|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 53 ° 35 ' N , 9 ° 42' E
|Height :||8 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||33.82 km 2|
|Residents:||33,708 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||997 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||22880|
|Area code :||04103|
|License plate :||PI|
|Community key :||01 0 56 050|
|LOCODE :||DE WED|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Niels Schmidt ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Wedel in the Pinneberg district|
The city of Wedel belongs to the Pinneberg district in southern Schleswig-Holstein and has a population of around 33,000. It is located in the western agglomeration of Hamburg on the Lower Elbe and belongs to the Hamburg metropolitan region . Since 1993 the official name of the city has been Wedel again , after the addition of Holstein had been used for 30 years . Schulau belongs to the urban area.
Wedel offers numerous tourist attractions, such as the Willkomm-Höft ship welcoming system (for ships calling at the Hamburg port ), the Hamburg marina, northern Germany's largest marina , which currently has 2000 berths, the Roland (Wedel's landmark) and the Wedeler Marsch , a nature conservation and Wetland. The city is crossed in a north-east-south-west direction by the Wedeler Au , which is partially dammed up to form a mill pond.
In 1947 the population was 14,388, of which 7,190 were locals and 7,198 were refugees. In 1955 Wedel had 17,381 inhabitants; 50.8% of these were locals, 41.6% displaced persons and 7.7% citizens of the former GDR.
Wedel was first mentioned in 1212. Due to its location on Ochsenweg , a cattle trade route from Lower Saxony to Denmark, Wedel had an important cattle market in earlier times, which is still held today as an ox market .
In the Wedeler Marsch was the Hatzburg , built around 1311 by the Counts of Schauenburg . Around 1400 the castle was given up as a mansion - this was relocated to Pinneberg - but continued to be used as the administrative seat until 1710, before it fell into disrepair. Aerial photos show the motte (castle) still today as an oval line. A model based on the findings of excavations has been set up near the former site on Hatzburg twiete .
On March 16, 1731, a severe conflagration destroyed 167 houses, on September 13, 1837 the church and twenty houses fell victim to flames. In May 1878 the powder factory exploded not far from Schulau, killing ten people.
On December 3, 1875 Wedel was granted city rights . In 1909 the village of Schulau was incorporated at the suggestion of the local government to save costs. As early as 1892 Schulaus had merged with the more populous Spitzerdorf .
In the course of the National Socialist takeover of power , the swastika flag and the black-white-red flag were ceremoniously set on the town hall on March 11, 1933 . On April 12, 1933, four SA men were hired as auxiliary police officers. On July 23, 1933, the Social Democrats forcibly resigned from the city council. The Municipal Constitutional Law of December 15, 1933 came into force on January 1, 1934. The mayor Harald Ladwig, who had already been elected on April 21, 1932 and who joined the NSDAP after the “seizure of power”, now had exclusive responsibility for the administration of the city.
During the National Socialist era, there was a branch of the Neuengamme concentration camp in Wedel . A stele on Bundesstraße 431, about 200 m from the border with Hamburg, reminds of this .
On March 3, 1943, a British bombing raid destroyed considerable parts of the city.
At the time of the Cold War , the largest German auxiliary hospital was built in Wedel below the local high school and held ready for use. This facility was closed in the 1990s due to the changing world situation.
In September 2014, an urban development and landscape planning ideas competition was advertised for a 53-hectare new development area, which is located on previous tree nursery areas in the north of the city - between the existing development on Steinberg and Lülanden and the Holmer Sandbergen , there bounded by the also planned northern bypass ( B 431 , see below under traffic ) - and is to be used primarily for housing and community facilities. The award stated an approximate potential of 800 residential units, of which around 30% should be publicly funded. At the end of March 2015, the joint design of the Hamburg urban planning company Architektencontor Agather-Bielenberg , the architects Rave + Oschkinat from Norderstedt, the Waack + Dähn engineering office responsible for transport planning (also Norderstedt) and the Hamburg landscape architects Schoppe + Partner Freiraumplanung was awarded the first prize in the ideas competition . The draft contained “green networking” as a guiding principle. As a result, houses should be joined together to form residential courtyards, the connection to the residential units should be via access roads and the district should have several green spaces. According to the selection committee, the design impressed with its “clear forms” and “high quality of stay in residential areas and green spaces”. In November 2018, further developed plans were presented which include a "core building" with a restaurant, kiosk, shop and rooms for the district administration as the center of the new building area.
The Wedeler Roland as a landmark
In 1558 the Wedeler Roland was built as a symbol of the sovereign protection of market justice. It was restored several times and moved to the north side of the market in 1950. In connection with the ox market, it symbolized the freedom of market and trade. 1786 Wedel received by the Danish King the Fleckensgerechtigkeit awarded, facilitating in particular the export of beer and spirits.
Results of the local elections:
In mid-November 2013 six council members separated from the SPD parliamentary group and formed a new parliamentary group as the Wedeler Social Initiative ( WSI ). Another councilor resigned from the SPD parliamentary group in the summer of 2014, continued to work as a non-attached MP for some time and joined the Green parliamentary group in May 2015. In April 2016, the composition changed again with the resignation of a WSI member, who was replaced by a member of the SPD. In the local elections in May 2018, the WSI ran for the first time and won four council seats. Due to overhang and compensatory mandates , the number of councilors increased from 31 to 38. Three quarters of a year after this election, the SPD parliamentary group was downsized again with the resignation of two of its members who retained their mandate as non-attached, so that the Since then, Social Democrats have only had seven seats on the Council.
- Johann Kleinwort (1870/1875 (a) –1887, honorary)
- Johann Hinrich Heinsohn (1887–1898, honorary)
- Franz Heinsohn (1898–1902, honorary)
- Friedrich Eggers (1902–1932)
- Harald Ladwig (1932–1945), from the mid-1930s NSDAP (" March Fallen ")
- Heinrich Schacht (1946–1950, honorary)
- Heinrich Gau (April 27, 1950 to July 15, 1965)
- Claus Winkler (1965–1971)
- Fritz Hörnig (1971–1983), CDU
- Jörg Balack (1983-1992), SPD
- Gerd Brockmann (1992-1999), SPD
- Diethart Kahlert (1999-2004), non-party
- Niels Schmidt (since 2004), non-party
The last mayor election took place on February 28, 2016, whereby the incumbent mayor Niels Schmidt was re-elected.
coat of arms
The city has an old coat of arms based on a historical seal. The coat of arms and flag were approved on November 26, 1963.
Blazon : “In red the silver Holstein nettle leaf , inside the golden armored, red belted, black-bearded figure of a Roland in front view with a red, blue-lined, turned-back cloak, on the head the golden medieval imperial crown , in the right hand a bare silver sword with a golden pommel the right shoulder leaned, in the left the golden orb . "
The place arose at a ferry point across the Elbe, where the two medieval trade and military routes coming from the north, the ox paths , met. The flourishing and expanding ox trade led to an economic boom in the town in the 16th and 17th centuries. As a sign of fairness in the market, the Schauenburg counts from the Pinneberg branch line, as sovereigns, had a wooden Roland statue erected on the market square, which was replaced by a colored sandstone figure in 1558. This new Roland should have the appearance of Emperor Charlemagne. It was not until 1786 that Wedel was raised to a stain. In the privilege of holding a seal was granted that showed Roland in armor. Already in 1597 Andreas Angelus had depicted a Roland as the Wedel coat of arms in his writing “Holsteinischer Städt Chronica”, but without a crown and instead of the imperial orb with the nettle leaf shield in his left hand. The nettle leaf in the coat of arms shows that the city belonged to Holstein and that the Counts of Schauenburg ruled until 1640.
The coat of arms in its current form, designed by the heraldist Hans Freiherr von Weißenbach, was adopted in 1876; no approval was given. In 1948 and 1963 the graphic artist A. Paul Weber, from Schretstaken and Willy "Horsa" Lippert from Brunsbüttel , designed new graphic representations of the coat of arms. The latter was approved in 1963.
In the blue cloth, which is bordered at the top and bottom by two narrow stripes, a red and a half as wide white, the white Holstein nettle leaf, shifted a little towards the pole, inside the Roland of the coat of arms.
The town of Wedel has had a town partnership with the town of Caudry in France since 1985 and a partnership with Makete , a district in Tanzania, since 1982 . There is also a town partnership with Wolgast in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania .
In addition, there was a partnership with the Danish Vejen , which was terminated by the Danish side in 2010 after the city was merged into the Vejen municipality in 2007 .
Wedel is completely in the area of the Hamburg transport association HVV. The S-Bahn line S 1 from the direction of Poppenbüttel or the airport and Hamburg-Altona ends at Wedel station . It originated from the Altona-Blankeneser Railway . The track systems used for freight traffic, which used to be quite extensive, have now been dismantled after the need no longer applies. The industrial companies that had their own siding have been shut down (mineral oil works), demolished (powder factory, sugar refinery) or no longer have any use for them (coal-fired power station). Most of these track systems have now been removed in the course of road renewal work and other construction measures (such as the DIY store expansion).
The city bus service is operated by the Hamburg-Holstein transport company (VHH) within the HVV. There are also regional bus routes to Haseldorf (589), Uetersen (489, 589), Elmshorn (489), Pinneberg , Quickborn and Norderstedt (594). The central bus station (ZOB) with taxi stand and an underground car park below with 168 parking spaces for park-and-ride traffic and bike-and-ride spaces directly west of Wedel S-Bahn station went into operation on May 9, 1987 taken. From here line 189 also runs via Schulau and Hamburg-Rissen (Tinsdal) to the Blankenese S-Bahn station , where there is a connection to the S-Bahn and other bus lines. The buses on this line run every 10 minutes on weekdays and take around 30 minutes to travel between Wedel and Blankenese.
A bus connection to Hamburg is also offered at night:
- Night bus route 601 via Bahrenfeld, Othmarschen and Altona to downtown Hamburg, on Sunday / Monday to Thursday / Friday nights
- Night bus route 621 to Altona, on the other nights (Friday / Saturday and Saturday / Sunday) when the S-Bahn runs through at night
The federal highway 431 runs from Hamburg-Altona through Wedel and then on via Uetersen, Elmshorn and Glückstadt to Meldorf .
A "constant issue" in Wedel is the relocation of the federal highway. In 1938, Mayor Ladwig pointed out the plan for a bypass road. In 1982 the urban development master plan for the old town was presented, which included Mühlenstraße (in today's course of the B 431) as a partially “traffic-calmed street”. The relocation of the B 431 in Wedel is shown in the federal transport infrastructure plan as an "urgent need". After a southern bypass of the old town had been planned for a long time, the current zoning plan provides for a northern bypass. Since the 1980s there has been a plan to relocate the section between Rissen and Wedel to a more southerly route. The project was registered in the “further need” of the federal transport route plan ; However, citizens and local politicians on both sides of the city limits of Wedel have reservations about such a route, because it would impair landscapes worthy of protection (especially the Brünschwiesen and Autals). In particular, residents of Alt-Wedel have been campaigning for the B 431 to be relocated for many years and are also in favor of a northern bypass. At the end of 2017, a majority of the council cut all planning funds for such a north-eastern bypass from the city budget.
A regular passenger ferry connection across the Elbe is operated by Lühe -Schulau-Fähre GmbH (LSF).
From spring to autumn Wedel is the stopping point for an express ferry to and from Helgoland , which docks at Willkomm-Höft. During the summer season, there are connections to Hamburg's St. Pauli Landungsbrücken via HADAG .
The German headquarters of the world's fifth-largest pharmaceutical company, AstraZeneca PLC , is located in Wedel , as well as a hard coal-fired thermal power station operated by Vattenfall Europe AG . In addition to the thermal power station, there was also the Mobil Oil refinery until a few years ago , which was built in 1906 by Deutsche Vacuum Oil .
→ See also: Wedel thermal power station
The JD Möller Optical works are internationally renowned for precision optical instruments with a tradition that dates back to the 1864th The company's own waterworks with the connected water tower supplied the city with drinking water until the beginning of 2016, after the first well in the rose garden was dug in 1911 and a contract with the city for the supply of water was signed in 1929.
→ Main article, Möller-Wedel water tower
Wedel is also the headquarters of many other global companies. The city is the headquarters of Medac GmbH , which is best known as a manufacturer of special preparations in the oncology field. Furthermore, companies such as EVAC GmbH and Trioptics GmbH are based in Wedel. The former is the global market leader in the manufacture of vacuum toilets for railway, ship and aircraft construction. As a spin-off from AEG -solartechnik, Solarnova produces and markets photovoltaic modules for solar facades and light roofs. In addition, one is open to equipping special projects such as signal towers or parking ticket machines.
The globally active, medium-sized company mut AG Messgeräte für Medizin- und Umwelttechnik has been a manufacturer of products in the fields of spectroscopy , laboratory automation , medical technology, early fire detection and aviation safety since 1995 in Wedel.
General education schools
- Funding Center (FöZ)
- Pestalozzi School (learning support center), Autal (13 students in 1 class, 112 supervised)
- Primary schools (GS)
- Moorwegschule, Breiter Weg (400 students in 18 classes)
- Elementary School Altstadt / (Old Town School), Schulstraße (335 students in 15 classes)
- Albert Schweitzer School, Pulverstrasse (378 students in 18 classes)
- Community schools
- Ernst Barlach Community School (started on August 1, 2012, former Wedel regional school, emerged from the Ernst Barlach Realschule and the Theodor Storm School (secondary school) in the 2009/2010 school year), Tinsdaler Weg (596 students in 27 classes)
- Gebrüder-Humboldt-Schule (community school with upper secondary school, previously IGS Wedel), Rosengarten (788 students in 34 classes)
- high school
- Johann-Rist-Gymnasium , Am Redder (882 students in 37 classes)
Student numbers from the school year 2018/2019
In the area of higher education, the Wedel University of Applied Sciences and the PTL Wedel Private Vocational School offer courses and training in engineering and information sciences.
Other educational institutions
The Wedel Adult Education Center offers a wide range of training programs for citizens. Since 1904, the municipal public library was founded with the entire library of the former citizens' association. In the first few years it was in the hallway of the then head of the Rector Otto Schulz. The successor is the Wedel City Library , Rosengarten 6–8., Which was added to the Red List of Culture of the German Cultural Council in August 2014 and classified in Category 2 (endangered).
The list of cultural monuments in Wedel includes the cultural monuments in Wedel entered in the monuments list of the Pinneberg district.
The Wedel Theater is an amateur theater. In 1965 the crime writer Hansjörg Martin founded an amateur play working group at the Wedel Adult Education Center , from which the Wedel Theater eV emerged in 1977.
The theater ship Batavia by Hannes Grabau is a ship with a restaurant and a theater with 70 seats. It is a place of various cultural events.
In the Wedel City Archives , around 600 meters of files, collections and images relating to the history of the City of Wedel can be searched. The city archive publishes the series of articles on the history of Wedel and has its own newspaper columns. It is located in the basement of the town hall.
The City Museum Wedel was set up as a local museum in 1912 by resolution of the city council. It has since been located in the old school building at Küsterstrasse 5.
The Ernst Barlach Museum Wedel was established in August 1987 . It has a representative collection of sculptures, drawings, woodcuts, lithographs, letters and manuscripts by Ernst Barlach . In addition, exhibitions and events on art and literature of classical modernism and on contemporary and popular topics take place here at regular intervals.
In the summer of 2016, the city, in cooperation with the Ernst Barlach Museum, the board of the Ernst Barlach Society Hamburg and the local culture forum, awarded the first Wedel art prize (motto: "Art makes you strong") among the artists living and working in Wedel. Works by 37 women and 20 men were exhibited; 14 of them were professional artists. Tamara Nickel received the 1st prize .
The largest sports club in the city is the Wedeler TSV , a multi-discipline club with 20 departments and around 2,400 members. The SC Rist Wedel is known nationwide for its basketball teams and its award-winning youth work. It is one of the largest basketball clubs in Germany. In the Sport-Blick brochure, the city provides information about sporting events in Wedels every year.
The amateur radio is through the local club E10 "Welcome Point" in the DARC eV . represented. In addition to the 4 club stations DK0PR , DL0HRK , DL0SWA and DL0EUF for shortwave and VHF, there is also the APRS digipeater DB0ELB .
Numerous events take place in Wedel every year, including the traditional ox market, the harbor festival and the music festival “Pianos an der Elbe”, as well as the “Wedeler Kulturnacht”, the Wedeler Peace Cup, a benefit football tournament for peace and solidarity with refugees, as well as each on the weekend of the Cyclassics the “Bike Festival”.
Once a month there is a poetry slam about the "Wedel skull" in the beer and wine office . Every summer since the 1970s, open-air cinema has been held on the Batavia after dark (2015 with twelve film screenings).
The first number indicates the year in which the honorary citizenship was granted.
- 1909: Jürgen Heinrich Boockholtz (1844–1915), Medical Council; his grave is in the Bürgerpark.
- 1937: Friedrich Eggers (1867–1945), mayor
- 1939: Rudolf Höckner (1864–1942), painter
- 1984: Johanna Lucas (1910–2002), politician
- 2019: Ursula Kissig (1937–2017), volunteer at the German Red Cross
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Diedrich Möller (1844–1907), optician and industrialist
- Hermann Molkenbuhr (1851–1927), SPD politician and member of the Reichstag
- Ernst Barlach (1870–1938), sculptor, draftsman and writer
- Hellmuth Walter (1900–1980), inventor and submarine developer
- Helmut Brackert (1932–2016), Germanic Medievalist
- Hans Bäßler (* 1946), music teacher, church musician and university professor
- Reimer Boy Eilers (* 1948), writer and publicist
- Ole West (* 1953), painter
- Petra Bödeker-Schoemann (* 1956), politician of the GREEN
- Carsten Dürkob (* 1963), author and editor
- Mathias Rust (* 1968), sports pilot who landed next to Red Square in Moscow
- Heiko Michael Möller (* 1972), chemist and university professor
- Dennis Grabosch (* 1978), actor
- Oceana (* 1982), singer
- Janina Haye (* 1986), soccer player
- Lennard Kämna (* 1996), racing cyclist
Personalities associated with the city
- Johann Rist (1607–1667), preacher and baroque poet
- Rudolf Höckner (1864–1942), painter
- Hans-Josef Becker-Leber (1876–1962), painter
- Fritz Valentin (1897–1984), judge
- Fritz Singer (1901–1984), journalist and politician
- Hela Gruel (1902–1991), actress
- Eduard Schüller (1904–1976), engineer
- Johannes Piersig (1907–1998), cantor and lecturer for organ playing
- Hans Joachim Beyer (1908–1971), folk researcher
- Vilma Lehrmann-Amschler (1910–1989), sculptor, lived and died in Wedel
- Max Hermann Mahlmann (1912–2000), constructivist painter
- Peter Frankenfeld (1913–1979), entertainer
- Margret Bechler (1914–2002), officer's wife and teacher
- Hermann Behrens (1915–2006), prehistorian and museum director in Halle
- Gudrun Piper (1917–2016), constructivist painter
- Hansjörg Martin (1920–1999), crime and screenwriter
- Albert Vietor (1922–1984), CEO of Neue Heimat
- Arnim Dahl (1922-1998), stunt performer
- Ernst-Otto Krasemann , (1923–2014), physician and university professor
- Veronika Schlüter-Stoll (1924–2002), artist
- Waltraut Rubien (1927–2017) was a well-deserved educator for German-Israeli relations, lived and died in Wedel
- Lonny Kellner -Frankenfeld (1930–2003), actress and singer
- Ewald Schauer (1927–2018), basketball official, trainer, specialist book author and sports philologist
- Hans-Georg Pillarz (1941-2018), boxer
- Gerhard Folkerts (* 1944), concert pianist and composer
- Wolfgang-Andreas Schultz (* 1948), composer, university professor and writer
- Ingo Knillmann (* 1963), basketball player
- Thomas Seeliger (* 1966), professional footballer
- Boris Guckelsberger (* 1968), composer and guitarist
- Ingo Freyer (* 1971), basketball player and trainer
- iBlali (* 1992), Youtuber
- Carsten Dürkob: Wedel. A city story. Beig, Pinneberg 2000, ISBN 3-923457-52-9 .
- Gunther Gerhardt: Wedel. City in transition. Sutton, Erfurt 2012, ISBN 978-3-86680-982-6 .
- City administration Wedel (ed.): Wedel. Becoming and growing a city. A home book. Alster-Verlag, Hamburg 1939.
- City of Wedel (Holstein), the magistrate (ed.), Author of the plan: Planning group Holstein Mitte: The urban development framework plan 1982 for the old town. oO, 1985.
- City administration Wedel: City of Wedel. Reken 1993.
- ↑ North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Schleswig-Holstein topography. Vol. 10: Timmaspe - Ziethen . 1st edition Flying-Kiwi-Verl. Junge, Flensburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-926055-92-7 , p. 183 ( dnb.de [accessed on August 9, 2020]).
- ↑ Competition (2014), p. 22
- ↑ https://www.wedel.de/rathaus-politik/stadtverwaltung/stadtentwicklung/entwicklungsgebiet-wedel-nord.html
- ↑ https://www.wedel.de/fileadmin/user_upload/media/pdf/Rathaus_und_Ppolitik/Stadtplanung/WedelNord/Wettbewerb_Wedel_Nord_Handout_Ausstellung_2015_2.pdf
- ↑ https://www.abendblatt.de/region/pinneberg/article215847767/Ein-erster-Blick-in-Wedels-neuen-Stadtteil.html
- ↑ The Roland - The symbol of the city Wedel
- ^ SPD rebels found their own faction . In: Wedel-Schulauer Tageblatt of November 18, 2013, Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag, Flensburg 2013 ( online ).
- ↑ Dürkob, p. 259ff.
- ^ Thies Bitterling in Revered - misjudged - slandered: The Mayors of Wedels from 1902–1971 , Volume 7 of the contributions to the history of Wedel
- ↑ a b Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms, Schleswig-Holstein State Archives
- ↑ a b Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan , Annex, Schleswig-Holstein ( Memento from May 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ New establishment of the zoning plan / updating of the landscape plan ( Memento from February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- ↑ Citizens 'initiative for traffic calming in Wedel ( Memento from May 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Internet site Citizens' Initiatives alt-wedel.de, accessed on January 18, 2012
- ^ Announcement on the Council decision in the Hamburger Abendblatt from December 20, 2017
- ↑ https://www.shz.de/lokales/wedel-schulauer-tageblatt/wedeler-wasser-2016-ist-schluss-id11345381.html
- ↑ https://www.schleswig-holstein.de/DE/Landesregierung/III/Service/Schulsuche/schule_node.html#k=katS accessed on September 19, 2019
- ↑ https://ebg-wedel.de/?page_id=35 accessed on September 21, 2019
- ↑ Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein: Directory of general education schools in Schleswig-Holstein 2018/2019
- ↑ Internet archive of the Wedel City Library ( Memento from March 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Politics & Culture No. 5/14 | September - October 2014 Page 15 Cultural Life: The Red List ( Memento from September 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on August 31, 2014
- ^ Ernst Barlach Museum Wedel ( memento from April 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), Ernst Barlach Society Hamburg
- ↑ see the article from the Wedel-Schulauer Tageblatt
- ↑ Wedeler Turn- und Sportverein e. V. - About the TSV. (No longer available online.) In: www.wedeler-tsv.de. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016 ; accessed on November 1, 2016 .
- ↑ alexanderplatz advertising agency GmbH: SC Rist. In: www.scrist-wedel.de. Retrieved November 1, 2016 .
- ↑ The 100 largest basketball clubs of the DBB. German Basketball Association, December 31, 2015, accessed November 1, 2016 .
- ↑ SportBlick - wedel.de. In: www.wedel.de. Retrieved November 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Website of the event