom was achieved in 1823 by the construction of an oil mill (1823–1935: Herzsche Ölmühle , 1942–1946: Märkische Ölwerke Wittenberge AG , 1946–1990: VEB Märkische Ölwerke Wittenberge , 1990–1991: Märkische Ölwerke GmbH Wittenberge ) by the merchant Salomon Herz established. The completion of the Elbe port in 1835 and the connection to the Berlin-Hamburg railway line on October 15, 1846 as well as the completion of the connecting lines to Magdeburg between 1847 and October 25, 1851, Lüneburg (1874) and Salzwedel (1879) were also decisive for the economic development of the city. The oil mill was followed by a soap factory in 1846, a chemical factory in 1849 and a railway repair shop in 1875, which still exists today.

In 1903, the New York City- based Singer Manufacturing Company built a sewing machine factory, which continued to expand into the 1920s, including a. 1928/29 with the largest free-standing tower clock on the European continent . The Singer sewing machines were manufactured here until May 3, 1945 . Sewing machine production continued successfully during the GDR era. The sewing machines from Wittenberge were now called VERITAS and Naumann and became a world product. In the 1980s, the VEB sewing machine factory in Wittenberge advanced to become the most modern sewing machine factory in the world.

In 1912, the Gropius construction office was commissioned to take over the project and construction management of a large workers' estate in the north of the city. Around 1914, three types of settlement houses were built in this way, in which Gropius' concept of rationally constructed buildings could be implemented for the first time. The city of Wittenberge failed to place the buildings under monument protection, so that the original condition has been lost through decades of use and private renovations and additions.

As early as 1912, part of the cemetery was set up as a burial place for the city's Jews . The Jewish community founded in 1923, which did not have its own synagogue , buried its deceased members here. During the Nazi era in Germany, the National Socialists cleared the cemetery. Furthermore, founded in 1937 pulp and rayon factory which was located from 1942 on the site of concentration camp Wittenberge the Neuengamme concentration camp . The approximately 3,000 prisoners were obliged to do forced labor under inhumane conditions. Hundreds did not survive because they died of starvation, disease, or were murdered. In 1962 gravestones were restored and erected, as well as a memorial stone.

With the oil mill, Singer and the railway works as well as the construction of other factories such as the North German Machine Factory in 1935 and the cellulose and cellulose factory in 1937/38 , Wittenberge became the most important industrial city in the region. Due to the industrial and thus economic upswing, the population rose quickly. This led to the expansion of the urban area. Especially between the old town and the train station built around 1 km northeast of it, apartments for workers were built in several phases. These include a number of buildings from the Wilhelminian era that are gradually being renovated. The "House of the Four Seasons" with its facade in Art Nouveau deserves special attention .

In the years 1912–1914, the Wittenberg Town Hall (tower height 51 m) was built, which in its monumental design clearly symbolizes the urban aspirations of the up-and-coming industrial city. This awakening was dampened by the consequences of the First World War 1914–1918 and the global economic crisis from the end of the 1920s.

After 1816 Wittenberge belonged to the Westprignitz district in the Prussian province of Brandenburg ( administrative district Potsdam ). On August 1, 1922, the city of Wittenberge left the Westprignitz district and from then on formed its own urban district. In 1950 the city of Wittenberge lost its district freedom and was again incorporated into the Westprignitz district.

In 1952, the state of Brandenburg and the Westprignitz district were dissolved. From that time on, Wittenberge belonged to the Perleberg district in the Schwerin district , and since 1990 in Brandenburg . In 1993 the district of Perleberg and thus also Wittenberge became part of the newly formed district of Prignitz .

The reunification of Germany in 1990 brought considerable economic changes for the Prignitz and Wittenberge. In addition to the sewing machine factory (1991), the pulp factory (VEB Zellwolle, 1990) and the oil mill (1991) were also closed. Of the large companies, only the Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk Wittenberge (RAW) remained as the current maintenance facility of Deutsche Bahn AG . Due to the associated loss of jobs, there was a considerable emigration of residents (approx. 2% p. A. Since 1990), the end of which has not yet been forecast. The Wittenberge station, which until 2000 was still served every hour by ICE trains on the Hamburg – Berlin route, lost its importance dramatically.

Since the year 2000, the 700th anniversary of the city, Wittenberge has been the annual venue of the nationally known Elbland Festival Wittenberge (EFS), the international festival of operetta and cheerful stage arts in Germany. It is the most important music festival of this musical genre in Germany. Wittenberge is also the venue for the Paul Lincke International Singing Competition for Operetta .

Population development

year Residents
1652 0252
1719 0374
1730 0406
1740 0454
1742 0667
1750 0761
1756 0770
1800 0884
1812 0910
1819 1,200
1825 1,325
1840 2,500
1845 2,700
1850 4.176
1853 5,305
1863 5,912
year Residents
1864 06,200
1867 06,941
1875 07,367
1877 08,062
1880 09,548
1882 10,250
1890 12,338
1895 14,559
1900 16,322
1905 18.603
1910 20,709
1914 22,693
1920 24,848
1925 26,493
1930 26,476
1935 26,605
year Residents
1938 28,421
1940 31,415
1941 32,597
1943 34,842
1945 39,587 1
1946 31,485
1954 32,200
1964 32,439
1966 32,735
1968 33,077
1977 33,279
1980 32,287
1981 31,855
1985 30,519
1987 30.181
1988 30,240
year Residents
1990 28,168
1995 24,515
1996 24,041
1997 23,833
1998 23,398
1999 22,825
2000 22,163
2001 21,513
2002 21,112
2003 20,639
2004 20,120
2005 19,767
2006 19,566
2007 19,297
2008 19,023
2009 18,710
year Residents
2010 18,571
2011 17,638
2012 17,476
2013 17,297
2014 17,200
2015 17.206
2016 17,318
2017 17,201
2018 17,015
2019 16,925

1 In 1945 there were around 6,000 refugees in Wittenberge

Territory of the respective year

1991–2013, from 1991 as of December 31, from 2011 based on the 2011 census


Local elections 2019
Turnout: 47.3% (2014: 33.5%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-3.8  % p
-1.0  % p
-7.9  % p
+ 14.8  % p
+ 2.4  % p
+ 3.4  % p
+ 2.3  % p
Wittenberge town hall

City Council

The city council of Wittenberge consists of 28 city councilors and the respective full-time mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following composition of the city council:

Party / list Seats
SPD 8th
CDU 7th
LEFT 4th
AfD 4th
Single applicant Frank Fischer 1


  • 1990–1993: Sigmar Luft (CDU)
  • 1993-2008: Klaus Petry (SPD)
  • since 2008: Oliver Hermann (independent)

Hermann was confirmed as a candidate of the SPD on April 10, 2016 without an opponent with 94.8% of the valid votes for a further eight years.


The city's flag is striped red and white (1: 1) and has the city's coat of arms in the center.

Town twinning

There are partnerships with the following cities:

Sights and culture

“Rocking ship” from
Christian Uhlig's “journey through time”
Memorial at the Jahn School
Catholic Church
Water tower
Culture and Festival Hall


Sculptures and monuments

  • The sculptor Christian Uhlig created the three-part sculpture group Zeitreise , which was placed on the banks of the Elbe.
  • Memorial stone from 1949 opposite the main entrance of the cemetery at Parkstrasse 30 for the victims of fascism through concentration camp terror and forced labor
  • Memorial from 1996 for the victims of wars and tyranny near the celebration hall
  • Memorial stone in the courtyard of the former sewing machine factory in Bad Wilsnacker Straße 43 for seven people who were murdered as anti-fascist resistance fighters and forced laborers
  • Memorial stone from 1962 in memory of the Jewish cemetery on the grounds of the municipal cemetery
  • Memorial stone from 1969 on Ernst-Thälmann-Straße for the worker politician of the same name who was murdered in Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944


  • city ​​Park
  • Forest cemetery
  • Schützenplatz (venue for circus, shooting festival, Easter bonfire)
  • Clara Zetkin Park

Natural monuments

Officially recognized natural monuments:

  • Hanging beech ( Fagus silvatica 'Pendula') on the eastern part of Elmshorner Platz
  • Caucasian wingnut ( Pterocarya fraxinifolia ) on the western part of Elmshorner Platz
  • English oak ( Quercus robur ) on the hill of the city park
  • Plane trees ( Platanus acerifolia ) on both sides of the driveway to the property at Perleberger Strasse 31
  • English oak in the street "Weinberg"
  • Pedunculate oak in an alley between Bahnstrasse and the street "Hinter den Planken"
  • eight European beeches ( Fagus silvatica ) on the street “Am Kuhberg”, which form an “arbor”
  • English oak on the road between Gasedow and Lütjenheide
  • four oaks in front of the village of Lütjenheide
  • English oak on the brackish between Hinzdorf and Scharleuk



  • Wittenberge Culture and Festival Hall on Paul-Lincke-Platz
  • Elblandfestspiele Wittenberge - international festival for operetta and cheerful stage arts in Germany (annual events in the summer months)

movie theater

  • “Movie Star” cinema in Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 15 near Bismarckplatz.

Regular events

  • in May: International Shooting Week
  • in May: International singing competition for operetta "Paul Lincke" Wittenberge
  • in June: Open-air volleyball tournament "Volleyball Summer" by SV Empor / Grün-Rot Wittenberge 1990 e. V.
  • in June: Dixiland Festival in the courtyard of the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Wittenberge
  • at Whitsun: Country Music Festival Wittenberge, on the sports and leisure area of ​​ESV 1888 near the Deutsche Bahn repair shop
  • in July: Elbland Festival Wittenberge
  • in August: city and harbor festival, Elbe bathing day

Culinary specialties of the region

Knieperkohl ("Saurer Hansen")


The legend of the ferryman Hildebrand belongs to the regionally traditional folk good .

Economy and Infrastructure


The Veritas and Naumann sewing machines were manufactured in Wittenberge in 1987

The business location is part of the Prignitz growth core, one of 15 regional growth cores in the state of Brandenburg. This promotes selected future-oriented industries.

In Wittenberge there was the sewing machine factory Wittenberge with 3200 employees in 1989. Although new production facilities were built here in the 1980s, the Treuhandanstalt saw no future for the factory and liquidated it shortly after the fall of the Wall in 1992. The factory went as Branch of the American Singer in operation in 1903, the machines produced were sold under the names Veritas and Naumann . Due to the high reliability of the machines, there is still a market for the machines 20 years after production standstill and good spare parts. In 2012 and 2013 there were commercial settlements such as the Austrian insulation manufacturer Austrotherm , the franking machine manufacturer Francotyp-Postalia or the transformer manufacturer Schacht GmbH .

The further still largest employer is the DB work Wittenberge the German railway , it is responsible for the maintenance of passenger coaches. From 2012 to 2014, the double-decker cars were revised there with the installation of new monitors, LEDs instead of tubes and notebook power connections for local transport in e.g. B. Hessen and Brandenburg. Similarly, there is IC fleet including Deutsche Bahn modernized.


Road traffic

Wittenberge is on federal highway 189 between Perleberg and Stendal . From the B 189, the B 195 branches off to Boizenburg . On the country road L 11 is Bad Wilsnack distance.

The Elbe bridge on the B 189 near Wittenberge is the only road bridge between the bridges of the B 191 near Dömitz (approx. 50 km downstream) and the B 188 near Tangermünde (approx. 60 km upstream). In between, the Elbe can only be crossed with the help of ferries .

The next motorway junctions are Karstädt on the A 14 and Wittstock on the A 19 to Rostock. With the planned closure of the A 14 gap, Wittenberge will have a direct motorway connection.

Rail transport

Wittenberge train station
DB Wittenberge plant

The Wittenberge train station with extensive other operating facilities is located on the Berlin – Hamburg high-speed line and is the most important station between the two cities. It is also the starting point for the railway lines to Wittstock (Dosse) and Stendal .

Wittenberge is used in long-distance traffic by individual Intercity-Express trains on the ( Copenhagen / Aarhus -) Hamburg - Berlin (- Leipzig - Munich ) line and by other Intercity and Eurocity trains on the ( Westerland -) Hamburg - Berlin - Dresden route (- Prague - Bratislava or Vienna ). There is also an Intercity Rostock - Schwerin - Stendal - Magdeburg - Leipzig service once a week .

Regional express trains on the RE 2 ( Wismar –Schwerin–) Wittenberge – Berlin – Cottbus stop here every hour (between Wittenberge and Wismar every two hours). Once an hour drive a regional train S 1 after Stendal- Wolmirstedt -Magdeburg- (Elbe) and the regional express RE 6 to Perleberg - Pritzwalk - Wittstock (Dosse) - Neuruppin - BerlinGesundbrunnen . The railway line to Arendsee – Salzwedel is now without passenger traffic and has been replaced by the state bus 200 .

Before that, from 1870 onwards, trains on the Wittenberge – Lüneburg line of the Berlin-Hamburg Railway also ran here , which ran at Dömitz across the Elbe and via Dannenberg and Lüneburg to Buchholz. It was originally intended to serve as a direct connection between Berlin and Bremen, but this did not materialize. During the GDR era, Wittenberge station was one of the most important stations in the north-western area of ​​the Deutsche Reichsbahn network and, apart from the Schwanheide and Griebnitzsee and Staaken border stations , was the only stop for interzonal trains between Hamburg and Berlin.

The Verein Historischer Lokschuppen Wittenberge e.V. deals with the preparation of Wittenberg's railway history . V. The vehicles of the Dampflokfreunde Salzwedel e. V. stationed.


New pier for tankers in Wittenberge

The port of Wittenberge is located at the confluence of the Stepenitz with the Elbe, directly on the south industrial area. Various types of goods can be transshipped at the multi-purpose dock. The port station with four loading tracks enables trimodal handling. An additional jetty for liquid goods enables tankers to be loaded and unloaded directly without intermediate transport. The operator of the inland port is ElbePort Wittenberge GmbH .

Public facilities

City information Wittenberge in the Festspielhaus at Paul-Lincke-Platz


In addition to the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Wittenberge, there is also the Oberschule Wittenberge , the upper school center of the Prignitz district , several elementary and special schools and eight day-care centers run by the city or other operators.

The Kreisvolkshochschule Prignitz offers further education for adults, also on the second educational path.

A city library was opened in 1907, which has been named Martin Andersen Nexö Library since 1954 and offers around 33,000 media in 2019.


There are currently 20 sports clubs with almost 2170 members. The Wittenberger Schützengilde, one of the most traditional and successful clubs in the city, produced world and European champions, and European champions also came from the Wittenberge dance center.

  • Wittenberg Rifle Guild 1582
  • Wittenberge gymnastics community 1863
  • Railway Sports Club (ESV) Wittenberge 1888
  • FSV Veritas Wittenberge / Breese (soccer)
  • SSV Empor 90 Wittenberge
  • SV Empor / Grün-Rot Wittenberge 1990
  • Wittenberge Dance Center
  • Prignitzer Handball Club (PHC) Wittenberge (Handball)
  • Motorboat and sailing club Neptun
  • Swimming club "Delphin" Wittenberge
  • Wittenberge Riding Club.
  • DS "Racing Team" (Motorsport)
  • Boxing club Veritas Wittenberge
  • Inside Bowling Club Wittenberge
  • numerous fishing clubs


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Wittenberge


Over the years, the city received two identifying names, the first because of the sewing machine factory - “Wittenberg city of sewing machines” and the second, as most of the workers in the sewing machine and cotton wool factory, but also those at the oil mill, made their way to work by bike, “ bicycle city Wittenberge ”, and since 2000 increasingly“ Festival City Wittenberge ”.

Wittenberge is a popular location for various film productions (historical building fabric backdrops) and the like. a .:


Web links

Commons : Wittenberge  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Wittenberge  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikivoyage: Wittenberge  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. Main statutes of the city of Wittenberge from February 18, 2009 PDF
  3. City of Wittenberge - districts according to § 45 municipal constitution. In: service.brandenburg.de. Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on April 14, 2015 .
  4. Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states. Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  5. ^ Incorporation of the Bentwisch community into the city of Wittenberge. Announcement of the Minister of the Interior of November 26, 1997. Official Gazette for Brandenburg Common Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 8, Number 50, December 16, 1997, p. 998.
  6. further panoramas
  7. Christopher Clark : Prussia , p. 59
  8. History of the Herz'schen Ölmühle ( Memento from December 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  9. History - Subcamp concentration camp - Subcamp list - Wittenberge. Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial, accessed on January 2, 2016 .
  10. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Prignitz district . P. 31
  11. Population in the state of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to office on December 31, 2014 ( Memento from January 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  12. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg December 2015
  13. Population development and areas of independent cities, districts and municipalities in the State of Brandenburg 2016 (PDF)
  14. Population development and areas of independent cities, districts and communities in the State of Brandenburg 2017 (PDF)
  15. Population development and population status in the State of Brandenburg December 2018 (PDF)
  16. Population development and population status in the State of Brandenburg December 2019 (PDF)
  17. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  18. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  19. a b Chronicle 1990–1999 on www.findcity.de
  20. Dr. Oliver Hermann on www.wittenberge.de
  21. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  22. ^ Result of the mayoral election on April 10, 2016
  23. On the history of the Evangelical Church in the old town
  24. oelmuehle-wittenberge.de
  25. Show brewery - Wittenberger HerzBräu since 2009. In: oelmuehle-wittenberge.de. Genesis GmbH, archived from the original on January 2, 2016 ; accessed on January 2, 2016 .
  26. according to the ordinance of the district of Prignitz on natural monuments in the city of Wittenberge (resolution no. 607-35 / 97 of the district council of the district of Prignitz of December 11, 1997) (PDF; 17 kB)
  27. Start of production at the new Wittenberge location, FP GmbH press release of October 26, 2011, accessed on March 30, 2014.
  28. Lecture about the AW Wittenberge ( memento of the original from November 20, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 4.1 MB), brandenburger-wirtschaftstag.de, accessed on September 7, 2012. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.brandenburger-wirtschaftstag.de
  29. Education: School Directory on the city's website, viewed May 11, 2019
  30. Education: Daycare centers on the city's website, as seen on May 11, 2019
  31. ^ Education: City Library on the city's website, viewed May 11, 2019
  32. 100 years Wittenberge City Library: 1907–2007 , chronicle on verwaltungsportal.de, viewed on May 11, 2019