|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||3 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||21.37 km 2|
|Residents:||49,983 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2339 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||04121|
|License plate :||PI|
|Community key :||01 0 56 015|
|LOCODE :||DE ELM|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Volker Hatje (independent)|
|Location of the city of Elmshorn in the Pinneberg district|
Elmshorn ( Low German : Elveshorn and Elmshoorn) is a medium - sized town in Schleswig-Holstein . The predominantly industrial Elmshorn is with almost 50,000 inhabitants and a catchment area with around 120,000 inhabitants the sixth largest city in the state . The city on the Krückau , a tributary of the Elbe , is about 30 kilometers northwest of Hamburg . Elmshorn is the seat of the district administration of the Pinneberg district , which belongs to the Hamburg metropolitan region. The affiliation to the metropolitan region of Hamburg is also evident from the population density: With over 2300 inhabitants per km² Elmshorn is the most densely populated municipality in Schleswig-Holstein and is therefore roughly as densely populated as the city-state of Hamburg (approx. 2400 inhabitants per km²). In the list of German municipalities, sorted by population density , Hamburg is in 20th place and Elmshorn in 26th place.
Elmshorn is currently divided into five quarters: Kaltenweide, Langelohe / Hainholz, Klostersande / Lieth, Fuchsberg and Mitte / Flamweg. Other districts are Papenhöhe, Siberia, Vosskuhlen, Langenmoor, Sandberg, Köhnholz, Ramskamp and Franzosenhof.
Geographical location and geology
Elmshorn is located at 53 ° 45 '07 "N, 09 ° 39' 04" E, almost exactly on the border between Marsch and Geest . The difference in height that is created by the boundary between the two landscape formations can be seen in some places in the cityscape . The lowest point of the city is in the marsh meadows at −0.3 m, the highest point is +14.0 m in the Liether Wald (Butterberg). Geologically , the area of the city park consists of dunes that were located on the edge of the glacial valley of the Elbe at the end of the Ice Age .
Important rivers in Elmshorn are the Krückau, which flows into the Elbe about ten kilometers west-southwest of the city, and the Offenau, which in turn flows into the Krückau. Since the Krückau was navigable by seagoing vessels until the middle of the 20th century , it was of great economic importance for the city. Until the completion of the Krückausperrwerk it was also a threat, as the entire march was often flooded by storm surges. Small ponds, the " Bracks ", can still be found today on the Krückau, which were created during the storm surges of 1702 and 1792.
The following surrounding communities border directly on the city of Elmshorn (clockwise, seen from Krückau):
- Horst (Holstein)
- Klein Offenseth-Sparrieshoop
- Bokholt hand grinders
- Little north end
The city is climatically influenced by the North Sea and thus by the foothills of the Gulf Stream , which means that the climate is characterized by mild winters and humid summers. Due to the only 50 km distance to the North Sea, the city is still clearly in an area of strong winds that are used by wind turbines in the vicinity of Elmshorn to generate energy. The electricity generated there is fed into the city's power grid by Stadtwerke Elmshorn.
The place Elmshorn was first mentioned in 1141 as Elmeshorne , the parish Elmshorn in 1362.
17th century: Thirty Years War and First Northern War
At the beginning of the Thirty Years' War, Wallenstein's troops set up camp in Elmshorn in 1627, in order to proceed from here against Glückstadt , Krempe and the Breitenburg . The following year the place was ravaged by the plague and sacked by marauding Imperial Croatian troops. During the Swedish War, the late phase of the Thirty Years' War, a Swedish army marched through the place in 1643 and devastated it. Imperial troops also left their mark.
Since 1650, the parts of Elmshorn north of the Krückau belonged to the County of Rantzau . In 1657, during the Second Northern War (1655 to 1660), the place was destroyed by Swedish troops under Karl X. Gustav , when Danish troops were defending the Krückau crossing and the Kruckschanze fortress . The Krückau crossing was between the villages of Elmshorn, which belonged to the rulership of the imperial county of Rantzau, and Vormstegen / Klostersande, which belonged to the Uetersen monastery, in a wide, swampy river valley, crossed by branches of the Krückau, which was a massive obstacle for an advancing army with heavy cannons depicted. Therefore, the Danes had built the Kruckschanze fortress here, which was roughly in the area of today's old sewage treatment plant. "Kruck" and "Vormstegen" are still used as street names today.
18th to early 19th century: economic boom
The 18th century brought a modest upswing to Elmshorn. 1736 the place became a guild legitimate spots appointed and from August 26, 1741 Weekly market could officially be kept. It took place around the Nikolaikirche until a larger square, the butter market, was created in the 1960s due to the death of the leather factories in the center and the demolition of the old town gas system.
However, the 18th century brought death and destruction to Elmshorn again. On April 24, 1750, 47 houses and nine barns were destroyed in the Great Fire of Elmshorn. Elmshorn was largely spared from the great storm surge of 1756 , which caused almost 600 deaths during the march, so that the place was able to accommodate many surviving march residents.
During the coalition wars, Elmshorn was occupied by an enemy army of Russians, Swedes and Prussians in 1813/14. After the end of the Napoleonic Wars, whaling flourished in Elmshorn as on the Lower Elbe and other navigable rivers in the region , as the Danish King Frederick VI. the Elvish and Schleswig-Holstein Greenland drivers promoted to the increasing demand for Tran to satisfy. In the 19th century, seal and whaling as well as sea trade in Elmshorn were so important that the place was also called "dat lütje Hamborg" ("little Hamburg").
1863: independence from Denmark
In 1863, the Schleswig-Holstein State Assembly took place on the Propstenfeld in Elmshorn as a commitment to Denmark's striving for independence . Because of the railway connection completed in 1844, the choice fell on the location, where around 20,000 people gathered. They proclaimed Friedrich VIII of Schleswig-Holstein as Duke of Schleswig-Holstein.
By signing the " Eiderdänischen " constitution by the Danish King Christian IX. In the same year Denmark violated the provisions of the London Protocol of 1852 , in which it was stated that the Duchy of Schleswig may not enter into a closer constitutional bond than the one that had been in force until then, and that Schleswig was granted internal autonomy. With the new constitution, however, Schleswig was de facto annexed by Denmark. Thereupon the German Confederation established a breach of the German Federal Act as well as the Treaty of Ripen (1460), in which the indivisibility of the duchies was established (" up eternally ungedeelt "), and imposed the federal execution against Denmark - here: against the duchy Holstein , which, although also Danish, belonged to the German Confederation. On December 23, 1863 - one day before Christmas Eve, Hanoverian and Saxon federal troops occupied Elmshorn. As everywhere in the Duchy of Holstein, the Danish troops evaded the fight by retreating.
The national assembly thus marked the beginning of the German-Danish war , which broke out the following year and, given the superiority of the two great powers Prussia and Austria, ended with the defeat of Denmark. As a result, the Duchy of Schleswig became Prussian in the Gastein Convention in 1865 and Holstein (and thus Elmshorn) Austrian. But in the following year, Holstein, and with it all of Schleswig-Holstein, became a Prussian province after Prussia's victory in the German War .
End of the 19th century: industrialization and city rights
In the 19th century, Elmshorn experienced rapid population growth in the course of the industrial revolution . Despite the incorporation of surrounding areas, such as Vormstegen and Klostersande in 1878 and von Wisch and Köhnholz in 1894, the area grew disproportionately to the increase in population, so that a highly dense settlement area emerged. Further incorporations took place in the 20th century: On April 1, 1938, Langelohe, Hainholz and parts of the communities Klein Nordende-Lieth, Klein Offenseth and Raa-Besenbek were added to the Elmshorn urban area.
The opening of the Christian VIII Baltic Sea Railway from Altona to Kiel (1844) ensured a strong upswing. The fact that the route leads over Elmshorn and not over Barmstedt is mainly thanks to its citizen Klaus Panje, who played a major role in deciding the dispute over the route for Elmshorn. In 1845 the first section of the march railway from Elmshorn to Glückstadt was opened. In 1895, construction of the Elmshorn-Barmstedt-Oldesloer Railway began, and it opened on June 9, 1907.
The city charter was Elmshorn on April 11, 1870 John Bornhöft was the first mayor of the city. Elmshorn received the full town order on March 23, 1888.
The urban infrastructure has also been expanded since the end of the 19th century. In the period from 1893 to 1901 the sewer system was built with a length of 13,657 meters, in 1855 the private Elmshorn gas works was built in Vormstegen on the dam. In March 1900 a waterworks was put into operation in the Liether dunes . From 1912 the electrification of the city began. In 1913, both the high and low voltage network and the transformers were built and put into operation.
Not only whaling, but also the Krückau harbor itself and shipbuilding were an important pillar of the Elmshorn economy in the 19th century. In 1890 the Elmshorner Dampfschleppschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft was founded, which existed until the mid-1960s.
At the same time, the leather industry flourished in Elmshorn, which shaped the city until the middle of the 20th century. In 1855 the stouts factory was built by Koch and Hirst, which later became a mechanical weaving mill .
In 1883 the special train of the German Emperor and King of Prussia, Wilhelm I , stopped in Elmshorn. It is said that, to the great delight of the residents and dignitaries, with a view of the church tower that has just been completed, he is said to have said "... what a beautiful tower you have here".
On November 7, 1918, a workers 'and soldiers' council was founded in the city , which briefly kept the station and some factories occupied.
In the Reichstag election in March 1933 in Langelohe, 34.8% voted for the NSDAP , 7.2% for the DNVP , 37.6% for the SPD and 17.6% for the KPD with a turnout of 93.0%. The election result in Langelohe in Schleswig-Holstein was an above-average result for the left parties, especially for the SPD.
In the time of National Socialism
Between December 1934 and February 1935, 290 members of the Elmshorn labor movement were arrested. Many opponents of the Nazi regime were mistreated or deported to the Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp, where, among others, the Elmshorn KPD politician Reinhold Jürgensen was murdered.
Jews had lived in Elmshorn for a long time. A Jewish community had existed since around 1685. In 1933, 82 Jews were still living in Elmshorn. The persecution of this minority began immediately after the seizure of power. In the course of the Reichspogromnacht on November 10, 1938, the synagogue on Flamweg was set on fire. That night the National Socialists abducted almost all adult male Jews from Elmshorn to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp .
Because of its importance as a railway junction and industrial city , the city was a primary target in World War II , but also a secondary target for bombs that could not be dropped on Hamburg. In a British bombing raid on August 3, 1943, 62 people were killed and 150 injured when the bombs were dropped over Elmshorn because of heavy cloud formation over Hamburg. 250 buildings were destroyed, 220 badly damaged. A British source notes: “A sizeable raid developed on the small town of Elmshorn, 12 miles from Hamburg. It is believed that a flash of lightning set a house on fire here and bomber crews saw this through a gap in the storm clouds and started to bomb the fire “ (There was an extensive attack on Elmshorn, a small town that was about twelve Miles from Hamburg. It is believed that a building was on fire due to a lightning strike and the flight crew noticed this through a gap in the cloud and aimed at the fire) .
On April 26, 1945, the last low-level attack on Elmshorn took place in connection with the advance of the British land forces into Schleswig-Holstein . The destruction was mainly in the Langelohe / Köllner Chaussee area, with 92 dead. Another attack was due to take place on May 3rd, but the bombs were instead dropped on a train due to poor visibility.
Elmshorn's self-liberation at the end of the war
At the end of the Second World War, Germany was gradually occupied. In order to delay the British advance, the new state and armed forces leadership under Grand Admiral and Reich President Karl Dönitz planned a main battle line from Elmshorn via Alveslohe , Ahrensburg and Geesthacht to Boizenburg at the beginning of May , so that as many as possible who had fled from the Red Army could reach the west. This seemingly unsolvable task was assigned to the desolate Army Association Northwest with the Army Group Blumentritt . General Field Marshal Ernst Busch and General Blumentritt, who was subordinate to him , however, agreed with the British on a troop withdrawal. On May 3, Hamburg was handed over to the British without a fight. The Wehrmacht units withdrew further north on May 4th. On the same day at the British headquarters in Lüneburg , Hans-Georg von Friedeburg signed the surrender of all German troops in northwest Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark on behalf of the last Reich President Karl Dönitz, who had previously left for Flensburg - Mürwik with the last Reich government . Thus Elmshorn was spared a devastating final battle.
With the certainty of the imminent British invasion, an anti-fascist security service was set up in Elmshorn on May 3, 1945 , which temporarily took over power, dismissed the acting mayor and arrested the leading National Socialists. The mayor was deposed by the citizens, most of whom came from the working class. As a symbol of the task, white flags were hung from the windows and on the tower of the Nikolaikirche. The Oberpräsident of the province Schleswig-Holstein Hinrich Lohse , who served as NSDAP Gauleiter in personal union , wanted to suppress the uprising by force and tried from Pinneberg to set up a police battalion against Elmshorn. However, the incoming British troops disarmed the police officers and prevented their use. From May 7, 1945, the city was occupied by British troops (some sources put the date on May 9 and 10) and eventually also administered by the British. The remaining communication options were largely restricted. The unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht then took place on May 8, 1945 , which ended the Second World War. On May 12th, the Elmshorn anti-fascists arrested the NSDAP district leader in Pinneberg. Shortly thereafter, in response to this "presumption of office", the occupying power eliminated the anti-fascist city administration and briefly reinstated the former National Socialist mayor Coors. On December 17, Heinrich Hauschildt ( SPD ) was elected the city's first post-war mayor. The self-liberation of Elmshorn from National Socialism before the occupation troops arrived in the city, apart from Schwarzenberg / Erzgeb. , unique in all of Germany.
Elmshorn since 1945
Even in the post-war period, Elmshorn fulfilled an important function as a railway and telecommunications hub. All telephone traffic overseas was once handled via the broadcasting station of the Bundespost . With the closure of the Knecht leather works with more than 300 employees in 1953 and the butcher's works on December 31, 1963, the city's leather processing industry was completely wound up. Almost nothing is left of the margarine production that has characterized the city since the middle of the 20th century with the margarine factories Wagner-Margarine and Rostock, which are known throughout Germany . Two striking buildings on the market square, today's market hall and the gatehouse, are remains of former leather factories.
On February 16 and 17, 1962, northern Germany was hit by a severe storm surge , which also caused severe damage in the Elmshorn urban area. In the following years there were further storm surges , which partially flooded the city again until the danger was averted with the completion of the Krückausperrwerk in 1969.
With the second bankruptcy of the port-based Kremer shipyard, founded in 1833, on May 17, 1978, the town's 200-year shipbuilding tradition, which had existed since 1764, ended. A hardware store was built on the former shipyard site; a pool in the form of a reversible pool is still there; Ferries that were built at the Kremer shipyard still operate on the Glückstadt-Wischhafen ferry route.
In the period from 1975 to 1977, large parts of the old town center were demolished. On September 30, 1982, the construction work on the east-west bridge was completed, which has since replaced the barred level crossing on the north side of the station. Since the three railway lines to Neumünster , Westerland and Bad Oldesloe ran over this section, this level crossing was closed for most of the day. However, the further road planning was abandoned, so that the four-lane bridge now flows into a two-lane residential street.
Today, in addition to the food industry and the service industry, administrative activity predominates in Elmshorn.
On January 1st, 1996 Elmshorn got its first female mayor, Brigitte Fronzek.
At the end of May 2009, the Pinneberg district council decided to move the district administration to the Talkline company building in Elmshorn , which was now vacant . However, Pinneberg is to remain the district town and seat of the district assembly. On October 5, 2011, the move of the district administration was completed and on October 6, 2011 it opened its new headquarters.
Reorganization and incorporation
In October 1894, 304 hectares of land with 247 inhabitants from the former municipality of Kurzenmoor (renamed municipality Seester in 1991) were incorporated into Elmshorn in the area of Wisch and Köhnholz. This was preceded by a fire in the school on Köhnholz. The city of Elmshorn wanted to allow the affected pupils to attend school on Klostersande only on the condition that these areas would also be politically transferred to Elmshorn. In view of the fact that the way to the school house in Seester seemed too far for the students over the unpaved roads and due to the willingness of the city of Elmshorn to take over a considerable part of the Kurzenmoor community debts, the Kurzenmoor community agreed to the reunification. This trade was also interesting for Elmshorn in other respects, since the important Holsteiner Association had already decided to build a riding and driving school with a trotting track on the Wisch and the location within the new city limits promised to gain prestige for the city.
On January 1, 1974 and January 1, 1982, parts of the municipality of Klein Nordende with at that time just under 300 inhabitants (1974) and around 100 inhabitants (1982) were incorporated.
- 1875: about 7,000 inhabitants
- 1900: 13,640 inhabitants
- 1939: about 22,000 inhabitants
- 1949: 32,432 inhabitants
- 1961: 35,215 inhabitants, 253 of them in the later incorporated Nordende (on June 6th)
- 1970: 41,155 inhabitants, 272 of them in the later incorporated Nordende (on May 27)
- 2002: about 48,000 inhabitants
- 2003: 48,958 inhabitants (as of August 31)
- 2004: 48,379 inhabitants
- 2005: 49,386 inhabitants (as of June 30)
- 2006: 48,279 inhabitants
- 2007: 48,052 inhabitants
- 2008: 48,183 inhabitants
- 2010: 48,924 inhabitants
- 2011: 48,993 inhabitants
- 2012: 47,490 inhabitants
- 2014: 50,024 residents (on August 31)
- 2015: 51,017 inhabitants (as of December 31)
- 2016: 49,206 inhabitants (as of December 31)
As a result of incorporations and the strong influx of refugees and, above all, displaced persons from the former German eastern territories after the Second World War , the number of residents rose sharply. At the end of the war there were an estimated 13,000 refugees in the city - almost as many as the previous population - who had to be housed in nine camps due to a lack of living space. In 2014, more than 50,000 inhabitants were counted for the first time.
Until the end of 2008, Elmshorn was the seat of the Rantzau parish of the North Elbian Evangelical Church (NEK). After the formation of the common church district Rantzau-Münsterdorf, Itzehoe is now the seat of the provost administration. There are several parishes within the urban area, which are grouped together in the Elmshorn parish association. To it belong within Elmshorn the Friedenskirchengemeinde ( Luther Church and St. Ansgar Church ), Nikolaikirche , Emmauskirchengemeinde ( collegiate church and Thomaskirche ), Zum Guten Hirten and the Bugenhagen parish in Klein Nordende. In addition, there is the community in the Ev. Church .
The Roman Catholic St. Marien parish belongs to the Archdiocese of Hamburg . Until 2016 Elmshorn was the seat of the dean's office of Itzehoe-Süd within the archbishopric. In 2014 the archbishop's general vicariate in Hamburg decided to merge the Catholic parishes in the Pinneberg district (with the exception of Schenefeld) to form the pastoral area of Südholstein. This process was completed with the establishment of the parish Saint Martin in 2018. It includes the former parishes of Elmshorn, Pinneberg, Quickborn and Wedel with the associated locations in Halstenbek and Uetersen.
The Association of Protestant Free Churches (VEF) is represented in Elmshorn with four parishes. The Evangelical Free Church Community has its parish hall, the so-called Yellow Villa, at Kaltenweide 83. It is the sponsor of the Rainbow Kindergarten , which is located in the Elmshorn district of Hainholz. The church of the Mennonite Congregation Elmshorn is located at Robert-Bosch-Straße 22. The Seventh-day Adventists gather at Heidmühlenweg 96 and the members of the Pentecostal Christ Center Arche at Lornsenstraße 53.
Other religious communities with a Christian background based in Elmshorn are the New Apostolic Church , the Christian Community , Jehovah's Witnesses and the Mormons , also known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints .
Before the Nazi era, there was a Jewish community in Elmshorn with a synagogue on Flamweg, which was set on fire in 1938. The Jewish cemetery on Feldstrasse survived Nazi rule. Since 2003, Elmshorn has once again hosted a small Jewish community that is part of progressive Judaism . Elmshorn also has a synagogue again , at Flamweg 4–6 and thus diagonally across from the synagogue that was destroyed in 1938.
As a result of the immigration of Muslims since the 20th century, there are three mosques in Elmshorn. One of them, the “Haci-Bayram-Veli-Mosque” of the Turkish-Islamic Cultural Association opposite the Bismarck School, belongs to the DITIB , which is close to the Turkish religious authority Diyanet . A second mosque is being built by the “Islamic Education and Integration Center Elmshorn e. V. "worn. In 2016 the “Mosque of Peace” was also built on Friedensstrasse.
A congregation of the Alevi denomination is also present in Elmshorn. She has set up a cemevi (meeting house, prayer room) for her cult activities. The Elmshorn community is one of six in Schleswig-Holstein (Lübeck, Kiel, Neumünster, Geesthacht, Wedel and Elmshorn).
In Elmshorn, High German with a North German (or Low German) tone is spoken predominantly. Some of its residents still understand Low German , but usually no longer use it in everyday life (with a few exceptions). A smaller part of the population, especially residents of the surrounding area, still uses Low German as an everyday language. You can occasionally hear this idiom in Elmshorn on market days. The homeland association Tru un almost (faithfully and firmly) has dedicated itself to cultivating Low German culture . According to the European Convention on the Protection of Languages, which also protects Low German, the people of Elmshorn have a legal right to receive official city documents in Low German.
In sign language , the place name "Elmshorn" is derived from the symbol for "horn".
City Council College
Result of the municipal election on May 6, 2018 :
|Political party||be right||Share of votes||Seats|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||2766||18.3%||7th|
|Voter turnout = 35.6%|
The current mayor is Andreas Hahn (CDU).
The former city councilor Volker Hatje has been mayor since January 1, 2014 . In the direct election of September 22, 2013, he prevailed with 81.86% against the competitor Katja Wolframm (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), who got 18.14%. He replaced Brigitte Fronzek (SPD), who had been in office from January 1, 1996. Volker Hatje was confirmed in office on September 15, 2019 with 67.67% of the votes (with a voter turnout of almost 38%).
coat of arms
The city coat of arms designed by Wolfgang Horst Lippert and the flag of Elmshorn were approved in 1954 and go back to the coat of arms that was awarded in 1903 by Kaiser Wilhelm II .
The full ship depicted in the coat of arms is intended to commemorate whaling and the flora , which first sailed for seals and whales in the Arctic in 1817 and was the city's last and most famous whaler. However, it is not a faithful reproduction of the flora itself. The street names "Florapromenade", "Walfängerstraße" and "Robbenschlägerweg" also bear witness to this time. Blue-white-red, the colors of the coat of arms, are also those of the state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Blazon : "The city flag is made of red cloth and in the middle contains a full ship in white with reefed slab sails on the fore and cross mast, sailing on blue waves."
Sponsorship and partnerships
Since 1937 there has been a sponsorship for the community Jündewatt in Northern Schleswig in Denmark, which is predominantly inhabited by members of the German minority and which today belongs to the community of Tinglev . The sponsorship for Stargard in Western Pomerania (Poland), which had existed since 1953, was converted into a town twinning in 1993. Since 1987 there has been a town partnership with Tarascon in the south of France , since 1990 with the Brandenburg Elbe town of Wittenberge and since 2000 with the Finnish town of Raisio . Elmshorn is on friendly terms with the Norwegian port city of Molde and the climatic health resort of Schotten in the Hoher Vogelsberg Nature Park.
From 1969 until the boat was decommissioned in 1994, the city of Elmshorn sponsored the German Navy minesweeper Nautilus .
- Twin cities
- Raisio (Finland), since 2000
- Stargard (Poland), since 1993
- Wittenberge (Germany), since August 26, 1990
- Tarascon (France), since 1987
Child and Youth Advisory Board
The child and youth council of the city of Elmshorn (KJB for short) has been an integral part of the child and youth work of the city of Elmshorn since February 17, 1994. For example, he is the point of contact for advice on fundamental issues relating to youth work and child and youth policy in Elmshorn, advice on applications and recommendations to the City of Elmshorn that affect the interests and wishes of children and young people in the areas of school, work and leisure . The KJB consists of a minimum of nine and a maximum of 19 young people aged between twelve and 21 years old. There are also several active scout tribes in Elmshorn.
As a result of the repeated destruction of the city and a lack of appreciation for the old buildings, many buildings and areas that had an impact on the cityscape were lost in the 19th century. Other historic buildings were lost in the Second World War and during the subsequent reconstruction.
- Probably the most important historical building in the city today is the St. Nikolai Church with its characteristic wooden fixtures in the style of the whaling era - when you step in, you think you are in the lower deck of a whaler. A model of a sailing ship hangs in the aisle. The church, which was destroyed during the Thirty Years War, was rebuilt in 1660 and consecrated without a tower on the 7th Sunday of Trinity of the following year. In 1733 the New Church was added, and a churchyard was laid out at Wedekamp (today's Probstenfeld). The church tower was only built in 1881/82. After extensive reconstruction and renovation, the Nikolai Church was consecrated again on February 23, 1913.
- Charles Crodel created the glass paintings for the Protestant St. Thomas Church in 1964.
- the Möhringsche Haus from 1780 (a former distillery), in which the city library is housed
- the half-timbered building of the Hotel Drei Kronen on Flamweg
- the half-timbered building of the Mercator restaurant on Hafenstrasse (built in 1750)
- further houses in the streets Sandberg and Klostersande
Buildings created in the course of industrialization
- Elmshorn water tower from 1902, is now privately owned and houses a candle making factory and a café
- the older buildings of the Köllnflocken-Werke date from the 1920s (architect: Carl-Heinrich Frühauf)
- Torhaus from 1918, was originally the office building of a leather factory and could only be saved from demolition in 1974 by a coincidental majority in the city council
- Market hall at Buttermarkt from the 1920s, was also part of the leather factory
- Lagerhaus an der Schlossstrasse is a reinforced concrete skeleton construction from 1914 to 1918, originally part of a leather factory, but was later used by Carpet Kibek
- Today's industrial museum in Catharinenstrasse from 1895 was originally a warehouse for musical instruments, but was later used by the Rostock margarine factory
Representative buildings from the Wilhelmine era
- the Bismarck School from 1897 in neo-Gothic style
- the current adult education center (former lyceum) from 1903 in neo-Gothic style
- the district court building from 1910 in the style of the Dutch Renaissance
- the White Villa , a formerly private residential building from 1894 in the neo-renaissance style, today owned by the city
- the blue school (formerly the Realschule am Propstenfeld - since the school year 2010/2011 upper school building of the Bismarck School) was built in 1930/31 and shows elements of the Bauhaus architecture
Elmshorn has several parks and lakes that have been artificially created. The Liether Wald city park with its rose garden on the other side of the B 431 is in the south of the city and is just as suitable for long walks as the centrally located Steindammpark with the adjacent Krückau Park and Siberia, a forest with a pond, restaurant and miniature golf course on the northern outskirts. In Siberia there is also an anchor of the Elmshorn heraldic ship Flora .
In addition, there were the restaurants or hotels South Pole (on the southern edge of the city), Equator and North Pole, all of which no longer exist.
The Krückausperrwerk in the municipality of Kollmar and the banks of the Elbe near Kollmar can be reached via the dykes along the Krückau . Other popular excursion destinations are the Rantzauer Forst and Rantzauer See in Barmstedt and the Bokeler See . The Arboretum of the Pinneberg district , located about 5 kilometers southwest of Elmshorn in Ellerhoop , with its 3,800 trees, cottage garden and pond, and the historic passenger ferry " Fähre Kronsnest ", which runs west of Elmshorn between Neuendorf and Seester , can also be reached quickly from Elmshorn.
Theater, music and film
The Elmshorn City Theater with its 436 seats is a touring theater without its own ensemble. The Dittchenbühne , an association with its own venue and ensemble in the East Prussian tradition, also gives regular performances. A specialty is the school theater of the Elsa-Brändström-Gymnasium, which gained national fame through its professional performances (until 2010). The group continues to exist as the "Theater of the Alumni of EBS" and represents Elmshorn's cultural life at the German Evangelical Church Congress , which takes place every two years . The Laienbühne Elmshorner Speeldeel offers theater performances in Low German.
The group Speelwark , which sings traditional and self-written Low German songs and has performed several times at the Grand Prix of Folk Music , is based in Elmshorn. The city is also one of the venues for the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival . The concerts take place on the grounds of the riding and driving school, which was founded in 1894, in a spacious, listed riding hall.
Since the end of 2007 there has only been one cinema in Elmshorn, the Cineplex in the south industrial area. The Apollo in the central pedestrian zone Königstrasse closed at the end of 2007 after a rescue attempt as a cinematic art cinema failed. For a long time the Apollo and the Kammerlichtspiele at the train station (Smoky) were the only cinemas in town. At the beginning of the 1980s, the Apollo was converted from a large cinema into three small cinemas, initially as a "food cinema" with table service. There is now an amusement arcade in the former rooms of the Smoky. In the 1980s, the Savoy was built opposite the station , which was closed at the end of the 1990s as part of the new Cineplex building and converted into a discotheque. Only older people from Elmshorn remember the Astoria in the Klostersande district (today's city theater) and another cinema in Peterstraße.
Art, culture and literature
The Elmshorn Art Association , based in the Torhaus, organizes exhibitions and has, among other things, created the sculpture garden with its modern works of art and objects on the Krückauufer in the city center. One of the first exhibitions of the Kunstverein under the title The Burned Poets, which dealt with poets persecuted under National Socialism, was even shown in Israel . The gatehouse also houses the Artothek, where works of art can be borrowed for a fee.
Every two years the city awards the City of Elmshorn's Culture Prize for special achievements in the humanities and artistic fields - music, visual arts including arts and crafts, performing arts, theater / film and literature - as well as in the field of heritage and monument preservation. The prize is endowed with 2500 euros and is awarded to individuals, groups, clubs, associations or other organizations whose work is related to the city and the surrounding area.
The Konrad-Struve-Haus der Ortsgeschichte is the town's local history museum and a branch of the industrial museum. Here geological finds and objects from prehistory and early history as well as from the time of whale and seal fishing are shown. There is also an exhibition on goldsmiths and silversmiths and a reconstructed living room from 1800. The building also houses the "Association for Family Studies " with a family history archive and a specialist library, and tru un fast, the local history association for the care of Low German culture .
The Flora Week , organized by the Transport and Citizens Association, always takes place in the last week of August . The highlight of the week of events is the harbor festival in the city center. Also in September there is the Hainholz district festival as part of the Three Colorful Days . With regard to the harbor festival, the Elmshorn-Hainholz e. V. always set this date on one of the following weekends.
The Elmshorn fair takes place quarterly. The Elmshorner news organize an annual sports press hard with extensive program. There is also a weekly market on Wednesdays and Saturdays on the market square. This has its own market hall with permanent stalls, which enables butchers in particular to offer fresh goods on the market. Flea markets are also regularly held on this square and the parking lot of the famila market.
Two of the city's major sports clubs, FTSV and Fortuna Langelohe , merged in 2004 to form FTSV Fortuna Elmshorn. The football divisions of both clubs, including the city's most successful football division, Raspo Elmshorn , became FC Elmshorn . Lawn sport (also Raspo ) played in the state league as early as the 1960s, which at that time was the third highest national German division after the national and regional leagues. Before the merger with Fortuna, lawn sport played in the Oberliga Nord (season Hamburg / Schleswig-Holstein), which was the fourth highest division in Germany at the time. Due to the merging of the major league after the 2003/04 season (the top eight of both seasons remained in the league, all others were relegated), four years after the regional leagues had been reduced from four to two, lawn sports lost a class and had to go into the association league . The first men played there in the 2004/05 season and were relegated to the national league . After a further descent just one year later, the once most successful soccer team in the city found itself in the seventh-class district league and played there with other soccer clubs in the city, SV Lieth and Holsatia . FC Elmshorn managed to return to the Hamburg Oberliga in the 2012/2013 season and won the league title in the following 2013/14 season. He had the chance to take part in the promotion games to the regional league. But the sporting management of the club decided not to report the team for the promotion games due to the inadequate stadium and instead to remain in the top division. Out of disappointment, many top performers switched to other clubs, so that FC Elmshorn slipped down to the last place in the table during the 2014/15 season. In order to avoid a financial disaster, the 1st team was logged off from play during the current season.
The Elmshorn Men's Gymnastics Club (EMTV), which merged with Holsatia, is one of the sports clubs in Schleswig-Holstein with the largest number of members with over 4,000 members. Another club in the south of the city is the SV Lieth, which was traditionally attributed to Elmshorn and still is, although the former sports fields in the Lieth district ("near Rasmussen") are now residential and the "Waldstadion", where the first soccer team has theirs Now plays home games, belongs to the neighboring community of Klein Nordende . In addition to the football department, the game association maintains various other sports such as tennis or volleyball. With the Gençler Birliği club, Turkish fellow citizens have also created a place for themselves in Elmshorn's sports landscape.
The Holsatia Alligators already played in the baseball league .
The Fighting Pirates are successful in American football . Up to 2500 spectators regularly come to their home games in one of the Elmshorn stadiums. In 2014 and 2015, the club played in the German Football League 2 (GFL 2), formerly the 2nd Bundesliga, the second highest division for American football in Germany. After championship in the Regionalliga 2017, the team played in GFL 2 again from 2018 onwards. In 2019, the team was promoted to the German Football League (GFL), the 1st Bundesliga for men's American football in Germany. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , seasonal operations have not yet started.
Elmshorn is the seat of the Holsteiner Verband, which takes care of the breeding of Holstein horses and whose regular auctions customers from all over the world come to. In 2005 a new auction hall was opened because the old, listed buildings were no longer adequate to today's space requirements. The riding and driving school, founded in 1895, and the Elmshorn trotting track , the only one in the region next to Hamburg-Bahrenfeld, are located on the association's premises . Due to the bankruptcy of the Elmshorn trotting club in May 2006, no more races are held on the oval.
The Elmshorn swimming center and the Elmshorn municipal utilities swim team are competitive sports centers for this sport. The Elmshorn swimming pools were completely renovated in the 1980s and expanded from "bathing establishments" to "bathing parks" with fun pools and giant slides (both in the indoor and outdoor pools), whirlpool, sauna garden and other things.
The "Bicycle Group Tailwind" has been active as an unregistered association in Elmshorn since 1981, with a focus on sociable trips of 30 to 100 kilometers in length in the area.
In Elmshorn there is also a dance sport club that belongs to the Tanzsportverband Schleswig-Holstein (TSH): The dance sport department of the FTSV Fortuna Elmshorn forms the TGC Schwarz-Rot Elmshorn.
For several years, Mischa Urbatzka has been one of the top German beach volleyball players.
Chess is also actively played in Elmshorn. The Elmshorn Chess Club from 1896 e. V. is characterized above all by its good youth work. The club's first youth team was promoted to the North Youth League in the 2006/2007 season and was voted “Elmshorn's Team of the Year 2007” by the readers of Elmshorner Nachrichten. After the team surprisingly stayed in the top German league for three years, it was relegated again in summer 2010. In addition, the club has produced many youth champions.
The Amateur Radio is represented in Elmshorn by two local associations:
- The local association M27 in the " German Amateur Radio Club e.V. (DARC e.V. ) with the club station DK0EBS and the training station DN4VF and
- the local association Z72 of the " Association of Radio Amateurs in Telecommunications and Post eV (VFDB eV) with the club station DL0HE .
Furthermore, the 70cm FM relay DB0PI at the company " Peter Kölln " is installed on a silo at a height of approx. 40 m in Elmshorn . The relay transmits on 438.6625 MHz (-7.6 MHz offset). The operator and responsible for this relay is the local association Pinneberg, E15 .
On Shrove Tuesday you can get gray peas (capuchin peas ) in some Elmshorn restaurants , a dish that has its origins in the famine of the Thirty Years War . At that time the unsightly peas ensured the survival of many Elmshorns. Today, Kasseler , bacon or boiled sausage are served with the peas, plus a glass of high-proof schnapps for digestion, for example Lütten Klostersander from the long-established Elmshorn company Gebr. Asmussen . Although the innkeepers in Elmshorn have moved away from the tradition that was still in place in the 1960s and 1970s of offering gray peas free of charge, the rule “full of peas” still applies to most of them. Furthermore, some traditional dishes from the Hamburg cuisine are known in Elmshorn.
The food industry is in Elmshorn especially with the company Peter Kölln establishes that oatmeal, muesli and cereals, and since 2004 also edible oils and fats such as Livio, Biskin and Palmin markets, the charcuterie producers "Döllinghareico" and the yeast and spirits factory Gebr. Asmussen represented . The Kraft Foods Group operates a coffee roastery in Elmshorn that produces instant coffee . In Elmshorn, Wiebold-Confiserie produces high-quality truffle pralines mainly as private labels for leading food chains across Europe. Wiebold is growing by over 15% annually and has 300 employees. Of the margarine industry, only the Alsan company has kept in town.
Probably the best-known Elmshorn company in the field of interior design and living is Carpet Kibek , which opened on March 16, 2006 at the new location on the former Franzosenhof . Despite considerable objections from neighboring communities, who feared an outflow of purchasing power, and environmentalists, a new specialist retail center with a supermarket (Marktkauf), hardware store (Obi) and furniture store (Scooter) was opened here directly at the Elmshorn motorway junction. The electronics store " Media Markt " has also been there since the end of 2011. The listed Kibek skyscraper in the city center was converted by the Elmshorn housing company Semmelhaack as part of a residential area and completed in 2017.
The headquarters of 2C-Möbel of the Cramer Group are located on the northern outskirts of the city ; The furniture for several branch stores in Berlin and Hamburg is also manufactured here. The long-established textile department store Ramelow now has branches in Heide (Holstein) , Schenefeld , Stendal and Wismar .
Managing Orlen Germany , a subsidiary of petrochemical company PKN Orlen , is a resident also in Elmshorn. From here it directs several hundred petrol stations in Germany, mostly under the star brand . With a turnover of 3.2 billion euros in 2017, Orlen Germany is the company with the highest turnover in Elmshorn. Until 2014, the Tamoil company from the same industry was also based in the city.
Other important industrial companies are the European branch of Shuttle , a manufacturer of computers (barebones and media center PCs), Autoliv , which manufactures car security systems, KREMER, trading in steel, construction elements (trapezoidal sheets, garage doors, etc.), hardware and Tools, and Max Steier, a specialist in plastics processing and self-adhesive technology.
The former Fernmeldezentralzeugamt (FZZA) of the German Federal Post Office , which was first renamed the Fernmeldezeugamt Elmshorn (FZA) and was known as the Elmshorn Repair Center (IZE) as a result of the 1st postal reform in 1990, now employs a maximum of 922 (including up to 96 trainees). only approx. 100 employees in the materials and merchandise management division. Most of the employees had to move to Hamburg in September 2017. The current operation belongs to Deutsche Telekom Service GmbH (DTS GmbH) as a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom AG . The entire location on Heinrich-Hertz-Straße is to be closed in 2019 at the latest. Many parts of the building have already been "swept clean".
The Elmshorn telecommunications tower on Hamburger Strasse, built in 1988, is operated by DFMG , a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom AG . At the end of 2014, the tower was shortened by approx. 23 m by demolishing the red and white radome that was visible from afar .
Telecommunications and services are also represented by the advertising and marketing company Schaffhausen Communication Group , an owner-managed advertising agency with around 240 employees. Since 1997, Deutsche Post AG has maintained the mail center in Elmshorn for postcode area 25, which covers the entire west coast of Schleswig-Holstein. The Elmshorn-based telecommunications company Talkline , one of the city's largest employers, was sold to debitel in 2007 . The parent company completely gave up the Elmshorn location in 2010, which meant that more than 500 former employees lost their jobs.
The largest public company is Stadtwerke Elmshorn.
Roads and private transport
Elmshorn is on the B 431 and A 23 from Hamburg to Heide (Holstein) . The former B 5 is now a country road that connects Elmshorn with Itzehoe in the north and Pinneberg in the south. Other important road connections lead to Barmstedt and Krempe (Steinburg) .
Since the Schubert general transport plan for Elmshorn by the Swiss company Prognos from the 1970s, which provided for a four-lane west bypass to relieve the city center from the increasing traffic, Elmshorn has been struggling to find new solutions. The port clasp with the bascule bridge was completed in 2013.
A route variant that touches Elmshorn was proposed for the planned Federal Motorway 20 . There is, however, fierce resistance from both the population and the city administration to this route.
In the city center, attempts are being made to direct individual traffic through a parking sign and one-way system.
The largest free space in Elmshorn is the butter market, which is used as a parking lot, but also as a market and event space. It has always been called the “Buttermarkt” by the residents, but officially it has been called “Karl-Marx-Platz” since the end of World War II. In August 2005, after a controversial debate, the city council decided whether the name Karl Marx evokes negative associations with communism and whether it still fits in with the time when the majority of the CDU and FDP were changing the name, so that the place is now officially “Buttermarkt " called.
Rail and bus transport
Elmshorn is on the Hamburg-Altona-Kiel railway line ; the Elmshorn – Westerland railway line begins in Elmshorn . Elmshorn is the starting point of the branch line to Barmstedt and Ulzburg , which is now operated by AKN as the A3 line. In the vernacular , this line is also called Kuddl Barmstedt or Kuddl for short .
The bus was in and just south of Elmshorn, from 1 July 2005 through the Pinneberger Transport Company ( PVG regulated). Before that, the Elmshorn bus company Johannes Meißner was responsible for decades. The city hoped that a public tender would primarily provide lower grants and an expansion of the timetable in the evenings and on weekends.
From the timetable change in 2010, city transport was operated by the bus company linie GmbH . The buses Elmshorn and the suburbs of Klein Nordende , Kölln-Reisiek , Raa-Besenbek and Seester or Seestermühe open up a total of eight lines with the line names 6500 to 6507 . At the 2017 timetable change, the roundabout company in Pinneberg (KViP) took over city traffic in Elmshorn and the surrounding area on the above-mentioned lines.
The Hamburg Transport Association (HVV) tariff has been in effect for all local public transport since December 15, 2002 , so that travelers from the Hamburg region to and from Elmshorn no longer need to buy a second ticket for the Elmshorn buses.
From the ZOB (central bus station) north of Elmshorn train station, bus lines run to Kollmar / Elbe , Glückstadt , Krempe , Itzehoe , Horst , Kiebitzzeile , Seester / Seestermühe, Raa-Besenbek, Seeth-Ekholt and Uetersen / Wedel, among others . The lines to Seester / Seestermühe and Uetersen / Wedel are regularly served, the other lines are mainly geared towards school traffic.
The nearest international airport is in Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel , around 35 kilometers away, and can be reached by car in 25 to 60 minutes (depending on traffic density) from Elmshorn.
In the 1970s near Kaltenkirchen of Kaltenkirchen major airport planned as a replacement for the inner-city and therefore cramped Hamburg Airport. Since Elmshorn would have been directly in an approach lane, numerous citizens' initiatives also participated in the resistance to the planning. The project was stopped at the beginning of the 1980s due to municipal pressure, but it is discussed again and again because the space problem in Fuhlsbüttel cannot be easily solved.
The next sports airfield is in Heist .
From the port of Elmshorn, which was once an important hub for whaling and trade, only the quay walls have remained due to the relocation of goods to trucks and the siltation of the Krückau. The port railway was abandoned at the end of the 1980s and dismantled in 2003, the last grain cargo ship Klostersande from the Peter Kölln company located directly at the port was sold in the mid-1990s and the associated grain elevator was demolished. The Klostersande has since returned and is in the old harbor as a restaurant ship.
On the occasion of the Flora Week, boat trips are offered from the port, which lead to Hamburg, among other places. The water sports club Elmshorn e. V. has a landing stage in the city area. The Elmshorn / Krückau Estuary Water and Yacht Harbor Association also maintains a larger sports boat harbor at the Krückau barrier near the Krückau Estuary . The museum shipyard project , which restores historic ships and boats in the harbor , is still reminiscent of shipbuilding .
Parts of the slipway of the old Kremer shipyard and the Kremersche Villa (now a restaurant) are now part of the Köllnflocken factories. The museum shipyard is located on the north side of the harbor.
The port railway was built in 1897 by the businessmen Gebr. Asmussen, Peter Kölln , Otto Blöcker and JD Lienau. In the first year of operation of the port railway, 1108 freight cars were transported, in 1907 there were 6462. On June 1, 1911, it was taken over by the city. In 1925 the city procured a Windhoff L 110 diesel locomotive for operation .
The railway connected the Elmshorn harbor with the march railway. At peak times, the trains were mainly pulled by diesel locomotives of the Köf , V 60 , 211 or 212 series . In the area of Berliner Straße and Vormstegen there were no security systems, so a shunter with a red flag had to block the street. Until the mid-1980s there was a small electric wagon turntable in the port area. It was used by Peter Kölln to turn the wagons into the first factory entrance. When the parking deck on the south bank was built at the end of the 1980s, some tracks in the front area of the south bank disappeared with the construction. In 1986, even during the harbor festival, special trips between the Elmshorn harbor and Barmstedt were offered with the double-deck wagons of the Lübeck-Büchener Eisenbahn .
The Kremer iron trade was connected to the port railway until the 1970s, the Inselmann building materials trade until the early 1980s and the Elmshorn cooperative mill until the end of the 1980s. Peter Kölln's connection lasted the longest (until the mid-1990s). The Kremer shipyard did not have its own connection, but benefited from the port railway until 1978.
The last trains ran on the port railway line in the 1990s. After the cooperative mill at the harbor was demolished, there were only very few wagon loads left for Peter Kölln, most of which were picked up at Elmshorn station in their two-way Unimog . The Elmshorn port railway was shut down in 1998. The tracks in Berliner Strasse and Vormstegen were cut in 1999 as part of renovation work.
With the Elmshorner Nachrichten , Elmshorn owns a weekday newspaper. It was founded in 1851 and in 2005 had a circulation of 11,700 copies, on Saturdays there were 16,900 copies. The newspaper is affiliated with the Stade- based newspaper group Nord and has belonged to the Axel Springer Verlag since 1971 . In August 2009, the Schleswig-Holstein newspaper publisher (sh: z) took over the Elmshorner Nachrichten from Springer.
The Holsteiner Allgemeine has been published as a free local newspaper in Elmshorn and the surrounding area on Wednesdays since 1979 . The weekly newspaper is the official publication for the city of Glückstadt, the Horst-Herzhorn office, the Horst school association and for the municipality of Moorrege. The publisher is the Elmshorn-based Klaus Merse Verlag. Since 2006, it has also been bringing out the Holsteiner horse, which is available free of charge, every Saturday on the weekend .
Since August 2009 the Elmshorn city magazine has also been published by Klaus Merse Verlag. The magazine was previously available under the name Elmshorn-Live or Elmshorner Klönschnack and was the successor to the Elmshorn preview . It was published by Krückau Verlag until summer 2009. The magazine is available free of charge and is available to take away in many shops, buses and frequented places in the city.
The Blickpunkt belonging to the Elmshorner Nachrichten was distributed free of charge every Wednesday in Elmshorn and the surrounding area. The product was discontinued in 2012.
Today Elmshorn has all the typical functions of a medium-sized center , which supplies a surrounding area / catchment area of 120,000 people. For quite some time it houses a district court , a branch of the Chamber of Commerce Kiel, the tax office, the headquarters of the labor office district, the Labor Court , the offices of the District Youth Office and the county health department , the Elmshorn-Land , and more recently the land registry office , responsible for the Steinburg and Pinneberg districts. The calibration office in Elmshorn has now been closed.
With the implementation of the state government's plans for the relocation of important administrations and the establishment of a service center for several districts as well as the relocation of the district administration from Pinneberg to Elmshorn to the former Talkline building, the city would be on the way to taking on the character of a regional center and thus becoming one to become a supraregional administrative center. A first step in this direction took place at the beginning of 2002, when the first integrated regional control center (IRLS West) in Germany began operations. The field of activity of this control center includes not only the classic areas of emergency service, patient transport, fire protection and technical assistance, but also emergency management in disaster control. She is responsible for the districts of Pinneberg, Steinburg and Dithmarschen with a total of around 560,000 people on an area of 3,156 km². After a lengthy renovation and expansion phase, in 2010 one of the four new police control centers in the state of Schleswig-Holstein was expanded to form the Cooperative Regional Control Center West , from where, in addition to the above-mentioned non-police rescue units in the Pinneberg, Dithmarschen and Steinburg, the police units of the Pinneberg, Dithmarschen, Steinburg and Segeberg districts are also dispatched. In the same year District Administrator Grimme signed the relevant papers for the district administration to move to Elmshorn. On October 6, 2011, the district administration began its work in the former Talkline building.
Earlier discussions about circling Elmshorn and giving it an independent administrative status as an independent city have no chance of realization. Appointment as a large district town, based on the example of Norderstedt , which is part of the district but has special rights, appears more realistic .
General education schools
Funding Centers (FöZ)
- Paul Dohrmann School (FöZ learning), Dohrmannweg (332 supervised)
- Raboisenschule (FöZ Intellectual Development), Raboisenstraße (145 students in 15 classes, 29 supervised)
Primary schools (GS)
- Friedrich-Ebert-Schule, Jahnstraße (371 students in 19 classes)
- GS Hafenstraße, Hafenstraße (236 students in 12 classes)
- GS Hainholz, Hainholzer Schulstraße (299 students in 15 classes)
- GS Kaltenweide, Amandastraße (385 students in 18 classes)
- Timm-Kröger-Schule, Mommsenstraße (260 students in 12 classes)
- Astrid Lindgren School, Köllner Chaussee (259 students in 12 classes)
Community schools (GemS)
- Boje-C.-Steffen-GemS, Koppeldamm (600 students in 27 classes)
- Anne-Frank-GemS, Binsenweg (475 students in 23 classes)
- Erich-Kästner-GemS (with upper secondary school), Hainholzer Damm (1289 students in 57 classes)
- Bismarck School, Bismarckstraße (1061 students in 46 classes)
- Elsa Brandström School, Zum Krückaupark (1002 students in 42 classes)
- Next-Christliche-Schule (GS), Hamburger Straße (43 students in 2 classes)
- Leibniz Private School Elmshorn (GS, GemS, Gym), Ramskamp (817 students in 45 classes)
- Free Waldorf School (GS, GemS, Gym), Adenauerdamm (394 students in 13 classes)
Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019
- Vocational schools in the Pinneberg district in Elmshorn (European school), Langelohe (3,084 students in 199 classes)
- Regio Kliniken GmbH, Education Center for Health and Nursing, Ramskamp (231 students in 12 classes)
- AWO-Bildungszentrum Elbmarsch, state-recognized school for geriatric care, Kurt-Wagener-Straße (157 students in 7 classes)
Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019
Other educational institutions
- Nordakademie , Van-der-Smissen-Straße (approx. 2000 study places)
- Volkshochschule Elmshorn, Bismarckstrasse
- Music school, Gärtnerstrasse
- Family education center, Lornsenstrasse
- Business Academy, Ramskamp
- Vocational training center, Ramskamp
In terms of sport, the city became the hometown of the riders Fritz Thiedemann ( Olympic participant in 1952, 1956 and 1960; two gold and bronze medals), Kurt Jarasinski (gold medal in team jumping at the 1964 Olympic Games ) and Herbert Blöcker (one gold and one silver each at the Olympic Games 1992 ). Tennis professional Michael Stich (winner of Wimbledon 1991, gold at the Olympic Games 1992) grew up in Elmshorn. Swimmer Heiko Hell (multiple German champion, 8th at the 2000 Olympic Games ) grew up in the neighboring town of Seester and found his sporting home in the Elmshorn swimming clubs.
Arts and media
Other well-known Elmshorners are the actors Harald Paulsen ( Ufa -Star), Christa Wehling , Jochen Schenck (both Ohnsorg-Theater ) as well as Anneke Kim Sarnau and Marlene Rahn . TV chef Tim Mälzer (“Doesn't taste good”), musician Thomas Wenzel (bassist, guitar, keyboard and vocals for Die Sterne, Die Goldenen Zitronen und Cow), Ixi (actually: Gaby Tiedemann), singer of the newcomers Deutsche Welle (“Der Knutschfleck”, 1983) and the hip-hopper Der Tobi & das Bo also come from Elmshorn.
The writer Timm Kröger lived as a lawyer in Elmshorn. Gesine Danckwart , born in Elmshorn in 1969, is a writer for prose, theater and radio plays. In 2002 she was artist in residence at the Wiener Schauspielhaus . City life in the first half of the 20th century was recorded by the Elmshorn local poet Ernst Behrens . The painter and writer Wilhelm Petersen ("the painter of the north"), born in Elmshorn in 1900, was the draftsman of the comic figure Igel Mecki , who appeared in the program magazine Hörzu . One of his best-known books is Ut de Ooken (1937, several reprints), which, with its bizarre characters such as the goblin Lütt Puck , was one of the Elmshorn house books for a long time. Wilhelm Petersen died in Elmshorn in 1987. His son Hans-Christian Petersen , born in Elmshorn in 1947, is a painter, graphic artist and object artist; he lives and works today in Esens, East Friesland. Anders Petersen , born in Elmshorn in 1959, is a nationally known graphic and object artist. In 2002 he received the first culture award of the city of Elmshorn. Wolfgang Sieg is a nationally known writer (among others in the field of Low German literature); His son Sören Sieg , who lives in Hamburg and was born in Elmshorn in 1966, is co-founder of the a cappella quartet LaLeLu and u. a. known as a columnist, writer and composer. Walter Zieleinski, born in Elmshorn in 1948, is a regular author on the NDR series "Hör mal´n pray to". In 2000 his first book in Low German was published: “Wenn de Hahn kreiht…”. Reimer Wulf , born in Elmshorn in 1943, is a nationally known book author and photographer. His specialty is creative aerial photography with a focus on architecture and urban landscapes.
Science and teaching
The architect Fritz Höger and the mathematician Hermann Weyl were born in Elmshorn. The German educator and specialist author Boje Maaßen was also born in Elmshorn. The former Academic Senior Councilor of the University of Flensburg was a co-founder of the Green Party. Johannes Rehmke , philosopher, was born in Hainholz (today Elmshorn) in 1848. For some time now, the Elmshorn teacher, amateur astronomer and comet researcher Rainer Kracht has been attracting international attention with his comet discoveries.
The former president of the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, Harald G. Schweim (university professor at the University of Bonn ) is also a native of Elmshorn. Likewise Gernot Münster, university professor at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster , director of the institute for theoretical physics. Professor Henning Wode is a professor emeritus in Kiel. With his method of immersion English for children aged three and over (Elementary School Kiel-Altenholz, Leibniz Private School Elmshorn) he became known far beyond the city limits.
Siegfried Liebschner , lecturer in practical theology at the Theological Seminary of the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches from 1971 to 2001 , was pastor of the Elmshorn Evangelical Free Church Congregation between 1966 and 1971 and a long-term church leader .
Other scientists who were born in Elmshorn are Inke Gunia (Romance studies, University of Hamburg), Gunter Hempelmann (medical doctor, University Hospital Gießen) and Claus Rautenstrauch (business IT specialist , Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg ).
The CDU - parliamentary leader of the 1950s in the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament Wilhelm Mohr was born in Elmshorn and had there a nursery operation. The State Secretary in the Schleswig-Holstein Ministry for Justice, Labor and Europe, Peter Nissen , was also born in Elmshorn.
Kurt Semprich (1920–1999) was Mayor of Elmshorn from 1962 to 1980.
Hermann Schlüter (1851–1919), SPD politician and writer, born in Elmshorn, died in New York, lived in Germany, Switzerland and the USA.
Major General Rudolf Wulf (1905–1972), last combat commandant of the Channel Island Jersey in 1945, was a native of Elmshorn. On May 9, 1945, after negotiations, the Wehrmacht general surrendered the Jersey fortress to the Allies peacefully.
- Jürgen Potten was for many years the Protestant pastor of the St. Thomas Church in Elmshorn and shaped the cultural and community coexistence of the city. Potten was also chairman of the Green Table, which deals with the city's environmental issues.
- Friedrich Schultenkämper (1867–1926) was the owner of the Joh. Thormählen & Co. shipyard, which was closed in 1925 .
The following were appointed honorary citizens of Elmshorn:
- Prince Otto von Bismarck (Reich Chancellor) since 1895
- Konrad Struve (local history researcher) since September 15, 1952
- Paul Junge (Wehrführer) since November 9, 1954
- Hermann Weyl (mathematician) since November 17, 1955
- Fritz Thiedemann (athlete) since July 29, 1956
- Boje C. Steffen (theater founder and local politician) since April 10, 1994
- Klaus Pannen since August 9, 2019
sons and daughters of the town
The following people were born in Elmshorn (sorted by year of birth):
- Michael Martin Lienau (1786–1861), businessman, local politician and antiquarian
- Johann Christoph Biernatzki (1795–1840), writer
- Johannes Rehmke (1848–1930), philosopher
- Max Schramm (1872–1947), President of the State Church Office in Hanover
- Fritz Höger (1877–1949), architect
- Peter Christel Asmussen (1887–1959), politician of the FDP
- Hermann Weyl (1885–1955), mathematician
- Wilhelm Mohr (1885–1969), CDU politician
- Carl August Rathjens (1887–1966), geographer
- Wilhelm Peetz (1892–1935), communist resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Harald Paulsen (1895–1954), actor and director
- Kurt Wagener (1898–1976), veterinarian
- Reinhold Jürgensen (1898–1934), KPD politician and member of the Reichstag
- Walter Hartz (1903–1994), President of the Schleswig-Holstein Higher Regional Court
- Rudolf Günther (1912–1992), CDU politician
- Rudolf Möller (1914–2008), actor at the Ohnsorg Theater and genealogist
- Karl Wilhelm Struve (1917–1988), archaeologist
- Christa Wehling (1928–1996), popular actress
- Hans Burmeister (* 1932), graphic artist and painter
- Karsten Voigt (* 1941), SPD politician
- Reimer Wulf (* 1943) aerial photographer
- Jens-Peter Kurzwelly (* 1944), judge at the Federal Court of Justice
- Sönke Lorenz (1944–2012), historian, professor in Tübingen
- Uwe Paulsen (1944–2014), actor and voice actor
- Klaus-Joachim Lorenzen-Schmidt (1948–2015), historian and archivist
- Reinhard Ueberhorst (* 1948), politician of the SPD
- Walter Zelinski (1948–2019), teacher, radio presenter and Low German author
- Jens Reimer Prüß (* 1950), journalist, speechwriter and book author
- Ernst Dieter Rossmann (* 1951), SPD politician
- Gernot Münster (* 1952), theoretical physicist
- Thomas Voelzke (* 1956), judge at the Federal Social Court
- Anders Petersen (* 1959), Culture Prize 2002, graphic designer and object artist
- Claus Rautenstrauch (1961–2008), business IT specialist
- Gaby Tiedemann / Ixi (* 1962), singer and one-hit wonder
- Thomas Wenzel (* 1963), musician
- Claudia Christina Fruchticht (1966–2005), moderator
- Sören Sieg (* 1966), singer, songwriter, composer, arranger, satirist, columnist and author
- Michael Stich (* 1968), tennis player (grew up in Elmshorn)
- Ralph Müller-Beck (* 1969), politician (SPD), state secretary and representative of the state in Berlin
- Jörn Maier (* 1971), American football coach
- Tim Mälzer (* 1971), cook, television chef and cookbook author
- Anneke Kim Sarnau (* 1972), actress
- Chiara Schoras (* 1975), actress
- Birgit Hesse (* 1975), from April 2008 District Administrator of the Northwest Mecklenburg District, since January 14, 2014 Minister for Labor, Equal Opportunities and Social Affairs in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Christine G. Krüger (* 1975), historian
- Danial Ilkhanipour (* 1981), politician (SPD)
- Stefan Pries (* 1982), handball player
- Mischa Urbatzka (* 1983), beach volleyball player
- Katharina Culav (* 1989), beach volleyball player
- Hanno Behrens (* 1990), soccer player
- Isabel Gülck (* 1991), Miss Germany 2012
- Jannick Boldt (* 1993), handball player
- Finn Ole Becker (* 2000), soccer player
- Stadt Elmshorn (Ed.): Contributions to Elmshorn history , 25 volumes, since 1987.
- Harald Kirschninck: The history of the Jews in Elmshorn. 1685-1918 . Volume 1. 2. exp. Ed., Norderstedt 2017.
- Harald Kirschninck: The history of the Jews in Elmshorn. 1918-1945 . Volume 2. 2. ext. Ed., Norderstedt 2017.
- Harald Kirschninck: What can the graves tell us? Biographies and stories behind the tombstones of the Jewish cemetery in Elmshorn . Vol. 1. Norderstedt 2017.
- Harald Kirschninck: What can the graves tell us? Biographies and stories behind the tombstones of the Jewish cemetery in Elmshorn . Vol. 2. Norderstedt 2017.
- Harald Kirschninck: The train of no return. The deportations of Jewish citizens from Elmshorn . Norderstedt 2017.
- Reimer Wulf: Above the roofs of Elmshorn . Wachholtz-Verlag, Neumünster 2004, ISBN 3-529-05332-5 (aerial photos of Elmshorn).
- Dieter Braatz (text) and Bernhard Kollschen (photos): Elmshorn. JM Groth, 1980.
- Fritz Bringmann , Herbert Diercks : Freedom lives! Anti-fascist resistance and Nazi terror in Elmshorn and the surrounding area 1933–1945 . 702 years imprisonment for anti-fascists, Frankfurt am Main 1983 (Röderberg Verlag), ISBN 978-3-87682-040-8 ).
- Elmshorner Nachrichten: Timeline of the Elmshorn history . Druck + Verlag Bramstedt & Koch, October / November 2000 (edition: 40,000), pp. 6-10, illustrated.
- City administration Elmshorn
- Flyer elmshorn * retrospectives krückau - route map (illustrated) at elmshorn.de/media
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Elmshorn - between districts, districts and city quarters. In: Elmshorner Nachrichten, April 12, 2012.
- Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 3: Ellerbek - Groß Rönnau . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2003, ISBN 978-3-926055-73-6 , p. 24 ( dnb.de [accessed April 17, 2020]).
- AKENS Information 39, Omland: "All of us 'yes' to the leader". Retrieved November 26, 2019 .
- Harald Kirschninck: The history of the Jews in Elmshorn. Part 2: Isolation - Assimilation - Emancipation . Published by Stadt Elmshorn, Elmshorn 1999, p. 11.
- Harald Kirschninck: The history of the Jews in Elmshorn. Part 1: Discrimination - Persecution - Extermination . Ed. Stadt Elmshorn, Elmshorn 1996. p. 129.
- Royal Air Force Bomber Command 60th Anniversary Campaign Diary, August 1943.
- This Day In History, Summary of Events for No. 439 (CAN) Squadron as compiled by C20089 F / L M. Harrison in the 439 Squadron Operations Record Book Form 540, May 3, 1945.
- The surrender on the Timeloberg (PDF, 16 S .; 455 kB)
- The 4th Armored Brigade - Engagements 1945 and War Diaries for 3rd County of London Yeomanry (3rd Sharpshooters)
- Elmshorner Nachrichten and Hamburger Abendblatt from May 29, 2009.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 183 and 813 .
-  In: SHZ, October 6, 2014.
- Roman Catholic Parish of Saint Martin: New parish established ; accessed on October 17, 2019
- Evangelical Free Church Elmshorn ; viewed on September 9, 2019
- Evangelical Free Church Kindergarten Hainholzer Schulstrasse eV "Rainbow" ; accessed on February 5, 2017
- Mennonite Congregation Elmshorn: Welcome to the website of the Mennonite Congregation Elmshorn e. V .; accessed on February 5, 2017
- Adventist.eu: Elmshorn Adventist Church ; accessed on February 5, 2017
- Christ Center Arche: Start ; accessed on February 5, 2017
- NDR.de: Hatje remains mayor in Elmshorn (September 16, 2019, accessed October 11, 2019)
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
- A model of the flora from Elmshorn is in the International Maritime Museum Hamburg => photo
- The lights go out in "Apollo" and "Prisma". In: Hamburger Abendblatt, November 28, 2007.
- FC Elmshorn: The Oberliga team is canceled In: Elmshorner Nachrichten, December 11, 2014.
- Pirates celebrate the title
- Victory in the promotion second leg: Football in Elmshorn is first class - GFL. Retrieved June 26, 2020 (German).
- City-Quartier Elmshorn | SEMMELHAACK housing company - directly from the owner. Retrieved April 17, 2017 .
- spectacularly in the new Kibek high-rise | The Semmelhaack construction company inaugurates 151 new residential units in Elmshorn, 58 of them in the former carpet shop. Retrieved October 25, 2017 .
- Innofact AG and Stadtwerke Flensburg: The 100 largest companies in Schleswig-Holstein. (PDF) In: stadtwerke-flensburg.de. Stadtwerke Flensburg, accessed on September 2, 2019 .
- Telekom closes the technical center in Elmshorn
- Protest against the deforestation at Telekom
- Elmshorn telecommunications tower
- The "Talkline" will soon fall silent in Elmshorn. In: Hamburger Abendblatt, January 8, 2010.
- The Elmshorn harbor. Archived from the original on May 18, 2014 ; Retrieved May 18, 2014 .
- Windhoff 139. Retrieved May 18, 2014 .
- Media data Holsteiner Allgemeine and Holsteiner on the weekend ( memento of the original from June 7th, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Distribution the Elmshorner Nachrichten ( Memento from December 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of vocational schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
- Klaus Pannen made an honorary citizen of Elmshorn
- Contributions to the history of Elmshorn